Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis

Family:ADOXACEAE
Species:Sambucus nigra L. subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli
Common Name:AMERICAN ELDER; ELDERBERRY
Plant Notes:Because of the perceived paucity of morphological distinction among many geographically separated groups, the American representatives have been treated as subspecies of S. nigra (Bolli 1994; Eriksson & Donoghue 1997; Applequist 2015).
Status:Native, FAC (DEP), FACW (NWPL), AD (WAP)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order DIPSACALES
FamilyADOXACEAE
Genus Sambucus
Species Sambucus nigra L. subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli - AMERICAN ELDER; ELDERBERRY

Citation

Citation SAMBUCUS NIGRA Linnaeus, subsp. CANADENSIS (Linnaeus) Bolli, Diss. Bot. 223: 168. 1994.
Basionym: Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus 1753.
Type: CANADA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 381.2). Lectotypified by Bolli, Diss. Bot. 223: 168. 1994.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Baker USF  
Bay FSU  
Bradford USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FSU  
Duval USF  
Escambia UWFP  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden USF  
Glades USF  
Gulf FLAS  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FLAS  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Levy USF  
Liberty FLAS  
Madison USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin FTG  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Mainland FNPS  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FTG  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Santa Rosa FSU  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Taylor USF  
Union FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Sambucus bipinnata Sambucus bipinnata Moench, Methodus 506. 1794, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 269. 1753. TYPE: CANADA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 381.2). Lectotypified by Bolli, Diss. Bot. 223: 168. 1994.
Sambucus canadensis forma typica Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma typica Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch Dendrol. Ges. 29: 215. 1920, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sambucus canadensis subsp. laciniata Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, subsp. laciniata (A. Gray) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 31. 1983.BASIONYM: Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. laciniata A. Gray 1884. 
Sambucus canadensis var. glabra Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus. var. glabra Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 29: 215. 1920, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sambucus canadensis var. laciniata Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. laciniata A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 9. 1884. TYPE: FLORIDA: Brevard Co.: Indian River, s.d., Palmer s.n. (holotype: GH).
Sambucus intermedia Sambucus intermedia Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1876: 400. 1876.  
Sambucus nigra var. canadensis Sambucus nigra Linnaeus, var. canadensis (Linnaeus) B. L. Turner, in B. L. Turner, Sida, Bot. Misc. 24: 6. 2003.BASIONYM: Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sambucus simpsonii Sambucus simpsonii Rehder, in Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 187, t. 175. 1911. TYPE: FLORIDA: Manatee Co.: Bradenton, Jun 1910, Simpson s.n. (holotype: A).
Sambucus canadensis forma acutiloba Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma acutiloba (Ellwanger & Barry) Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 36. 1909.BASIONYM: Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. acutiloba Ellwanger & Barry 1902. 
Sambucus canadensis forma atroflavula Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma atroflavula House, Bull. New York State Mus. 243/244: 41. 1923. TYPE: NEW YORK: Monroe Co.: Near Rochester, s.d., Dunbar s.n. (holotype: NYS).
Sambucus canadensis forma aurea Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma aurea (Cowell) Rehder, Bibliogr. Cult. Trees 599. 1949.BASIONYM: Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. aurea Cowell 1902. 
Sambucus canadensis forma chlorocarpa Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma chlorocarpa Rehder, in Sargent, Trees & shrubs 2: 188. 1911.  
Sambucus canadensis forma delicatissima Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma delicatissima Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 16: 256. 1908.  
Sambucus canadensis forma engelmannii Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma engelmannii Rehder, in Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 188. 1911.  
Sambucus canadensis forma maxima Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma maxima (Hesse) Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 36. 1909.BASIONYM: Sambucus pubens Michaux, var. maxima Hesse 1898. 
Sambucus canadensis forma repens Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, form repens (Rafinesque) Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 29: 216. 1920.BASIONYM: Sambucus repens Rafinesque 1838. 
Sambucus canadensis forma rosicalyx Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma rosicalyx Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 29: 216. 1920.  
Sambucus canadensis forma rubra Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma rubra E. J. Palmer & Steyermark, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 25: 773. 1938. TYPE: MISSOURI: Atchison Co.: Watson, 3 Sep 1920, Palmer 18928 (holotype: A).
Sambucus canadensis forma submollis Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, forma submollis Rehder, in Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 188. 1911.  
