Foeniculum vulgare

Family:APIACEAE
Species:Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Common Name:SWEET FENNEL
Status:Not Native, FAC- (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order APIALES
FamilyAPIACEAE
Genus Foeniculum
Species Foeniculum vulgare Mill. - SWEET FENNEL

Citation

Citation FOENICULUM VULGARE Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.
Basionym: Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 106, Anethum 2 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by P. C. M. Jansen, Spices Condiments Med. Pl. Ethiopia 25. 1981.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Volusia FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anethum foeniculum Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 263. 1753. TYPE: Without data, Herb. Clifford 106, Anethum 2 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by P. C. M. Jansen, Spices Condiments Med. Pl. Ethiopia 25. 1981.
Anethum foeniculum var. vulgare Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus, var. vulgare (Miller) Schkuhr, Bot. Handb. 1: ___. 1791, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Foeniculum vulgare Miller 1768; Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Anethum rupestre Anethum rupestre Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 168. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Foeniculum commune Foeniculum commune Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 372. 1900, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Foeniculum vulgare Miller 1768; Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Foeniculum foeniculum Foeniculum foeniculum (Linnaeus) H. Karsten, Deut. Fl. 837. 1882, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Foeniculum officinale Foeniculum officinale Allioni, Fl. Pedem. 2: 25. 1785, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Foeniculum vulgare Miller 1768; Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Foeniculum vulgare forma officinale Foeniculum vulgare Miller, forma officinale Fiori & Beguinot, Fl. Ital. 2: 173. 1900, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Foeniculum officinale Allioni 1785, nom. illegit.; Foeniculum vulgare Miller 1768; Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Ligusticum foeniculum Ligusticum foeniculum (Linnaeus) Crantz, Cl. Umbell. Emend. 82. 1767.BASIONYM: Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Meum foeniculum Meum foeniculum (Linnaeus) Sprengel, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 6: 433. 1820.BASIONYM: Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Selinum foeniculum Selinum foeniculum (Linnaeus) E. H. L. Krause, in Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2. 12: 115. 1904.BASIONYM: Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Seseli foeniculum Seseli foeniculum (Linnaeus) Koso-Poljansky, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, ser. 2. 29: 183. 1916.BASIONYM: Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus 1753. 
Anethum dulce Anethum dulce (Miller) de Candolle, Cat. Hort. Monsp. 78. 1813.BASIONYM: Foeniculum dulce Miller 1768. 
Anethum foeniculum var. azoricum Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus, var. azoricum (Miller) Schkuhr, Bot. Handb. 1: ___. 1791.BASIONYM: Foeniculum azoricum Miller 1768. 
Anethum foeniculum var. dulce Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus, var. dulce (Miller) Schkuhr, Bot. Handb. 1: ___. 1791.BASIONYM: Foeniculum dulce Miller 1768. 
Anethum foeniculum var. piperitum Anethum foeniculum Linnaeus, var. piperitum (Ucria) de Candolle, Cat. Hort. Monsp. 79. 1813.BASIONYM: Anethum piperitum Ucria 1796. 
Anethum panmorium Anethum panmorium Roxburgh ex Fleming, Asiat. Res. 11: 159. 1810. TYPE: INDIA:
Anethum piperitum Anethum piperitum Ucria, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1: 68. 1796. TYPE: ITALY:
Ferula foeniculacea Ferula foeniculacea Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 183. 1818.  
Foeniculum azoricum Foeniculum azoricum Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Foeniculum capillaceum Foeniculum capillaceum Gilibert ex Arcangeli, Comp. Fl. Ital. ___. 1882.  
Foeniculum capillaceum subsp. piperitum Foeniculum capillaceum Gilibert ex Arcangeli, subsp. piperitum (Ucria) Rouy & Camus, Fl. France 7: 279. 1901.BASIONYM: Anethum piperitum Ucria 1796. 
Foeniculum capillaceum var. dulce Foeniculum capillaceum Gilibert ex Arcangeli, var. dulce (Miller) Arcangeli, Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 2. ___. 1894.BASIONYM: Foeniculum dulce Miller 1768. 
Foeniculum capillaceum var. piperitum Foeniculum capillaceum Gilibert ex Arcangeli, var. piperitum (Ucria) Cesati et al., Comp. Fl. Ital. ___. 1881.BASIONYM: Anethum piperitum Ucria 1796. 
