Setaria viridis

Family:POACEAE
Species:Setaria viridis (L.)P.Beauv.
Common Name:GREEN BRISTLEGRASS; GREEN FOXTAIL; FOXTAIL MILLET
Status:Not Native
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Setaria
Species Setaria viridis (L.)P.Beauv. - GREEN BRISTLEGRASS; GREEN FOXTAIL; FOXTAIL MILLET

Citation

Citation SETARIA VIRIDIS (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 51, 171, 178. 1812.
Basionym: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759.
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 80.12). Lectotypified by Sherif & Siddiqi, in El-Gadi, Fl. Libya, Poaceae 296. 1988.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Duval FLAS  
Franklin FLAS  
Hillsborough USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FSU  
Miami-Dade USF  
Sarasota FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chaetochloa viridis Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, Bull. Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 4: 39. 1897.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Chamaeraphis italica var. viridis Chamaeraphis italica (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. viridis (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 767. 1891.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Chamaeraphis viridis Chamaeraphis viridis (Linnaeus) Millspaugh, Bull. W. Virginia Agric. Exp. Sta. 2: 466. 1892.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Ixophorus viridis Ixophorus viridis (Linnaeus) Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 423. 1895.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum bicolor Panicum bicolor Moench, Methodus 206. 1794, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum italicum var. viride Panicum italicum Linnaeus, var. viride (Linnaeus) Körnicke, in Körnicke & Werner, Handb. Getreideb. 1: 277. 1885.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum laevigatum Panicum laevigatum Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 3: 578. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum viride Panicum viride Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 870. 1759. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: LINN 80.12). Lectotypified by Sherif & Siddiqi, in El-Gadi, Fl. Libya, Poaceae 296. 1988.
Panicum viride subsp. euviride Panicum viride Linnaeus, subsp. euviride Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 76. 1899, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum viride subsp. italicum Panicum viride Linnaeus, subsp. italicum (Linnaeus) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 77. 1899.BASIONYM: Panicum italicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum viride var. vulgare Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. vulgare Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 173. 1877, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Pennisetum viride Pennisetum viride (Linnaeus) R. Brown ex Sweet, Hort. Suburb. Lond. 19. 1818.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Setaria italica var. viridis Setaria italica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. viridis (Linnaeus) Thellung, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38: 85. 1912.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Setaria viridis forma communis Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma communis Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 46. 1890, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois 1812; Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Setaria viridis subsp. euviridis Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. euviridis (Ascherson & Graebner) Briquet, Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 68. 1910, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, subsp. euviride Ascherson & Graebner 1899, nom. inadmiss.; Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Setaria viridis var. typica Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. typica Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 46. 1890, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois 1812; Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Setariopsis viridis Setariopsis viridis (Linnaeus) Sampaio, Herb. Port., App. 2. 4. 1914.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus 1759. 
Chaetochloa viridis var. breviseta Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, var. breviseta (Döll) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 86. 1921.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. brevisetum Döll 1843. 
Chaetochloa viridis var. japonica Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, var. japonica Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 52: 287. 1925. TYPE: JAPAN:
Chaetochloa viridis var. major Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, var. major (Gaudin) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 86. 1921.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. majus Gaudin 1828. 
Chaetochloa viridis var. minor Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, var. minor Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 86. 1923.  
Chaetochloa viridis var. minor Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, var. minor (W. D. J. Koch ex E. Lehmann) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 86. 1921.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. minor W. D. J. Koch ex E. Lehmann 1895. 
Chaetochloa viridis var. weinmannii Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, var. weinmannii (Roemer & Schultes) House, New York State Mus. Bull. 243/244: 39. 1923.BASIONYM: Setaria weinmannii Roemer & Schultes 1817. 
Panicum reclinatum Panicum reclinatum Villars, Hist. Pl. Dauphine 2: 64. 1787.  
Panicum verticillatum var. minor Panicum verticillatum Linnaeus, var. minor Thunberg, Fl. Jap. 46. 1784. TYPE: JAPAN:
Panicum viride var. brevisetum Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. brevisetum Döll, Rhein. Fl. 128. 1843.  
Panicum viride var. gigantea Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. gigantea Franchet & Savatier, Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 162. 1877. TYPE: JAPAN:
Panicum viride var. humifusum Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. humifusum Lejeune & Courtois, Comp. Fl. Belg. 1: 52. 1828.  
Panicum viride var. longisetum Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. longisetum Döll, Rhein. Fl. 128. 1843.  
Panicum viride var. majus Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. majus Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 152. 1828. TYPE: SWITZERLAND:
Panicum viride var. minor Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. minor W. D. J. Koch ex E. Lehmann, Fl. Poln.-Livl. 137. 1895.  
