Echinochloa crus-galli

Family:POACEAE
Species:Echinochloa crus-galli (L.)P.Beauv.
Common Name:BARNYARDGRASS
Plant Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWI)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Echinochloa
Species Echinochloa crus-galli (L.)P.Beauv. - BARNYARDGRASS

Citation

Citation ECHINOCHLOA CRUS-GALLI (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 53, 161, 169. 1812.
Basionym: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data, Herb. Burser 1: 303 (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by P. W. Michael, Proc. Conf. Weed Control Rice 291-306. 1983.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bay FSU  
Brevard USF  
Broward FTG  
Calhoun USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto FLAS  
Dixie GH-Lit Lit-GH: Gould et al., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 87: 54. 1972.
Escambia USF  
Franklin FLAS  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Jackson USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty FSU  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Mainland FSU  
Okaloosa USF  
Orange USF  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota SEL  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Echinochloa colona var. frumentacea Echinochloa colona (Linnaeus) Link, var. frumentacea (Link) Ridley, Fl. Malay Penins. 5: 223. 1925.BASIONYM: Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. 
Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. edulis Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. edulis Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 266. 1930.BASIONYM: Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. edulis Hitchcock 1920, nom. illegit.; Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. frumentaceum (Link) Trimen 1885; Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. frumentacea Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. frumentacea (Link) W. Wight, Cent. Dict. Suppl. 810. 1909.BASIONYM: Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. mutica Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. mutica (Elliott) Rydberg, Agric. Exp. Sta. Agric. Coll. Colorado Bull. 100: 21. 1906.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. muticum Elliott 1816. 
Echinochloa frumentacea Echinochloa frumentacea Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 204. 1827.BASIONYM: Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. 
Milium crus-galli Milium crus-galli (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 202. 1794.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Oplismenus crus-galli Oplismenus crus-galli (Linnaeus) Dumortier, Obs. Gramin. Belg. 138. 1824 ("1823").BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Oplismenus frumentaceus Oplismenus frumentaceus (Link) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 45. 1829.BASIONYM: Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. 
Orthopogon crus-galli Orthopogon crus-galli (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 307. 1824 ("1825").BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum alectorocnemum Panicum alectorocnemum Saint-Lager, Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 70. 1880, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum crus-galli Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 56. 1753. TYPE: Without data, Herb. Burser 1: 303 (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by P. W. Michael, Proc. Conf. Weed Control Rice 291-306. 1983.
Panicum crus-galli var. aristatum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. aristatum Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 114. 1816, nom. inadmiss. et non Pursh 1814.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum crus-galli var. frumentaceum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. frumentaceum (Link) Trimen, Syst. Cat. Ceylon Pl. 104. 1885.BASIONYM: Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. 
Panicum crus-galli var. muticum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. muticum Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 114. 1816.  
Panicum crus-galli var. vulgare Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. vulgare Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 141. 1877, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum frumentaceum Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 1: 307. 1820, non Salisbury 1796. TYPE: INDIA: Without data, Roxburgh s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: K).
Panicum grossum Panicum grossum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 18. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Pennisetum crus-galli Pennisetum crus-galli (Linnaeus) Baumgarten, Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 277. 1817.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Echinochloa crus-corvi Echinochloa crus-corvi (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 53, 161, 163. 1812.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-corvi Linnaeus 1759. 
Echinochloa crus-galli forma echinata Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma echinata (Willdenow) Moramiu, Fl. Republ. Socialiste Romania 12: 86. 1972.BASIONYM: Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Echinochloa crus-galli forma longiseta Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma longiseta (Podpera) Pinto de Silva, Agron. Lusit. 2: 227. 1940, non Farwell 1920.BASIONYM: Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. longiseta Podpera 1926; Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. longisetum Döll 1855, non Trinius 1829. 
Echinochloa crus-galli forma mitis Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma mitis (Pursh) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 21: 349. 1920.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. mite Pursh 1814. 
Echinochloa crus-galli forma purpurea Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma purpurea (Pursh) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 21: 349. 1920.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. purpureum Pursh 1814. 
Echinochloa crus-galli forma vittata Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma vittata F. T. Hubbard, Rhodora 17: 232. 1916. TYPE: CANADA: New Brunswick: Shediac Cape, 19 Aug 1916, Hubbard 763 (holotype: GH).
Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. hispidula Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. hispidula (Retzius) Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo Bot. 3: 267. 1930.BASIONYM: Panicum hispidulum Retzius 1789. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. aristata Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. aristata Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 158. 1821. TYPE: GREAT BRITAIN:
Echinochloa crus-galli var. breviseta Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. breviseta (Döll) Neilreich, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 31. 1859.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. brevisetum Döll 1855. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. crus-corvi Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. crus-corvi (Linnaeus) Mathieu, Fl. Gen. Belgique, Spermatoph. 1: 585. 1855.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-corvi Linnaeus 1759. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. echinata Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. echinata (Willdenow) Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 120. 1923; (Willdenow) A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 13: 902. 1923.BASIONYM: Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. edulis Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. edulis Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 123. 1923, non Hitchcock 1920.  
Echinochloa crus-galli var. edulis Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. edulis Hitchcock, U.S.D.A. Bull. (1915-1923) 772: 238. 1920, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. frumentaceum (Link) Trimen 1885; Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. hispidula Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. hispidula (Retzius) Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 122. 1923.BASIONYM: Panicum hispidulum Retzius 1789. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. longiseta Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. longiseta Podpera, Kvetena Moravy (Prace Marav. Prir. Spolc.) 6: 475. 1926.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. longisetum Döll 1855, non Trinius 1829. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. mitis Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. mitis (Pursh) Petermann, Fl. Lips. Excurs. 82. 1838.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. mite Pursh 1814. 
Echinochloa echinata Echinochloa echinata (Willdenow) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 53, 161. 169. 1812.BASIONYM: Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Echinochloa glabrescens Echinochloa glabrescens Kossenko, Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 11: 40. 1949. TYPE: INDIA: Without data, Rottler in Wallich 8687B (holotype: K).
Echinochloa hispidula Echinochloa hispidula (Retzius) Nees von Esenbeck ex Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 416, 420. 1840.BASIONYM: Panicum hispidulum Retzius 1788. 
Echinochloa muricata var. occidentalis Echinochloa muricata (Palisot de Beauvois) Fernald, var. occidentalis Wiegand, Rhodora 23: 58. 1921. TYPE: ILLINOIS: Jackson Co.: Grand Tower, s.d., Gleason 1720 (holotype: GH).
Echinochloa occidentalis Echinochloa occidentalis (Wiegand) Rydberg, Brittonia 1: 82. 1931.BASIONYM: Echinochloa muricata (Palisot de Beauvois) Fernald, var. occidentalis Wiegand 1921. 
Echinochloa pungens var. occidentalis Echinochloa pungens (Poiret) Rydberg, var. occidentalis (Wiegand) Fernald & Griscom, Rhodora 37: 137. 1935.BASIONYM: Echinochloa muricata (Palisot de Beauvois) Fernald, var. occidentalis Wiegand 1921. 
Echinochloa subverticillata Echinochloa subverticillata Pilger, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 451. 1941. TYPE: SOUTH-WEST AFRICA: Namibia: Tsumeb, s.d., Dinter 2490 (holotype: B).
Oplismenus crus-corvi Oplismenus crus-corvi (Linnaeus) Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 138, 151. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum crus-corvi Linnaeus 1759. 
Oplismenus crus-galli var. muticus Oplismenus crus-galli (Linnaeus) Dumortier, var. muticus A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl., ed. 2. 393. 1871.  
Oplismenus echinatus Oplismenus echinatus (Willdenow) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 45. 1829.BASIONYM: Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Orthopogon echinatus Orthopogon echinatus (Willdenow) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 307. 1825.BASIONYM: Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Panicum crus-corvi Panicum crus-corvi Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 870. 1759.  
Panicum crus-galli var. aristatum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. aristatum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 66. 1814.  
Panicum crus-galli var. breviseta Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. breviseta Döll, Fl. Baden 1: 232. 1855 ("1857").  
Panicum crus-galli var. echinatum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. echinatum (Willdenow) Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 143. 1877.BASIONYM: Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Panicum crus-galli var. edule Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. edule Makino & Nemoto, Fl. Japan 1470. 1925, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. edulis Hitchcock 1920, nom. illegit.; Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. frumentaceum (Link) Trimen 1885; Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non SalisburBASIONY 
Panicum crus-galli var. longisetum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. longisetum Döll, Fl. Baden 1: 232. 1855 ("1857"), non Trinius 1829. TYPE: GERMANY:
Panicum crus-galli var. mite Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. mite Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 66. 1814.  
Panicum crus-galli var. purpureum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. purpureum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 66. 1814.  
Panicum echinatum Panicum echinatum Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1032. 1809. TYPE: COLOMBIA: Magdalena: Without data, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (holotype: B-W; isotype: US(fragm)).
Panicum hispidulum Panicum hispidulum Retzius, Obs. Bot. 5: 18. 1788 ("1789"). TYPE: INDIA: "India orientali", without data, König s.n. (holotype: LD).