Sambucus canadensis var. acutiloba Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. acutiloba Ellwanger & Barry, Novelties 1902-1904: 4. 1902.  
Sambucus canadensis var. aurea Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. aurea Cowell, in L. H. Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 1610. 1902.  
Sambucus canadensis var. mexicana Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. mexicana (C. Presl ex de Candolle) Sargent, Silva 5: 88. 1893.BASIONYM: Sambucus mexicana C. Presl ex de Candolle 1830. 
Sambucus canadensis var. oreopola Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. oreopola (Donnell Smith) Rehder, in Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 188. 1911.BASIONYM: Sambucus oreopola Donnell Smith 1898. 
Sambucus canadensis var. rubella Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. rubella Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 39. 1909.  
Sambucus canadensis var. tarda Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus, var. tarda Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 36. 1909.  
Sambucus cerulea var. mexicana Sambucus cerulea Rafinesque, var. mexicana (C. Presl ex de Candolle) L. D. Benson, Amer. J. Bot. 30: 240. 1943.BASIONYM: Sambucus mexicana C. Presl ex de Candolle 1830. 
Sambucus eberhardtii Sambucus eberhardtii Danguy, Bull. Mus. Nist. Nat. (Paris) 28: 378. 1922. TYPE: VIETNAM: Cult. at Hue, without data, Eberhardt 1532 (holotype: P?).
Sambucus intermedia var. insularis Sambucus intermedia Carrière, var. insularis Schwerin, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 18: 38. 1909.  
Sambucus lucida Sambucus lucida Tausch, Flora 21: 737. 1838.  
Sambucus mexicana Sambucus mexicana C. Presl ex de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 322. 1830. TYPE: MEXICO:
Sambucus orbiculata Sambucus orbiculata Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 99. 1910.  
Sambucus oreopola Sambucus oreopola Donnell Smith, Bot. Gaz. 25: 146. 1898. TYPE: COSTA RICA:
Sambucus pubens var. maxima Sambucus pubens Michaux, var. maxima Hesse, Gartenflora 47: 582. 1898.  
Sambucus repens Sambucus repens Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 47. 1838.  
Sambucus velutina Sambucus velutina Durand & Hilgard, J. Philadelphia Acad. Sci., ser. 2. 3: 39. 1854.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 29 May 1980 B. F. Hansen 7186
USA Florida Marion Co. 18 Jul 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 9901
USA Florida Levy Co. 17 Jun 1984 J. Beckner 2650
USA Florida Manatee Co. 21 Apr 1997 C. Becker WC0152
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Jul 1998 R. Pires FS0109
USA Florida Sumter Co. 28 Jun 1984 R. P. Wunderlin 9695
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 Dec 1994 S. Cole LR1080
USA Florida Highlands Co. 01 May 1958 G. R. Cooley 6138
USA Florida Orange Co. 02 Dec 2001 S. Myers 362
USA Florida Manatee Co. 15 Jun 1995 S. Cole LM0169
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 27 Apr 1999 J. Myers 359
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 14 Apr 1995 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 16 Apr 1997 M. E. Nolan 13
USA Florida Highlands Co. 22 Mar 1995 S. Cole HH0134
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 11 Mar 1943 A. E. Perkins s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 12 Oct 1959 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9472
USA Florida Pasco Co. 31 May 1984 B. F. Hansen 9880
USA Florida Lake Co. 23 Dec 1977 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 May 1979 C. H. Dodson 8058 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 30 Apr 1983 M. E. Schmid A-219
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 17 Aug 1983 G. Wilhelm 11752
USA Florida Clay Co. 11 Jun 1983 R. P. Sauleda 8294
USA Florida Glades Co. 14 Aug 1997 K. A. Bradley 480
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 May 1983 D. Richardson 989
USA Florida Polk Co. 07 Mar 1964 R. Wall 1
USA Florida Collier Co. 22 Mar 1971 P. Genelle 517
USA Florida Osceola Co. 07 Apr 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3482
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2359
USA Florida Polk Co. 26 Feb 1977 P. Genelle 2651
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 20 Oct 1977 A. Fulton 45
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Dec 1977 C. G. Willett 198
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 17 Apr 1979 T. S. Cochrane 8872
USA Florida Highlands Co. 05 Apr 2001 A. Peters LJ0046
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 May 1979 S. DuBois 79-5-2
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Mar 1993 R. W. Owens SF0130
USA Florida Baker Co. 12 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 10212
