Citharexylum spinosum

Family:VERBENACEAE
Species:Citharexylum spinosum L.
Common Name:FLORIDA FIDDLEWOOD
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order LAMIALES
FamilyVERBENACEAE
Genus Citharexylum
Species Citharexylum spinosum L. - FLORIDA FIDDLEWOOD

Citation

Citation CITHAREXYLUM SPINOSUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 625. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: BARBADOS: Without data (lectotype: Plukenet, Phytographia t. 161(5). 1692). Lectotypified by R. A. Howard, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 79: 82. 1979. EPITYPE: BARBADOS: St. Andrew, Sep 1940, Gooding 228 (epitype: BM). Epitypified by Méndez & Cafferty, Taxon 50: 1137. 2001.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Indian River FLAS  
Lee USF  
Martin FLAS  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FTG  
Palm Beach USF  
Sarasota USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Citharexylum cinereum Citharexylum cinereum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 872. 1763, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus 1753. 
Citharexylum cinereum Citharexylum cinereum J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 942. 1792, nom. illegit. et non Linnaeus 1763.BASIONYM: Citharexylum teres Jacquin 1760. 
Citharexylum fruticosum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 1115. 1759, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus 1753. 
Citharexylum fruticosum forma subvillosum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, forma subvillosum (Moldenke) Moldenke, Phytologia 3 6: 164. 1977.BASIONYM: Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. subvillosum Moldenke 1934. 
Citharexylum fruticosum var. subvillosum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. subvillosum Moldenke, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223. 1934. TYPE: CUBA: Oriente: Guantanamo Bay, Fishermans Point, 17-30 Mar 1909, Britton 2101 (holotype: NY).
Citharexylum fruticosum var. villosum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. villosum (Jacquin) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 6: 63. 1909.BASIONYM: Citharexylum villosum Jacquin 1784. 
Citharexylum molle Citharexylum molle Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 108. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Citharexylum villosum Jacquin 1784. 
Citharexylum spinosum forma subvillosum Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma subvillosum (Moldenke) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 422. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. subvillosum Moldenke, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223. 1934. 
Citharexylum spinosum forma villosum Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma villosum (Jacquin) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 422. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum villosum Jacquin 1784. 
Citharexylum villosum Citharexylum villosum Jacquin, Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: 12, t. 118. 1784. TYPE: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Cult in Austria, without data lectotype: Jacquin, Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: t. 118. 1784. Lectotypified by Méndez, in Greuter, Fl. Republ. Cuba, ser. A. 7: 103. 2003.
Citharexylum albicaule Citharexylum albicaule Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36(2): 208. 1863. TYPE: CUBA: Without data, Sagra 213 (holotype: P; isotypes: NY, W).
Citharexylum bahamense Citharexylum bahamense Millspaugh ex Britton, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 3: 450. 1905. TYPE: BAHAMAS: New Providence Island: Farringdon Road, 24 Aug 1904, Britton & Brace 233 (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Citharexylum broadwayi Citharexylum broadwayi O. E. Schulz ex Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 354. 1912. TYPE: TRINIDAD: Near Cedros, 15 Jan 1908, Broadway 3198 (holotype: B(destr.)).
Citharexylum coriaceum Citharexylum coriaceum Desfontaines, Tabl. Ecole Bot., ed. 3. 392. 1829.  
Citharexylum fruticosum forma bahamense Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, forma bahamense (Millspaugh ex Britton) Moldenke, Phytologia 13: 242. 1966.BASIONYM: Citharexylum bahamense Millspaugh ex Britton 1905. 
Citharexylum fruticosum forma subserratum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, forma subserratum (Swartz) Moldenke, Phytologia 36: 164. 1977.BASIONYM: Citharexylum subserratum Swartz 1788. 
Citharexylum fruticosum var. brittonii Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. brittonii Moldenke, Lilloa 4: 311. 1939.BASIONYM: Citharexylum broadwayi O. E. Schulz ex Urban 1912. 
Citharexylum fruticosum var. smallii Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. smallii Moldenke, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223. 1934. TYPE: BAHAMAS: Andros Island: Near Deep Creek, Long Bays Section, 20-22 Jan 1910, Small & Carter 8583 (holotype: NY).
Citharexylum fruticosum var. subserratum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. subserratum (Swartz) Moldenke, Phytologia 1: 17. 1933.BASIONYM: Citharexylum subserratum Swartz 1788. 
Citharexylum hybridum Citharexylum hybridum Moldenke, Lilloa 4: 313. 1939, pro hybr. TYPE: TRINIDAD: Tobago, 21 Jul 1910, Boadway 4064 (holotype: NY).
Citharexylum pentandrum Citharexylum pentandrum Ventenat, Descr. Pl. Nouv. t. 47. 1801. TYPE: PUERTO RICO:
Citharexylum polystachyum Citharexylum polystachyum Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36(2): 209. 1863. TYPE: CUBA: Oriente: Santiago to Río Guaso, 1837, Linden 1975 (holotype: KWU).
Citharexylum quadrangulare Citharexylum quadrangulare Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 26. 1760.  
Citharexylum spinosum forma brittonii Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma brittonii (Moldenke) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 422. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. brittonii Moldenke 1939; Citharexylum broadwayi O. E. Schulz ex Urban 1912. 
Citharexylum spinosum forma smallii Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma smallii (Moldenke) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 421. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. smallii Moldenke 1934. 
Citharexylum spinosum forma subserratum Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma subserratum (Swartz) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 421. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum subserratum Swartz 1788. 
Citharexylum subserratum Citharexylum subserratum Swartz, Prodr. 91. 1788. TYPE: "Hispaniola", without data, Swartz s.n. (lectotype: S). Lectotypified by Moldenke, Phytologia 6: 384. 1958.
Citharexylum surrectum Citharexylum surrectum Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 497. 1861. TYPE: ANTIGUA/JAMAICA:
Citharexylum teres Citharexylum teres Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 26. 1760. TYPE: MARTINIQUE: Without data (lectotype: Jacquin, Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. pl. 118. 1763). Lectotypified by I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 420. 2001.
Citharexylum tomentosum Citharexylum tomentosum Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 2: 368. 1811. TYPE: VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Thomas,

