Scleria ciliata

Family:CYPERACEAE
Species:Scleria ciliata Michx.
Common Name:FRINGED NUTRUSH
Plant Notes:Material in Florida commonly has three tubercles at the base of the achene. The tubercles are sometimes bilobed, sometimes deeply so. Smaller achenes with six tubercles have been treated as S. pauciflora (Reznicek et al. in FNA, vol. 23). This treatment provisionally includes S. pauciflora, following McVaugh (1993), as achene size and tubercle morphology appear confluent among the two entities. Smoother achenes have been referred to as S. bellii. Kessler (1987) stated that "Five hundred specimens of S. ciliata and 300 specimens of S. pauciflora were examined in this study. Achene size and tuberculation varied in both species with much overlapping of characteristics being observed. Achene tuberculation varies in S. ciliata from three relatively large distinct tubercles per achene to three deeply 2-lobed tubercles to six smaller distinct tubercles, while achenes of S. pauciflora have six distinct tubercles. Achene size in S. ciliata varies from 1.5-3.0 mm, while achenes of S. pauciflora vary from 1-2.5 mm. The intergradation of achene size and tuberculation make it difficult, if not impossible, to determine some specimens based solely on an examination of achenes. Scales, pubescence, culm length, and culm diameter also intergrade between the two taxa [...] and indicate that S. pauciflora may be a variety of S. ciliata. Since S. pauciflora so closely resembles S. ciliata it is not illustrated. These taxa need additional study to justify a combination; therefore, the two taxa are treated as distinct species."
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FAC (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyCYPERACEAE
Genus Scleria
Species Scleria ciliata Michx. - FRINGED NUTRUSH

Citation

Citation SCLERIA CILIATA Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 167. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: "Carolina", without data, Michaux s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Fairey, Castanea 32: 50. 1967.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Baker FLAS  
Bay FSU  
Bradford USF  
Brevard FLAS  
Calhoun FSU  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie USF  
Duval USF  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist USF  
Glades USF  
Gulf USF  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes USF  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Levy USF  
Liberty USF  
Madison FTG  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange FLAS  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FTG  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FSU  
Taylor USF  
Union FTG  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FLAS  
Walton USF  
Washington USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Scleria bellii Scleria bellii LeBlond, in LeBlond et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 9: 31, f. 2-3. 2015. TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: Onslow Co.: Haws Run Mitigation Site, now part of Maple Hill Savannas State Natural Area, near the Pender County line between Sandy Run Swamp and Shelter Swamp Creek, 6 Jun 2013, LeBlond 6958 (holotype: NCU; isotypes: AUA, BRIT, FLAS, FSU, GH, LSU, MO, N Y, US, USCH).
Scleria brittonii Scleria brittonii Core, in Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 190. 1933.BASIONYM: Scleria glabra (Chapman) Britton ex Small 1903, non Boeckeler 1888; Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. glabra Chapman 1860. 
Scleria caroliniana Scleria caroliniana Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 318. 1805.BASIONYM: Scleria hirtella Michaux 1803, non Swartz 1788. 
Scleria ciliata var. curtissii Scleria ciliata Michaux, var. curtissii (Britton ex Small) J. W. Kessler, Sida 12: 398. 1987.BASIONYM: Scleria curtissii Britton ex Small 1903. 
Scleria ciliata var. elliottii Scleria ciliata Michaux, var. elliottii (Chapman) Fernald, Rhodora 39: 392. 1937.BASIONYM: Scleria elliottii Chapman 1860. 
Scleria ciliata var. glabra Scleria ciliata Michaux, var. glabra (Chapman) Fairey, Castanea 32: 48. 1967.BASIONYM: Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. glabra Chapman 1860. 
Scleria curtissii Scleria curtissii Britton ex Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 200, 1328. 1903. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Near Jacksonville, 1894, Curtiss 4793 (holotype: NY).
Scleria elliottii Scleria elliottii Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 531. 1860. TYPE: FLORIDA/NORTH CAROLINA:
Scleria glabra Scleria glabra (Chapman) Britton ex Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 200, 1328. 1903, non Boeckeler 1888.BASIONYM: Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. glabra Chapman 1860. 
