Setaria sphacelata

Family:POACEAE
Species:Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.)M.B.Moss ex Stapf & C.E.Hubb.
Common Name:AFRICAN BRISTLEGRASS
Status:Not Native, FAC (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Setaria
Species Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.)M.B.Moss ex Stapf & C.E.Hubb. - AFRICAN BRISTLEGRASS

Citation

Citation SETARIA SPHACELATA (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 795. 1930.
Basionym: Panicum sphacelatum Schumacher 1827.
Type: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Escambia Lit Lit: Clewell, Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida Panhandle 160. 1985.
Hardee FLAS  
Hendry USF  
Leon FTG  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Panicum sphacelatum Panicum sphacelatum Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 58. 1827. TYPE: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).
Setaria scandens var. sphacelata Setaria scandens Schrader ex Schultes, var. sphacelata (Schumacher) Hackel, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7: 372. 1909.BASIONYM: Panicum sphacelatum Schumacher 1827. 
Chaetochloa aurea Chaetochloa aurea (Hochstetter ex A. Braun) Hitchcock, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 29: 128. 1916.BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Panicum chrysanthum Panicum chrysanthum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 50. 1853.BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Panicum rudimentosum Panicum rudimentosum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 51. 1853. TYPE: SENEGAL: Without data, Leprieur s.n. (holotype: P).
Pennisetum aureum Pennisetum aureum (Hochstetter ex A. Braun) A. Richard, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 378. 1850.BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Setaria almaspicata Setaria almaspicata de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 47. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Palmaryville, s.d., Koker 25 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria alpestris Setaria alpestris Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 66, fig. 33(2). 1936. TYPE: TANZANIA:
Setaria anceps Setaria anceps Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 793. 1930. TYPE: GHANA:
Setaria anceps var. sericea Setaria anceps Stapf, var. sericea Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 794. 1930. TYPE: SUDAN: Seriba Ghattas, s.d., Schweinfurth 182 (holotype: K).
Setaria angustifolia Setaria angustifolia Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 805. 1930. TYPE: ZAIRE:
Setaria aurea Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, Flora 24: 276. 1841. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Cult. at Carlsruhe, Schimper s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: K).
Setaria aurea subsp. kinsunduensis Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, subsp. kinsunduensis Vanderyst, Bull. Agric. Congo Belge 16: 683. 1925. TYPE: ZAIRE:
Setaria aurea subsp. palustris Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, subsp. palustris Vanderyst, Bull. Agric. Congo Belge 16: 683. 1925. TYPE: ZAIRE:
Setaria aurea var. fumigata Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, var. fumigata Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 65. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Pare Mts., s.d., Peter 11612 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Setaria aurea var. latifolia Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun, var. latifolia Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 65. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Lushoto Distr.: Lutindi Mt., s.d., Peter 12966 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Setaria aurea var. pallida Setaria aurea A. Braun, var. pallida Stapf, in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 427. 1899. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Setaria bussei Setaria bussei R. Herrmann, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 10: 46. 1910. TYPE: TANZANIA: Newala Distr.: Mpatila plateau, s.d., Busse 1106 (holotype: K).
Setaria cana Setaria cana de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 30. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH-WEST AFRICA: Namibia: Waterberg, s.d., Boss 36343 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria chrysantha Setaria chrysantha (Steudel) Heynhold, Alph. Aufz. Gew. 661. 1847, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum chrysanthum Steudel 1854; Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Setaria decipiens Setaria decipiens de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 28. 1941, non Schimper ex Ascherson 1864. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Albertinia, s.d., Muir 1344 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria flabellata Setaria flabellata Stapf, in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 425. 1899. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Setaria flabellata (unranked) elongata Setaria flabellata Stapf, (unranked) elongata de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 38. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Setaria flabellata forma hirsutior Setaria flabellata Stapf, forma hirsutior de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 38. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Transvaal: Nelspruit, s.d., Liebenberg 5291 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria flabellata subsp. natalensis Setaria flabellata Stapf, subsp. natalensis de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 38. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Meteor Ridge, s.d., Mogg 3413 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria flabelliformis Setaria flabelliformis de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 40. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Barberton, s.d., de Wit 790 (holotype: PRE(destroyed)).
