Lachnanthes caroliana

Family:HAEMODORACEAE
Species:Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.)Dandy
Common Name:CAROLINA REDROOT
Plant Notes:Although the basionym protologue used the epithet "caroliana" and could be considered the correct usage (Art. 60.1), the lectotype specimen spelled the epithet "caroliniana" which is considered the intended, proper spelling by many authors (Gandhi 1999). Perhaps, the protologue spelling may be seen as a typographical error.
Status:Native, FAC (DEP), OBL (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order COMMELINALES
FamilyHAEMODORACEAE
Genus Lachnanthes
Species Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.)Dandy - CAROLINA REDROOT

Citation

Citation LACHNANTHES CAROLIANA (Lamarck) Dandy, J. Bot. 70: 329. 1932.
Basionym: Dilatris caroliana Lamarck 1791.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Maas & Maas-van de Kamer, Fl. Neotrop. 61: 12. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Baker USF  
Bay FLAS  
Bradford USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward FLAS  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie USF  
Duval USF  
Escambia USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin USF  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Glades FLAS  
Gulf USF  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes USF  
Indian River FLAS  
Jackson FSU  
Lafayette USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty USF  
Madison FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade FLAS  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Taylor FLAS  
Union USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FLAS  
Walton FLAS  
Washington USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dilatris caroliana Dilatris caroliana Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 127. Mar 1791. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Maas & Maas-van de Kamer, Fl. Neotrop. 61: 12. 1993.
Dilatris heritiera Dilatris heritiera Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 54. 1805, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Dilatris tinctorum Dilatris tinctorum (J. F. Gmelin) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 30. 1814.BASIONYM: Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Gyrotheca capitata Gyrotheca capitata Morong, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20: 472. 1891, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Dilatris caroliana Lamarck 1791. 
Gyrotheca tinctorum Gyrotheca tinctorum (J. F. Gmelin) Salisbury, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 327. 1812.BASIONYM: Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Heritiera gmelinii Heritiera gmelinii Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 20. 1803, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Heritiera tinctorum Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 113. Sep-Nov 1791. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 117-C (neotype: BM). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 427. 2007.
Lachnanthes tinctorum Lachnanthes tinctorum (J. F. Gmelin) Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 47. 1816.BASIONYM: Heritiera tinctorum J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Lachnanthes tinctorum Lachnanthes tinctorum (J. F. Gmelin) Elliott, var. major Grisebach, Cat. Pl. Cub. 252. 1866. TYPE: CUBA: Without data, Wright 3270 (holotype: GOET; isotypes: BM, G, GH, K, MO, NY, P, S).

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Orange Co. 25 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8738
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Jul 1976 S. Mortellaro 78
USA Florida Hernando Co. 19 Jun 1958 R. Kral 7008
USA Florida Lake Co. 07 Jul 1949 D. W. Mather M-371
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 18 Nov 1993 B. F. Hansen 12595
USA Florida Marion Co. 09 Jul 1975 S. T. Cooper 701
USA Florida Flagler Co. 27 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9743
USA Florida Escambia Co. 01 Jul 1983 S. Darwin 2617
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10084
USA Florida Volusia Co. 24 Jul 1985 B. F. Hansen 10401
USA Florida Flagler Co. 12 Jun 1978 D. Tabb s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 29 Aug 1982 M. E. Schmid A-69
USA Florida Sumter Co. 14 Jul 1984 N. L. Mawhinney s.n.
