Xanthosoma sagittifolium

Family:ARACEAE
Species:Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.)Schott
Common Name:ARROWLEAF ELEPHANT'S EAR
Status:Not Native, EPPC(II), FACW (DEP)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order ALISMATALES
FamilyARACEAE
Genus Xanthosoma
Species Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.)Schott - ARROWLEAF ELEPHANT'S EAR

Citation

Citation XANTHOSOMA SAGITTIFOLIUM (Linnaeus) Schott, in Schott & Endlicher, Melet. Bot. 19. 1832.
Basionym: Arum sagittifolium Linnaeus 1753.
Type: JAMAICA: Without data (lectotype: Sloane, Voy. Jamaica Nat. Hist. 2: t. 106(2). 1725). Lectotypified by R. A. Howard, Fl. Less. Antill., Monocot. 398. 1979.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Broward USF  
Calhoun FSU  
Collier USF  
Escambia FSU  
Gadsden FSU  
Glades USF  
Gulf FSU  
Hernando USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Lake MISSA  
Leon FSU  
Marion MISSA  
Miami-Dade USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola PIHG  
Pasco PIHG  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Arum sagittifolium Arum sagittifolium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 966. 1753. TYPE: JAMAICA: Without data (lectotype: Sloane, Voy. Jamaica Nat. Hist. 2: t. 106(2). 1725). Lectotypified by R. A. Howard, Fl. Less. Antill., Monocot. 398. 1979.
Caladium sagittifolium Caladium sagittifolium (Linnaeus) Ventenat, Mag. Encycl. 4: 471. 1801; Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 2: 351. 1801; J. Bot. (Schrader) 4: 319. 1801.BASIONYM: Arum sagittifolium Linnaeus 1753. 
Xanthosoma atrovirens Xanthosoma atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Berol. 1854(App.): 3. 1855, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Arum sagittifolium Linnaeus 1753. 
Arum nigrum Arum nigrum Vellozo, Arq. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro 5: 386. 1881, non Schott 1857. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Arum xanthorrhizon Arum xanthorrhizon Jacquin, Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 2: 32, t. 188. 1797.  
Caladium edule Caladium edule G. Meyer, Prim. Fl. Esseq. 272. 1818. TYPE: SURINAM:
Caladium xanthorrhizon Caladium xanthorrhizon (Jacquin) Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 490. 1805.BASIONYM: Arum xanthorrhizon Jacquin 1797. 
Xanthosoma appendiculatum Xanthosoma appendiculatum Schott, Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 4: 418. 1854.  
Xanthosoma atrovirens var. appendiculatum Xanthosoma atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, var. appendiculatum (Schott) Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 3(2): 194. 1878.BASIONYM: Xanthosoma appendiculatum Schott 1854. 
Xanthosoma atrovirens var. hybridum Xanthosoma atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, var. hybridum K. Koch, Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Berol. 1854(App.): 3. 1855.  
Xanthosoma atrovirens var. kochii Xanthosoma atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, var. kochii Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 71): 50. 1920.  
Xanthosoma atrovirens var. moritzii Xanthosoma atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, var. moritzii Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 71): 51. 1920, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Xanthosmoa atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, var. versicolor K. Koch 1855. 
Xanthosoma atrovirens var. panduriforme Xanthosoma atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, var. panduriformei Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 71): 51. 1920.  
Xanthosoma atrovirens var. versicolor Xanthosoma atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, var. versicolor K. Koch, Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Berol. 1854(App.): 3. 1855.  
Xanthosoma aureum Xanthosoma aureum E. G. Gonçalves Aroideana 34: 8, f. 5. 2011. TYPE: BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Pedra de Guaratiba, Cult. at Sitio Roberto Burle-Marx, s.d., Gonçalves 843 (holotype: UB; isotypes: K, MO, UFMG).
