Prunella vulgaris

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Prunella vulgaris L.
Common Name:COMMON SELFHEAL; CARPENTERWEED
Status:Not Native, FAC (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order LAMIALES
FamilyLAMIACEAE
Genus Prunella
Species Prunella vulgaris L. - COMMON SELFHEAL; CARPENTERWEED

Citation

Citation PRUNELLA VULGARIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 600. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Cult. in Holland, without data, Herb. Clifford 316 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Hedge, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 79. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Baker USF  
Bay FSU  
Calhoun FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Jackson USF  
Leon FLAS  
Liberty FSU  
Nassau USF  
Taylor FLAS  
Walton USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Prunella alpina Prunella alpina Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbuerg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 59. 1853, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Prunella hispida Bentham 1830. 
Prunella cinerea Prunella cinerea Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 30. 1837 ("1836"). SYNTYPE: FLORIDA:
Prunella hispida Prunella hispida Bentham, in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 66. 1830.  
Prunella officinalis Prunella officinalis Crantz, Stirp. Austriac. Fasc., ed. 2. 279. 1769, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus 1753. 
Prunella sessilifolia Prunella sessilifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 30. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: FLORIDA:
Prunella vulgaris subsp. hispida Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, subsp. hispida (Bentham) Hultén, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 13: 366. 1971.BASIONYM: Prunella hispida Bentham 1830. 
Prunella vulgaris var. alpina Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. alpina Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 543. 1866, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Prunella alpina Schur 1853, nom. illegit.; Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. hispida (Bentham) Bentham 1834; Prunella hispida Bentham 1830. 
Prunella vulgaris var. elongata Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. elongata Bentham, Labiat. Gen. Spec. 417. 1834.  
Prunella vulgaris var. hispida Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. hispida (Bentham) Bentham, Labiat. Gen. Spec. 417. 1834.BASIONYM: Prunella hispida Bentham 1830. 
Prunella vulgaris var. ovata Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. ovata W. P. C. Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 2: 37. 1818, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus 1753. 
Prunella aequinoctialis Prunella aequinoctialis Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 323, t. 162. 1818. TYPE: COLOMBIA:
Prunella algeriensis Prunella algeriensis Noe, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 2: 582. 1855. TYPE: ALGERIA:
Prunella angustifolia Prunella angustifolia Wenderoth, Schriften Ges. Beförd. Gesammten Naturwiss. Marburg 2: 258. 1831.  
Prunella asiatica Prunella asiatica Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 19. 1930.  
Prunella australasica Prunella australasica Moricand ex Buchanan-Hamilton, Bull. Bot. (Geneva) 1: 162. 1830.  
Prunella australis Prunella australis Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2. 410. 1830.  
Prunella browniana Prunella browniana Penny ex G. Don, in Loudon, Hort. Brit., ed. 2. 597. 1832.  
Prunella canadensis Prunella canadensis Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Prunella caroliniana Prunella caroliniana Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Prunella cordata Prunella cordata Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 31. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Prunella fischeriana Prunella fischeriana Buchanan-Hamilton, Bull. Bot. (Geneva) 1: 164. 1830.  
Prunella heterophyla Prunella heterophyla Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 31. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Prunella hirsuta Prunella hirsuta Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 30. 1837 ("1836"), non Wenderoth 1831. TYPE: ILLINOIS/MISSOURI:
Prunella hirsuta Prunella hirsuta Wenderoth, Schriften Ges. Beförd. Gesammten Naturwiss. Marburg 2: 257. 1831.  
Prunella incisa Prunella incisa Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 121. 1822.  
Prunella japonica Prunella japonica Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 28: 258. 1914. TYPE: JAPAN:
Prunella latifolia Prunella latifolia Donn, Hortus Cantabrig., ed. 2. 80. 1800.  
Prunella longifolia Prunella longifolia Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 137. 1806.  
Prunella microphylla Prunella microphylla Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 29. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Prunella novae-angliae Prunella novae-angliae Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Prunella obtusifolia Prunella obtusifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 32. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Prunella ovata Prunella ovata Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 137. 1806.  
Prunella parviflora Prunella parviflora Poiret, Voy. Barbarie 2: 188. 1789.  
Prunella pennsylvanica Prunella pennsylvanica Willdenow, Hort. Berol. t. 9. 1804. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Prunella pennsylvanica var. lanceolata Prunella pennsylvanica Willdenow, var. lanceolata W. P. C. Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 2: 37. 1818. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Prunella petiolaris Prunella petiolaris Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 30. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: KENTUCKY:
Prunella pratensis Prunella pratensis Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 543. 1866.  
Prunella reptans Prunella reptans Dumortier, Fl. Belg. 44. 1827.  
Prunella reticulata Prunella reticulata Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 31. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: "Ohio, Kentucky & c.",
Prunella rosea Prunella rosea Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 31. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Prunella rosea var. breviflora Prunella rosea Rafinesque, var. breviflora Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 31. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Prunella stolonifera Prunella stolonifera H. Léveillé & Giraudias, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 286. 1913. TYPE: CHINA:
Prunella surrecta Prunella surrecta Dumortier, Fl. Belg. 44. 1827.  
Prunella vulgaris forma alba Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma alba J. C. Nelson, Amer. Bot. 24: 84. 1918. TYPE: OREGON:
Prunella vulgaris forma albiflora Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma albiflora Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 17: 125. 1890.  
Prunella vulgaris forma candida Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma candida Fernald, Rhodora 15: 184. 1913. TYPE: MAINE: Aroostook Co.: Fort Fairfiedl, 9 Aug 1909, Fernald 2804 (holotype: GH).
Prunella vulgaris forma iodocalyx Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma iodocalyx Fernald, Rhodora 15: 184. 1913. TYPE: CANADA: Newfoundland: Port a Port, 15 Aug 1910, Fernald & Wiegand 3927 (holotype: GH).
Prunella vulgaris forma lilacina Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma lilacina Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 25: 63. 1911. TYPE: JAPAN:
Prunella vulgaris forma nana Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma nana Clute, Amer. Bot. 3: 11. 1902. TYPE: NEW YORK:
Prunella vulgaris forma rhodantha Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma rhodantha Fernald, Rhodora 15: 185. 1913. TYPE: NEW HAMPSHIRE: Coos Co.: 1 mi. E of Canaan Line, Pittsburg, 11 Jul 1907, Pease 10992 (holotype: NEBC).
Prunella vulgaris forma taiwanalpina Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma taiwanalpina Yamazaki, in Iwatsuki et al., Fl. Japan 3a: 299. 1993. TYPE: TAIWAN: Ilan, Nanhutashan, 22 Aug 1969, Yamazaki et al. 604 (holotype: TI).
Prunella vulgaris subsp. asiatica Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, subsp. asiatica (Nakai) H. Hara, Enum. Sperm. Jap. 1: 222. 1948.BASIONYM: Prunella asiatica Nakai 1930. 
Prunella vulgaris subsp. lanceolata Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, subsp. lanceolata (W. P. C. Barton) Hultén, Fl. Alaska 1364. 1949.BASIONYM: Prunella pennsylvanica Willdenow, var. lanceolata W. P. C. Barton 1818. 
Prunella vulgaris var. aleutica Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. aleutica Fernald, Rhodora 15: 185. 1913. TYPE: ALASKA: Aleutian Islands: Just back of the town of Unalaska, 14 Aug 1907, Van Dyke 99 (holotype: GH).
Prunella vulgaris var. asiatica Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. asiatica (Nakai) H. Hara, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 369. 1956.BASIONYM: Prunella asiatica Nakai 1930. 
Prunella vulgaris var. atropurpurea Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. atropurpurea Fernald, Rhodora 15: 186. 1913. TYPE: CALIFORNIA: Sonoma Co.: Santa Rosa, 4 Jun 1902, Heller 5634 (holotype: GH).
Prunella vulgaris var. calvescens Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. calvescens Fernald, Rhodora 15: 185. 1913. TYPE: CANADA: British Columbia: Distr. of Renfrew, Vancouver Island, Jun- Jul 1901, Rosendahl & Brand 1 (holotype: GH).
Prunella vulgaris var. candida Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. candida (Fernald) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 186. 1918.BASIONYM: Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma candida Fernald 1913. 
Prunella vulgaris var. carnea Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. carnea Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 543. 1866.  
Prunella vulgaris var. estremadurensis Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. estremadurensis Amaral Franco, Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 167, 567. 1984. TYPE: PORTUGAL:
Prunella vulgaris var. iodocalyx Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. iodocalyx (Fernald) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 186. 1918.BASIONYM: Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma iodocalyx Fernald 1913. 
Prunella vulgaris var. japonica Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. japonica (Makino) Kudo, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 43(8): 23. 1921.BASIONYM: Prunella japonica Makino 1914. 
Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. lanceolata (W. P. C. Barton) Fernald, Rhodora 15: 183. 1913.BASIONYM: Prunella pennsylvanica Willdenow, var. lanceolata W. P. C. Barton 1818. 
Prunella vulgaris var. leucantha Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. leucantha Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 543. 1866.  
Prunella vulgaris var. lilacina Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. lilacina (Nakai) Nakai, Fl. Kor. 2: 148. 1911.BASIONYM: Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, forma lilacina Nakai 1911. 
Prunella vulgaris var. macrantha Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. macrantha Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 543. 1866.  
Prunella vulgaris var. major Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. major Hooker, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 117. 1838, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. pennsylvanica (Willdenow) Nuttall 1818; Prunella pennsylvanica Willdenow 1804. 
Prunella vulgaris var. micrantha Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. micrantha Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 543. 1866, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. parviflora (Poiret) Bentham 1834; Prunella parviflora Poiret 1789. 
Prunella vulgaris var. nanhutashanense Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. nanhutashanense S. S. Ying, Quart. J. Chin. Forest. 8: 137. 1975. TYPE: TAIWAN:
Prunella vulgaris var. parviflora Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. parviflora (Poiret) Bentham, Labiat. Gen. Spec. 417. 1834.BASIONYM: Prunella parviflora Poiret 1789. 
Prunella vulgaris var. pennsylvanica Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. pennsylvanica (Willdenow) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 37. 1818.BASIONYM: Prunella pennsylvanica Willdenow 1804. 
Prunella vulgaris var. rouleauiana Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. rouleauiana Victorin, Naturaliste Canad. 71: 207. 1944. TYPE: CANADA: Quebec:
Prunella vulgaris var. scaberrima Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. scaberrima Pollard & C. R. Ball, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 13: 134. 1900. TYPE: LOUISIANA:
Prunella vulgaris var. taiwaniana Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, var. taiwaniana Yamazaki, in Iwatsuki et al., Fl. Japan 3a: 299. 1993. TYPE: TAIWAN: Taipei, Chi-hsing-shan, 1 May 1969, Hsu 5313 (holotype: TI).

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Nassau Co. 16 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16806
USA Florida Walton Co. 18 May 2016 W. D. Longbottom 24935
USA Florida Nassau Co. 16 May 2016 W. D. Longbottom 24790
USA Florida Escambia Co. 17 May 1983 G. Wilhelm 11445
USA Florida Jackson Co. 02 May 1979 L. C. Anderson 4822
Dominican Republic Independencia Prov. La Descubierta Mun. 15 Dec 1982 T. A. Zanoni 24861
USA Florida Baker Co. 05 Jun 2014 C. Slaughter 18274
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