Polygonum aviculare

Family:POLYGONACEAE
Species:Polygonum aviculare L.
Common Name:PROSTRATE KNOTWEED
Status:Not Native, FAC (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order CARYOPHYLLALES
FamilyPOLYGONACEAE
Genus Polygonum
Species Polygonum aviculare L. - PROSTRATE KNOTWEED

Citation

Citation POLYGONUM AVICULARE Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 362. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 510.23). Lectotypified by Styles, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 91: 294. 1959.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Escambia USF  
Franklin FSU  
Leon FSU  
Putnam FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Centinodium aviculare Centinodium aviculare (Linnaeus) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 17: 146. 1869.BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus 1753. 
Centinodium axillare Centinodium axillare Friche-Joset & Montandon, Syn. Fl. Jura 270. 1856, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus 1753. 
Polygonum aviculare subsp. depressum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. depressum (Meisner) Arcangeli, Comp. Fl. Ital. 583. 1882.BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. depressum Meisner 1856. 
Polygonum aviculare subsp. heterophyllum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. heterophyllum Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 4: 484. 1913, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman 1912, nom. illegit.; Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus 1753. 
Polygonum aviculare subsp. neglectum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. neglectum (Besser) Arcangeli, Comp. Fl. Ital. 583. 1882.BASIONYM: Polygonum neglectum Besser 1822. 
Polygonum aviculare var. depressum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. depressum Meisner, in de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 98. 1856.  
Polygonum aviculare var. heterophyllum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. heterophyllum Munshi & Javeid, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., Addit. Ser. 2: 55. 1986, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman 1912, nom. illegit.; Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus 1753. 
Polygonum aviculare var. procumbens Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. procumbens Meisner, Monogr. Polyg. 87. 1826, nom. inadmiss..BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus 1753. 
Polygonum centinodium Polygonum centinodium Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 3: 237. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus 1753. 
Polygonum heterophyllum Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 6: 690. 1912, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus 1753. 
Polygonum neglectum Polygonum neglectum Besser, Enum. Pl. 45. 1822.  
Centinodium agrestinum Centinodium agrestinum (Jordan ex Boreau) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 17: 146. 1869.BASIONYM: Polygonum agrestinum Jordan ex Boreau 1857. 
Centinodium humifusum Centinodium humifusum (Jordan ex Boreau) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 17: 146. 1869.BASIONYM: Polygonum humifusum Jordan ex Boreau 1857. 
Centinodium rurivagum Centinodium rurivagum (Jordan ex Boreau) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 17: 146. 1869.BASIONYM: Polygonum rurivagum Jordan ex Boreau 1857. 
Persicaria fauriei Persicaria fauriei (H. Léveillé & Vaniot ex H. Léveillé) Nakai, in Mori, Enum. Pl. Cor. 131. 1922, comb. inval., basionym not cited.BASIONYM: Polygonum fauriei H. Léveillé & Vaniot ex H. Léveillé 1904. 
Polygonum heterophyllum var. angustissimum Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman, var. angustissimum (Meisner) Lindman, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 6: 691. 1912.BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. angustissimum Meisner 1856. 
Polygonum aequale Polygonum aequale Lindman, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 6: 692. 1912.  
Polygonum agrestinum Polygonum agrestinum Jordan ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 559. 1857. TYPE: FRANCE:
Polygonum arenastrum Polygonum arenastrum Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 559. 1857. TYPE: FRANCE:
Polygonum aviculare subsp. aequale Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. aequale (Lindman) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 4: 848. 1913.BASIONYM: Polygonum aequale Lindman 1912. 
Polygonum aviculare subsp. buxiforme Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. buxiforme (Small) Costea & Tardif, Sida 20: 988. 2003.BASIONYM: Polygonum buxiforme Small 1906. 
Polygonum aviculare subsp. calcatum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. calcatum (Lindman) Thellung, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 22: 120. 1913.BASIONYM: Polygonum calcatum Lindman 1904. 
Polygonum aviculare subsp. microspermum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. microspermum (Jordan ex Boreau) Berher, Fl. Vosges 195. 1887.BASIONYM: Polygonum microspermum Jordan ex Boreau 1857. 
Polygonum aviculare subsp. monspeliense Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. monspeliense (Thiébaut-de-Berneaud ex Persoon) Arcangeli, Comp. Fl. Ital. 583. 1882.BASIONYM: Polygonum monspeliense Thiébaut-de-Berneaud ex Persoon 1805. 
Polygonum aviculare subsp. rectum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. rectum Chrtek, Preslia 28: 365. 1956.  
Polygonum aviculare subsp. rurivagum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, subsp. rurivagum (Jordan ex Boreau) Berher, Fl. Vosges 195. 1887.BASIONYM: Polygonum rurivagum Jordan ex Boreau 1857. 
Polygonum aviculare var. angustifolium Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. angustifolium Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 237. 1803.  
Polygonum aviculare var. angustissimum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. angustissimum Meisner, in de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 98. 1856.  
