Cenchrus purpureus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.)Morrone
Common Name:ELEPHANTGRASS; NAPIERGRASS
Status:Not Native, EPPC(I), FAC (DEP), FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Cenchrus
Species Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.)Morrone - ELEPHANTGRASS; NAPIERGRASS

Citation

Citation CENCHRUS PURPUREUS (Schumacher) Morrone, in Chemisquy et al., Ann. Bot. 106: 129. 2010.
Basionym: Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher 1827.
Type: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C; isotype: BM).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FSU  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte FLAS  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Duval USF  
Glades USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Manatee USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Mainland FNPS  
Okaloosa USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola FLAS  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Volusia USF  
Walton FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Pennisetum purpureum Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 44. 1827.  
Pennisetum purpureum subsp. eupurpureum Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher, subsp. eupurpureum Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 341. 1952, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher 1827. 
Gymnotrix nitens Gymnotrix nitens Andersson, in Peters, Naturwiss. Reise Mossambique 6: 552. 1864. TYPE: MOZAMBIQUE: Cabaceira, s.d., Peters s.n. (holotype: ?).
Pennisetum benthamii Pennisetum benthamii Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 105. 1854.BASIONYM: Pennisetum macrostachyum Bentham, non (Brongniart) Trinius 1834. 
Pennisetum benthamii var. nudum Pennisetum benthamii Steudel, var. nudum Hackel, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 78: 400. 1905. TYPE: MOZAMBIQUE: Nhaondue, s.d., Menyhart 1118a (holotype: W).
Pennisetum benthamii var. sambesiense Pennisetum benthamii Steudel, var. sambesiense Hackel, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 78: 400. 1905. TYPE: MOZAMBIQUE: Boroma, s.d., Menyhart 1118 (holotype: ?; isotype: Z).
Pennisetum benthamii var. ternatum Pennisetum benthamii Steudel, var. ternatum Hackel, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 78: 400. 1905. TYPE: MOZAMBIQUE: Boroma, s.d., Menyhart 559 (holotype: ?; isotype: Z).
Pennisetum blepharideum Pennisetum blepharideum Gilli, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 69: 41. 1966. TYPE: TANZANI: Rungwe Distr.: Kandjomere, s.d., Gilli 53 (holotype: W).
Pennisetum flavicomum Pennisetum flavicomum Leeke, Z. Naturwiss. 79: 45. 1907. TYPE: TANZANIA: Morogoro Distr.: Kikundi, s.d., von Prittwitz 199 (holotype: B).
Pennisetum flexispicum Pennisetum flexispicum K. Schumann, in Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C: 105. 1895. TYPE: ZANZIBAR: Without data, Stuhlmann 1099 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Pennisetum gossweileri Pennisetum gossweileri Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 274. 1933. TYPE: ANGOLA Chiluango, s.d., Gossweiler 5896 (holotype: K).
Pennisetum lachnorrhachis Pennisetum lachnorrhachis Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 70, fig. 35(1). 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Buha Distr.: Bikare, s.d., Peter 38862 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Pennisetum macrostachyum Pennisetum macrostachyum Bentham, in Hooker, Niger Fl. 563. 1849, non (Brongniart) Trinius 1834, nec Fresenius 1837.  
Pennisetum nitens Pennisetum nitens (Andersson) Hackel, Bol. Soc. Brot. 6: 142. 1888.BASIONYM: Gymnotrix nitens Andersson 1864. 
Pennisetum pallescens Pennisetum pallescens Leeke, Z. Naturwiss. 79:47. 1907. TYPE: TOGO: Sokode, s.d., Kersting 719 (holotype: B).
Pennisetum pruinosum Pennisetum pruinosum Leeke, Z. Naturwiss. 79: 46. 1907. TYPE: TANZANIA: Rufiji Distr.: Mtemere, s.d., Goetze 66 (holotype: B).