Foeniculum capillaceum var. sativum Foeniculum capillaceum Gilibert ex Arcangeli, var. sativum (Bertoloni) Arcangeli, Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 2. ___. 1894.BASIONYM: Foeniculum sativum Bertoloni 1837. 
Foeniculum divaricatum Foeniculum divaricatum Grisebach, Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 358. 1843.  
Foeniculum dulce Foeniculum dulce Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Foeniculum officinale forma hortorum Foeniculum officinale Allioni, var. hortorum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 155. 1866.BASIONYM: Anethum panmorium Roxburgh ex Fleming 1810. 
Foeniculum officinale var. dulce Foeniculum officinale Allioni, var. dulce (Miller) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 156. 1866.BASIONYM: Foeniculum dulce Miller 1768. 
Foeniculum officinale var. piperitum Foeniculum officinale Allioni, var. piperitum (Ucria) Caruel, Prodr. Fl. Tosc. ___. 1860.BASIONYM: Anethum piperitum Ucria 1796. 
Foeniculum officinale var. silvestre Foeniculum officinale Allioni, var. silvestre Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 155. 1866.  
Foeniculum panmorium Foeniculum panmorium (Roxburgh ex Fleming) de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 142. 1830.BASIONYM: Anethum panmorium Roxburgh ex Fleming 1810. 
Foeniculum piperitum Foeniculum piperitum (Ucria) C. Presl, Fl. Sicul. xxvi. 1826.BASIONYM: Anethum piperitum Ucria 1796. 
Foeniculum sativum Foeniculum sativum Bertoloni, Fl. Ital. 3: ___. 1837. TYPE: ITALY:
Foeniculum vulgare convar. azoricum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, convar. azoricum (Miller) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28: 107. 1993.BASIONYM: Foeniculum azoricum Miller 1768. 
Foeniculum vulgare convar. sativum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, convar. sativum (Bertoloni) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28: 107. 1993.BASIONYM: Foeniculum sativum Bertoloni 1837. 
Foeniculum vulgare forma sativum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, forma sativum (Bertoloni) Fiori & Beguinot, Fl. Ital. 2: 173. 1900.BASIONYM: Foeniculum sativum Bertoloni 1837. 
Foeniculum vulgare subsp. capillaceum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, subsp. capillaceum (Gilibert ex Arcangeli) Holmboe, Veg. Cypr. ___. 1914.BASIONYM: Foeniculum capillaceum Gilibert ex Arcangeli 1882. 
Foeniculum vulgare subsp. piperitum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, subsp. piperitum (Ucria) Coutinho, Fl. Portugal 450. 1913.BASIONYM: Anethum piperitum Ucria 1796. 
Foeniculum vulgare subsp. sativum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, subsp. sativum (Bertoloni) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28: 106. 1993.BASIONYM: Foeniculum sativum Bertoloni 1837. 
Foeniculum vulgare subsp. silvestre Foeniculum vulgare Miller, subsp. silvestre (Alefeld) Janchen, Phyton 5: 89. 1953.BASIONYM: Foeniculum officinale Allioni, var. silvestre Alefeld 1866. 
Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, var. azoricum (Miller) Thellung, in Hegi, Ill. Fl. 5: 1287. 1926.BASIONYM: Foeniculum azoricum Miller 1768. 
Foeniculum vulgare var. capillaceum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, var. capillaceum (Gilibert ex Arcangeli) Fiori & Beguinot, Fl. Ital. 2: 173. 1900.BASIONYM: Foeniculum capillaceum Gilibert ex Arcangeli 1882. 
Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce Foeniculum vulgare Miller, var. dulce (Miller) Battandier, in Battandier & Trabut, Fl. Alger ___. 1884.BASIONYM: Foeniculum dulce Miller 1768. 
Foeniculum vulgare var. piperitum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, var. piperitum (Ucria) Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 472. 1878.BASIONYM: Anethum piperitum Ucria 1796. 
Foeniculum vulgare var. pluriradiatum Foeniculum vulgare Miller, var. pluriradiatum Boissier ex Thellung, in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5: 1286. 1926.  
Meum piperitum Meum piperitum (Ucria) Sprengel, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 6: 435. 1820.BASIONYM: Anethum piperitum Ucria 1796. 
Ozodia foeniculacea Ozodia foeniculacea Wight & Arnott, Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 375. 1834.  
Seseli dulce Seseli dulce (Miller) Koso-Poljansky, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, ser. 2. 29: 183. 1916.BASIONYM: Foeniculum dulce Miller 1768. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Oct 1973 D. Burch 6745 CULTIVATED.
USA Kentucky Madison Co. 08 Aug 1981 D. D. Taylor 1123 CULTIVATED.
USA Illinois Champaign Co. 25 Oct 1997 S. R. Hill 29853 CULTIVATED.
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