Polygonum aviculare var. buxifolium Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. buxifolium Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 3: 532. 1850.  
Polygonum aviculare var. erectum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. erectum (Linnaeus) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 2: 455. 1789.BASIONYM: Polygonum erectum Linnaeus 1753. 
Polygonum aviculare var. erectum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. erectum Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 3: 532. 1850, non (Linnaeus) Roth 1789..  
Polygonum aviculare var. latifolium Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. latifolium Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 237. 1803.  
Polygonum aviculare var. monspeliense Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. monspeliense (Thiébaut-de-Berneaud ex Persoon) Chrtek, Preslia 28: 365. 1956.BASIONYM: Polygonum monspeliense Thiébaut-de-Berneaud ex Persoon 1805. 
Polygonum aviculare var. polycnemiforme Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. polycnemiforme Lecoq & Lamotte, Catal. Rais. Pl. 322. 1848. TYPE: FRANCE:
Polygonum aviculare var. rurivagum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. rurivagum (Jordan ex Boreau) Gentil, Inv. Pl. Sarthe 218. 1892.BASIONYM: Polygonum rurivagum Jordan ex Boreau 1857. 
Polygonum aviculare var. vegetum Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. vegetum Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 3: 532. 1850.  
Polygonum aviculare var. vulgare Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. vulgare Desvaux, Obs. Pl. Angers 98. 1818.  
Polygonum buxifolium Polygonum buxifolium Nuttall ex Bongard, Veg. Ins. Sitcha 161. 1831, non Marschall von Bieberstein 1808.  
Polygonum buxiforme Polygonum buxiforme Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 33: 56. 1906. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Lee Co.: About Cumberland Gap, 27 Jul 1892, Small s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Costea & Tardif, Sida 20: 933. 2003.
Polygonum calcatum Polygonum calcatum Lindman, Bot. Not. 1904: 139. 1904.  
Polygonum crassinerve Polygonum crassinerve Cesati, Stirp. Ital. fasc. 2. 1840.  
Polygonum debeauxii Polygonum debeauxii Legrand, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 30: 71. 1883. TYPE: CORSICA:
Polygonum denudatum Polygonum denudatum Desvaux ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 559. 1857. TYPE: FRANCE:
Polygonum erectum Polygonum erectum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 363. 1753. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (neotype: LINN 510.26). Neotypified by McNeill & Katz-Downie, in C. E. Jarvis, Order out of Chaos 757. 2007.
Polygonum fauriei Polygonum fauriei H. Léveillé & Vaniot ex H. Léveillé, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 423. 1904. TYPE: KOREA
Polygonum gymnopus Polygonum gymnopus Franchet & Savatier, Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 472. 1878.  
Polygonum heterophyllum subsp. rurivagum Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman, subsp. rurivagum (Jordan ex Boreau) Lindman, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 6: 691. 1912.BASIONYM: Polygonum rurivagum Jordan ex Boreau 1857. 
Polygonum heterophyllum var. caespitosum Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman, var. caespitosum Lindman, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 6: 691. 1912.  
Polygonum heterophyllum var. littorale Polygonum heterophyllum Lindman, var. littorale (Link) Lindman, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 6: 691. 1912.BASIONYM: Polygonum littorale Link 1799. 
Polygonum humifusum Polygonum humifusum Jordan ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 559. 1857. TYPE: FRANCE:
Polygonum littorale Polygonum littorale Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 385. 1821.  
Polygonum littorale var. sitchense Polygonum litorrale Link, var. sitchense Small, Mem. Dept. Bot. Columbia Coll. 1: 102. 1895, nom. illegit.  
Polygonum meyenii Polygonum meyenii K. Koch, Linnaea 22: 205. 1849.  
Polygonum microspermum Polygonum microspermum Jordan ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 560. 1857. TYPE: FRANCE:
Polygonum monspeliense Polygonum monspeliense Thiébaut-de-Berneaud ex Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 439. 1805.  
Polygonum montereyense Polygonum montereyense Brenckle, Leafl.W. Bot. 3: 166. 1942. TYPE: CALIFORNIA: Monterey Co.: Monterey, Aug 1917, Parish 11577 (holotype: GH).
Polygonum polycnemiforme Polygonum polycnemiforme (Lecoq & Lamotte) Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 559. 1857.BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. polycnemiforme Lecoq & Lamotte 1848. 
Polygonum provinciale Polygonum provinciale K. Koch, Linnaea 22: 204. 1849.  
Polygonum rectum Polygonum rectum (Chrtek) Scholz, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 72: 65. 1959.BASIONYM: Polygonum aviculare Linnaeus, var. rectum Chrtek 1956. 
Polygonum rurivagum Polygonum rurivagum Jordan ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 560. 1857. TYPE: FRANCE:

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Escambia Co. 17 Mar 1983 G. Wilhelm 11120
USA Louisiana Lafayette Par. 15 Sep 1980 K. A. Vincent 3873
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 13 May 1968 T. Smith 136
USA Tennessee Sevier Co. 17 Sep 1980 R. P. Sauleda & D. Sauleda 4552
USA South Carolina Richland Co. 14 Mar 1992 C. vanHoek 333
USA Louisiana Iberia Par. 11 Oct 1963 J. W. Thieret
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 08 Jul 1983 D. D. Taylor 4138
USA Tennessee Cocke Co. 06 Sep 1977 P. Genelle 3139
USA Arkansas Phillips Co. 16 Jul 1955 D. Demaree 37452
USA Alabama Pike Co. 26 Sep 2011 A. R. Diamond 22600
USA Mississippi 21 Jun 1951 W. A. Batson
USA North Carolina Alamance Co. 17 Jul 1956 R. C. Bell 4084
USA Arkansas Lawrence Co. 01 Jul 1951 D. Demaree 31010
USA Louisiana East Carroll Par. 01 Jun 1973 R. D. Thomas 34946
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: