Cenchrus ciliaris

Family:POACEAE
Species:Cenchrus ciliaris L.
Common Name:BUFFELGRASS
Status:Not Native, UPL (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Cenchrus
Species Cenchrus ciliaris L. - BUFFELGRASS

Citation

Citation CENCHRUS CILIARIS Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 302. 1771.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH AFRICA: Cape Prov.: Without data, Koenig s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1217.9). Lectotypified by Kerguelen, Lejeunia, ser. 2. 75: 119. 1975.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Glades USF  
Manatee USF  
Miami-Dade FTG  
Palm Beach USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cenchrus ciliaris var. genuinus Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. genuinus Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 342. 1952, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus 1771. 
Panicum vulpinum Panicum vulpinum Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1031. 1809, non Linnaeus 1759.BASIONYM: Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus 1771. 
Pennisetum cenchroides Pennisetum cenchroides Richard, in Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 72. 1805, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus 1771. 
Pennisetum ciliare Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 213. 1827.BASIONYM: Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus 1771. 
Pennisetum ciliare var. genuinum Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link, var. genuinum Leeke, Z. Naturwiss. 79: 21. 1907, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus 1771. 
Setaria vulpina Setaria vulpina Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 51, 171, 178. 1812, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum vulpinum Willdenow 1809, non Linnaeus 1759; Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus 1771. 
Cenchrus aequiglumis Cenchrus aequiglumis Chiovenda, Agric. Colon. 20: 108. 1926. TYPE: SOMALIA: Chisimaio (Kismayu), s.d., Gorini 20 (holotype: ?; isotype: K).
Cenchrus ciliaris var. anachoreticus Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. anachoreticus (Chiovenda) Pirotta, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 325. 1908.BASIONYM: Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link, var. anachoreticum Chiovenda 1897. 
Cenchrus ciliaris var. nubicus Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. nubicus Figari & De Notaris, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2. 14: 383, fig 35. 1854. TYPE: SUDAN: Kordofan, s.d., Figari s.n. (holotype: ?).
Cenchrus ciliaris var. pallens Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. pallens (Fenzl ex Leeke) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 342. 1952.BASIONYM: Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link, var. pallens Fenzl ex Leeke 1907; Pennisetum distylum Gussone 1828.. 
Cenchrus ciliaris var. pennisetiformis Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. pennisetiformis (Steudel) Pirotta, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 326. 1908.BASIONYM: Cenchrus pennisetiformis Steudel 1854. 
Cenchrus ciliaris var. rigidifolius Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. rigidifolius (Figari & De Notaris) Chiovenda, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2. 19: 420. 1912.BASIONYM: Cenchrus rigidifolius Figari & De Notaris 1854. 
Cenchrus ciliaris var. villifer Cenchrus ciliaris Linnaeus, var. villifer Figari & De Notaris, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2. 14: 384. 1854. TYPE: SUDAN: Nile, s.d., Figari s.n. (holotype: ?).
Cenchrus longifolius Cenchrus longifolius Hochstetter ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 109. 1854. TYPE: SUDAN: Nubia: Arashkol (Arasch-Cool), s.d., Schimper 190 (holotype: ?; isotype: K).
Cenchrus pennisetiformis Cenchrus pennisetiformis Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 109. 1854. TYPE: SAUDI ARABIA:
Cenchrus pennisetiformis var. brevisetosus Cenchrus pennisetiformis Steudel, var. brevisetosus Courbon, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 4. 18: 139. 1863. TYPE: ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Dassee Island, s.d., Courbon s.n. (holotype: P).
Cenchrus pennisetiformis var. intermedius Cenchrus pennisetiformis Steudel, var. intermedius Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 45. 1903. TYPE: ETHIOPIA:
Cenchrus pennisetiformis var. rigidifolius Cenchrus pennisetiformis Steudel, var. rigidifolius (Figari & De Notaris) Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 44. 1903.BASIONYM: Cenchrus rigidifolius Figari & De Notaris 1854. 
Cenchrus rigidifolius Cenchrus rigidifolius Figari & De Notaris, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2. 14: 386, fig. 36. 1854. TYPE: SUDAN: Kordofan, s.d., Figari s.n. (holotype: ?).
Cenchrus rufescens Cenchrus rufescens Desfontaines, Fl. Atlant. 2: 388. 1800.  
Pennisetum cenchroides var. hamphilahense Pennisetum cenchroides Richard, var. hamphilahense A. Terracciano, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 5: 93. 1893. TYPE: ETHIOPIA:
Pennisetum ciliare var. anachoreticum Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link, var. anachoreticum Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 7: 66. 1897. TYPE: ETHIOPIA:
Pennisetum ciliare var. hamphilahense Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link, var. hamphilahense (A. Terracciano) T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 778. 1894.BASIONYM: Pennisetum cenchroides Richard, var. hamphilahense A. Terracciano 1893. 
Pennisetum ciliare var. pallens Pennisetum ciliare (Linnaeus) Link, var. pallens Fenzl ex Leeke, Z. Naturwiss. 79: 22. 1907.BASIONYM: Pennisetum distylum Gussone 1828. 
Pennisetum distylum Pennisetum distylum Gussone, Index Sem. Hort. Bocc., Suppl. 12. 8. 1828; Fl. Sicul. Prodr., Suppl. 12. 1832. TYPE: ITALY:
Pennisetum incomptum Pennisetum incomptum Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 105. 1854. TYPE: NEPAL:
Pennisetum oxyphyllum Pennisetum oxyphyllum Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 72, fig. 38. 1930. TYPE: TANZANIA: Kondoa, s.d., Peter 46831 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Pennisetum petraeum Pennisetum petraeum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 106. 1854. TYPE: IRAN:
Pennisetum polycladum Pennisetum polycladum Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 6: 167, fig. 10. 1896. TYPE: SOMALIA: Habr-Aual, s.d., Robecchi-Bricchetti 569 (holotype: FI).
Pennisetum rangei Pennisetum rangei Mez, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 190. 1921. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: South West Africa:
Pennisetum rufescens Pennisetum rufescens (Desfontaines) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 302. 1824 ("1825").BASIONYM: Cenchrus rufescens Desfontaines 1800. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Manatee Co. 04 Nov 1978 C. H. Dodson 4944
USA Florida Glades Co. 02 Nov 1943 R. A. Blair 1736
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 25 Oct 1966 P. M. Cassen 24
St. Vincent & the Grenadines St. Vincent St. Patrick Par. 22 Feb 1962 G. R. Cooley 8436
Puerto Rico Ponce Municip. 02 Aug 2016 B. H. Lenz s.n.
U.S. Virgin Islands St. Croix Island 22 Jul 1983 D. W. Hall 1278 CULTIVATED.
Zimbabwe 27 Dec 1971 P. G. Taylor 206
USA Hawaii 10 Aug 1993 J. Richard Abbott 5996
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