Citharexylum spinosum

Family:VERBENACEAE
Species:Citharexylum spinosum L.
Common Name:FLORIDA FIDDLEWOOD
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVERBENACEAE
Genus Citharexylum
Species Citharexylum spinosum L. - FLORIDA FIDDLEWOOD

Citation

Citation CITHAREXYLUM SPINOSUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 625. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: BARBADOS: Without data (lectotype: Plukenet, Phytographia t. 161(5). 1692). Lectotypified by R. A. Howard, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 79: 82. 1979. EPITYPE: BARBADOS: St. Andrew, Sep 1940, Gooding 228 (epitype: BM). Epitypified by Méndez & Cafferty, Taxon 50: 1137. 2001.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Indian River FLAS  
Lee USF  
Martin FLAS  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FTG  
Palm Beach USF  
Sarasota USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Citharexylum cinereum Citharexylum cinereum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 872. 1763, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus 1753. 
Citharexylum cinereum Citharexylum cinereum J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 942. 1792, nom. illegit. et non Linnaeus 1763.BASIONYM: Citharexylum teres Jacquin 1760. 
Citharexylum fruticosum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 1115. 1759, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus 1753. 
Citharexylum fruticosum forma subvillosum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, forma subvillosum (Moldenke) Moldenke, Phytologia 3 6: 164. 1977.BASIONYM: Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. subvillosum Moldenke 1934. 
Citharexylum fruticosum var. subvillosum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. subvillosum Moldenke, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223. 1934. TYPE: CUBA: Oriente: Guantanamo Bay, Fishermans Point, 17-30 Mar 1909, Britton 2101 (holotype: NY).
Citharexylum fruticosum var. villosum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. villosum (Jacquin) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 6: 63. 1909.BASIONYM: Citharexylum villosum Jacquin 1784. 
Citharexylum molle Citharexylum molle Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 108. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Citharexylum villosum Jacquin 1784. 
Citharexylum spinosum forma subvillosum Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma subvillosum (Moldenke) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 422. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. subvillosum Moldenke, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223. 1934. 
Citharexylum spinosum forma villosum Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma villosum (Jacquin) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 422. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum villosum Jacquin 1784. 
Citharexylum villosum Citharexylum villosum Jacquin, Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: 12, t. 118. 1784. TYPE: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Cult in Austria, without data lectotype: Jacquin, Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: t. 118. 1784. Lectotypified by Méndez, in Greuter, Fl. Republ. Cuba, ser. A. 7: 103. 2003.
Citharexylum albicaule Citharexylum albicaule Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36(2): 208. 1863. TYPE: CUBA: Without data, Sagra 213 (holotype: P; isotypes: NY, W).
Citharexylum bahamense Citharexylum bahamense Millspaugh ex Britton, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 3: 450. 1905. TYPE: BAHAMAS: New Providence Island: Farringdon Road, 24 Aug 1904, Britton & Brace 233 (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Citharexylum broadwayi Citharexylum broadwayi O. E. Schulz ex Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 354. 1912. TYPE: TRINIDAD: Near Cedros, 15 Jan 1908, Broadway 3198 (holotype: B(destr.)).
Citharexylum coriaceum Citharexylum coriaceum Desfontaines, Tabl. Ecole Bot., ed. 3. 392. 1829.  
Citharexylum fruticosum forma bahamense Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, forma bahamense (Millspaugh ex Britton) Moldenke, Phytologia 13: 242. 1966.BASIONYM: Citharexylum bahamense Millspaugh ex Britton 1905. 
Citharexylum fruticosum forma subserratum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, forma subserratum (Swartz) Moldenke, Phytologia 36: 164. 1977.BASIONYM: Citharexylum subserratum Swartz 1788. 
Citharexylum fruticosum var. brittonii Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. brittonii Moldenke, Lilloa 4: 311. 1939.BASIONYM: Citharexylum broadwayi O. E. Schulz ex Urban 1912. 
Citharexylum fruticosum var. smallii Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. smallii Moldenke, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223. 1934. TYPE: BAHAMAS: Andros Island: Near Deep Creek, Long Bays Section, 20-22 Jan 1910, Small & Carter 8583 (holotype: NY).
Citharexylum fruticosum var. subserratum Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. subserratum (Swartz) Moldenke, Phytologia 1: 17. 1933.BASIONYM: Citharexylum subserratum Swartz 1788. 
Citharexylum hybridum Citharexylum hybridum Moldenke, Lilloa 4: 313. 1939, pro hybr. TYPE: TRINIDAD: Tobago, 21 Jul 1910, Boadway 4064 (holotype: NY).
Citharexylum pentandrum Citharexylum pentandrum Ventenat, Descr. Pl. Nouv. t. 47. 1801. TYPE: PUERTO RICO:
Citharexylum polystachyum Citharexylum polystachyum Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36(2): 209. 1863. TYPE: CUBA: Oriente: Santiago to Río Guaso, 1837, Linden 1975 (holotype: KWU).
Citharexylum quadrangulare Citharexylum quadrangulare Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 26. 1760.  
Citharexylum spinosum forma brittonii Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma brittonii (Moldenke) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 422. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. brittonii Moldenke 1939; Citharexylum broadwayi O. E. Schulz ex Urban 1912. 
Citharexylum spinosum forma smallii Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma smallii (Moldenke) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 421. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum fruticosum Linnaeus, var. smallii Moldenke 1934. 
Citharexylum spinosum forma subserratum Citharexylum spinosum Linnaeus, forma subserratum (Swartz) I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 421. 2001.BASIONYM: Citharexylum subserratum Swartz 1788. 
Citharexylum subserratum Citharexylum subserratum Swartz, Prodr. 91. 1788. TYPE: "Hispaniola", without data, Swartz s.n. (lectotype: S). Lectotypified by Moldenke, Phytologia 6: 384. 1958.
Citharexylum surrectum Citharexylum surrectum Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 497. 1861. TYPE: ANTIGUA/JAMAICA:
Citharexylum teres Citharexylum teres Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 26. 1760. TYPE: MARTINIQUE: Without data (lectotype: Jacquin, Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. pl. 118. 1763). Lectotypified by I. Méndez, Willdenowia 31: 420. 2001.
Citharexylum tomentosum Citharexylum tomentosum Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 2: 368. 1811. TYPE: VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Thomas,