Physostegia virginiana

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Physostegia virginiana (L.)Benth.
Common Name:OBEDIENT PLANT
Status:Not Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order LAMIALES
FamilyLAMIACEAE
Genus Physostegia
Species Physostegia virginiana (L.)Benth. - OBEDIENT PLANT

Citation

Citation PHYSOSTEGIA VIRGINIANA (Linnaeus) Bentham, Labiat. Gen. Spec. 504. 1834.
Basionym: Dracocephalum virginianum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Witout data (lectotype: LINN 746.1). Lectotypified by Epling, J. Bot. 67: 10. 1929.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bay FSU  
Calhoun USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Escambia UWFP  
Gulf USF  
Hernando USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Jackson FSU  
Lafayette FSU  
Lake FLAS  
Leon FSU  
Levy FLAS  
Madison USF  
Polk USF  
Sumter USF  
Walton FSU  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dracocephalum denticulatum Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 317. 1789. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Cult. in England, Aug, Aiton s.n. (holotype: BM).
Dracocephalum lancifolium Dracocephalum lancifolium Moench, Methodus 410. 1794, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Dracocephalum virginianum Linnaeus 1753. 
Dracocephalum virginianum Dracocephalum virginianum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 594. 1753. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Witout data (lectotype: LINN 746.1). Lectotypified by Epling, J. Bot. 67: 10. 1929.
Physostegia denticulata Phystostegia denticulata (Aiton) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 284. 1894.BASIONYM: Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton 1789. 
Physostegia virginiana forma denticulata Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, forma denticulata (Aiton) Bentham ex Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 856. 1895.BASIONYM: Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton 1789. 
Physostegia virginiana var. denticulata Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, var. denticulata (Aiton) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 383. 1878, non Chapman 1860.BASIONYM: Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton 1789. 
Dracocephalum formosior Dracocephalum formosior (Lunell) Rydberg, Brittonia 1: 95. 1931.BASIONYM: Physostegia formosior Lunell 1908. 
Dracocephalum formosior Dracocephalum formosior Lunell, Bull. Leeds Herb. 2: 7. 1908. TYPE: NORTH DAKOTA: Ward Co.: Along Souris River at Minot, 22 Aug 1908, Lunell 883 (lectotype: MIN). Lectotypified by Cantino, Contr. Gray Herb. 211: 87. 1982.
Dracocephalum louisianum Dracocephalum louisianum Lemaire, Hort. Universel 4: 298. 1843.  
Dracocephalum speciosum Dracocephalum speciosum Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard. 1: t. 93. 1825.  
Dracocephalum virginianum var. granulosum Dracocephalum virginianum Linnaeus, var. granulosum (Fassett) Core, Castanea 37: 301. 1972.BASIONYM: Physostegia granulosa Fassett 1939. 
Dracocephalum virginianum var. speciosum Dracocephalum virginianum Linnaeus, var. speciosum (Sweet) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 97. 1923.BASIONYM: Dracocephalum speciosum Sweet 1825. 
Physostegia formosior forma alba Physostegia formosior Lunell, forma alba J. W. Moore, Rhodora 52: 58. 1950. TYPE: MINNESOTA: Roseau Co.: 0.25 mi. NW of Warroad, 2 Aug 1939, Moore & Moore 11399 (holotype: MIN).
Physostegia granulosa Physostegia granulosa Fassett, Rhodora 41: 377. 1939. TYPE: CANADA: Quebec: Cap-Rouge Co.: Cap-Rouge, 21 Aug 1928, Victorin 28178 (holotype: WIS).
Physostegia imbricata Physostegia imbricata Hooker, Bot. Mag. 62: t. 3386. 1835.  
Physostegia latidens Physostegia latidens House, Bull. New York State Mus. 176: 38. 1915. TYPE: NEW YORK: Oneida Co.: Along roadside and in a field W of State Road, just S of Utica, 10 Aug 1912, Haberer 3084 (holotype: NYS).
