Manihot esculenta

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Manihot esculenta Crantz
Common Name:CASSAVA
Status:Not Native
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MALPIGHIALES
FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE
Genus Manihot
Species Manihot esculenta Crantz - CASSAVA

Citation

Citation MANIHOT ESCULENTA Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 167. 1766.
Basionym: Jatropha manihot Linnaeus 1753
Type: Without data (lectotype: Merian, Diss. Generat. Metamorph. Insect. Surinam. f. 4, 5. 1726). Lectotypified by D. J. Rogers & Appan, Fl. Neotrop. 13: 29. 1973.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Hillsborough USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade FTG  
Monroe Keys NY  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Janipha manihot Janipha manihot (Linnaeus) Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 108. 1817.BASIONYM: Jatropha manihot Linnaeus 1753. 
Jatropha glauca Jatropha glauca Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 389. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Jatropha manihot Linnaeus 1753. 
Jatropha manihot Jatropha manihot Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1007. 1753. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Merian, Diss. Generat. Metamorph. Insect. Surinam. f. 4, 5. 1726). Lectotypified by D. J. Rogers & Appan, Fl. Neotrop. 13: 29. 1973.
Manihot cannabina Manihot cannabina Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2. 458. 1830, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Manihot esculenta Crantz 1766; Jatropha manihot Linnaeus 1753. 
Manihot edule Manihot edule A. Richard, in Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 11: 208. 1850, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Manihot esculenta Crantz 1766; Jatropha manihot Linnaeus 1753. 
Manihot manihot Manihot manihot (Linnaeus) Cockerell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 19: 95. 1892, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Manihot esculenta Crantz 1766; Jatropha manihot Linnaeus 1753. 
Manihot utilissima Manihot utilissima Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 32. 1826, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Manihot esculenta Crantz 1766, Jatropha manihot Linnaeus 1753. 
Manihot utilissima Manihot utilissima Link, Handbuch 2: 436. 1831, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Manihot utilissima Pohl 1826, nom. illegit.; Manihot esculenta Crantz 1766; Jatropha manihot Linnaeus 1753. 
Janipha aipi Janipha aipi J. Presl, Wsobacny Rostl. 2: 1342. 1846, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Manihot aipi Pohl 1827, nom. illegit.; Jatropha mitis Rottbøll 1778. 
Jatropha diffusa Jatropha diffusa (Pohl) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 799. 1840.BASIONYM: Manihot diffusa Pohl 1827. 
Jatropha digitiformis Jatropha digitiformis (Pohl) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 799. 1840.BASIONYM: Manihot digitiformis Pohl 1827. 
Jatropha dulcis Jatropha dulcis J. F. Gmelin, Onomat. Bot. 5: 7. 1773.  
Jatropha flabellifolia Jatropha flabellifolia (Pohl) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 799. 1840.BASIONYM: Manihot flabellifolia Pohl 1827. 
Jatropha lobata var. richardiana Jatropha lobata Müller Argoviensis, var. richardians Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1086. 1866.  
Jatropha loureiroi Jatropha loureiroi (Pohl) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 799. 1840.BASIONYM: Manihot loureiroi Pohl 1827. 
Jatropha mitis Jatropha mitis Rottbøll, Acta Lit. Univ. Hafn. 1: 301. 1778.  
Jatropha mitis Jatropha mitis Sessé y Lacasta & Mociño, Pl. Hov. Hisp. 187. 1890, non Rottbøll 1778. TYPE: MEXICO: Guerrero: Chilpancingo,
Jatropha silvestris Jatropha silvestris Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. 414. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Jatropha stipulata Jatropha stipulata Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. 414. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Mandioca aipi Mandioca aipi Link, Handbuch 2: 436. 1831, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Manihot aipi Pohl 1827, nom. illegit.; Jatropha mitis Rottbøll 1778. 
Mandioca dulcis Mandioca dulcis (J. F. Gmelin) Parodi, Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 4: 127. 1877.BASIONYM: Jatropha dulcis J. F. Gmelin 1773. 
Manihot aipi Manihot aipi Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 29. 1827, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Jatropha mitis Rottbøll 1778. 
Manihot aipi var. lanceolata Manihot aipi Pohl, var. lanceolata Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 31. 1827. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Manihot aipi var. latifolia Manihot aipi Pohl, var. latifolia Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 31. 1827. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Manihot aipi var. lutescens Manihot aipi Pohl, var. lutescens Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 31. 1827. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Manihot diffusa Manihot diffusa Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 55. 1827. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Manihot digitiformis Manihot digitiformis Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 36. 1827. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Manihot dulcis Manihot dulcis (J. F. Gmelin) Baillon, Traité Bot. Méd. Phan. 4: 127. 1884.BASIONYM: Jatropha dulcis J. F. Gmelin 1773. 
Manihot dulcis var. aipi Manihot dulcis (J. F. Gmelin) Baillon, var. aipi (Mueller Argoviensis) Pax, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 44): 71. 1910.BASIONYM: Manihot palmata Müller Argoviensis, var. aipi Müller Argoviensis 1866; Manihot aipi Pohl 1827, nom. illegit.; Jatropha mitis Rottbøll 1778. 
Manihot dulcis var. diffusa Manihot dulcis (J. F. Gmelin) Baillon, var. diffusa (Pohl) Pax, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 44): 71. 1910.BASIONYM: Manihot diffusa Pohl 1827. 
