Portulaca oleracea

Family:PORTULACACEAE
Species:Portulaca oleracea L.
Common Name:LITTLE HOGWEED
Plant Notes:Though sometimes considered non-native, the available evidence of its pre-Columbian presence in the Americas (Gray & Trumbull 1883a, 1883b:138; Byrne & McAndrews 1975) favors its classification as native. Among leaves, it has one of the richest known sources of a-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid (Simopoulos & Salem 1986; Omara-Alwala et al. 1991; Simopoulos et al. 1992; Liu et al. 2000).
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order CARYOPHYLLALES
FamilyPORTULACACEAE
Genus Portulaca
Species Portulaca oleracea L. - LITTLE HOGWEED

Citation

Citation PORTULACA OLERACEA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 445. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Loefling s.n. (lectotype: LINN 625.1). Lectotypified by Geesink, Blumea 17: 292. 1969.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward FLAS  
Calhoun FSU  
Charlotte USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler FSU  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FSU  
Glades USF  
Hendry FLAS  
Hernando USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee FLAS  
Marion FLAS  
Martin FLAS  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FLAS  
Okaloosa USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa UWFP  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
Taylor USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Portulaca officinarum Portulaca officinarum Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 428. 1766, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus 1753. 
Portulaca oleracea subsp. granulatostellulata Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, subsp. granulatostellulata (Poellnitz) Danin & H. G. Baker, in Danin et al., Israel J. Bot. 27: 189. 1979 ("1978").BASIONYM: Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. granulatostellulata Poellnitz 1936. 
Portulaca oleracea subsp. nicaraguensis Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, subsp. nicaraguensis Danin & H. G. Baker, in Danin et al., Israel J. Bot. 27: 186. 1979 ("1978"). TYPE: NICARAGUA: La Calera, 5 km NE of El Mercedes (Managua airport), 2 Sep 1977 (seed), 26 Apr 1978 (cult. at Berkeley), Danin s.n. (holotype: UC; isotypes: MO, US).
Portulaca oleracea subsp. nitida Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, subsp. nitida Danin & H. G. Baker, in Danin et al., Israel J. Bot. 27: 194. 1979 ("1978"). TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: Henderson Co.: Without locality, 29 Aug 1940, McVaugh 5418 (holotype: UC).
Portulaca oleracea subsp. papillatostellulata Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, subsp. papillatostellulata Danin & H. G. Baker, in Danin et al., Israel J. Bot. 27: 200. 1979 ("1978"). TYPE: CALIFORNIA: Riverside Co.: Palm Springs, 26 Dec 1977 (seeds), 15 May 1978 (cult. at Berkeley), Danin s.n. (holotype: UC; isotype: MO).
Portulaca oleracea subsp. sylvestris Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, subsp. sylvestris Thellung, Fl. Adv. Montpellier 222. 1912, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. sylvestris de Candolle 1828, nom. inadmiss.; Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus 1753 
Portulaca oleracea var. granulatostellulata Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. granulatostellulata Poellnitz, Occas. Pap. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 9: 5. 1936. TYPE: HAWAII: Molokai:
Portulaca oleracea var. sylvestris Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. sylvestris de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 353. 1828, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus 1753. 
Portulaca sylvestris Portulaca sylvestris Friche-Joset & Montandon, Syn. Fl. Jura 109. 1856, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. sylvestris de Candolle 1828, nom. inadmiss.; Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus 1753. 
Portulaca fosbergii Portulaca fosbergii Poellnitz, Occas. Pap. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 9: 13. 1936. TYPE: AUSTRAL ISLANDS: Rurutu: Without data, Fosberg 11976 (holotype: BISH).
Portulaca fosbergii var. major Portulaca fosbergii Poellnitz, var. major Poellnitz, Occas. Pap. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 9: 4. 1936. TYPE: AUSTRAL ISLANDS: Tubuai: Without data, St. John & Fosberg 16292 (holotype: BISH).
Portulaca hortensis Portulaca hortensis Ruprecht, Fl. Ingr. 388. 1860, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Portulaca sativa Haworth 1803. 
Portulaca latifolia Portulaca latifolia Hornemann, Hort. Bot. Hafn. 491. 1815.  
Portulaca marginata Portulaca marginata Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 6: 72. 1823. TYPE: VENEZUELA: Distrito Federal: Prope Caracas,
Portulaca neglecta Portulaca neglecta Mackenzie & Bush, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 12: 81. 1902. TYPE: MISSOURI: Jackson Co.: Courtney, 24 Aug 1900, Bush 1148 (holotype: MO).:
Portulaca oleracea subsp. sativa Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, subsp. sativa (Haworth) Celakovsky, Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 484. 1875.BASIONYM: Portulaca sativa Haworth 1803. 
Portulaca oleracea subsp. stellata Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, subsp. stellata Danin & H. G. Baker, in Danin et al., Israel J. Bot. 27: 198, f. 28-29. 1979 ("1978"). TYPE: IDAHO: Kootenai Co.: Coeur d'Alene Lake, 17 Aug 1895, Leiberg 1545 (holotype: UC; isotypes: GH, MO, NY, US).
Portulaca oleracea var. alba Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. alba Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. aurantia Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. aurantia Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. aurea Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. aurea Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. caryophyllina Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. caryophyllina Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. gillesii Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. gillesii Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. gracilescens Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. gracilescens Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22: 650. 1925. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Queensland:
