Spermacoce verticillata

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Spermacoce verticillata L.
Common Name:SHRUBBY FALSE BUTTONWEED
Plant Notes:Spermacoce neoterminalis has been recognized as a Florida endemic (Herndon 1987, as Borreria terminals; Kartesz & Gandhi 1992, as S. terminalis) and also a synonym of the non-native S. verticillata (Wunderlin 1979). Further work is needed to clarify these taxa.
Status:Not Native, EPPC(II)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order GENTIANALES
FamilyRUBIACEAE
Genus Spermacoce
Species Spermacoce verticillata L. - SHRUBBY FALSE BUTTONWEED

Citation

Citation SPERMACOCE VERTICILLATA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 102. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: JAMAICA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 125.2). Lectotypified by R. A. Howard, Fl. Less. Antill., Dicot. 3: 468. 1989.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward FLAS  
Charlotte USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Glades USF  
Hendry USF  
Highlands FLAS  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lee USF  
Manatee USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FNPS  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FSU  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FLAS  
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bigelovia verticillata Bigelovia verticillata (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 404. 1824.BASIONYM: Spermacoce verticillata Linnaeus 1753. 
Borreria podocephala Borreria podocephala de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 452. 1830.  
Borreria podocephala var. pumila Borreria podocephala de Candolle, var. pumila Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 175. 1860. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Big Pine Key, s.d., Blodgett s.n. (holotype: NY?).
Borreria terminalis Borreria terminalis Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 387. 1924. TYPE: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Everglade Keys, about Ross Hammock, 23 Jun 1915, Small 6502 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Kartesz & Gandhi, Brittonia 44: 370. 1992.
Borreria verticillata Borreria verticillata (Linnaeus) G. Meyer, Prim. Fl. Esseq. 83. 1818.BASIONYM: Spermacoce verticillata Linnaeus 1753. 
Spermacoce neoterminalis Spermacoce neoterminalis Govaerts, World Checkl Seed Pl. 2(1): 18. 1996.BASIONYM: Borreria terminalis Small 1924. 
Spermacoce podocephala Spermacoce podocephala (de Candolle) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 34. 1884.BASIONYM: Borreria podocephala de Candolle 1830. 
Spermacoce terminalis Spermacoce terminalis (Small) Kartesz & Gandhi, Brittonia 44: 370. 1992, non Vellozo 1829..BASIONYM: Borreria terminalis Small 1924. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Collier Co. 09 May 1990 S. L. Orzell 13426
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 07 Mar 1966 R. Broome s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 01 May 1965 O. K. Lakela 28535
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 07 Jul 1966 R. W. Long 1956
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 13 Mar 1964 O. K. Lakela 26885
USA Florida Collier Co. 06 Aug 1991 J. Weber CS0032
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Sep 1964 O. K. Lakela 27500
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Apr 1967 O. K. Lakela 30731
USA Florida Monroe Co. 03 Oct 1962 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Oct 1969 O. K. Lakela 31928
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 10 Sep 1966 O. K. Lakela 30222
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Oct 1969 R. W. Long 2967
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 22 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28347
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1652
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 29 Dec 1973 R. P. Wunderlin 4095
USA Florida Monroe Co. 02 Apr 1979 W. C. Brumbach 9476
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1682
USA Florida Collier Co. 29 Jan 1967 O. K. Lakela 30906
USA Florida Broward Co. 14 Jan 2006 S. Park s.n.
USA Florida Broward Co. 08 Aug 2000 P. L. Howell 170
USA Florida Broward Co. 08 Dec 1982 L. Fulghum s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Feb 2007 S. Dickman s.n.
USA Florida Martin Co. 04 May 1962 O. K. Lakela 25033
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27 Dec 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3285A
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 14 Dec 2007 J. M. Kunzer 2252
USA Florida Collier Co. 30 Mar 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3449
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Nov 1979 W. C. Brumbach 9526
USA Florida Martin Co. 08 Jun 1964 O. K. Lakela 27223
USA Florida Martin Co. 04 May 1962 O. K. Lakela 25033 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Apr 2007 J. M. Kunzer 2109
USA Florida Collier Co. 05 Dec 2002 A. Bishop DW0024
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 18 Jan 2000 S.W. Braem DP0220
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Jul 1998 R. Pires FS0239
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 19 Oct 1999 S.W. Braem DP0252
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Sep 1998 S. W. Woodmansee 102
