Cenchrus polystachios

Family:POACEAE
Species:Cenchrus polystachios (L.)Morrone
Common Name:WEST INDIAN PENNISETUM; MISSIONGRASS
Status:Not Native, EPPC(II)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Cenchrus
Species Cenchrus polystachios (L.)Morrone - WEST INDIAN PENNISETUM; MISSIONGRASS

Citation

Citation CENCHRUS POLYSTACHIOS (Linnaeus) Morrone, in Chemisquy et al., Ann. Bot. 106: 129. 2010.
Basionym: Panicum polystachion Linnaeus 1759.
Type: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 80.4). Lectotypified by van der Zon, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 92-1: 335. 1992.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Collier USF  
Highlands USF  
Lee NY  
Palm Beach USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cenchrus setosus Cenchrus setosus Swartz, Prodr. 26. 1788. TYPE: JAMAICA: Without data, Swartz s.n. (holotype: S).
Gymnotrix polystachya Gymnotrix polystachya (Linnaeus) Swartz ex Trinius, Gram. Panic. 66. 1826.BASIONYM: Panicum polystachion Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum polystachion Panicum polystachion Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 870. 1759. TYPE: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 80.4). Lectotypified by van der Zon, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 92-1: 335. 1992.
Pennisetum polystachion Pennisetum polystachion (Linnaeus) Schultes, Mant. 2: 146. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum polystachion Linnaeus 1759. 
Pennisetum polystachion subsp. setosum Pennisetum polystachion (Linnaeus) Schultes, subsp. setosum (Swartz) Brunken, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 79: 63. 1979.BASIONYM: Cenchrus setosus Swartz 1788. 
Pennisetum setosum Pennisetum setosum (Swartz) Richard, in Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 72. 1805.BASIONYM: Cenchrus setosus Swartz 1788. 
Cenchrus polystachios subsp. atrichus Cenchrus polystachios (Linnaeus) Morrone, subsp. atrichus (Stapf & C. E. Hubbard) Morrone, in Chemisquy et al., Ann. Bot. 106. 129. 2010.BASIONYM: Pennisetum atrichum Stapf & C. E. Hubbard 1933. 
Gymnotrix geniculata Gymnotrix geniculata Schultes, Mant. 2: 284. 1824. TYPE: MARTINIQUE:
Panicum barbatum Panicum barbatum Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 1: 285. 1820, non Lamarck 1791, nec Leconte ex Torrey 1818. TYPE: INDIA:
Panicum cauda-ratti Panicum cauda-ratti Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 59. 1827. TYPE: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).
Panicum cenchroides Panicum cenchroides Richard, Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1: 106. 1792. TYPE: FRENCH GUIANA: Without data, LeBlond s.n. (holotype: P).
Panicum densispicum Panicum densispicum Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 273. 1816, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum cenchroides Richard 1792. 
Panicum erubescens Panicum erubescens Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1031. 1809. TYPE: U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Thomas:
Panicum imberbe var. purpurascens Panicum imberbe Poiret, var. purpurascens (Kunth) Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 157. 1877.BASIONYM: Pennisetum purpurascens Kunth 1816. 
Panicum subangustum Panicum subangustum Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 59. 1827. TYPE: GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).
Panicum triticoides Panicum triticoides Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 274. 1816. TYPE: Without data (holotype: FI).
Pennisetum alopecuroides Pennisetum alopecuroides Desvaux ex Hamilton, Prodr. 11. 1825, non (Linnaeus) Sprengel 1825.  
Pennisetum atrichum Pennisetum atrichum Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 282. 1933. TYPE: MALAWI: Zomba, s.d., Manning 4 (holotype: K).
Pennisetum borbonicum Pennisetum borbonicum Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 259, t. 41. 1830. TYPE: REUNION ISLAND:
Pennisetum breve Pennisetum breve Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 281. 1829. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Pennisetum cauda-ratti Pennisetum cauda-ratti (Schumacher) Franchet, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Autun 8: 360. 1895.BASIONYM: Panicum cauda-ratti Schumacher 1827. 
Pennisetum dasystachyum Pennisetum dasystachyum Desvaux, Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 76. 1831. TYPE: GUYANA: Without data (holotype: P).
Pennisetum elegans Pennisetum elegans Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 105. 1854. TYPE: SIERRA LEONE:
Pennisetum erubescens Pennisetum erubescens (Willdenow) Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 215. 1827.BASIONYM: Panicum erubescens Willdenow 1809. 