Portulaca oleracea var. haageana Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. haageana Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. macrantha Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. macrantha Eggers, Fl. St. Croix 27. 1879. TYPE: VIRGIN ISLANDS:
Portulaca oleracea var. micrantha Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. micrantha Eggers, Fl. St. Croix 27. 1879. TYPE: VIRGIN ISLANDS:
Portulaca oleracea var. parvifolia Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. parvifolia (Haworth) Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 57. 1859; 707. 1864.BASIONYM: Portulaca parvifolia Haworth 1812. 
Portulaca oleracea var. rosea Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. rosea Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. sativa Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. sativa (Haworth) de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 353. 1828.BASIONYM: Portulaca sativa Haworth 1803. 
Portulaca oleracea var. striata Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. striata Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. sulfurea Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. sulfurea Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca oleracea var. violacea Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, var. violacea Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 111. 1866.  
Portulaca olitoria Portulaca olitoria Pallas, Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 594. 1776.  
Portulaca parvifolia Portulaca parvifolia Haworth, Syn. Pl. Succ. 122. 1812. TYPE: JAMAICA:
Portulaca retusa Portulaca retusa Engelmann, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 154. 1850. TYPE: TEXAS: Llano, cult. at St. Louis, Aug 1849, Engelmann s.n. (holotype: MO).
Portulaca sativa Portulaca sativa Haworth, Misc. Nat. 136. 1803, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Portulaca officinarum Crantz 1766. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Lake Co. 01 Aug 1983 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Nov 1964 O. K. Lakela 27929
USA Florida Orange Co. 22 Jun 2001 S. Myers 135
USA Florida Brevard Co. 12 Dec 1972 A.G. Shuey M0684
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 30 Aug 2007 A. R. Franck 322
USA Florida Taylor Co. 29 Jul 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2464
USA Florida Pasco Co. 27 Jun 2003 C. vanHoek WB0440
USA Florida Lake Co. 07 Apr 2009 M. T. Strong 3866
USA Florida Glades Co. 28 Aug 2011 A. R. Franck 2704
USA Florida Volusia Co. 15 Jan 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1314
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6188
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 09 Jul 1977 D. W. Crewz 1097
USA Florida Hernando Co. 25 Oct 1971 P. Genelle 1062
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Aug 1965 O. K. Lakela 29079
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Sep 1979 B. F. Hansen 6285
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 19 Sep 1980 R. P. Sauleda 4631
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Jul 1974 S. Todd 127
USA Florida Collier Co. 29 May 1965 O. K. Lakela 28681A
USA Florida Lee Co. 08 Apr 1991 S. Young 502
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 28 Jun 1991 S. Erickson PC0044
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 21 Nov 1983 G. Wilhelm 11915
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Sep 1978 D. W. Crewz 1480
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 01 Nov 1973 T. R. Alexander s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 27 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10787
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 03 Oct 1976 P. Genelle 2490
USA Florida Monroe Co. 07 Aug 1966 R. W. Long 2241
USA Florida Monroe Co. 29 Nov 1969 R. W. Long 3026
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Jun 1976 R. P. Wunderlin 5607
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Nov 1965 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Clay Co. 31 May 1981 R. P. Sauleda 5380
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 15 Aug 1964 O. K. Lakela 27374
USA Florida Lee Co. 23 Jul 1993 S. Cole MK0019
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Mar 1954 G. R. Cooley 2568
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 04 Dec 2010 A. R. Franck 2521
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 29 Jun 1967 P. M. Cassen 99
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Sep 1970 P. Genelle 349
USA Florida Brevard Co. 31 Dec 1964 O. K. Lakela 28072
USA Florida Escambia Co. 16 Aug 1983 G. Wilhelm 11741
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 24 Jun 1975 J. C. Semple 1663
USA Florida Monroe Co. 07 May 1965 O. K. Lakela 28566
USA Florida Polk Co. 05 Aug 1987 B. F. Hansen 11396
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 13 Nov 1988 G. Fleming 4172
USA Florida Lee Co. 30 Oct 1985 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Osceola Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10025
USA Florida Lee Co. 08 Jun 1974 S. Todd 125
USA Florida Seminole Co. 19 Mar 2012 D. H. Williams 3010
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Jul 2012 D. Hilbert 113
USA Florida Indian River Co. 21 Jul 2013 S. Myers 1081
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 05 Aug 2004 S.W. Braem HI0175
USA Florida Orange Co. 28 Oct 2014 S. Myers 1509
Bahamas Great Abaco Island 14 Dec 1979 R. P. Wunderlin 8352
Dominica St. George Par. 30 May 1994 S. R. Hill 25710
Cayman Islands Grand Cayman Island 24 Aug 1971 N. Chevalier 182
Bahamas Bell Island 20 Jun 1995 E. Freid 95-098
St. Vincent & the Grenadines St. Vincent Charlotte Par. 31 Mar 1962 G. R. Cooley 8583
USA Louisiana St. John the Baptist Par. 06 Oct 1956 A. Ashbey 1D
USA North Carolina Madison Co. 23 Jul 1966 L. Radford 45032
USA North Carolina Warren Co. 26 Jul 1956 R. C. Bell 4230
USA Florida Collier Co. 09 Sep 2006 J. N. Burch 2637
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