Phragmites australis

Family:POACEAE
Species:Phragmites australis (Cav.)Trin. ex Steud.
Common Name:COMMON REED
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (DEP), FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Phragmites
Species Phragmites australis (Cav.)Trin. ex Steud. - COMMON REED

Citation

Citation PHRAGMITES AUSTRALIS (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 324. 1841.
Basionym: Arundo australis Cavanilles 1799.
Type: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: Ca. half a league before reaching Botany Bay, coming from Port Jackson, Apr, Née s.n. (holotype: MA).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Bay FSU  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FSU  
Escambia USF  
Franklin FSU  
Glades USF  
Hendry USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Lee FSU  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee FLAS  
Marion FLAS  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Mainland FNPS  
Okaloosa USF  
Okeechobee FLAS  
Orange USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota Lit Lit: Huffman & Judd, Castanea 63: 46. 1998.
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Arundo australis Arundo australis Cavanilles, Anales Hist. Nat. 1: 100. 1799. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: Ca. half a league before reaching Botany Bay, coming from Port Jackson, Apr, Née s.n. (holotype: ?).
Arundo palustris Arundo palustris Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 24. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Arundo phragmites Arundo phragmites Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 81. 1753. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: LINN 97.6). Lectotypified by Clayton, in Milne-Redhead & Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Gramineae 1: 118. 1970.
Arundo vallatoria Arundo vallatoria Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 128. 1821, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Arundo vulgaris Arundo vulgaris Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 3: 615. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Cynodon phragmites Cynodon phragmites (Linnaeus) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 302. 1825.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Phragmites australis subsp. berlandieri Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel, subsp. berlandieri (E. Fournier) Saltonstall & Hauber, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 387. 2007.BASIONYM: Phragmites berlandieri E. Fournier 1877. 
Phragmites australis var. berlandieri Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel, var. berlandieri (E. Fournier) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 63: 410. 1987.BASIONYM: Phragmites berlandieri E. Fournier 1877. 
Phragmites berlandieri Phragmites berlandieri E. Fournier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 24: 178. 1877. TYPE: TEXAS: Webb Co.: Laredo, 1828, Berlandier 1446 (holotype: ?; isotype: NY).
Phragmites communis Phragmites communis Trinius, Fund. Agrost. 134. 1820.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Phragmites communis subsp. berlandieri Phragmites communis Trinius, subsp. berlandieri (E. Fournier) Á. Löve & D. Löve, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 33. 1954.BASIONYM: Phragmites berlandieri E. Fournier 1877. 
Phragmites communis var. berlandieri Phragmites communis Trinius, var. berlandieri (E. Fournier) Fernald, Rhodora 34: 211. 1932.BASIONYM: Phragmites berlandieri E. Fournier 1877. 
Phragmites communis var. vulgaris Phragmites communis Trinius, var. vulgaris Boenninghausen, Prodr. Fl. Monast. 24. 1824, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Phragmites communis Trinius 1820; Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Phragmites maximus var. berlandieri Phragmites maximus (Forsskål) Chiovenda, var. berlandieri (E. Fournier) Moldenke, Torreya 36: 93. 1936.BASIONYM: Phragmites berlandieri E. Fournier 1877. 
Phragmites phragmites Phragmites phragmites (Linnaeus) H. Karsten, Deut. Fl. 379. 1881, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Phragmites vulgaris Phragmites vulgaris Crepin, Man. Fl. Belgique, ed. 2. 345. 1866, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Arundo vulgaris Lamarck 1778, nom. illegit.; Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Phragmites vulgaris var. typicus Phragmites vulgaris Crépin, var. typicus Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 77. 1890, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Phragmites vulgaris Crepin 1866, nom. illegit.; Phragmites communis Trinius 1820; Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Trichoon phragmites Trichoon phragmites (Linnaeus) Rendle, in Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 2(1): 218. 1899.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus 1753. 