USA Florida Collier Co. 07 Jun 1995 S. Cole FS0017
USA Florida Broward Co. 08 May 2003 P. L. Howell 673
USA Florida Martin and Palm Beach Co's 28 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4912
USA Florida Martin Co. 21 Apr 1962 O. K. Lakela 24977
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 08 Jul 1974 G. N. Avery 1502
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 22 Aug 1967 P. M. Cassen 107
USA Florida Volusia Co. 17 Jan 2005 J. M. Kunzer 908
USA Florida Brevard Co. 04 Feb 2003 T. MacClendon 130
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 27 Dec 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3286A
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 28 Dec 1988 E. Cohen 29
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 2-3 Aug 1988 D. M. Krofta s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Mar 1980 A. Herndon 327
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 05 Feb 1969 G. N. Avery 589A
USA Florida Monroe Co. 08 Sep 1981 W. C. Brumbach 9730
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 03 Nov 1979 R. P. Sauleda 201
USA Florida Martin Co. 04 Nov 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3185
USA Florida Monroe Co. 08 Sep 1981 W. C. Brumbach 9730 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Indian River Co. 17 Oct 2006 J.H. Frank s.n.
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 17 Oct 2006 J.H. Frank s.n.
USA Florida Broward Co. 18 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10517
USA Florida Lee Co. 01 Oct 1984 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 Sep 1991 S. L. Orzell 18213
USA Florida Collier Co. 16 Oct 2004 W. D. Longbottom 5441
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Feb 2007 E. Jensen DW0099
USA Florida Collier Co. 05 Dec 2002 A. Bishop DW0019
USA Florida Lee Co. 08 May 2003 A. Bishop LK0016
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 09 Aug 2008 R. Chicone 621
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Sep 2008 C. vanHoek HR0577
USA Florida Polk Co. 21 Oct 1999 L. L. Walker 191
USA Florida Polk Co. 21 Oct 1999 L. L. Walker 186
USA Florida Polk Co. 12 Dec 1996 C. vanHoek 850
USA Florida Polk Co. 14 Sep 1996 C. vanHoek 716
USA Florida Glades Co. 09 Dec 2009 A. R. Franck 1683
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 23 Nov 2009 A. R. Franck 1515
USA Florida Lee Co. 24 Aug 2008 M. T. Strong 3839
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 Jul 2009 L. B. Birch 290
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 11 Nov 2010 A. R. Franck 2482
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Dec 1929 O. E. Jennings s.n.
USA Florida Martin Co. Oct 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 01 Dec 2010 C. Becker WC0051
USA Florida Hendry Co. 03 Sep 2011 A. R. Franck 2739
USA Florida Brevard Co. 13 Jan 2007 P. A. Schmalzer s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 05 May 2009 W. D. Longbottom 12654
USA Florida Brevard Co. 04 May 2009 W. D. Longbottom 12625
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Dec 2011 D. H. Williams 2827
USA Florida Seminole Co. 15 Dec 2011 D. H. Williams 2834
USA Florida Seminole Co. 10 Dec 2011 D. H. Williams 2799
USA Florida Seminole Co. 07 Apr 2012 D. H. Williams 3070
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 18 May 2012 D. H. Williams 3175
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 19 May 2012 D. H. Williams 3177
USA Florida Orange Co. 23 Jul 2012 D. H. Williams 3222
USA Florida Collier Co. 13 Mar 1992 J. L. Reveal 7187
USA Florida Collier Co. 13 Mar 1992 J. L. Reveal 7216
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Jan 2012 D. Hilbert 15
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 04 Jul 2013 D. H. Williams 3686
USA Florida Orange Co. 30 Dec 2012 J. Cheak 170
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 26 Dec 2013 D. H. Williams 3897
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 18 May 2002 K. A. Bradley 2350
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 31 Dec 2014 D. H. Williams 4014
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 01 Jan 2015 A. R. Franck 3689
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 Jan 2015 C. vanHoek LR1200
USA Florida Osceola Co. 19 Mar 2015 W. D. Longbottom 22206
USA Florida Monroe Co. 18 May 1963 M. L. Gilbert s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 11 Apr 2016 J. R. Campbell 195
Antigua & Barbuda Antigua 29 May 1969 D. Burch 1327
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 30 Jan 1962 W. H. A. Hekking 1273
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 30 Jan 1962 W. H. A. Hekking 1272
Dominican Republic La Vega Prov. 04 Apr 1981 T. A. Zanoni 12264
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 24 Jul 1963 A. C. Jermy 2583
Puerto Rico Luquillo Mun. 22 Mar 1971 D. Burch 3410
Dominican Republic Pedernales Prov. 15 Sep 1981 T. A. Zanoni 16539
Dominican Republic Puerto Plata Prov. 24 Apr 1970 D. Burch 2371
Jamaica Cornwall Co. St. Elizabeth Par. 14 Mar 1953 G. R. Proctor 7755
Antigua & Barbuda Antigua 29 May 1969 D. Burch 1326
Bahamas Great Abaco Island Central Abaco Distr. 14 Dec 1979 R. P. Wunderlin 8244
USA Florida Indian River Co. 31 Jul 2015 S. Myers 1754
USA Florida Collier Co. 30 May 2016 J. N. Burch 2940
USA Florida Pasco Co. 08 Apr 2017 L. J. Dyet 120
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