Setaria glauca var. aurea Setaria glauca (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. aurea (Hochstetter ex A. Braun) K. Schumann, in Lauterbach & K. Schumann, Fl. Schutzgeb. Suedsee 180. 1900 ("1901").BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Setaria homblei Setaria homblei De Wildeman, Ann. Soc. Sci. Burxelles 39(Mém.): 134. 1920. TYPE: ZAIRE: Shinsenda, s.d., Homble 557 (lectotype: BR). Lectotypified by Clayton & Renvoize, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Gramineae 529. 1982.
Setaria laxispica Setaria laxispica Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 802. 1930. TYPE: NIGERIA: Lokoja, s.d., Richardson s.n. (holotype: K).
Setaria myosuroides Setaria myosuroides Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 64, fig. 33(1). 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Masai Distr.: Loldugai to Duruma R., s.d., Peter 1702 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Setaria neglecta Setaria neglecta de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 49. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Albany, s.d., Dyer 1831 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria perennis Setaria perennis Hackel, Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 379. 1895, non Smyth 1892. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA:
Setaria planifolia Setaria planifolia Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 794. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Unyamwezi, s.d., Grant s.n. (holotype: K).
Setaria rudimentosa Setaria rudimentosa (Steudel) T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 774. 1894.BASIONYM: Panicum rudimentosum Steudel 1854. 
Setaria scalaris Setaria scalaris Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 67, fig. 33(3). 1936. TYPE: TANZANIA: Buha Distr.: Muhoro, s.d., Peter 37686 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Setaria sphacelata subsp. nodosa Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, subsp. nodosa de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 52. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Zululand: Mtunzini, s.d., Mogg 4366 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria sphacelata subsp. pyropea Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, subsp. pyropea de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 52. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Natal: Dargle Road, s.d., Mogg 6893 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria sphacelata var. aurea Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. aurea (Hochstetter ex A. Braun) Clayton, Kew Bull. 33: 505. 1979.BASIONYM: Setaria aurea Hochstetter ex A. Braun 1841. 
Setaria sphacelata var. sericea Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. sericea (Stapf) Clayton, Kew Bull. 33: 506. 1979.BASIONYM: Setaria anceps Stapf, var. sericea Stapf 1930. 
Setaria sphacelata var. splendida Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. splendida (Stapf) Clayton, Kew Bull. 33: 506. 1979.BASIONYM: Setaria splendida Stapf 1930. 
Setaria sphacelata var. stolonifera Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. stolonifera de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3. 17: 53. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Orange Free State, Ladybrand, s.d., Goossens 1023 (holotype: PRE).
Setaria sphacelata var. torta Setaria sphacelata (Schumacher) M. B. Moss ex Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, var. torta (Stapf) Clayton, Kew Bull. 33: 506. 1979.BASIONYM: Setaria torta Stapf 1930. 
Setaria splendida Setaria splendida Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 799. 1930. TYPE: SUDAN:
Setaria stenantha Setaria stenantha Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 805. 1930. TYPE: MALAWI: Without data, Buchanan 236 (holotype: BM).
Setaria stolzii Setaria stolzii Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 805. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Njombe Distr.: Madahani (Nadehani), s.d., Stolz 2323 (holotype: K).
Setaria tenuispica Setaria tenuispica Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 805. 1930. TYPE: SIERRA LEONE: Messima, s.d., Fisher 2013 (holotype: K).
Setaria torta Setaria torta Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 801. 1930. TYPE: ZIMBABWE:
Setaria trinervia Setaria trinervia Stapf, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 791. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA:

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Hardee Co. 16 Jul 1986 R. Kalmbacher s.n.
USA Louisiana Orleans Par. 09 Aug 1986 J. MacGregor 478
USA Alabama Mobile Co. 10 Oct 1972 R. Kral 490077
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