Scleria hirtella Scleria hirtella Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 168. 1803, non Swartz 1788. TYPE: "in sylvis Carolinae",
Scleria pauciflora Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 318. 1805, nom. cons. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Without data, Muhlenberg s.n. (holotype: B-W), typ. cons.
Scleria pauciflora var. caroliniana Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. caroliniana A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl., ed. 2. 368. 1871.  
Scleria pauciflora var. curtissii Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. curtissii (Britton ex Small) Fairey, Castanea 34: 89. 1969.BASIONYM: Scleria curtissii Britton ex Small 1903. 
Scleria pauciflora var. elongata Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. elongata Britton, Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 3: 235. 1885. TYPE: FLORIDA/GEORGIA:
Scleria pauciflora var. glabra Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. glabra Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 532. 1860. TYPE: FLORIDA: Without data, Chapman s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: NY). Lectotypified by Fairey, Castanea 32: 51. 1967.
Scleria pauciflora var. glabra Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. glabra A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 368. 1870, non Chapman 1860.  
Scleria ciliata var. pauciflora Scleria ciliata Michaux, var. pauciflora (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Kükenthal, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 215. 1926.BASIONYM: Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow 1806. 
Scleria macrantha Scleria macrantha Boeckeler, Flora 41: 647. 1858. TYPE: LOUISIANA: Orleans Par.: Circa New Orleans,
Scleria pauciflora var. effusa Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. effusa C. B. Clarke, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 2: 143. 1900. TYPE: CUBA: Without data, Wright 720 (holotype: K).
Scleria pauciflora var. elliottii Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. elliottii A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 368. 1873.  
Scleria pauciflora var. kansana Scleria pauciflora Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, var. kansana Fernald, Rhodora 8: 165. 1906. TYPE: KANSAS: Cherokee Co.: Without locality, 1896, Hitchcock 864 (holotype: GH; isotype: NY).

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 26 Oct 1999 S. L. Orzell 25634
USA Florida Columbia Co. 10 Sep 1999 S. L. Orzell 25535
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Apr 1992 S. L. Orzell 19417
USA Florida Levy Co. 03 Aug 1990 S. L. Orzell 14536
USA Florida Seminole Co. 30 Jun 1992 S. L. Orzell 19811
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 09 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 20167
USA Florida Liberty Co. 09 Dec 1988 S. R. Hill 20147
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1993 B. F. Hansen 12117
USA Florida Dixie Co. 26 Apr 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56489
USA Florida Levy Co. 06 Jul 1958 R. Kral 7226
USA Florida Taylor Co. 26 Jun 1956 R. K. Godfrey 54949
USA Florida Washington Co. 28 Sep 1981 B. F. Hansen 8794
USA Florida Levy Co. 29 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6613
USA Florida Pasco Co. 23 Jul 1958 R. Kral 7410
USA Florida Gulf Co. 06 Jul 1958 R. Kral 7211
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 30 Apr 1994 S. Cole HR0022
USA Florida Martin Co. 01 Oct 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Martin Co. Nov 1988 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 18 Apr 1947 J. Bright 483
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 17 Mar 1995 S. Cole OS0326
USA Florida Citrus Co. 07 Jun 1958 R. Kral 6663
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Mar 1995 S. Cole LR1157
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 01 Jun 1982 G. Wilhelm 10200
USA Florida Volusia Co. 25 May 1981 D. S. Correll 51886