Panicum viride var. nanum Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. nanum (Dumortier) Lejeune & Courtois, Comp. Fl. Belg. 1: 52. 1829.BASIONYM: Setaria nana Dumortier 1823. 
Panicum viride var. reclinata Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. reclinatum (Villars) Hoffmann, Deutschl. Fl. 1: 21. 1791.BASIONYM: Panicum reclinatum Villars 1787. 
Panicum viride var. weinmannii Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. weinmannii (Roemer & Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 77. 1899.BASIONYM: Setaria weinmannii Roemer & Schultes 1817. 
Panicum viridescens Panicum viridescens Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 51. 1853.  
Setaria chlorantha Setaria chlorantha Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 723. 1866.  
Setaria italica var. major Setaria italica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. major (Gaudin) Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 51. 1952.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. majus Gaudin 1828. 
Setaria nana Setaria nana Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 139. 1823.  
Setaria viridis forma arenosa Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma arenosa (Schur) Morariu, Fl. Republ. Social. Roman. 12: 78. 1972.BASIONYM: Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. arenosa Schur 1866. 
Setaria viridis forma japonica Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma japonica (Koidzumi) Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 52. 1952.BASIONYM: Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, var. japonica Koidzumi 1925. 
Setaria viridis forma major Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma major (Gaudin) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 46. 1890.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. majus Gaudin 1828. 
Setaria viridis forma misera Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma misera Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 243. 1930. TYPE: JAPAN:
Setaria viridis subsp. minor Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. minor (Thunberg) T. Koyama, Grasses Japan 529. 1987.BASIONYM: Panicum verticillatum Linnaeus, var. minor Thunberg 1784. 
Setaria viridis subsp. purpurascens Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. purpurascens (Petermann) Peshkova, Fl. Sibir. (Poaceae) 2: 241. 1990.BASIONYM: Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. purpurascens Petermann 1838. 
Setaria viridis var. arenosa Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. arenosa Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 723. 1866.  
Setaria viridis var. australis Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. australis F. M. Bailey, Compr. Cat. Queensland Pl. 611. 1913.  
Setaria viridis var. breviseta Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. breviseta (Döll) Hitchcock,, Rhodora 8: 210. 1906.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. brevisetum Döll 1843. 
Setaria viridis var. fuscata Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. fuscata Harz, Landw. Samenk. 2: 1260. 1885.  
Setaria viridis var. humifusa Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. humifusa (Lejeune & Courtois) De Wildeman & T. Durand, Prodr. Fl. Belg. 3: 885. 1903.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. humifusum Lejeune & Courtois 1828. 
Setaria viridis var. insularis Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. insularis A. Terracciano, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 5: 93. 1894.  
Setaria viridis var. japonica Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. japonica (Koidzumi) Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 240. 1930.BASIONYM: Chaetochloa viridis (Linnaeus) Lamson-Scribner, var. japonica Koidzumi 1925. 
Setaria viridis var. laevigata Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. laevigata Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 723. 1866.  
Setaria viridis var. latifolia Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. latifolia Ambrosi, Fl. Tirolo Mer. 1: 42. 1854.  
Setaria viridis var. major Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. major (Gaudin) Petermann, Fl. Lips. Excurs. 77. 1838, non Gray 1821.BASIONYM: Panicum viride Linnaeus, var. majus Gaudin 1828. 
Setaria viridis var. minor Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. minor (Thunberg) Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 51. 1952.BASIONYM: Panicum verticillatum Linnaeus, var. minor Thunberg 1784. 
Setaria viridis var. pilosa Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. pilosa H. Hara, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 52: 287. 1938. TYPE: JAPAN:
Setaria viridis var. purpurascens Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. purpurascens Petermann, Fl. Lips. Excurs. 77. 1838.  
Setaria viridis var. robusta-alba Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. robusta-alba M. M. Schreiber, Weed Sci. 19: 424. 1971. TYPE: INDIANA: Tippecanoe Co.: Wabash Township, 11 Aug 1970, Schreiber 49536 (holotype: ?; isotype: US).
Setaria viridis var. robusta-purpurea Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. robusta-purpurea M. M. Schreiber, Weed Sci. 19: 425. 1971. TYPE: INDIANA: Tippecanoe Co.: Wabash Township, 11 Aug 1970, Schreiber 49537 (holotype: ?; isotype: US).
Setaria viridis var. secunda Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. secunda Beck, Fl. Nieder-Osterreich 46. 1890.  
Setaria viridis var. weinmannii Setaria viridis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. weinmannii (Roemer & Schultes) Heynhold, Nom. Bot. Hort. 751. 1840.BASIONYM: Setaria weinmannii Roemer & Schultes 1817l. 
Setaria weinmannii Setaria weinmannii Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 490. 1817.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 07 Jun 1998 K. A. Bradley 1844
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 15 Mar 1998 K. A. Bradley 1515
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Nov 1997 K. A. Bradley 1123
USA North Carolina Yancey Co. 09 Oct 1958 H. E. Ahles 50843
USA Arkansas Pulaski Co. 31 Jul 1955 D. Demaree 37731
USA North Carolina Haywood Co. 15 Jun 1932 J. K. Miller s.n.
USA Louisiana Winn Par. 11 Sep 1998 R. D. Thomas 157798
USA South Carolina Pickens Co. 21 Aug 1988 S. R. Hill 19868
USA Tennessee Sumner Co. 22 Jun 1968 K. E. Rogers 41709
USA Tennessee Cocke Co. 24 Jul 1977 P. Genelle 2922
USA Tennessee Stewart Co. 03 Aug 1969 R. Kral 36028
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Apr 2011 S. Dickman s.n.
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