Centella asiatica

Family:APIACEAE
Species:Centella asiatica (L.)Urb.
Common Name:SPADELEAF
Plant Notes:Schubert (2014) supports treating this species as pantropical and the only member of the genus native outside of Africa.
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL), T (WAP)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order APIALES
FamilyAPIACEAE
Genus Centella
Species Centella asiatica (L.)Urb. - SPADELEAF

Citation

Citation CENTELLA ASIATICA (Linnaeus) Urban, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 11(1): 287. 1879.
Basionym: Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus 1753.
Type: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 332.5). Lectotypified by Townsend, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Umbelliferae 15. 1989.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Baker FLAS  
Bay FLAS  
Bradford USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval USF  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler USF  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Glades USF  
Gulf USF  
Hamilton FLAS  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FLAS  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FLAS  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa FLAS  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole FSU  
St. Johns USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor FLAS  
Union FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton FLAS  
Washington FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Centella asiatica var. floridana Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban, var. floridana (J. M. Coulter & Rose) J. M. Coulter & Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 7: 30. 1900.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. floridana J. M. Coulter & Rose 1888. 
Centella asiatica var. repanda Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban, var. repanda (Persoon) Domin, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 41: 159. 1908.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle repanda Persoon 1805; Hydrocotyle ficaroides Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1789. 
Centella erecta Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 295. 1940.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle erecta Linnaeus f. 1782 
Centella floridana Centella floridana (J. M. Coulter & Rose) Nannfeldt, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 411. 1924.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. floridana J. M. Coulter & Rose 1888. 
Centella repanda Centella repanda (Persoon) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 859, 1336. 1903.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle repanda Persoon 1805; Hydrocotyle ficaroides Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1789. 
Centella repanda forma floridana Centella repanda (Persoon) Small, forma floridana (J. M. Coulter & Rose) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 859, 1336. 1903.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. floridana J. M. Coulter & Rose 1888. 
Glyceria repanda Glyceria repanda (Persoon) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 177. 1818.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle repanda Persoon 1805; Hydrocotyle ficaroides Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1789. 
Hydrocotyle asiatica Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 234. 1753. TYPE: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 332.5). Lectotypified by Townsend, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Umbelliferae 15. 1989.
Hydrocotyle asiatica var. floridana Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. floridana J. M. Coulter & Rose, Rev. N. Amer. Umbell. 136. 1888. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: St. Johns River near Jacksonville, s.d., Curtiss 988 (lectotype: US). Lectotypified by J. M. Coulter & Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 7: 30. 1900.
Hydrocotyle erecta Hydrocotyle erecta Linnaeus f., Suppl. Pl. 177. 1782 ("1781"). TYPE: JAMAICA:
Hydrocotyle ficaroides Hydrocotyle ficaroides Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 161. 1803, non Lamarck 1789. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA:
Hydrocotyle repanda Hydrocotyle repanda Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 302. 1805.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle ficaroides Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1789. 
Hydrocotyle sarmentosa Hydrocotyle sarmentosa Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 159. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus 1753. 
Centella asiatica forma crispata Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban, forma crispata (Maximowicz) H. Hara, Enum. Sperm. Jap. 3: 304. 1954.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. crispata Maximowicz 1886. 
Centella asiatica var. boninensis Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban. var. boninensis (Nakai ex Tuyana) H. Hara, Enum. Sperm. Jap. 3: 304. 1954.BASIONYM: Centella boninensis Nakai ex Tuyama 1936. 
Centella asiatica var. crispata Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban, var. crispata (Maximowicz) Yabe, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 16(4): 18. 1902.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. crispata Maximowicz 1886. 
Centella asiatica var. cristata Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban, var. cristata Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 18: 65. 1904. TYPE: JAPAN:
Centella biflora Centella biflora (Vellozo) Nannfeldt, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 419. 1924.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle biflora Vellozo 1829. 
Centella boninensis Centella boninensis Nakai ex Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 31. 1936. TYPE: JAPAN: Bonin Islands: Titizima, Suzaki, 15 Jun 1913, Hattori s.n. (holotype: ?).
Centella coriacea Centella coriacea Nannfeldt, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 416. 1924. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Cape Prov.: Pondoland, s.d., Bachmann 933 (holotype: B).