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Brevard Co. 15 Sep 1977 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 15 Sep 1977 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Jun 1952 A. Wilson F-37
USA Florida Monroe Co. 07 Aug 1966 R. W. Long 2222
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 18 Dec 1974 J. E. Poppleton s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Mar 2002 J. E. Tear 2084
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 03 Mar 1963 R. R. Smith 895
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Oct 1964 O. K. Lakela 27647
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 26 Jun 1952 A. Wilson F-36
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 13 Aug 1963 O. K. Lakela 26185
USA Florida Monroe Co. 02 Apr 1979 W. C. Brumbach 9477
USA Florida Monroe Co. 19 Apr 1981 W. C. Brumbach 9689
USA Florida Martin and Palm Beach Co's 29 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4908
USA Florida Brevard Co. Aug 1951 E.S. Barghoorn 77
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 23 Nov 2012 A. R. Franck 3209
USA Florida Brevard Co. 29 May 2013 D. H. Williams 3666
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 Jan 2014 L. Moriarty LK0144
Dominican Republic La Vega Prov. Constanza Mun. 21 Aug 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7473
Puerto Rico Cayey Mun. 03 Oct 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7830
Puerto Rico Comerío Mun. 25 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 9345
Puerto Rico Humacao Mun. 01 Dec 1981 B. F. Hansen 9559
Dominica St. Joseph Par. 07 Aug 1964 R. L. Wilbur 8263
Dominica St. Joseph Par. 13 Dec 1993 S. R. Hill 25408
Puerto Rico Culebra Mun. 03 Jun 1969 D. Burch 1456
U.S. Virgin Islands Water Island St. Thomas Distr. 29 Sep 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7781
U.S. Virgin Islands St. John Island St. John Distr. 10 Nov 1984 S. A. Mori 17055
Dominican Republic La Romana Prov. 17 Nov 1980 M. Mejía 9136
Dominican Republic San Pedro de Macorís Prov. San Pedro de Macorís Mun. 24 Nov 1980 M. Mejía 9409
Dominican Republic La Romana Prov. 17 Nov 1980 M. Mejía 9147
Puerto Rico San Juan Mun. 16 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 9004
Jamaica Middlesex Co. Clarendon Par. 08 Nov 1980 V. Kapos 1588
Dominican Republic La Romana Prov. 24 Nov 1990 M. Mejía 9443
Dominican Republic San Pedro de Macorís Prov. San Pedro de Macorís Mun. 30 Oct 1980 M. Mejía 8902
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Prov. Boca Chica Mun. 25 Sep 1970 A. H. Liogier 17501
Bahamas Andros Island North Andros Distr. 15 Oct 1976 R. P. Sauleda 1268
Dominican Republic Elías Piña Prov. San Francisco de Bánica Mun. 27 Aug 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7624
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