USA Florida Marion Co. 07 May 1997 M. T. Strong 1480
USA Florida Collier Co. 16 Jun 1992 S. L. Orzell 19662
USA Florida Highlands Co. 11 Sep 1993 S. L. Orzell 22359
USA Florida Polk Co. 13 Aug 1993 S. L. Orzell 22205
USA Florida Polk Co. 07 Nov 1994 S. L. Orzell 23420
USA Florida Hendry Co. 21 Sep 1994 S. L. Orzell 23253
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 31 May 1982 G. Wilhelm 10171
USA Florida Manatee Co. 01 Apr 1995 S. Cole SF0329
USA Florida Polk Co. 08 May 1981 D. R. Lindsey 452
USA Florida Hernando Co. 19 Jun 1958 R. Kral 7007
USA Florida Franklin Co. 09 Jun 1955 R. K. Godfrey 53431
USA Florida Hernando Co. 25 Jun 1958 R. Kral 7056
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 29 Oct 1998 S. L. Orzell 25409
USA Florida Collier Co. 22 Oct 1964 L. J. Brass 33362
USA Florida Clay Co. 10 Apr 2000 C. Slaughter 11503
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 09 Sep 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10216
USA Florida Collier Co. 21 Sep 1968 O. K. Lakela 31670
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 18 Sep 1960 J. Patman 105
USA Florida Walton Co. 29 May 1982 G. Wilhelm 10073
USA Florida Indian River Co. 23 Jul 1998 K. A. Bradley 1100
USA Florida Collier Co. 09 Aug 1969 O. K. Lakela 31880
USA Florida Collier Co. 07 Oct 1965 O. K. Lakela 29262
USA Florida Citrus Co. 05 Jun 1958 R. Kral 6635
USA Florida Citrus Co. 16 Jun 1958 R. Kral 6902
USA Florida Citrus Co. 07 Jun 1958 R. Kral 6664
USA Florida Volusia Co. 11 Aug 2004 C. E. O. Kuntze 608
USA Florida Sumter Co. 25 Jun 2004 A. Bishop DB0047
USA Florida Duval Co. 30 Oct 2008 C. Slaughter 17161
USA Florida Manatee Co. 08 Apr 1982 A.G. Shuey 2536
USA Florida Holmes Co. 28 Aug 1994 S. L. Orzell 23016
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 17 May 1994 S. L. Orzell 22671
USA Florida Collier Co. 16 Jun 1992 S. L. Orzell 19660
USA Florida Levy Co. 10 Aug 1998 M. T. Strong 1660
USA Florida Collier Co. 30 Jul 1968 O. K. Lakela 31558
USA Florida Osceola Co. 14 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8491
USA Florida Nassau Co. 05 Jun 2000 C. Slaughter 11977
USA Florida Highlands Co. 09 Nov 1990 S. L. Orzell 15787
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 09 Jun 1993 S. L. Orzell 22069
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 26 Oct 1999 S. L. Orzell 25704
USA Florida Glades Co. 30 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2193
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 27 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2132
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 20 Aug 1993 B. F. Hansen 12370
USA Florida Collier Co. 26 Sep 1964 O. K. Lakela 27456 Mixed collection with Aristida stricta var. beyrichiana.
USA Florida Lee Co. 20 Apr 1964 O. K. Lakela 26988
USA Florida Levy Co. 25 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6513
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 25 Apr 1981 D. S. Correll 51677
USA Florida Pasco Co. 25 Jun 1958 R. Kral 7062
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 03 Oct 1960 W. G. Atwater GS-231
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 Apr 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9798
USA Florida Hernando Co. 09 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9893
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 18 Oct 2007 E. Gandy CH0019
USA Florida Levy Co. 02 Jun 1958 R. Kral 6603
USA Florida Sumter Co. 03 Jun 1999 M. T. Strong 1902
USA Florida Holmes Co. 29 Sep 1992 S. L. Orzell 20845
USA Florida Nassau Co. 04 Sep 1992 S. L. Orzell 20636
USA Florida Pasco Co. 16 May 2003 C. vanHoek WB0332
USA Florida Polk Co. 09 Aug 2005 M. T. Strong 3528
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1993 B. F. Hansen 12118
USA Florida Highlands Co. 16 Apr 1982 D. S. Correll 53713
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9994
USA Florida Pasco Co. 25 Jun 1958 R. Kral 7064
USA Florida Hernando Co. 09 Jun 1958 R. Kral 6742