Centella dusenii Centella dusenii Nannfeldt, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 407. 1924. TYPE: BRAZIL: Parana:
Centella hirtella Centella hirtella Nannfeldt, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 405. 1924.  
Centella triflora Centella triflora (Ruiz López & Pavón) Nannfeldt, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 415. 1924.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle triflora Ruiz López & Pavón 1802. 
Centella uniflora Centella uniflora (Colenso) Nannfeldt, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 413. 1924.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle uniflora Colenso 1885. 
Hydrocotyle abbreviata Hydrocotyle abbreviata A. Richard, Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 4: 183, t. 58(19). 1820.  
Hydrocotyle asiatica var. crispata Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. crispata Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 31: 44. 1886. TYPE: JAPAN:
Hydrocotyle asiatica var. glabriuscula Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. glabriuscula Hasskarl, Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. 163. 1844.  
Hydrocotyle asiatica var. hebecarpa Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. hebecarpa (de Candolle) Hasskarl, Pl. Jav. Rar. 459. 1848.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle hebecarpa de Candolle 1830. 
Hydrocotyle asiatica var. lunata Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. lunata (Lamarck) Blume, Bijdr. 883. 1826.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle lunata Lamarck 1789. 
Hydrocotyle biflora Hydrocotyle biflora Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. 124. 1829 ("1825"). TYPE: BRAZIL:
Hydrocotyle brasiliensis Hydrocotyle brasiliensis Scheidweiler, Allg. Gartenzeitung 10: 286. 1842. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Hydrocotyle brevipedata Hydrocotyle brevipedata Saint-Lager, Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 128. 1880, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle brevipes de Candolle 1830. 
Hydrocotyle brevipes Hydrocotyle brevipes de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 63. 1830.  
Hydrocotyle cordata Hydrocotyle cordata Walter, Fl. Carol. 113. 1788. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA:
Hydrocotyle cordifolia Hydrocotyle cordifolia Hooker f., in Hooker, Icon. Pl. t. 303. 1841. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Tasmania:
Hydrocotyle dentata Hydrocotyle dentata A. Richard, Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 4: 182, t. 60(22). 1820.  
Hydrocotyle ficarioides Hydrocotyle ficarioides Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 153. 1789.  
Hydrocotyle hebecarpa Hydrocotyle hebecarpa de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 63. 1830.  
Hydrocotyle inaequipes Hydrocotyle inaequipes de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 63. 1830. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Hydrocotyle indivisa Hydrocotyle indivisa Banks & Solander ex Hooker f., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 83. 1852. TYPE: NEW ZEALAND:
Hydrocotyle linifolia Hydrocotyle linifolia Linnaeus f., Suppl. Pl. 176. 1782 ("1781"). TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Hydrocotyle lunata Hydrocotyle lunata Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 152. 1789.  
Hydrocotyle natans Hydrocotyle natans Thunberg, Hydrocotyle 3. 1798, non Cirillo 1788.  
Hydrocotyle nummularioides Hydrocotyle nummularioides A. Richard, Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 4: 176, t. 55(9). 1820.  
Hydrocotyle pallida Hydrocotyle pallida de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 63. 1830. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Hydrocotyle reniformis Hydrocotyle reniformis Walter, Fl. Carol. 113. 1788. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA:
Hydrocotyle thunbergiana Hydrocotyle thunbergiana Sprengel, Neue Entd. 1: 283. 1820.BASIONYM: Hydrocotyle natans Thunberg 1798, non Cirillo 1788. 