Arundo aggerum Arundo aggerum Kittel, Linnaea 32: 307. 1863. TYPE: AUSTRIA:
Arundo altissima Arundo altissima Bentham, Cat. Pl. Pyren. 62. 1826. TYPE: SPAIN:
Arundo barbata Arundo barbata Burchell, Trav. S. Africa 2: 271. 1824. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Arundo graeca Arundo graeca Link, Linnaea 9: 136. 1834. TYPE: GREECE:
Arundo isiaca Arundo isiaca Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 52. 1812, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Arundo karka Arundo karka Retzius, Observ. Bot. 4: 21. 1786. TYPE: INDIA:
Arundo maxima Arundo maxima Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 24. 1775. TYPE: EGYPT:
Arundo occidentalis Arundo occidentalis Sieber ex Schultes, Mant. 2: 289. 1824. TYPE: MARTINIQUE: Without data, Sieber 31 (holotype: B; isotype: MO).
Arundo phragmites var. humilis Arundo phragmites Linnaeus, var. humilis (De Notaris) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 331. 1900, non Gussone 1832.BASIONYM: Phragmites humilis De Notaris 1846. 
Arundo phragmites var. isiaca Arundo phragmites Linnaeus, var. isiaca Grisebach, in Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 4: 394. 1853.BASIONYM: Arundo isiaca Delile 1812, nom. illegit.; Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Calamagrostis nigricans Calamagrostis nigricans Merat de Vaumartoise, Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2. 2: 33. 1831. TYPE: FRANCE:
Czernya arundinacea Czernya arundinacea C. Presl, Cyper. Gramin. Sicul. 22. 1820. TYPE: ITALY: Sicily:
Phragmites altissimus Phragmites altissimus (Bentham) Mabille ex Debeaux, Bull. Soc. Dauphin. Echang. Pl. 7: 276. 1880.BASIONYM: Arundo altissima Bentham 1826. 
Phragmites australis subsp. altissimus Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel, subsp. altissimus (Bentham) Clayton, Taxon 17: 169. 1968.BASIONYM: Arundo altissima Bentham 1826. 
Phragmites australis subsp. maximus Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel, subsp. maximus (Forsskal) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 23: 390. 1978 ("1977").BASIONYM: Arundo maxima Forsskal 1775. 
Phragmites capensis Phragmites capensis Nees von Esenbeck, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill. 1: 356. 1841. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Phragmites communis forma flavescens Phragmites communis Trinius, forma flavescens (Custor ex Gaudin) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 346. 1866.BASIONYM: Phragmites communis Trinius, var. flavescens Custor ex Gaudin 1830. 
Phragmites communis forma isiacus Phragmites communis Trinius, forma isiacus (Grisebach) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 346. 1866.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus, var. isiaca Grisebach 1853; Arundo isiaca Delile 1812, nom. illegit.; Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Phragmites communis forma nigricans Phragmites communis Trinius, forma nigricans (Merat de Vaumartoise) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 346. 1866.BASIONYM: Phragmites nigricans Merat de Vaumartoise 1831. 
Phragmites communis forma variegatus Phragmites communis Trinius, forma variegatus Hitchcock, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 2061. 1916.  
Phragmites communis subsp. isiacus Phragmites communis Trinius, subsp. isiacus (Grisebach) Oppenheimer & Evenari, Bull. Soc. Bot. Gèneve, ser. 2. 31: 159. 1940, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Phragmites vulgaris Crepin, subsp. maximus (Forsskål) Chiovenda 1919; Arundo phragmites Linnaeus, var. isiaca Grisebach 1853; Arundo isiaca Delile 1812, nom. illegit.; Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Phragmites communis subsp. maximus Phragmites communis Trinius, subsp. maximus (Forsskål) Clayton, Kew Bull. 21: 116. 1967.BASIONYM: Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Phragmites communis var. flavescens Phragmites communis Trinius, var. flavescens Custor ex Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 6: 341. 1830. TYPE: SWITZERLAND:
Phragmites communis var. hispanicus Phragmites communis Trinius, var. hispanicus (Nees von Esenbeck) K. Richter, Pl. Eur. 1: 71. 1890.BASIONYM: Phragmites hispanicus Nees von Esenbeck 1841. 
Phragmites communis var. humilis Phragmites communis Trinius, var. humilis (De Notaris) Parlatore, Fl. Ital. 1: 221. 1848.BASIONYM: Phragmites humilis De Notaris 1846. 
