Cynodon dactylon

Family:POACEAE
Species:Cynodon dactylon (L.)Pers.
Common Name:BERMUDAGRASS
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWPL), U (WAP)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Cynodon
Species Cynodon dactylon (L.)Pers. - BERMUDAGRASS

Citation

Citation CYNODON DACTYLON (Linnaeus) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 85. 1805.
Basionym: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753.
Type: PORTUGAL: Without data (lectotpye: LINN 80.35). Lectotypified by Clayton & J. R. Harlan, Kew Bull. 24: 185-189. 1970.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bay FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Calhoun FSU  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto USF  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FLAS  
Glades USF  
Gulf FSU  
Hamilton USF  
Hendry FLAS  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Indian River FSU  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Madison USF  
Manatee USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys FLAS  
Monroe Mainland FLAS  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Union FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FLAS  
Walton USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Capriola dactylon Capriola dactylon (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 764. 1891.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Chloris cynodon Chloris cynodon Trinius, Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 229. 1824, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Dactilon officinale Dactilon officinale Villars, Hist. Pl. Dauphine 2: 69. 1787, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Digitaria dactylon Digitaria dactylon (Linnaeus) Scopoli, Fl. Carn., ed. 2. 1: 53. 1772.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Digitaria littoralis Digitaria littoralis Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 19. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Digitaria stolonifera Digitaria stolonifera Schrader, Fl. Germ. 165. 1806, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Fibichia dactylon Fibichia dactylon (Linnaeus) Beck, Fl. Bosnien 9: 436. 1904.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Fibichia umbellata Fibichia umbellata Koeler, Descr. Gramin. 308. 1802, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Milium dactylon Milium dactylon (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 67. 1802.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum dactylon Panicum dactylon Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 58. 1753. TYPE: PORTUGAL: Without data (lectotpye: LINN 80.35). Lectotypified by Clayton & J. R. Harlan, Kew Bull. 24: 185-189. 1970.
Paspalum dactylon Paspalum dactylon (Linnaeus) Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 176. 1791.BASIONYM: Panicum dactylon Linnaeus 1753. 
Cynodon aristiglumis Cynodon aristiglumis Caro & E. A. Sánchez, Kurtziana 5: 236, f. 11. 1969. TYPE: ARGENTINA: Río Negro: Dpto. Avellaneda: Isla Choele-Choel, Brazo Sud del Río Negro-Sifón, 14 Feb 1948, Boelcke & Serrano 3171 (holotype: BAA).
Cynodon aristulatus Cynodon aristulatus Caro & E. A. Sánchez, Darwiniana 17: 514, f. 2. 1972 TYPE: PERU: San Martín: Tingo María near Huallaga River, 30 Oct 1949-19 Feb 1951, Allard 22027 (holotype: US).
Cynodon dactylon forma viviparus Cynodon dactylon (Linnaeus) Persoon, forma viviparus Beetle, Phytologia 48: 189. 1981. TYPE: MEXICO: Tamaulipas: Between Ciudad Victoria and Soto La Marina, 9 Dec 1979, Beetle 4442 (holotype: ?).
Cynodon dactylon subsp. glabratus Cynodon dactylon (Linnaeus) Persoon, subsp. glabratus (Steudel) Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 27: 282. 1947.BASIONYM: Cynodon glabratus Steudel 1854. 
Cynodon dactylon var. elegans Cynodon dactylon (Linnaeus) Persoon, var. elegans Rendle, in Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 2: 221. 1899. TYPE: ANGOLA: Mocamedes, Cavalheiros to mouth of R. Bero, s.d., Welwitsch 2290 (holotype: ?; isotype: K).
Cynodon dactylon var. glabratus Cynodon dactylon (Linnaeus) Persoon, var. glabratus (Steudel) Chiovenda, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2. 26: 82. 1919.BASIONYM: Cynodon glabratus Steudel 1854. 
Cynodon erectus Cynodon erectus J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 290. 1830. TYPE: PERU [mis-cited as also in Mexico]: Without data, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR).
Cynodon glabratus Cynodon glabratus Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 212. 1854. TYPE: ETHIOPIA:
Cynodon pascuus Cynodon pascuus Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 425. 1829. TYPE: BRAZIL: Piauí: Cachian and vicinity, s.d., Martius s.n. (holotype: M; isotype: US).
Cynodon polevansii Cynodon polevansii Stent, Bothalia 2: 283. 1927. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Transvaal: Berber's Pen, s.d., Pole-Evans 334 (holotype: PRE).
Cynodon tenuis Cynodon tenuis Trinius, in Sprengel, Neue Entd. 2: 63. 1821.  
Cynodon umbellatus Cynodon umbellatus (Lamarck) Caro, Dominguezia 6: 16. 1983BASIONYM: Paspalum umbellatum Lamarck 1791. 
Cynosurus uniflorus Cynosurus uniflorus Walter, Fl. Carol. 82. 1788. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA:
Digitaria glumaepatula Digitaria glumaepatula (Steudel) Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 439. 1857.BASIONYM: Panicum glumaepatulum Steudel 1853. 
Panicum glumaepatulum Panicum glumaepatulum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 41. 1853. TYPE: PHILIPPINES: Luzon: Without data, Cuming 550 (holotype: P; isotypes: L, MO).
Paspalum umbellatum Paspalum umbellatum Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 177. 1791. TYPE: MAURITIUS: Without data, Commerson s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US).

