Elytraria caroliniensis

Family:ACANTHACEAE
Species:Elytraria caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.)Pers.
Common Name:CAROLINA SCALYSTEM
Plant Notes:Because of morphological and geographical overlap, infraspecific taxa were not recognized by Daniel (2013). Plants with narrow leaf blades in southern Florida have sometimes been called var. angustifolia.
Status:Native, FAC (DEP), FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order LAMIALES
FamilyACANTHACEAE
Genus Elytraria
Species Elytraria caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.)Pers. - CAROLINA SCALYSTEM

Citation

Citation ELYTRARIA CAROLINIENSIS (J. F. Gmelin) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 23. 1805.
Basionym: Tubiflora caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin 1791.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Moncks Corner, 24 Jul 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 886 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: CA, CAS, DUKE, MO, NY, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1094. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Broward FLAS  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte FLAS  
Citrus USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval GA-Lit Lit-GA: Zomlefer et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1168. 2007.
Flagler USF  
Gadsden USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands FLAS  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FLAS  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin FTG  
Miami-Dade FLAS  
Monroe Mainland FTG  
Nassau USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FTG  
Pasco FLAS  
Polk USF  
Sarasota SEL  
St. Johns USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Elytraria angustifolia Elytraria angustifolia (Fernald) Leonard, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 24: 445. 1934.BASIONYM: Elytraria virgata Michaux, var. angustifolia Fernald 1896. 
Elytraria caroliniensis var. angustifolia Elytraria caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Persoon, var. angustifolia (Fernald) S. F. Blake, Rhodora 17: 131. 1915.BASIONYM: Elytraria virgata Michaux, var. angustifolia Fernald 1896. 
Elytraria caroliniensis var. vahliana Elytraria caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Persoon, var. vahliana (Nees von Esenbeck) D. B. Ward, Phytologia 86: 201. 2004.BASIONYM: Elytraria virgata Michaux, var. vahliana Nees von Esenbeck 1847, nom. inadmiss.; Elytraria virgata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Tubiflora caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Elytraria virgata Elytraria virgata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 9. 1803, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Tubiflora caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Elytraria virgata var. angustifolia Elytraria virgata Michaux, var. angustifolia Fernald, Bot. Gaz. 22: 169. 1896. TYPE: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Near Biscayne Bay, 23 Jul 1895, Curtiss 5494 (lectotype: GH; isolectotypes: GH, K, L, MO, NY(2), SMU, UC, US). Lectotypiifed by T. F. Daniel, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 108: 110. 2013.
Elytraria virgata var. latifolia Elytraria virgata Michaux, var. latifolia Nees von Esenbeck, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 63. 1847. TYPE: FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co.: Tampa Bay,
Elytraria virgata var. vahliana Elytraria virgata Michaux, var. vahliana Nees von Esenbeck, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 63. 1847, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Elytraria virgata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Tubiflora caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Tubiflora angustifolia Tubiflora angustifolia (Fernald) Small, Fl. Miami 168. 1913.BASIONYM: Elytraria virgata Michaux, var. angustifolia Fernald 1896. 
Tubiflora caroliniensis Tubiflora caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 27. 1791. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Moncks Corner, 24 Jul 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 886 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: CA, CAS, DUKE, MO, NY, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1094. 2007.
Tubiflora caroliniensis var. angustifolia Tubiflora caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin, var. angustifolia (Fernald) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1082. 1903.BASIONYM: Elytraria virgata Michaux, var. angustifolia Fernald 1896. 
Elytraria cupressina Elytraria cupressina Nees von Esenbeck, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 65. 1847.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Collier Co. 08 Jun 2001 M. Owen FS0073
USA Florida Collier Co. 04 Mar 1967 O. K. Lakela 30648A
USA Florida Collier Co. 10 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9135
USA Florida Lee Co. Aug 1971 J. Utley s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 10 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9128
USA Florida Collier Co. 14 Aug 1997 M. Owen FS0376
USA Florida Hernando Co. 25 Jun 1958 R. Kral 7043
USA Florida Citrus Co. 17 Nov 1957 G. R. Cooley 5480
USA Florida Hernando Co. 31 Aug 1962 O. K. Lakela 25297
USA Florida Hernando Co. Jun 1989 D. M. Krofta s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 24 Mar 1986 D. M. Krofta s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 23 Jul 1961 O. K. Lakela 24448
USA Florida Levy Co. 12 Sep 1954 R. E. Perdue 1706
USA Florida Hernando Co. 20 Sep 1959 G. R. Cooley 7110
USA Florida Hernando Co. 09 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9880
USA Florida Citrus Co. 18 May 1974 O. K. Lakela 5301
USA Florida Nassau Co. 02 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 19913
USA Florida Lee Co. 29 Jun 1987 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 16 Jun 1992 S. L. Orzell 19653
USA Florida Flagler Co. 25 Jul 1993 S. L. Orzell 22151
USA Florida Hernando Co. 10 Jun 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1822
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Jun 1979 D. W. Crewz 1596
USA Florida Lafayette Co. 07 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 20020
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Jul 1960 V. Ducey 141
USA Florida Levy Co. 10 Jun 1993 S. L. Orzell 22111
USA Florida Osceola Co. 09 Jul 1993 J. Clemis s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Sep 1975 A.G. Shuey s.n.
USA Florida Marion Co. 29 Apr 1990 S. L. Orzell 13291
USA Florida Sumter Co. 21 Sep 1963 O. K. Lakela 26454
USA Florida Marion Co. 22 Apr 1975 D. L. Martin 476
USA Florida Lake Co. 26 Aug 1989 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 May 1978 D. W. Crewz 1347
USA Florida Volusia Co. 02 Jun 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2454
USA Florida Lee Co. 22 Nov 1985 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Jackson Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5810
USA Florida Jackson Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5956
USA Florida Citrus Co. 06 Jul 1985 N. L. Mawhinney s.n.
USA Florida Hardee Co. 26 Sep 1984 K. R. DeLaney 206
USA Florida Marion Co. 18 Jul 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 9869
USA Florida Manatee Co. 21 Jan 1977 A.G. Shuey 1840
USA Florida Manatee Co. 18 Sep 1979 A.G. Shuey 2320
USA Florida Hernando Co. 18 Sep 1980 D. S. Correll 52497
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 6052
USA Florida Lake Co. 06 Oct 1990 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 25 Jul 1956 R. K. Godfrey 54982
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 20 Jul 2011 T. MacClendon 1123
USA Florida Lee Co. 01 Aug 2006 S. W. Woodmansee 1884
USA Florida Marion Co. 17 Aug 2005 J. Hubbard 113
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 12 Jul 2013 C. Slaughter 18043
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