USA Florida Lake Co. 05 Aug 1958 R. Kral 7684
USA Florida Levy Co. 10 May 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56622
USA Florida Manatee Co. 13 Jul 1976 A.G. Shuey 1649
USA Florida Lake Co. 17 Jun 1976 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Walton Co. 24 Jun 1981 G. Wilhelm 9240
USA Florida Bradford Co. 31 May 1981 R. P. Sauleda 5301
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 06 May 2010 A. R. Franck 1997
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 Jun 1994 B. F. Hansen 12773
USA Florida Manatee Co. 21 Oct 2010 E. Gandy WC0056
USA Florida Highlands Co. 15 May 1981 D. R. Lindsey 519
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 22 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28343
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Aug 1968 O. K. Lakela 31587
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 Apr 1977 D. W. Crewz 911
USA Florida Lake Co. 29 Apr 1960 G. R. Cooley 7340
USA Florida Liberty Co. 09 May 1992 S. L. Orzell 19518
USA Florida Lafayette Co. 07 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 20045
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 12 Aug 1992 S. L. Orzell 20436
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 07 Jul 1992 S. L. Orzell 20059
USA Florida Citrus Co. 29 Jun 1992 S. L. Orzell 19746
USA Florida Lee Co. 02 Feb 2006 S. W. Woodmansee 1787
USA Florida Volusia Co. 15 Aug 2011 P. A. Schmalzer 11-109
USA Florida Manatee Co. 21 Oct 2010 E. Gandy WC0056
USA Florida Collier Co. 29 Mar 1986 R. B. Huck 3907
USA Florida Nassau Co. 18 Oct 1991 S. L. Orzell 18563
USA Florida Nassau Co. 18 Oct 1991 S. L. Orzell 18553
USA Florida Hardee Co. 31 Oct 1991 S. L. Orzell 18842
USA Florida Lake Co. 28 May 2001 R. Mejeur 877
USA Alabama Baldwin Co. 14 Sep 1981 R. P. Sauleda 6753
USA Louisiana St. Tammany Par. 12 Jun 1978 C. M. Allen 8233
USA Louisiana Washington Par. 06 Aug 1979 K. A. Vincent 2689
USA North Carolina Lee Co. 29 Jul 1961 A. E. Radford 44160
USA Virginia Roanoke Co. 05 Aug 1961 R. Kral 13536
USA North Carolina Wilson Co. 28 Jul 1958 A. E. Radford 37908
USA South Carolina Williamsburg Co. 11 Jul 1996 S. L. Orzell 24947
USA North Carolina Scotland Co. 06 Jul 1996 S. L. Orzell 24775
USA North Carolina Orange Co. 15 Jun 1966 A. E. Radford 44775
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 15 Jun 1958 W. H. Duncan 21048
USA North Carolina Brunswick Co. 15 Jul 1996 S. L. Orzell 25104
USA North Carolina Cumberland Co. 05 Jul 1996 S. L. Orzell 24708
USA Tennessee Polk Co. 15 Jul 1969 Frank D. Bowers 43824
USA Georgia Worth Co. 03 Sep 1935 H. K. Svenson 6932
USA South Carolina Beaufort Co. 28 Jun 1956 R. C. Bell 3807
USA Alabama Baldwin Co. 02 Jul 1981 G. Wilhelm 9536
USA South Carolina Berkeley Co. 14 May 1987 S. R. Hill 17944
USA Alabama Baldwin Co. 14 May 1971 A. M. Evans 45976-a
USA South Carolina Union Co. 07 Jul 1994 S. R. Hill 25887
USA Louisiana Winn Par. 11 Aug 1976 K. A. Vincent 199
USA Mississippi Lamar Co. 27 Jun 1957 J. D. Ray, Jr. 8374
USA South Carolina Williamsburg Co. 12 Jun 1957 A. E. Radford 24677
USA Florida Martin Co. 10 Jul 1989 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Leon Co. 20 May 1950 C. Jackson 383
USA Virginia Sussex Co. 19 Jul 1936 M. L. Fernald 6096
USA Virginia Arlington Co. 16 May 1928 S. F. Blake 14193
USA Kentucky Harlan Co. Aug 1893 T. H. Kearney, Jr. 108
USA Virginia Nansemond Co. 11 Sep 1935 M. L. Fernald 4834
USA New York Genesee Co. 18 Sep 1919 W. A. Matthews 529301
USA Pennsylvania Chester Co. Aug 1906 W. Stone 3666
USA Pennsylvania Chester Co. 1840 W. Darlington s.n.
USA Virginia Dinwiddie Co. 29 Aug 1960 R. Kral 11353
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 31 Mar 1919 L. Griscom 3107
USA Virginia Dinwiddie Co. 21 Jun 1940 L. B. Smith 1025
USA Virginia Nansemond Co. 08 Jun 1893 A. A. Heller 969
USA Virginia Isle of Wight Co. 24 Aug 1936 M. L. Fernald 6547
USA Virginia Sussex Co. 20 Jul 1936 M. L. Fernald 6101
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