Hedera helix

Family:ARALIACEAE
Species:Hedera helix L.
Common Name:ENGLISH IVY
Status:Not Native
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order APIALES
FamilyARALIACEAE
Genus Hedera
Species Hedera helix L. - ENGLISH IVY

Citation

Citation HEDERA HELIX Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 202. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 280.1). Lectotypified by Browicz, in Rechinger f., Fl. Iran. 102: 2. 1973.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Calhoun USF  
Duval USF  
Escambia USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Jackson FSU  
Leon USF  
Liberty FSU  
Okaloosa USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Taylor FSU  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Hedera arborea Hedera arborea Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1890: 164. 1890, non Walter 1788, nec Swartz 1797, nec Röhling 1812.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. arborescens Loddiges ex Loudon 1838. 
Hedera communis Hedera communis Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 491. 1821, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus 1753. 
Hedera diversifolia Hedera diversifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 456. 1812, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus 1753. 
Hedera helix subsp. euhelix Hedera helix Linnaeus, subsp. euhelix Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 955. 1926, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus 1753. 
Hedera helix subsp. europaea Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. europaea Voss, Vilm. Blumengaertn., ed. 3. 1: 407. 1894, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus 1753. 
Hedera helix var. typica Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. typica Schelle, in Beissner et al., Handb. Laubholzben. 363. 1903, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus 1753. 
Hedera helix var. vulgaris Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. vulgaris de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 261. 1830, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus 1753. 
Hedera poetarum Hedera poetarum Bertoloni, Prael. Rei Herb. 78. 1827, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus 1753. 
Hedera poetica Hedera poetica Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 143. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus 1753. 
Hedera angularis Hedera angularis (Hibberd) Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1890: 163. 1890.  
Hedera cambwoodiana Hedera cambwoodiana Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1890: 162. 1890.  
Hedera canariensis var. maculata Hedera canariensis Willdenow, var. maculata (Hibberd) Hibberd, J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 12: 394. 1890.BASIONYM: Hedera grandifolia Hibberd, var. maculata Hibberd 1872. 
Hedera communis var. sterilis Hedera communis Gray, var. sterilis Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 491. 1821.  
Hedera conglomerata Hedera conglomerata (G. Nicholson) Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1890: 163. 1890; (G. Nicholson) Haage & Schmidt ex Tobler, Hedera 127. 1912.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. conglomerata G. Nicholson 1885. 
Hedera cordata Hedera cordata Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1890: 164. 1890.  
Hedera digitata Hedera digitata (Lodd. ex Bosse) G. Nicholson, Hand-List Trees 1: 245. 1894.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. digitata Loddiges ex Bosse 1841. 
Hedera donerailensis Hedera donerailensis (Hibberd) K. Koch, Dendrologie 1: 680. 1869.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma donerailensis Hibberd 1864. 
Hedera donerailensis var. minor Hedera donerailensis (Hibberd) K. Koch, forma minor (Hibberd) Paul, Gard. Chron. 1867: 1215. 1867.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. minor Hibberd 1864. 
Hedera elegantissima Hedera elegantissima G. Nicholson, Hand-List Trees 1: 247. 1894.  
Hedera glymii Hedera glymii (Paul) G. Nicholson, Hand-List Trees 1: 249. 1894.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. glymii Paul 1867. 
Hedera grandifolia var. maculata Hedera grandifolia Hibberd, var. maculata Hibberd, Ivy 98. 1872.  
Hedera hastata Hedera hastata Anon., Garden 25: 141. 1884.  
Hedera helix forma arborea Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma arborea Schelle, in Beissner et al., Handb. Laubholzben. 363. 1903.BASIONYM: Hedera arborea Carrière 1890, non Walter 1788, nec Swartz 1797, nec Roehling 1812; Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. arborescens Loddiges ex Loudon 1838. 
Hedera helix forma arborescens Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma arborescens (Loddiges ex Loudon) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 422. 1909, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma arborea Schelle 1903; Hedera arborea Carrière 1890, non Walter 1788, nec Swartz 1797, nec Roehling 1812; Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. arborescens Loddiges ex Loudon 1838. 
Hedera helix forma argenteovariegata Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma argenteovariegata (Weston) Schelle, in Beissner et al., Handb. Laubholzben. 363. 1903.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. argenteovariegata Weston 1770. 
