Ocimum basilicum

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Ocimum basilicum L.
Common Name:SWEET BASIL
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order LAMIALES
FamilyLAMIACEAE
Genus Ocimum
Species Ocimum basilicum L. - SWEET BASIL

Citation

Citation OCIMUM BASILICUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 597. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 749.5). Lectotypified by J. K. Morton, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 58: 234. 1962.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Miami-Dade FTG  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ocimum basilicum var. anisatum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. anisatum Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Ocimum basilicum var. vulgare Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. vulgare Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Ocimum odorum Ocimum odorum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 87. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Ocimum album Ocimum album Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 85. 1767. TYPE: INDIA: Cult. in Sweden, without data (lectotype: LINN 749.3). Lectotypified by Cramer, in Dassanayake & Fosberg, Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 3: 116. 1981.
Ocimum americanum Ocimum americanum Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. 1: 15. 1755. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: LINN 749.9). Lectotypified by J. K. Morton, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 58: 234. 1962. EPITYPE: INDIA: Kerala: Without locality, 10 Nov 1972, Pushpangadan & Sobti 1 (epitype: K). Epitypified by Paton & Ptuievsky, Kew Bull. 51: 513. 1996.
Ocimum barrelieri Ocimum barrelieri Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 278. 1821.  
Ocimum basilicum var. album Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. album (Linnaeus) Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848.BASIONYM: Ocimum album Linnaeus 1767. 
Ocimum basilicum var. bullatum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. bullatum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. album (Linnaeus) Bentham 1848; Ocimum bullatum Lamarck 1785, nom. illegit.; Ocimum album Linnaeus 1767. 
Ocimum basilicum var. chamaeleonticum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. chamaeleonticum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866.  
Ocimum basilicum var. densiflorum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. densiflorum Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848.BASIONYM: Ocimum barrelieri Roth 1821. 
Ocimum basilicum var. difforme Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. difforme Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848.  
Ocimum basilicum var. glabratum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. glabratum Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848.BASIONYM: Ocimum integerrimum Willdenow 1800. 
Ocimum basilicum var. majus Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. majus Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866.  
Ocimum basilicum var. majus Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. majus Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848.  
Ocimum basilicum var. minimum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. minimum (Linnaeus) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866.BASIONYM: Ocimum minimum Linnaeus 1753. 
Ocimum basilicum var. pelvifolium Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. pelvifolium Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866.  
Ocimum basilicum var. pilosum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. pilosum (Willdenow) Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848.BASIONYM: Ocimum pilosum Willdenow 1809. 
Ocimum basilicum var. purpurascens Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. purpurascens Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848.  
Ocimum basilicum var. thyrsiflorum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. thyrsiflorum (Linnaeus) Bentham, Labiat. Gen. Spec. 4. 1832.BASIONYM: Ocimum thyrsiflorum Linnaeus 1767. 
Ocimum basilicum var. violaceum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. violaceum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866.  
Ocimum basilicum var. violocrispum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. violocrispum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866.  
Ocimum basilicum var. viridicrispum Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, var. viridicrispum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 114. 1866.  
Ocimum bullatum Ocimum bullatum Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 384. 1785, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Ocimum album Linnaeus 1767. 
Ocimum caryophyllatum Ocimum caryophyllatum Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 16. 1832.  
Ocimum ciliatum Ocimum ciliatum Hornemann, Hort. Bot. Hafn. 565. 1815.  
Ocimum citrodorum Ocimum citrodorum Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2. 591. 1845. TYPE: PHILIPPINES:
Ocimum dentatum Ocimum dentatum Moench, Methodus 413. 1794.  
Ocimum hispidum Ocimum hispidum Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 384. 1785.  
Ocimum integerrimum Ocimum integerrimum Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 162. 1800.  
Ocimum lanceolatum Ocimum lanceolatum Schumacher & Thonning, in Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 268. 1827.  
Ocimum medium Ocimum medium Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Ocimum menthifolium Ocimum menthifolium Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 33. 1848.  
Ocimum minimum Ocimum minimum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 597. 1753. TYPE: SRI LANKA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 749.6). Lectotypified by Paton & Putievsky, Kew Bull. 51: 514. 1996.
Ocimum pilosum Ocimum pilosum Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 629. 1809.  
Ocimum thyrsiflorum Ocimum thyrsiflorum Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 84. 1767. TYPE: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 749.1). Lectotypified by Paton in C. E. Jarvis et al., Taxon 50: 515. 2001.
Plectranthus barrelieri Plectranthus barrelieri (Roth) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 691. 1825.BASIONYM: Ocimum barrelieri Roth 1821. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Illinois Champaign Co. 10 Oct 2010 S. R. Hill 38573 CULTIVATED. Purchased locally at Lowe's
USA Illinois Champaign Co. 05 Aug 1996 S. R. Hill 28449 CULTIVATED.
USA Kentucky Madison Co. 13 Aug 1981 D. D. Taylor 1146 CULTIVATED.
Mexico Oaxaca San Baltazar Chichicapan Municip. 09 Sep 1990 G. Gomez s.n. CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 07 May 1973 D. Burch 6586 CULTIVATED.
USA Wisconsin Winnebago Co. 29 Aug 1988 E. L. Schwartz s.n. CULTIVATED.
USA Texas Dallas Co. 12 Jul 1962 L. H. Shinners 29857 CULTIVATED. Seed from Vaughan Seed Company (Chicago, Illinois), as "sweet basil", planted 10 March 1962, first blooed 23 June.
USA South Carolina Pickens Co. 24 Sep 1989 S. R. Hill 21107 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Aug 1973 D. Burch 6799 CULTIVATED.
Cayman Islands Grand Cayman Island 15 Dec 1971 N. Chevalier 229
Dominican Republic Monte Cristi Prov. San Fernando de Monte Cristi Mun. 07 Jun 1969 A. H. Liogier 15614
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