Scaevola taccada

Family:GOODENIACEAE
Species:Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.)Roxb.
Common Name:BEACH NAUPAKA
Plant Notes:Previously var. sericea had been recognized, but it seems to grade into var. taccada. Without a clear separation, we abolish recognition of the varieties.
Status:Not Native, EPPC(I)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order ASTERALES
FamilyGOODENIACEAE
Genus Scaevola
Species Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.)Roxb. - BEACH NAUPAKA

Citation

Citation SCAEVOLA TACCADA (Gaertner) Roxburgh, Hort. Beng. 15. 1814.
Basionym: Lobelia taccada Gaertner 1788.
Type: INDIA: Kerala: Malabar, without data (lectotype: Rheede, Hort. Malab. 4: t. 59. 1683). Lectotypified by H. St. John, Taxon 9: 204. 1960.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Collier FSU  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lee USF  
Manatee PIHG  
Martin FTG  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FNPS  
Palm Beach USF  
Pinellas FLAS  
Sarasota USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lobelia sericea Lobelia sericea (Vahl) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2; 377. 1891.BASIONYM: Scaevola sericea Vahl 1791. 
Lobelia sericea var. typica Lobelia sericea (Vahl) Kuntze, var. typica Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 377. 1891, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Lobelia sericea (Vahl) Kuntze 1891; Scaevola sericea Vahl 1791. 
Lobelia taccada Lobelia taccada Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 119, t. 25(5). 1788. TYPE: INDIA: Kerala: Malabar, without data (lectotype: Rheede, Hort. Malab. 4: t. 59. 1683). Lectotypified by H. St. John, Taxon 9: 204. 1960.
Romeria lobelia Romeria lobelia Dennstedt, Schlüssel Hortus Malab. 10, 24, 30. 1818, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Lobelia taccada Gaertner 1788. 
Scaevola bela-modagam Scaevola bela-modagam Schultes, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 163. 1819, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Lobelia taccada Gaertner 1788. 
Scaevola frutescens Scaevola frutescens K. Krause, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 54): 125. 1912, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Scaevola sericea Vahl 1791. 
Scaevola frutescens var. sericea Scaevola frutescens K. Krause, var. sericea (Vahl) Merrill, PHilipp. J. Sci. 7: 353. 1912, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Scaevola frutescens K. Krause 1912, nom. illegit.; Scaevola sericea Vahl 1791. 
Scaevola sericea Scaevola sericea Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 37. 1791. TYPE: COOK ISLANDS: Niue, s.d., Forster s.n. (holotype: C).
Scaevola sericea var. taccada Scaevola sericea Vahl var. taccada (Gaertner) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 18: 68. 1904.BASIONYM: Lobelia taccada Gaertner 1788. 
Scaevola taccada var. sericea Scaevola taccada (Gaertner) Roxburgh, var. sericea (Vahl) H. St. John, Taxon 9: 205. 1960.Scaevola sericea Vahl 1791`
Lobelia sericea var. koenigii Lobelia sericea (Vahl) Kuntze, var. koenigii (Vahl) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 377. 1891.BASIONYM: Scaevola koenigii Vahl 1794. 
Scaevola billardieri Scaevola billardieri D. Dietrich, Syn. Pl. 1: 786. 1839.  
Scaevola chlorantha Scaevola chlorantha Vriese, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 2: 137. 1851. TYPE: INDIA:
Scaevola fauriei Scaevola fauriei H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 150. 1911. TYPE: HAWAII:
Scaevola frutescens forma glabra Scaevola frutescens K. Krause, forma glabra (Matsumura) Hatusima, Fl. Ryukyus 597. 1971.BASIONYM: Scaevola koenigii Vahl, var. glabra Matsumura 1900. 
Scaevola frutescens forma moomoniana Scaevola frutescens K. Krause, forma moomoniana O. Degener & Greenwall, in Degener, Fl. Hawaii, fam. 350. 1949. TYPE: HAWAII:
Scaevola frutescens var. glabra Scaevola frutescens K. Krause, var. glabra (Matsumura) Masamune, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 4: 436. 1934.BASIONYM: Scaevola koenigii Vahl, var. glabra Matsumura 1900. 
Scaevola frutescens var. koenigii Scaevola frutescens K. Krause, var. koenigii (Vahl) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 646. 1929.BASIONYM: Scaevola koenigii Vahl 1794. 
Scaevola koenigii Scaevola koenigii Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 36. 1794. TYPE: INDIA: Without data, Koenig s.n. (holotype: C).