Hedera helix forma aureovariegata Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma aureovariegata (Weston) Schelle, in Beissner et al., Handb. Laubholzben. 363. 1903.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. aureovariegata Weston 1770. 
Hedera helix forma baltica Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma baltica (Rehder) Rehder, Bibl. Cult. Trees 488. 1949.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. baltica Rehder 1915. 
Hedera helix forma cavendishii Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma cavendishii (Paul) Tobler, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 38: 21. 1927.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. cavendishii Paul 1867. 
Hedera helix forma conglomerata Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma conglomerata (G. Nicholson) Tobler, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 38: 21. 1927.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. conglomerata G. Nicholson 1885. 
Hedera helix forma cullisii Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma cullisii Hibberd, Fl. World 7: 71. 1864.  
Hedera helix forma deltoidea Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma deltoidea (Hibberd) Tobler, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 38: 22. 1927.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. deltoidea Hibberd 1872. 
Hedera helix forma digitata Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma digitata (Loddiges ex Bosse) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 422. 1909.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. digitata Loddiges ex Bosse 1841. 
Hedera helix forma donerailensis Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma donerailensis Hibberd, Fl. World 7: 58. 1864.  
Hedera helix forma glymii Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma glymii (Paul) Tobler, Hedera 128. 1912.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. glymii Paul 1867. 
Hedera helix forma maculata Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma maculata (Hibberd) Tobler, Hedera 139. 1912.BASIONYM: Hedera grandifolia Hibberd, var. maculata Hibberd 1872. 
Hedera helix forma minima Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma minima (Hibberd) Tobler, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 38: 29. 1927.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. minima Hibberd 1872. 
Hedera helix forma nova Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma nova Paul, Gard. Chron. 1867: 1215. 1867.  
Hedera helix forma pedata Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma pedata (Hibberd) Tobler, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 38: 32. 1927.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. pedata Hibberd 1872. 
Hedera helix forma rubra Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma rubra Hibberd, Ivy 78. 1872.  
Hedera helix forma sagittaefolia Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma sagittaefolia (Hibberd) Tobler, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 38: 32. 1927.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. sagittaefolia Hibberd 1864. 
Hedera helix forma tricolor Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma tricolor (Hibberd ex Rehder) Tobler, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 38: 33. 1927.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. tricolor Hibberd ex Rehder 1915. 
Hedera helix subsp. hibernica Hedera helix Linnaeus, subsp. hibernica (G. Kirchner) D. C. McClintock, Suppl. Wild. Fl. Guernsey 23. 1987.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. hibernica G. Kirchner 1864. 
Hedera helix subvar. prostrata Hedera helix Linnaeus, subvar. prostrata Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris, ed. 2. 279. 1861. TYPE: FRANCE:
Hedera helix var. angularis Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. angularis Hibberd, Ivy 74. 1872.  
Hedera helix var. arborea Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. arborea Dierbach, Mag. Pharm. 11: 221. 1825.  
Hedera helix var. arborescens Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. arborescens Loddiges ex Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 1000. 1838.  
Hedera helix var. argenteovariegata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. argenteovariegata Weston, Bot. Univ. 1: 123. 1770.  
Hedera helix var. aureovariegata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. aureovariegata Weston, Bot. Univ. 1: 123. 1770.  
Hedera helix var. baltica Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. baltica Rehder, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 3: 1438. 1915.  
Hedera helix var. cavendishii Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. cavendishii Paul, Gard. Chron. 1867: 1215. 1867.  
Hedera helix var. conglomerata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. conglomerata G. Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard. 2: 121, f. 184. 1885.  
Hedera helix var. contracta Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. contracta Hibberd, Ivy 70. 1872.  
Hedera helix var. deltoidea Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. deltoidea Hibberd, Ivy 71. 1872.  
Hedera helix var. digitata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. digitata Loddiges ex Bosse, Vollst. Handb. Bl.-Gaertn., ed. 2. 2: 220. 1841.  
Hedera helix var. digitata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. digitata G. Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard. 2: 121, f. 186. 1885, non Loddiges ex Bosse 1841.  
Hedera helix var. donerailensis Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. donerailensis (Hibberd) Paul, Gard. Chron. 1867: 1215. 1867.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, forma donerailensis Hibberd 1864. 
Hedera helix var. fasciata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. fasciata Hibberd, J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 12: 390. 1890.  
