Euphorbia

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Contains 48 accepted taxa overall.

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Common Name:SPURGE
Genus Notes:In the modern sense, Euphorbia s.l. is a large genus of ca. 2000 species characterized by its cyathium (an involucre of clustered, reduced male and female flowers). Euphorbia s.l. includes other traditionally recognized genera such as Chamaesyce, Pedilanthus, and Poinsettia (see Horn et al. 2012; Yang et al. 2012). The Florida species formerly placed in the genus Chamaesyce are now reclassified under Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce sect. Anisophyllum subsect. Hypericifoliae. The Florida species formerly placed in the genus Poinsettia are now reclassified under Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce sect. Poinsettia subsect. Stormieae. The former genus Pedilanthus is reclassified under Euphorbia subg. Euphorbia sect. Crepidaria.
Specimen: View USF Herbarium specimens of this genus

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MALPIGHIALES
FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE
Genus Euphorbia

Citation

Citation EUPHORBIA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 450. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: TYPE: Euphorbia antiquorum Linnaeus Lectotypified by Millspaugh, Publ. Field Columbian Mus., Bot. Ser. 2: 306. 1909.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Species

Scientific NameCommon NameHerbarium SpecimensPhotos
Euphorbia blodgettii LIMESTONE SANDMAT
Euphorbia bombensis DIXIE SANDMAT
Euphorbia commutata TINTED WOODLAND SPURGE; WOOD SPURGE
Euphorbia conferta EVERGLADE KEY SANDMAT
Euphorbia cordifolia HEARTLEAF SANDMAT
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Genus Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Adenopetalum Adenopetalum Klotzsch & Garcke, in Klotzsch, Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859: 250. 1860, non Turczaninow 1858. TYPE: Adenopetalum gramineum (Jacquin) Klotzsch & Garcke 1860. (Euphorbia graminea Jacquin 1763.) Lectotypified by L. C. Wheeler, Contr. Gray Herb. 127: 48. 1939.
Adenorima Adenorima Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 112. 1838 ("1836"). TYPE: Adenorima punicea (Swartz) Rafinesque (Euphorbia punicea Swartz)
Agaloma Agaloma Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 116. 1838 ("1836"). TYPE: Agaloma corollata (Linnaeus) Rafinesque (Euphorbia corollata Linnaeus) Lectotypified by Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 95. 1840.
Aklema Aklema Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 114. 1838 ("1836"). TYPE: Aklema nudiflora (Jacquin) Rafinesque (Euphorbia nudiflora Jacquin)
Alectoroctonum Alectoroctonum Schlechtendal, Linnaea 19: 252. 1846. TYPE: Alectoroctonum socotanum Schlechtendal Lectotypified by L. C. Wheeler, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 30: 459. 1943.
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