Scaevola koenigii var. glabra Scaevola koenigii Vahl, var. glabra Matsumura, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 14: 57. 1900.  
Scaevola koenigii var. macrocalyx Scaevola koenigii Vahl, var. macrocalyx (Vriese) Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 580. 1856.BASIONYM: Scaevola macrocalyx Vriese 1851. 
Scaevola lambertiana Scaevola lambertiana Vriese, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 2: 139. 1851. TYPE: INDIA:
Scaevola latevaga Scaevola latevaga Hance, in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syt. 2: 1054. 1852. TYPE: CHINA:
Scaevola leschenaultii Scaevola leschenaultii de Candolle, Prodr. 7: 506. 1839.  
Scaevola macrocalyx Scaevola macrocalyx Vriese, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 2: 138. 1851.  
Scaevola piliplena Scaevola piliplena Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 581. 1856. TYPE: INDONESIA: Java: Patjitou, s.d., Horsfeld s.n. (holotype: ?).
Scaevola plumerioides Scaevola plumerioides Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 8: 252. 1843. TYPE: HAWAII:
Scaevola sericea forma moomoniana Scaevola sericea Vahl, forma moomoniana (O. Degener & Greenwall) O. Degener & I. Degener, Phytologia 6: 321. 1958.BASIONYM: Scaevola frutescens K. Krause, forma moomoniana O. Degener & Greenwall 1949. 
Scaevola sericea var. fauriei Scaevola sericea Vahl, var. fauriei (H. Léveillé) O. Degener & I. Degener, Phytologia 6: 321. 1958.BASIONYM: Scaevola fauriei H. Léveillé 1911. 
Scaevola taccada forma moomoniana Scaevola taccada (Gaertner) Roxburgh, forma moomoniana (O. Degener & Greenwall) T. Yamazaki, in Iwatsuki et al., Fl. Japan 3a: 419. 1993.BASIONYM: Scaevola frutescens K. Krause, forma moomoniana O. Degener & Greenwall 1949. 
Scaevola taccada forma punicea Scaevola taccada (Gaertner) Roxburgh, forma punicea H. St. John, Phytologia 40: 390. 1978. TYPE: MARSHALL ISLANDS: Cult. at Likiep Atoll, Likiep Island, 28 Aug 1946, St. John & Cowan 21782 (holotype: BISH).
Scaevola taccada var. bryanii Scaevola taccada (Gaertner) Roxburgh, var. bryanii H. St. John, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 88: 75. 1975. TYPE: HAWAII:
Scaevola taccada var. fauriei Scaevola taccada (Gaertner) Roxburgh, var. fauriei (H. Léveillé) H. St. John, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 88: 74. 1975.BASIONYM: Scaevola fauriei H. Léveillé 1911. 
Scaevola velutina Scaevola velutina C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 58. 1831.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Sep 1982 D. S. Correll 54027
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 29 Jul 1998 T. J. Davidowicz s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 25 Jul 2006 B. F. Hansen 13126
USA Florida Monroe Co. 03 Apr 1996 G. Gann 504
USA Florida Broward Co. 30 Sep 1998 P. L. Howell 666
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 01 Aug 1988 D. M. Krofta s.n.
USA Florida Broward Co. 19 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10606
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 Nov 1981 J. Popenoe 2163
USA Florida Lee Co. 20 Jun 1977 W. C. Brumbach 9271
USA Florida Lee Co. 20 Apr 1979 B. F. Hansen 5409
USA Florida Lee Co. 17 Jul 1976 W. C. Brumbach 9030
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 Feb 2006 A. C. Schmidt s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 Feb 2006 A. C. Schmidt s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Jan 2004 S.W. Braem AK0064
USA Florida Brevard Co. 10 Oct 2002 T. MacClendon 104
USA Florida Lee Co. 30 Apr 1992 A. Peters GI0017
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 16 Jun 1993 S. Cole DP0006
USA Florida Lee Co. 09 Aug 1979 B. F. Hansen 6121
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 27 Apr 2000 G. Sanford 7
USA Florida Lee Co. 05 Mar 2005 J. M. Kunzer 982
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Mar 1993 W. D. Longbottom 3426
USA Florida Indian River Co. 14 Sep 2013 S. Myers 1129
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 22 Apr 2011 S. Dickman s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Aug 2014 P. A. Schmalzer 14-13
USA Florida Sarasota Co. Jul 1970 D. Burch 4023 CULTIVATED.
Kenya 13 Jan 1964 B. Verdcourt 3910
France 15 May 1977 L. J. Musselman 5211
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