Hedera helix var. glymii Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. glymii Paul, Gard. Chron 1867: 1215. 1867.  
Hedera helix var. hibernica Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. hibernica G. Kirchner, in Petzold & G. Kirchner, Arbor. Muscav. 419. 1864. TYPE: IRELAND:
Hedera helix var. hodgensii Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. hodgensii Moore & More, Contr. Cybele Hibern. 135. 1866. TYPE: IRELAND:
Hedera helix var. humifusa Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. humifusa Dierbach, Mag. Pharm. 11: 221. 1825.  
Hedera helix var. maculata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. maculata (Hibberd) Rehder, in L. H. Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 716. 1900.BASIONYM: Hedera grandifolia Hibberd, var. maculata Hibberd 1872. 
Hedera helix var. marginata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. marginata Hibberd, Ivy 77. 1872.  
Hedera helix var. melanocarpa Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. melanocarpa Seemann, J. Bot. 2: 306. 1864.  
Hedera helix var. minima Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. minima Hibberd, Ivy 76. 1872.  
Hedera helix var. minor Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. minor Hibberd, Fl. World 7: 58. 1864.  
Hedera helix var. muralis Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. muralis Dierbach, Mag. Pharm. 11: 221. 1825.  
Hedera helix var. palmata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. palmata Bosse, Vollst. Handb. Bl.-Gaertn., ed. 3. 2: ___. 1860.  
Hedera helix var. pedata Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. pedata Hibberd, Ivy 76. 1872.  
Hedera helix var. pennsylvanica Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. pennsylvanica Paul, Gard. Chron. 1867: 1215. 1867.  
Hedera helix var. sagittaefolia Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. sagittaefolia Hibberd, Fl. World 7: 58. 1864.  
Hedera helix var. silvestris Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. silvestris Dierbach, Mag. Pharm. 11: 221. 1825.  
Hedera helix var. tortuosa Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. tortuosa Hibberd, Ivy 67. 1872.  
Hedera helix var. tricolor Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. tricolor Hibberd ex Rehder, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 3: 1438. 1915.  
Hedera hibernica Hedera hibernica (G. Kirchner) Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1890: 163. 1890.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. hibernica G. Kirchner 1864. 
Hedera hibernica var. maculata Hedera hibernica (G. Kirchner) Carrière, var. maculata (Hibberd) Bean, Trees Shrubs Brit. Isl. 1: 609. 1914.BASIONYM: Hedera grandifolia Hibberd, var. maculata Hibberd 1872. 
Hedera marginata Hedera marginata (Hibberd) G. Nicholson, Hand-List Trees 1: 243. 1894.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. marginata Hibberd 1872. 
Hedera minor Hedera minor (Hibberd) G. Nicholson, Hand-List Trees 1: 245. 1894.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. minor Hibberd 1864. 
Hedera palmata Hedera palmata (Bosse) Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1890: 163. 1890.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. palmata Bosse 1860. 
Hedera pennsylvanica Hedera pennsylvanica (Paul) G. Nicholson, Hand-List Trees 1: 245. 1894.BASIONYM: Hedera helix Linnaeus, var. pennsylvanica Paul 1867. 
Hedera taurica var. leeana Hedera taurica (Hibberd) Carrière, var. leeana Hibberd, Ivy 70. 1872.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 13 Mar 1983 G. Wilhelm 11088
USA Florida Walton Co. 16 Mar 1983 G. Wilhelm 11102
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 15 Mar 1982 G. Wilhelm 9948
USA Florida Escambia Co. 15 Mar 1981 G. Wilhelm 8517
USA Florida Leon Co. 13 Jul 2001 S. Myers 180
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 22 May 2009 T. MacClendon 913
USA Florida Duval Co. 17 Feb 2012 C. Hubboch 292
USA New York Tompkins Co. 11 Aug 1941 A. E. Schulze 1043 CULTIVATED. Plant received from F. Kalm, Bull Head, Staten Island, New York, 5 March 1987.
USA Missouri St. Louis Co. 17 Sep 1974 J. Slama 83 CULTIVATED.
USA New York Tompkins Co. 16 Aug 1941 A. E. Schulze 33 CULTIVATED. Plant received from C. McK. Lewis's Bylands Estate.
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 28 Aug 1983 D. D. Taylor 5207 CULTIVATED.
USA Missouri St. Louis Co. 17 Sep 1974 J. Slama 83 CULTIVATED.
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