Hydrocotyle triflora Hydrocotyle triflora Ruiz López & Pavón, Fl. Peruv. 3: 24, t. 245(b). 1802. TYPE: CHILE: Concepción: Concepción,
Hydrocotyle uniflora Hydrocotyle uniflroa Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 239. 1885. TYPE: NEW ZEALAND:
Trisanthus cochinchinensis Trisanthus cochinchinensis Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 176. 1790.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Manatee Co. 10 Sep 1997 C. Becker WC0317
USA Florida Citrus Co. 02 Jul 2001 R. A. Hattaway FC0217
USA Florida Pasco Co. 16 Jun 1961 O. K. Lakela 24279
USA Florida Bradford Co. 31 May 1981 R. P. Sauleda 5293
USA Florida Volusia Co. 28 May 1981 D. S. Correll 51972
USA Florida Alachua Co. 10 May 1981 J. C. Easterday 461
USA Florida Polk Co. 22 May 1981 D. R. Lindsey 583
USA Florida Manatee Co. 12 Jul 1978 A.G. Shuey 2025
USA Florida Collier Co. 24 Oct 1964 O. K. Lakela 27786
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 Aug 2004 E. M. Ferguson 819
USA Florida Hardee Co. 18 Nov 2003 B. F. Hansen 12980
USA Florida Collier Co. 18 May 1998 R. A. Hattaway CS0322
USA Florida Manatee Co. 12 Jul 1978 A.G. Shuey 2025
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 14 Jun 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 11000
USA Florida Highlands Co. 23 Aug 1979 B. F. Hansen 6192
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Sep 1963 O. K. Lakela 26259
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 May 1962 O. K. Lakela 25077
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 10 Apr 1980 B. F. Hansen 7006
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Feb 1965 G. L. Foster s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 Apr 2000 J. Myers 695
USA Florida Franklin Co. 24 Jul 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55717
USA Florida Polk Co. 01 May 1981 D. R. Lindsey 406
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 03 Jun 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56963
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 03 Jun 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56933
USA Florida Gulf Co. 18 Jun 1958 R. K. Godfrey 57116
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 02 May 1984 G. Fleming 3693
USA Florida Columbia Co. 11 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 10127
USA Florida Lake Co. 21 Apr 1982 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Flagler Co. 27 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9724
USA Florida Broward Co. 21 Aug 1978 D. Tabb s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 22 Apr 1986 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Liberty Co. 18 Jul 1986 R. P. Wunderlin 10264
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. March 1965 O. Villot s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 19 Jun 1958 R. Kral 7004
USA Florida Orange Co. 07 Aug 1958 R. Kral 7723
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 13 Apr 2000 S.W. Braem DP0133
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Apr 1967 O. K. Lakela 30732
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Mar 2000 J. Myers 640
USA Florida Collier Co. 18 Jul 1965 O. K. Lakela 28937
USA Florida Collier Co. 12 May 1965 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 05 Jun 1981 D. R. Lindsey 730
USA Florida Collier Co. 04 Apr 1961 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 13 Feb 1962 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 28 Jul 1967 O. K. Lakela 30873
USA Florida Marion Co. 17 Jun 1975 D. L. Martin 931
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 29 May 1980 B. F. Hansen 7252
USA Florida Manatee Co. 27 Apr 1975 P. Genelle 2051
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 06 Jul 1993 B. F. Hansen 12291
USA Florida Hernando Co. 20 May 1973 P. Genelle 1843
USA Florida Osceola Co. 25 Jun 1977 R. P. Wunderlin 5771
USA Florida Sumter Co. 09 Sep 1981 G. Robinson 436
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Mar 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7058
USA Florida Sumter Co. 29 Sep 1981 G. Robinson 341
USA Florida Manatee Co. 02 Sep 1976 A.G. Shuey 1716
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Feb 1979 G. Fleming 3169
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 05 Jun 2006 T. MacClendon 493
USA Florida Duval Co. 14 Aug 2007 C. Slaughter 15762
USA Florida Osceola Co. 12 Jun 2007 C. Slaughter 15674
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 22 Oct 2007 A. R. Franck 442
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 18 Aug 2008 A. R. Franck 821
USA Florida Volusia Co. 15 Mar 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1147
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 29 Apr 2010 A. R. Franck 1964
USA Florida Glades Co. 08 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2086
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 Jul 2009 K. Birch 292
USA Florida Hendry Co. 03 Sep 2011 A. R. Franck 2726
USA Florida Martin Co. Sep 1989 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Nassau Co. 16 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16815
USA Florida Indian River Co. 12 Apr 2013 S. Myers 932
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 13 Jun 2013 R. Chicone 1049
Jamaica Middlesex Co. St. Ann Par. 15 Jul 1952 G. R. Proctor 6929
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Apr 2016 D. Nguyen s.n. CULTIVATED.
Marshall Islands Kwajalein Mun. 16 Aug 1946 F. R. Fosberg 26490
Marshall Islands Ailuk Mun. 27 Dec 1951 F. R. Fosberg 33943
South Africa Western Cape Prov. 08 Feb 1947 R. H. Compton 19374
Dominica St. George Par. 02 Jun 1996 S. R. Hill 28141
USA Florida Polk Co. 12 Jul 1962 C. F. Caudle 892
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