Pennisetum flavescens Pennisetum flavescens J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 316. 1830. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR).
Pennisetum gabonense Pennisetum gabonense Franchet, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Autun 8: 360. 1895. TYPE: GABON: Libreville, s.d., Vavin s.n. (holotype: P).
Pennisetum gracile Pennisetum gracile Bentham, in Hooker, Niger Fl. 564. 1849. TYPE: SIERRA LEONE: without data, Don s.n. (holotype: BM).
Pennisetum hamiltonii Pennisetum hamiltonii Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 297. 1841.BASIONYM: Pennisetum alopecuroides Desvaux ex Hamilton 1825, non (Linnaeus) Sprengel 1825. 
Pennisetum hirsutum Pennisetum hirsutum Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 284. 1829. TYPE: BRAZIL: Bahia: Without data, Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Pennisetum indicum var. purpurascens Pennisetum indicum Murray, var. purpurascens (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 787. 1891.BASIONYM: Pennisetum purpurascens Kunth 1816. 
Pennisetum nicaraguense Pennisetum nicaraguense E. Fournier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, ser. 2. 27: 293. 1880. TYPE: NICARAGUA: Near Granada, s.d., Levy 1304 (holotype: P; isotype: US).
Pennisetum pallidum Pennisetum pallidum Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 285. 1829. TYPE: BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Metanha et Itambe, s.d., Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Pennisetum polystachion subsp. atrichum Pennisetum polystachion (Linnaeus) Schultes, subsp. atrichum (Stapf & C. E. Hubbard) Brunken, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 79: 63. 1979.BASIONYM: Pennisetum atrichum Stapf & C. E. Hubbard 1933. 
Pennisetum purpurascens Pennisetum purpurascens Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 113. 1816. TYPE: MEXICO: Michoacán: Volcán de Jorullo, Sep, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Pennisetum reversum Pennisetum reversum Hackel ex Buettner, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 31: 68. 1890. TYPE: ZAIRE: Muene Putu, Kassongo, s.d., Buettner 564 (holotype: B).
Pennisetum reversum var. gymnochaetium Pennisetum reversum Hackel ex Buettner, var. gymnochaetium Hackel, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 1: 767. 1901. TYPE: TANZANIA: Tabora Distr.: Igonda, s.d., Boehm 43 & 168 (syntypes: W).
Pennisetum richardii Pennisetum richardii Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 49. 1829.BASIONYM: Panicum cenchroides Richard 1792. 
Pennisetum setosum var. breve Pennisetum setosum (Swartz) Richard, var. breve (Nees von Esenbeck) Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 306. 1877.BASIONYM: Pennisetum breve Nees von Esenbeck 1829. 
Pennisetum sieberi Pennisetum sieberi Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 50. 1829.BASIONYM: Gymnotrix geniculata Schultes 1824. 
Pennisetum stenostachyum Pennisetum stenostachyum Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 70, f. 36. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: E. Usambara Mts., Magunga-Bombo hill, s.d., Peter 18632 (holotype: B(destroyed); isotype: W).
Pennisetum subangustum Pennisetum subangustum (Schumacher) Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 271. 1933.BASIONYM: Panicum subangustum Schumacher 1827. 
Pennisetum tenuispiculatum Pennisetum tenuispiculatum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 107. 1854. TYPE: GABON:
Pennisetum uniflorum Pennisetum uniflorum Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 114, pl. 34. 1816. TYPE: VENEZUELA: Sucre, Cumancoa, Sep, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Setaria cenchroides Setaria cenchroides (Richard) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 495. 1817.BASIONYM: Panicum cenchroides Richard 1792. 
Setaria erubescens Setaria erubescens (Willdenow) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 51, 169, 178. 1812.BASIONYM: Panicum erubescens Willdenow 1809. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Louisiana Jefferson Par. 12 Sep 1992 MacGregor 1103 CULTIVATED.
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 13 Dec 1912 A. S. Hitchcock 611
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 07 Jun 2017 C. Mason s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Nov 1991 R. Mears s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 04 Jul 1998 K. A. Bradley 1885
USA Florida Collier Co. 04 Jul 1998 K. A. Bradley 1884
USA Florida Highlands Co. 14 Aug 1963 L. J. Brass 33087
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