USA Florida Flagler Co. 12 Jun 1978 D. Tabb s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 05 Oct 1979 J. Bateson 67
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 May 2000 W. E. Higgins s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 25 Jun 2010 C. vanHoek WW0142
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 09 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 20164
USA Florida Clay Co. 03 Sep 1992 S. L. Orzell 20613
USA Florida Duval Co. 03 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 19987
USA Florida Nassau Co. 02 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 19883
USA Florida Lafayette Co. 08 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 20070
USA Florida Marion Co. 09 Jul 1975 D. L. Martin 701
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 06 Aug 1965 D. B. Ward 4885
USA Florida Highlands Co. 18 Nov 1973 R. P. Wunderlin 5211
USA Florida Dixie Co. 18 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13320
USA Florida Lake Co. 02 Aug 1962 D. B. Ward 3043
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. Aug 1971 N. Chevalier s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 05 Sep 1981 R. P. Wunderlin 9114
USA Florida Hardee Co. 07 Nov 1978 B. F. Hansen 4878
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5903
USA Florida Nassau Co. 13 Aug 1981 R. P. Sauleda 5885
USA Florida Polk Co. 11 Jul 1972 T. Perkins s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 12 Jul 1996 C. vanHoek 597
USA Florida Hendry Co. 14 Sep 2009 A. R. Franck 1421
USA Florida Sumter Co. 31 Aug 2010 M. T. Strong 3970
USA Florida Highlands Co. 10 Aug 1996 C. vanHoek 645
USA Florida Citrus Co. 04 Sep 1972 P. Genelle 1539
USA Florida Union Co. 12 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 10268
USA Florida Polk Co. 02 Sep 1984 K. R. DeLaney 45
USA Florida Baker Co. 11 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 9995
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 29 Sep 1961 O. K. Lakela 24676
USA Florida Collier Co. 09 Jan 1966 O. K. Lakela 29420
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 24 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10064
USA Florida Collier Co. 05 Oct 1965 O. K. Lakela 29204
USA Florida Highlands Co. 10 Jun 1956 W. P. Adams 142
USA Florida Highlands Co. 02 Sep 1962 O. K. Lakela 25328
USA Florida Franklin Co. 18 Jul 1986 R. P. Wunderlin 10307
USA Florida Nassau Co. 15 Aug 2001 C. Slaughter 12756
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 29 Sep 2007 A. R. Franck 379
USA Florida Volusia Co. 29 Nov 2007 P. D. Sorensen 06-87
USA Florida Liberty Co. 18 Jul 1986 R. P. Wunderlin 10271
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 22 May 1962 V. Ducey 157
USA Florida Columbia Co. 11 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 10122
USA Florida Manatee Co. 17 Sep 1954 R. E. Perdue 1781
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 28 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9808
USA Florida Martin Co. 29 Sep 1962 O. K. Lakela 25399
USA Florida Pasco Co. 09 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9922
USA Florida Liberty Co. 28 Jul 1981 D. S. Correll 52261
USA Florida Washington Co. 28 Sep 1981 B. F. Hansen 8767
USA Florida Osceola Co. 14 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8531
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 28 Jun 1981 D. S. Correll 52186
USA Florida Holmes Co. 27 Jun 1981 D. S. Correll 52134
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 18 Jun 1977 P. Genelle 2875
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Apr 1974 S. Todd 208
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 15 Jun 2006 T. MacClendon 503
USA Florida Marion Co. 30 Jun 2006 J. Hubbard 564
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 11 May 2009 A. R. Franck 1254
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Aug 2002 T. MacClendon 77
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 06 Aug 2003 C. Becker OS0099
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 12 Jul 1990 S. L. Orzell 14339
USA Florida Liberty Co. 29 Sep 1991 S. L. Orzell 18356
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 10 Jul 1990 S. L. Orzell 14248
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 13 Jul 1994 K. Graham HR0055
USA Florida Manatee Co. 18 Sep 1992 J. Weber WC0075
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 10 Sep 1895 A. H. Curtiss 5538
USA Florida Manatee Co. 25 Jun 1993 S. Cole LM0096
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 Aug 1993 S. Cole HH0013
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Sep 1998 J. Myers 125
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Sep 1963 O. K. Lakela 26262
USA Florida Marion Co. 09 Jul 1975 D. L. Martin 701
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Jun 1995 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 Sep 1994 R. P. Wunderlin 10483
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Sep 1994 R. P. Wunderlin 10534
USA Florida Hernando Co. 02 Aug 1971 P. Genelle 934
USA Florida Polk Co. 08 Jul 1971 N. H. Chevalier s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 30 Jun 1970 P. Genelle 263
USA Florida Citrus Co. 18 Jul 1983 M. E. Schmid A-290
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Aug 1998 J. Myers 114
USA Florida Martin Co. Dec 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 31 Jul 2008 A. R. Franck 777
USA Florida Brevard Co. 15 Jun 2010 J. Escoffier s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 03 Jun 1994 S. Cole KS0034
USA Florida Brevard Co. 28 Jun 2007 S. Blissett-Clark s.n.
