Viola tricolor

Family:VIOLACEAE
Species:Viola tricolor L.
Common Name:JOHNNY-JUMPUP
Status:Not Native
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MALPIGHIALES
FamilyVIOLACEAE
Genus Viola
Species Viola tricolor L. - JOHNNY-JUMPUP

Citation

Citation VIOLA TRICOLOR Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 935. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1052.21). Lectotypified by Banerjee & Pramanik, in Panagrahi, Fasc. Fl. India 12: 36. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Franklin FSU-Lit Lit-FSU: L. C. Anderson, Sida 13: 97. 1988.
Hamilton SEL  
Santa Rosa USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ion tricolor Ion tricolor (Linnaeus) Medikus, Malvenfam. 102. 1787.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus 1753. 
Mnemion tricolor Mnemion tricolor (Linnaeus) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 5: 515. 1836.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus 1753. 
Viola tricolor var. genuina Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. genuina Wittrock, Acta Horti Berg. 2(1): 36. 1897, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus 1753. 
Viola versicolor Viola versicolor Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 130. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus 1753. 
Mnemion alpestre Mnemion alpestre (de Candolle) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 16: 342. 1868.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. alpestris de Candolle 1824. 
Mnemion nemausense Mnemion nemausense (Jordan) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 16: 341. 1868.BASIONYM: Viola nemausensis Jordan 1846. 
Viola alpestris Viola alpestris (de Candolle) Jordan ex Wittrock, Acta Horti Berg. 2(1): 90. 1897, non Hegetschweiler-Bodmer 1838-1839.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. alpestris de Candolle 1824. 
Viola alpestris subsp. polychroma Viola alpestris (de Candolle) Jordan ex Wittrock, subsp. polychroma (A. Kerner von Marilaun) Hayek, Fl. Steiermark 1: 595. 1909.BASIONYM: Viola polychroma A. Kerner von Marilaun 1882. 
Viola arvensis forma nemausensis Viola arvensis Murray, forma nemausensis (Jordan) Borbás, in W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3. 225. 1890.BASIONYM: Viola nemausensis Jordan 1846. 
Viola bielziana Viola bielziana Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 86. 1866.  
Viola curtisii Viola curtisii E. Forster, in Smith, Engl. Bot., Suppl. 2: t. 2693. 1831.  
Viola elisabethae Viola elisabethae Klokov, in Komarov, Fl. URSS 15: 465, 684. 1949. TYPE: UKRAINE: Crimean Mountains Forest Reserve, 5 Jul 1925, Poplawska s.n. (holotype: LE).
Viola hortensis Viola hortensis (de Candolle) Wettstein, Handb. Syst. Bot. 1: 36. 1901, non Schur 1866.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. hortensis de Candolle 1824. 
Viola intermedia Viola intermedia Lejeune, Rev. Fl. Spa 51. 1825 ("1824"), non Krocker 1823.  
Viola litoralis Viola litoralis Sprengel, Novi Provent. 43. 1818.  
Viola lutea var. curtisii Viola lutea Hudson, var. curtisii (E. Forster) Babington, Man. Brit. Bot., ed. 5. 39. 1862.BASIONYM: Viola curtisii E. Forster 1831. 
Viola luteola Viola luteola Jordan, Mém. Acad. Sci. Lyon 1: 239. 1851.  
Viola macedonica Viola macedonica Boissier & Heldreich, in Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2(1): 55. 1854.  
Viola matutina Viola matutina Klokov, in Komarov, Fl. URSS 15: 467, 685. 1949. TYPE: UKRAINE: Charkow: Vicinity of Valki, 18 May 1941, Klokov s.n. (holotype: CW).
Viola monticola Viola monticola Jordan, Observ. Pl. Nouv. 2: 37. 1846.  
Viola nemausensis Viola nemausensis Jordan, Observ. Pl. Nouv. 2: 18. 1846.  
Viola perrobusta Viola perrobusta (Borbás) Borbás, Magyar Noevenyt. Lapok 13: 81. 1890.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. perrobusta Borbas 1888. 
Viola polychroma Viola polychroma A. Kerner von Marilaun, Sched. Fl. Exs. Austro.-Hung. 2: 89. 1882.  
Viola provostii Viola provostii Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 82. 1857. TYPE: FRANCE:
Viola saxatilis Viola saxatilis F. W. Schmidt, Fl. Boem. 3: 60. 1794.  
Viola saxatilis subsp. curtisii Viola saxatilis F. W. Schmidt, subsp. curtisii (E. Forster) Kirschner & Skalicky, Preslia 61: 317. 1989.BASIONYM: Viola curtisii E. Forster 1831. 
Viola saxatilis var. bella Viola saxatilis F. W. Schmidt, var. bella (Grenier) Borbás, in W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3. 221. 1890.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. bella Grenier 1848. 
Viola saxatilis var. perrobusta Viola saxatilis F. W. Schmidt, var. perrobusta (Borbás) Borbás, in W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3. 221. 1890.BASIONYM: Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. perrobusta Borbas 1888. 
Viola saxatilis var. polychroma Viola saxatilis F. W. Schmidt, var. polychroma (A. Kerner von Marilaun) Borbás, in W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3. 221. 1890.BASIONYM: Viola polychroma A. Kerner von Marilaun 1882. 
Viola thasia Viola thasia W. Becker, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 2: 855. 1902.  
Viola tricolor forma vulgaris Viola tricolor Linnaeus, forma vulgaris Reichenbach, Fl. Germ. Excurs. 710. 1832.  
Viola tricolor subsp. curtisii Viola tricolor Linnaeus, subsp. curtisii (E. Forster) Syme, in Smith, Engl. Bot., ed. 3. 2: 26. 1865.BASIONYM: Viola curtisii E. Forster 1831. 
Viola tricolor subsp. macedonica Viola tricolor Linnaeus, subsp. mecedonica (Boissier & Heldreich) A. Schmidt, Feddes Repert. 74: 30. 1967.BASIONYM: Viola macedonica Boissier & Heldreich 1854. 
Viola tricolor subsp. subalpina Viola tricolor Linnaeus, subsp. subalpina Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 210. 1828.  
Viola tricolor var. alpestris Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. alpestris de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 303. 1824.  
Viola tricolor var. bella Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. bella Grenier, in Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 1: 184. 1848. TYPE: FRANCE:
Viola tricolor var. bicolor Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. bicolor Hoffmann, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2. 170. 1804.  
Viola tricolor var. grandiflora Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. grandiflora Maly, Fl. Steiermark 208. 1868, non Hayne 1813.  
Viola tricolor var. grandiflora Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. grandiflora Hayne, Getreue Darstell. Gew. 3: pl. 5. 1813.  
Viola tricolor var. hortensis Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. hortensis de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 303. 1824.  
Viola tricolor var. macropetala Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. macropetala Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig 187. 1867.  
Viola tricolor var. perrobusta Viola tricolor Linnaeus, var. perrobusta Borbás, Magyar Noevenyt. Lapok 11: 118. 1888.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 16 Mar 1982 G. Wilhelm 9959
USA North Carolina Mecklenburg Co. 14 Mar 1951 T. Daggy 6084 CULTIVATED.
USA South Carolina Oconee Co. 19 Feb 1989 S. R. Hill 20201 CULTIVATED.
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