Xanthosoma blandum Xanthosoma blandum Schott, Bonplandia (Hannover) 10: 346. 1862. TYPE: BRAZIL: Pará:
Xanthosoma edule Xanthosoma edule (G. Meyer) Schott, in Schott & Endlicher, Melet. Bot. 19. 1832.BASIONYM: Claldium edule G. Meyer 1818. 
Xanthosoma ianthinum Xanthosoma ianthinum K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Berol. 1854(App.): 2. 1855.  
Xanthosoma jacquinii Xanthosoma jacquinii Schott, in Schott & Endlicher, Melet. Bot. 1: 19. 1832, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Arum xanthorrhizon Jacquin 1797. 
Xanthosoma maculatum Xanthosoma maculatum W. Bull, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 660. 1861.  
Xanthosoma mafaffa Xanthosoma mafaffa Schott, Arac. Betreff. 2: 5. 1855.  
Xanthosoma mafaffa var. blandum Xanthosoma mafaffa Schott, var. blandum (Schott) Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 3(2): 193. 1878.BASIONYM: Xanthosoma blandum Schott 1862. 
Xanthosoma mafaffa var. typicum Xanthosoma mafaffa Schott, var. typicum Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 71): 51. 1920.BASIONYM: Xanthosoma mafaffa Schott 1855. 
Xanthosoma monstruosum Xanthosoma aureum E. G. Gonçalves Aroideana 34: 13, f. 14. 2011. TYPE: BRAZIL: Distrito Federal: Brasília, Campus de University of Brasília, s.d., Gonçalves 2017 (holotype: UB; isotypes: K, MO, UFMG).
Xanthosoma nigrum Xanthosoma nigrum Stellfeld, Tribuna Farm. 12: 101. 1944.BASIONYM: Arun nigrum Vellozo 1881, non Schott 1857. 
Xanthosoma panduriforme Xanthosoma panduriforme (Engler) E. G. Conçalves, Aroideana 32: 15. 2011.BASIONYM: Xanthosoma atrovirens K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, var. panduriforme Engler 1920. 
Xanthosoma peregrinum Xanthosoma perregrinum Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 511. 1864.  
Xanthosoma poeppigii var. mafaffa Xanthosoma poeppigii Schott, var. mafaffa (Schott) J. F. Macbride, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11: 8. 1931.BASIONYM: Xanthosoma mafaffa Schott 1855. 
Xanthosoma roseum Xanthosoma roseum Schott, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 8: 178. 1858. TYPE: COSTA RICA:
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Berol. 1854(App.): 2. 1855, non (Linnaeus) Schott 1832.  
Xanthosoma utile Xanthosoma utile K. Koch & C. D. Bouché, Index Sem. Hort. Berol. 1854(App.): 2. 1855.  
Xanthosoma violaceum Xanthosoma violaceum Schott, Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 3: 370. 1853.  
Xanthosoma xanthorrhizon Xanthosoma xanthorrhizon (Jacquin) K. Koch, Bonplandia 4: 4. 1856.BASIONYM: Arum xanthorrhizon Jacquin 1797. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Broward Co. 19 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10557
USA Florida Collier Co. 24 Nov 1999 M. Owen FS0173
USA Florida Hernando Co. 16 Oct 1983 R. P. Wunderlin 9448
USA Florida Polk Co. 04 Sep 1991 B. F. Hansen 11926
USA Florida Hernando Co. 24 Aug 1983 J. Beckner 2624
USA Florida Seminole Co. 24 Oct 1981 D. S. Correll 52952
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Jun 1972 M. R. Birdsey s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 27 Apr 1983 R. P. Wunderlin 9407
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 09 Feb 2006 S. Dickman s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Nov 1983 G. Fleming 3673
USA Florida Sumter Co. 09 Nov 2005 B. F. Hansen 13096
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 22 Apr 1977 P. Genelle 2722
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 Jun 2008 A. R. Franck 651
USA Florida Volusia Co. 17 Apr 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2403
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Sep 2008 C. vanHoek HR0593
USA Florida Glades Co. 28 Aug 2011 A. R. Franck 2683
USA Florida Orange Co. 31 Jul 2012 S. Myers 658
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 19 Dec 2012 S. Myers 839
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 08 May 2015 S. Myers 1744
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