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 13 Jun 2008 B. F. Hansen 13281
USA Florida Pasco Co. 01 Jul 2003 E. M. Ferguson 200
USA Florida Volusia Co. 23 Nov 1968 O. K. Lakela 31743
USA Florida Citrus Co. 09 Jan 1983 N. L. Mawhinney 78
USA Florida Lake Co. 27 Jul 1978 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Jun 1984 G. Robinson 634
USA Florida Lee Co. 18 Jul 1986 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 21 May 1988 G. Fleming 4064
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9931
USA Florida Putnam Co. 01 Oct 1960 D. B. Ward 2269
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 05 Sep 1977 P. Jourdan s.n.
USA Florida Duval Co. 14 Aug 2007 C. Slaughter 15791
USA Florida Collier Co. 28 May 1992 J. Weber CS0158
USA Florida Highlands Co. 30 Aug 1987 A. Herndon 1775
USA Florida Osceola Co. 25 Jun 1977 R. P. Wunderlin 5767
USA Florida Manatee Co. 04 Sep 1977 R. Evans 2
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 05 Jul 1977 A. N. Arcuri 378
USA Florida Highlands Co. 23 Aug 1979 B. F. Hansen 6196
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 Jul 1974 S. Todd 221 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 Jul 1974 S. Todd 221 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Orange Co. 07 Sep 2012 J. Cheak 103
USA Florida Bradford Co. 09 Aug 2013 D. H. Williams 3853
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Aug 2013 R. Chicone 1089
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 09 Aug 1953 D. Demaree 33643
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 18 Jul 1979 S. DuBois s.n.
USA South Carolina Horry Co. 07 Jun 1977 D. W. Crewz 1006
USA North Carolina Pender Co. 07 Jul 1965 H. A. Heissler s.n.
USA Mississippi Harrison Co. 30 May 1967 S. B. Jones 12700
USA North Carolina Brunswick Co. 06 Jul 1967 D. W. Grigg s.n.
USA Mississippi George Co. 05 Jul 1958 R. Kral 7154
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 25 Jul 1951 R. B. Channell 22
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 25 Jul 1951 R. B. Channell 232
USA Louisiana St. Tammany Par. 04 Jul 1986 MacGregor 465
USA South Carolina Colleton Co. 30 Jul 1996 D. R. Lindsey s.n.
USA Louisiana St. Tammany Par. 05 Aug 1979 C. M. Allen 9300
USA North Carolina Bladen Co. 01 Aug 1956 R. B. Channell 79
USA South Carolina Charleston Co. 18 Jul 1992 S. R. Hill 23883
USA South Carolina Berkeley Co. 09 Jun 2000 V. E. McNeilus 562
USA Alabama Monroe Co. 18 Jul 1987 S. R. Hill 18161
USA Louisiana St. Tammany Par. 27 Jun 1981 R. D. Thomas 77346
USA Georgia Camden Co. 02 Sep 1980 R. P. Sauleda 4045
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 09 Aug 1953 D. Demaree 33602
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 14 Jul 1984 C. Hermann 299
USA Mississippi Hancock Co. 30 Jun 1984 C. Hermann 268
USA Alabama Cherokee Co. 16 Jul 1984 R. D. Whetstone 14554
USA Louisiana St. Tammany Par. 18 Aug 1983 D. D. Taylor 5043
USA Louisiana St. Tammany Par. 17 Sep 1983 D. D. Taylor 5749
USA South Carolina Horry Co. 19 Oct 1973 R. D. Whetstone 2092
USA Mississippi Harrison Co. 13 Sep 1981 R. P. Sauleda 6728
USA North Carolina Brunswick Co. 17 Jul 1966 T. R. Bradley 3327
USA Mississippi Jones Co. 27 Aug 1937 B. Willis s.n.
USA North Carolina Lenoir Co. 22 Jun 1957 A. E. Radford 25788
USA South Carolina Horry Co. 23 Jul 1976 C. Aulbach-Smith 624
USA Florida Polk Co. 11 Aug 2015 J. R. Campbell 87
USA Florida Seminole Co. 07 Jul 2016 T. Richards s.n.
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