Cenchrus americanus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Cenchrus americanus (L.)Morrone
Common Name:PEARL MILLET; AMERICAN FOUNTAINGRASS
Plant Notes:This species is known by the name Pennisetum glaucum but adopts the name Cenchrus americanus within Cenchrus.
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Cenchrus
Species Cenchrus americanus (L.)Morrone - PEARL MILLET; AMERICAN FOUNTAINGRASS

Citation

Citation Cenchrus americanus (Linnaeus) Morrone, in Chemisquy et al., Ann. Bot. 106: 127. 2010.
Basionym: Pennisetum americanum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Clusius, Rar. Pl. Hist 2: 215. 1601. Lectotypified by Clayton & Renvoize, in Polhill (ed.), Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Gramineae 3: 672. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Bay FSU  
Brevard USF  
Calhoun USF  
Escambia FLAS  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FSU  
Gulf FTG  
Hernando USF  
Highlands FSU  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes USF  
Jackson FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy FLAS  
Madison FSU  
Okaloosa FSU  
Okeechobee USF  
Osceola FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa UWFP  
Sumter USF  
Walton FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Alopecurus typhoides Alopecurus typhoides Burman f., Fl. Indica 27. 1768, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Cenchrus spicatus Cenchrus spicatus (Linnaeus) Cavanilles, Descr. Pl. 304, 614. 1802.BASIONYM: Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Chaetochloa glauca Chaetochloa glauca (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, Bull. Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 4: 39. 1897.BASIONYM: Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753. 
Chaetochloa lutescens Chaetochloa lutescens Stuntz, U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Indust. Invent. Seeds 31: 86. 1914, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum lutescens Weigel 1772, nom. illegit.; Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753. 
Chamaeraphis glauca Chamaeraphis glauca (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 767. 1891.BASIONYM: Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753. 
Holcus spicatus Holcus spicatus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 1305. 1759. TYPE: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: Plukenet, Phytographia t. 32(4). 1691). Lectotypified by Davidse, in Dassanayake et al., Revised Handb. Fl. Ceylon 8: 363. 1994.
Ixophorus glaucus Ixophorus glaucus (Linnaeus) Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 423. 1895.BASIONYM: Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum americanum Panicum americanum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 56. 1753. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Clusius, Rar. Pl. Hist. 2: 215(icon). 1601). Lectotypified by Clayton & Renvoize, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Gramineae 3: 672. 1982.
Panicum caeruleum Panicum caeruleum Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum americanum Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum glaucum Panicum glaucum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 56. 1753. TYPE: SRI LANKA: Without data, Herb. Hermann 44 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 83: 662. 1973.
Panicum lutescens Panicum lutescens Weigel, Obs. Bot. 20. 1772, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum spicatum Panicum spicatum (Linnaeus) Roxburgh, Hort. Bengal. 7. 1814.BASIONYM: Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Penicillaria spicata Penicillaria spicata (Linnaeus) Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1037. 1809.BASIONYM: Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Penicillaria typhoidea Penicillaria typhoidea Figari & DeNotaris, Agrost. Aegypt. 55. 1853, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Pennisetum typhoideum Richard 1805, nom. illegit; Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Penicillaria typhoides Penicillaria typhoides Schlechtendal, Linnaea 25: 559. 1852, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Alopecurus typhoides Burman f. 1768; Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Pennisetum americanum Pennisetum americanum (Linnaeus) Leeke, Z. Naturwiss. 79: 52. 1907.BASIONYM: Panicum americanum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pennisetum americanum subsp. spicatum Pennisetum americanum (Linnaeus) Leeke, subsp. spicatum (Linnaeus) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 339. 1952.BASIONYM: Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1753. 
Pennisetum americanum subsp. typhoideum Pennisetum americanum (Linnaeus) Leeke, subsp. typhoideum Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 339. 1952.  
Pennisetum americanum var. spicatum Pennisetum americanum (Linnaeus) Leeke, [con]var. spicatum (Linnaeus) Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 8: 72. 1971.BASIONYM: Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1753. 
Pennisetum glaucum Pennisetum glaucum (Linnaeus) R. Brown, Prodr. 195. 1810.Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753.SRI LANKA: Without data, Herb. Hermann 44 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 83: 662. 1973.