Phragmites communis var. isiacus Phragmites communis Trinius, var. isiacus (Grisebach) Cosson, in Durieu de Maisonnueve & Cosson, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 125. 1855.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus, var. isiaca Grisebach 1853; Arundo isiaca Delile 1812, nom. illegit.; Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Phragmites communis var. mauritianus Phragmites communis Trinius, var. mauritianus (Kunth) Baker, Fl. Mauritius 454. 1877.BASIONYM: Phragmites mauritianus Kunth 1830. 
Phragmites dioicus Phragmites dioicus Hackel ex Hicken, Physis (Buenos Aires) 4: 389. 1918. TYPE: ARGENTINA
Phragmites fissifolius Phragmites fissifolius Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 195. 1854. TYPE: CHILE:
Phragmites flavescens Phragmites flavescens (Custor ex Gaudin) Hegetschweiler-Bodmer & Heer, Fl. Schweiz 68. 1838.BASIONYM: Phragmites communis Trinius, var. flavescens Custor ex Gaudin 1830. 
Phragmites hispanicus Phragmites hispanicus Nees von Esenbeck, Gramineae 20. 1841. TYPE: CHILE/SPAIN:
Phragmites humilis Phragmites humilis De Notaris, Cat. Hort. Genuen. 27. 1846; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 3. 9: 325. 1848. TYPE: ITALY:
Phragmites isiacus Phragmites isiacus Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 80. 1829, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Arundo isiaca Delile 1812, nom. illegit.; Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Phragmites karka Phragmites karka (Retzius) Trinius ex Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 324. 1841.BASIONYM: Arundo karka Retzius 1786. 
Phragmites mauritianus Phragmites mauritianus Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 277, t. 50. 1830. TYPE: MAURITIUS: Without data, 1820, Desfontaines s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: B).
Phragmites maximus Phragmites maximus (Forsskål) Chiovenda, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2. 26: 80, 110. 1919.BASIONYM: Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Phragmites maximus var. variegatus Phragmites maximus (Forsskal) Chiovenda, var. variegatus (Hitchcock) Moldenke, Phytologia 1: 170. 1935.BASIONYM: Phragmites communis Trinius, forma variegatus Hitchcock 1916. 
Phragmites nakaiana Phragmites nakaiana Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 118. 1930. TYPE: JAPAN:
Phragmites vulgaris subsp. maximus Phragmites vulgaris Crépin, subsp. maximus (Forsskål) Chiovenda, Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1923: 113. 1923.BASIONYM: Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Phragmites vulgaris var. flavescens Phragmites vulgaris Crépin, var. flavescens (Custor ex Gaudin) Brand, in W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3. 2720. 1907.BASIONYM: Phragmites communis Trinius, var. flavescens Custor ex Gaudin 1830. 
Phragmites vulgaris var. humilis Phragmites vulgaris Crépin, var. humilis (De Notaris) Brand, in W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3. 2720. 1907.BASIONYM: Phragmites humilis De Notaris 1846. 
Phragmites vulgaris var. isiacus Phragmites vulgaris Crépin, var. isiacus (Grisebach) T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 876. 1894.BASIONYM: Arundo phragmites Linnaeus, var. isiaca Grisebach 1853; Arundo isiaca Delile 1812, nom. illegit.; Arundo maxima Forsskål 1775. 
Phragmites vulgaris var. mauritianus Phragmites vulgaris Crépin, var. mauritianus (Kunth) T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 876. 1895.BASIONYM: Phragmites mauritianus Kunth 1830. 
Phragmites vulnerans Phragmites vulnerans Ascherson, Fl. Brandenburg 2: 80. 1859.  
Reimaria diffusa Reimaria diffusa Sprengel, Neue Entd. 3: 14. 1822. TYPE: MARTINIQUE:
Trichoon karka Trichoon karka (Retzius) Roth, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1(3): 37. 1798BASIONYM: Arundo karka Retzius 1786. 
Xenochloa arundinacea Xenochloa arundinacea Lichtenstein ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 501. 1817.