Physostegia nivea Physostegia nivea Lundell, Wrightia 5: 70. 1974. TYPE: TEXAS: Dallas Co.: Cult. in Garden, 10 Jul 1974, Lundell 18837 (holotype: LL; isoytpe: GH).
Physostegia praemorsa Physostegia praemorsa Shinners, Field & Lab. 19: 166. 1951. TYPE: TEXAS: Fannin Co.: 0.6 mi. WSW of Honey Grove, 16 Oct 1949, Shinners 11980 (holotype; SMU; isotype: SMU).
Physostegia serotina Physostegia serotina Shinners, Field & Lab. 24: 17. 1956. TYPE: LOUISIANA: Calcasieu Par.: E side of Lake Charles, 9 Oct 1955, Shinners 22108 (holotype; SMU; isotypes: BH, DUKE, FSU, GA, GH, MICH, NY, SMU, TEX, WIS).
Physostegia speciosa Physostegia speciosa (Sweet) Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2. 406. 1830.BASIONYM: Dracocephalum speciosum Sweet 1825. 
Physostegia speciosa var. glabriflora Physostegia speciosa (Sweet) Sweet, var. glabriflora Fassett, Rhodora 41: 377. 1939. TYPE: WISCONSIN: Racine Co.: Racine, s.d., Hale s.n. (holotype: WIS).
Physostegia virginiana forma alba Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, forma alba (J. W. Moore) B. Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 93: 574. 1966.BASIONYM: Physostegia formosior Lunell, forma alba J. W. Moore 1950. 
Physostegia virginiana forma candida Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, forma candida Benke, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 16: 423. 1935. TYPE: ILLINOIS: Cook Co.: Arlington Heights, 25 Aug 1934, Benke 5681 (holotype: F; isotypes; GH, US).
Physostegia virginiana forma speciosa Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, forma speciosa (Sweet) Bentham ex Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 856. 1895.BASIONYM: Dracocephalum speciosum Sweet 1825. 
Physostegia virginiana subsp. praemorsa Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, subsp. praemorsa (Shinners) Cantino, Contr. Gray Herb. 211: 97. 1982.BASIONYM: Physostegia praemorsa Shinners 1951. 
Physostegia virginiana var. elongata Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, var. elongata B. Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 93: 573. 1966. TYPE: CANADA: Quebec: Ile Perrot, 1 Sep 1927, Victorin & Rolland-Germain 29005 (holotype: DAO; isotypes: DAO, GH).
Physostegia virginiana var. formosior Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, var. formosior (Lunell) B. Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 93: 574. 1966.BASIONYM: Physostegia formosior Lunell 1908. 
Physostegia virginiana var. granulosa Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, var. granulosa (Fassett) Fernald, Rhodora 45: 464. 1943.BASIONYM: Physostegia granulosa Fassett 1939. 
Physostegia virginiana var. reducta Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, var. reducta B. Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 93: 572. 1966. TYPE: INDIANA: Cass Co.: Along railroad 0.5 mi. E of Lake Cicott, 26 Sep 1936, Friesner 10132 (holotype: DAO; isotypes: CU, GA, ILL, NY, OKL, SMU).
Physostegia virginiana var. speciosa Physostegia virginiana (Linnaeus) Bentham, var. speciosa (Sweet) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 383. 1878.BASIONYM: Dracocephalum speciosum Sweet 1825. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Oct 1973 R. A. Hilsenbeck s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 Dec 1978 A. N. Arcuri 842
USA Florida Hernando Co. 02 Nov 1985 C. vanHoek s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 04 Nov 1997 C. vanHoek 973
USA Florida Gulf Co. 08 Nov 1985 L. C. Anderson 9050
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 Nov 1977 G. Winkler 215
USA Florida Madison Co. 24 Sep 1954 R. E. Perdue 1836
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 12 Dec 2008 T. MacClendon 879
USA Florida Sumter Co. 23 Oct 1992 C. vanHoek 326
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 26 Nov 1979 G. Barthe 150
USA Illinois Champaign Co. 31 Aug 1996 S. R. Hill 28599 CULTIVATED. Originally from Spring Bay, Woodford County, Illinois.
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