Manihot dulcis var. flabellifolia Manihot dulcis (J. F. Gmelin) Baillon, var. flabellifolia (Pohl) Pax, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 44): 72. 1910.BASIONYM: Manihot flabellifolia Pohl 1827. 
Manihot esculenta subsp. flabellifolia Manihot esculenta Crantz, subsp. flabellifolia (Pohl) Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31. 1942.BASIONYM: Manihot flabellifolia Pohl 1827. 
Manihot esculenta subsp. grandifolia Manihot esculenta Crantz, subsp. grandifolia Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 30, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. argentea Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. argentea Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. coalescens Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. coalescens Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 33. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. communis Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. communis Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 32, 35. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. debilis Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. debilis Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. digitifolia Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. digitifolia Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 33. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. domingensis Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. domingensis Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 32, 35. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. fertilis Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. fertilis Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 32, 35. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. flavicaulis Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. flavicaulis Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. fuscescens Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. fuscescens Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. hispaniolensis Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. hispaniolensis Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. jamaicensis Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. jamaicensis Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 32, 35. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. luteola Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. luteola Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. mutabilis Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. mutabilis Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 32, 35. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. nodosa Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. nodosa Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 33. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. pohlii Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. pohlii Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 32, 35. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. ramosissima Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. ramosissima Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 31, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. rufescens Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. rufescens Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 32, 34. 1942.  
Manihot esculenta var. sprucei Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. sprucei (Pax) Lanjouw, Euphorb. Surinam. 33. 1931.BASIONYM: Manihot sprucei Pax 1910. 
Manihot esculenta var. zimmermannii Manihot esculenta Crantz, var. zimmermannii Ciferri, Arch. Bot. (Forli) 18: 32, 34. 1942.  
Manihot flabellifolia Manihot flabellifolia Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 35. 1827. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Manihot flexuosa Manihot flexuosa Pax & K. Hoffmann, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 85): 195. 1924. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Manihot loureiroi Manihot loureiroi Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 55. 1827.  
Manihot melanobasis Manihot melanobasis Müller Argoviensis, Linnaea 34: 206. 1865. TYPE: GUYANA:
Manihot palmata var. aipi Manihot palmata Müller Argoviensis, var. aipi Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1062. 1866.BASIONYM: Manihot aipi Pohl 1827, nom. illegit.; Jatropha mitis Rottbøll 1778. 
Manihot palmata var. diffusa Manihot palmata Müller Argoviensis, var. diffusa (Pohl) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1062. 1866.BASIONYM: Manihot diffusa Pohl 1827. 
Manihot palmata var. digitiformis Manihot palmata Müller Argoviensis, var. digitiformis (Pohl) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1063. 18866.BASIONYM: Manihot digitiformis Pohl 1827. 
Manihot palmata var. flabellifolia Manihot palmata Müller Argoviensis, var. flabellifolia (Pohl) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1062. 1866.BASIONYM: Manihot flabellifolia Pohl 1827. 
Manihot sprucei Manihot sprucei Pax, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 44): 71. 1910. TYPE: BRAZIL: Pará: Near Santarém,
Manihot utilissima var. castellana Manihot utilissima Pohl, var. castellana Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 34. 1827. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Manihot utilissima var. sutinga Manihot utilissima Pohl, var. sutinga Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 1: 34. 1827. TYPE: BRAZIL:

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Jun 1963 R. Overstreet s.n. CULTIVATED; sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Jun 1963 R. Overstreet s.n. CULTIVATED; sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 22 Jan 1992 R. Arias 89 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Jun 1963 Wm. P. Alford s.n. CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Dec 2015 A. R. Franck 3988
USA Florida Martin Co. Jul 1990 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
Bahamas New Providence Island 14 Jun 1965 R. W. Long 1313
Jamaica Middlesex Co. Clarendon Par. 10 Feb 2015 P. A. Lewis 891 CULTIVATED.
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