Pennisetum spicatum Pennisetum spicatum (Linnaeus) Körnicke, in Körnicke & Werner, Handb. Getreideb. 1: 284. 1885.BASIONYM: Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Pennisetum spicatum var. typhoideum Pennisetum spicatum (Linnaeus) Körnicke, var. typhoideum T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 785. 1894, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Pennisetum spicatum (Linnaeus) Körnicke 1885; Pennisetum typhoideum Richard 1805, nom. illegit.; Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Pennisetum typhoides Pennisetum typhoides Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 271. 1933, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Alopecurus typhoides Burman f. 1768; Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Pennisetum typhoideum Pennisetum typhoideum Richard, in Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 72. 1805, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Holcus spicatus Linnaeus 1759. 
Setaria glauca Setaria glauca (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 51, 178. 1812.BASIONYM: Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753. 
Setaria lutescens Setaria lutescens F. T. Hubbard, Rhodora 18: 232. 1916, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum lutescens Weigel 1772, nom. illegit.; Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753. 
Setariopsis glauca Setariopsis glauca (Linnaeus) Sampaio, Herb. Port., App. 2. 4. 1914.BASIONYM: Panicum glaucum Linnaeus 1753. 
Cenchrus pycnostachyus Cenchrus pycnostachyus Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 109. 1854.  
Panicum indicum Panicum indicum Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Penicillaria arabica Penicillaria arabica A. Braun ex Andersson, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 962. 1865.  
Penicillaria ciliata Penicillaria ciliata Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1037. 1809.  
Penicillaria deflexa Penicillaria deflexa Andersson, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 965. 1865.  
Penicillaria mossambicensis Penicillaria mossambicensis Klotzsch ex Müller Stuttgartensis, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 965. 1865. TYPE: MOZAMBIQUE:
Penicillaria nigritarum Penicillaria nigritarum Schlechtendal, Linnaea 25: 561. 1852.  
Penicillaria roxburghii Penicillaria roxburghii A. Braun ex Müller Stuttgartensis, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 966. 1865.  
Pennisetum anchylochaete Pennisetum anchylochaete Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 294. 1933. TYPE: NIGERIA:
Pennisetum cinereum Pennisetum cinereum Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 298. 1933. TYPE: GOLD COAST:
Pennisetum gambiense Pennisetum gambiense Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 297. 1933. TYPE: GAMBIA:
Pennisetum gibbosum Pennisetum gibbosum Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 299. 1933. TYPE: NIGERIA:
Pennisetum leonis Pennisetum leonis Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 296. 1933. TYPE: SIERRA LEONE:
Pennisetum maiwa Pennisetum maiwa Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 297. 1933. TYPE: NIGERIA:
Pennisetum megastachyum Pennisetum megastachyum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 108. 1854.  
Pennisetum nigritarum Pennisetum nigritarum (Schlechtendal) T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 781. 1894.BASIONYM: Penicillaria nigritarum Schlechtendal 1852. 
Pennisetum nigritarum var. deflexum Pennisetum nigritarum (Schlechtendal) T. Durand & Schinz, var. deflexum (Andersson) T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 781. 1894.BASIONYM: Penicillaria deflexa Andersson 1865. 
Pennisetum pycnostachyum Pennisetum pycnostachyum (Steudel) Stapf & C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 270. 1933.BASIONYM: Cenchrus pycnostachyus Steudel 1854. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Dec 1958 G. R. Cooley 2475
USA Florida Hernando Co. 21 Sep 1985 G. Cleversey s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 25 Nov 1985 R. Gant s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Sep 1986 B. F. Hansen 11248
USA Florida Hernando Co. 16 Oct 1983 R. P. Wunderlin 9451
USA Florida Sumter Co. 28 Jun 1984 R. P. Wunderlin 9811
USA Florida Brevard Co. 13 Feb 2006 P. A. Schmalzer 06-13
USA Florida Lake Co. 18 Jul 1999 W. K. Taylor s.n.
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 25 Sep 1986 B. F. Hansen 11300
USA Florida Holmes Co. 28 Sep 1981 B. F. Hansen 8841
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 14 Oct 1977 J. Kuczynski 94
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 03 Oct 2014 T. MacClendon 1384
USA South Carolina Jasper Co. 26 Oct 1960 G. R. Swank 1252
USA Alabama Escambia Co. 27 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8224
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 07 Sep 1959 G. R. Swank 284
USA South Carolina Clarendon Co. 18 Oct 1957 A. E. Radford 30933
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