Pennisetum purpureum subsp. benthamii Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher, subsp. benthamii (Steudel) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrrique N. 1: 341. 1952.BASIONYM: Pennisetum benthamii Steudel 1854; Pennisetum macrostachyum Bentham 1849, non (Brongniart) Trinius 1834. 
Pennisetum purpureum subsp. flexispicum Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher, subsp. flexispicum (K. Schumann) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 340. 1952.BASIONYM: Pennisetum flexispicum K. Schumann 1895. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 21 Nov 1983 G. Wilhelm 11910
USA Florida Collier Co. 06 Oct 1965 O. K. Lakela 29244 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 04 Nov 1978 C. H. Dodson 4943
USA Florida Hendry Co. 31 Mar 1963 O. K. Lakela 25763
USA Florida Volusia Co. 21 Dec 2005 J. M. Kunzer 1244
USA Florida Highlands Co. 12 Dec 1962 L. J. Brass 32930
USA Florida Glades Co. 24 Aug 1963 L. J. Brass 33098
USA Florida Leon Co. 20 Oct 1956 R. K. Godfrey 55209 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Leon Co. 20 Oct 1956 R. K. Godfrey 55209 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 25 Oct 1966 P. M. Cassen 23
USA Florida Collier Co. 06 Oct 1965 O. K. Lakela 29244
USA Florida Pasco Co. 09 Dec 2004 J. M. Kunzer 827
USA Florida Lee Co. 18 Jan 1975 W. C. Brumbach 8736
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Nov 1960 O. K. Lakela 23608
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 27 Jan 1995 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 05 Oct 1976 R. P. Wunderlin 5723
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Sep 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9371 Sheet 1 of 4.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Sep 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9371 Sheet 2 of 4.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Sep 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9371 Sheet 3 of 4.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Sep 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9371 Sheet 4 of 4.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27 Dec 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3283A
USA Florida Lee Co. 06 Dec 1993 S. Cole KS0004
USA Florida Lee Co. 22 Oct 1979 D. H. Les 00136
USA Florida Sumter Co. 31 Oct 1984 N. L. Mawhinney s.n.
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 26 Feb 1966 J. Beckner 874
USA Florida Highlands Co. 22 Dec 1959 G. R. Swank 614
USA Florida Brevard Co. 11 Oct 1973 A.G. Shuey M1478
USA Florida Collier Co. 25 Dec 1967 O. K. Lakela 31323
USA Florida Lake Co. 24 Oct 1977 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 25 Sep 1986 B. F. Hansen 11264
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 26 Sep 1978 A. Fulton 174
USA Florida Duval Co. 16 Jan 1979 W. F. Grey s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 24 Oct 1977 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 27 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2417
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 28 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8253
USA Florida Orange Co. 07 Oct 1992 W. K. Taylor 1046
USA Florida Broward Co. 21 Dec 2000 P. L. Howell 460
USA Florida Hardee Co. 10 Nov 1978 B. F. Hansen 4936
USA Florida Martin Co. 22 Nov 1969 W. L. McCart 11232
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. Nov 1925 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 11 Jan 1963 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 20 Jan 1963 L. J. Brass 32938
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 01 Dec 2007 A. R. Franck 474
USA Florida Glades Co. 09 Dec 2009 A. R. Franck 1694
USA Florida Brevard Co. 12 Nov 2010 P. A. Schmalzer 10-75
USA Florida Martin Co. Sep 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Orange Co. 02 Nov 2011 D. H. Williams 2698
USA Florida Seminole Co. 14 Oct 2012 D. H. Williams 3390
USA Florida Orange Co. 24 Oct 2014 S. Myers 1498
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 18 Nov 2015 W. A. Overholt s.n.
USA Alabama Butler Co. 23 Nov 2006 A. R. Diamond 17264
USA Florida Polk Co. 18 Mar 2016 J. R. Campbell 164
Cuba La Habana Prov. 29 Nov 1929 Léon (Brother) 14247
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 Nov 2015 W. D. Longbottom 24122
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