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Manatee Co. 29 Jul 1999 C. Becker WC0544
USA Florida Polk Co. 05 Jun 1981 D. R. Lindsey 724
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 Jun 1994 B. F. Hansen 12771
USA Florida Collier Co. 31 Mar 1999 B. F. Hansen 12884
USA Florida Pasco Co. 17 Sep 2004 E. M. Ferguson 842
USA Florida Volusia Co. 06 Mar 2004 J. M. Kunzer 483
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Sep 1994 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 08 Apr 1991 S. Young 545
USA Florida Walton Co. 25 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8146
USA Florida Osceola Co. 14 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8605
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1993 B. F. Hansen 12127
USA Florida Clay Co. 03 Jun 2005 J. M. Kunzer 1080
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 21 Apr 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1573
USA Florida Brevard Co. 04 Aug 1992 W. F. Grey s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 18 Aug 2000 R. A. Hattaway CS0451
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 13 Oct 1979 G. Fleming 3267
USA Florida Escambia Co. 14 Jun 1980 G. Wilhelm 7423
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 11 Jun 1980 G. Wilhelm 7226
USA Florida Lee Co. 09 Mar 1954 G. R. Cooley 2558
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5187
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 6017
USA Florida Polk Co. 05 Nov 1979 A.G. Shuey 2361
USA Florida Brevard Co. 07 Jun 1964 O. K. Lakela 27198
USA Florida Sumter Co. 07 Apr 1961 G. R. Cooley 8071
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 10 Nov 1942 A. E. Perkins s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Sep 1960 O. K. Lakela 23336
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 Oct 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10595
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 24 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10098
USA Florida Manatee Co. 17 Apr 1979 T. S. Cochrane 8859
USA Florida Polk Co. 14 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10690
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 May 1978 D. R. Lindsey 186
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 30 Nov 1965 O. K. Lakela 29380
USA Florida Lee Co. 30 Dec 1975 W. C. Brumbach 8918
USA Florida Pasco Co. 02 Jun 1976 T. F. Rochow s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 09 Jun 1976 T. F. Rochow s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2338
USA Florida Brevard Co. 19 Jun 1973 A.G. Shuey M0209
USA Florida Brevard Co. 19 Jun 1973 A.G. Shuey M0211
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 Jun 2002 C. vanHoek WB0160
USA Florida Orange Co. 02 Jul 1971 D. Ashley 28
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 21 Mar 1965 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 31 Aug 1988 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 29 Sep 1998 J. Myers 158
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 09 Apr 1988 G. Fleming 3997
USA Florida Jackson Co. 01 Sep 1987 B. F. Hansen 11463
USA Florida Madison Co. 01 Sep 1987 B. F. Hansen 11551
USA Florida Highlands Co. 05 Aug 1987 B. F. Hansen 11403
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 25 Sep 1986 B. F. Hansen 11278
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1983 G. Fleming 3563
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 24 Jun 1994 S. Cole OS0212
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 03 Jun 2007 A. R. Franck 207
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Jun 1993 S. L. Orzell 22043
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Apr 2007 C. vanHoek HR0501
USA Florida Martin Co. 04 Sep 2002 S. W. Woodmansee 889
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 27 Nov 2009 A. R. Franck 1572
USA Florida Volusia Co. 16 Mar 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1457
USA Florida Glades Co. 04 Jun 2010 A. R. Franck 2254
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 19 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13426
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 29 Apr 2010 A. R. Franck 1957
USA Florida Martin Co. Jul 1989 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 Mar 2008 E. Gandy HR0621
USA Florida Brevard Co. 24 Jun 2007 S. Blissett-Clark s.n.
USA Florida Seminole Co. 29 Mar 2012 D. H. Williams 3032
USA Florida Flagler Co. 21 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 17163
USA Florida Nassau Co. 16 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16816
USA Florida Citrus Co. 20 Apr 2012 D. H. Williams 3136
USA Florida Seminole Co. 24 May 2013 D. H. Williams 3665
USA Florida Seminole Co. 27 Jun 2013 D. H. Williams 3678
USA Florida Putnam Co. 27 Feb 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18545
USA Louisiana Orleans Par. 01 Jul 1986 J. MacGregor 459
USA Mississippi Wilkinson Co. 15 Jun 1980 L. M. McCook 653
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 08 Jul 1983 D. D. Taylor 4146
Bermuda Jan 1881 W. G. Farlow s.n.
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