USA Florida Citrus Co. 21 Mar 1972 P. Genelle 1195
USA Florida Broward Co. 23 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28424
USA Florida Collier Co. 07 Jun 1966 O. K. Lakela 29993
USA Florida Polk Co. 13 Apr 1979 B. F. Hansen 5352
USA Florida Polk Co. 21 Jun 1979 B. F. Hansen 5713A
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 29 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6339
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5856
USA Florida Hardee Co. 26 Mar 1980 B. F. Hansen 6971
USA Florida Indian River Co. 05 Dec 1980 B. F. Hansen 8104
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Dec 1963 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 26 Apr 1966 R. W. Long 1637
USA Florida Lee Co. 20 Jul 1954 G. R. Cooley 2657
USA Florida Seminole Co. 02 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7452 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 06 Jul 1993 B. F. Hansen 12303
USA Florida Citrus Co. 13 Jun 2001 R. A. Hattaway FC0258
USA Florida Lee Co. 01 May 1954 G. R. Cooley 2657A
USA Florida Collier Co. 25 Dec 1967 O. K. Lakela 31321
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 16 Aug 2005 T. MacClendon 328
USA Florida Hendry Co. 19 Jan 1962 O. K. Lakela 25643
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 May 2002 C. vanHoek WB001
USA Florida Lake Co. 28 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10887
USA Florida Collier Co. 23 Jun 1992 J. Weber CS0176
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 17 Nov 1993 B. F. Hansen 12546
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 04 Mar 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1402
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Feb 2002 J. E. Tear 2028
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 May 1979 C. H. Dodson 8058 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Pasco Co. 28 May 2004 E. M. Ferguson 769
USA Florida Osceola Co. 14 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8521
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 18 Jul 1986 R. P. Wunderlin 10333
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 07 Jul 1986 B. F. Hansen 11024
USA Florida Madison Co. 01 Sep 1987 B. F. Hansen 11576
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Mar 1963 R. W. Owens s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 18 Mar 1972 M. Durako 70
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Jun 1976 R. P. Wunderlin 5596
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Dec 1977 B. Massetti 129
USA Florida Volusia Co. 28 May 1981 D. S. Correll 51966
USA Florida Hendry Co. 02 Jul 1981 G. Robinson 325
USA Florida Hardee Co. 09 Apr 1981 G. Robinson 96
USA Florida Volusia Co. 20 May 1981 B. F. Hansen 8290
USA Florida Orange Co. 25 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8671
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 30 Apr 1994 S. Cole HR0007
USA Florida Manatee Co. 26 Feb 1994 R. W. Owens SF0288
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Jul 1963 O. K. Lakela 26088
USA Florida Collier Co. 06 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28189
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 21 Mar 1965 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 29 Apr 1960 G. R. Cooley 7318
USA Florida Manatee Co. 29 Mar 1975 P. Genelle 1975
USA Florida Brevard Co. 03 Apr 1973 A.G. Shuey s.n.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 13 Mar 1964 O. K. Lakela 26903
USA Florida Hernando Co. 06 May 1973 P. Genelle 1817
USA Florida Leon Co. 27 May 1955 R. K. Godfrey 53321
USA Florida Putnam Co. 01 May 1975 S. T. Cooper 903
USA Florida Seminole Co. 02 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7452 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Duval Co. 18 May 1971 G. H. Morton 4705
USA Florida Leon Co. 17 Jul 1966 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 04 Mar 1983 G. Fleming 3418
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 21 Apr 2005 A. Bishop OS0504
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 17 Mar 2007 S. Hord 43
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 13 Jun 2008 B. F. Hansen 13260
USA Florida Taylor Co. 29 Jul 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2463
USA Florida Sumter Co. 13 Jul 2007 E. Gandy DB0132
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 05 Dec 2008 A. R. Franck 1100
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 17 May 2000 J. Burch 18 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 17 May 2000 J. Burch 18 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Polk Co. 30 Nov 1996 C. vanHoek 822
USA Florida Volusia Co. 10 May 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1711
USA Florida Hernando Co. 18 Aug 2009 C. vanHoek WW0017
USA Florida Hardee Co. 16 Apr 2004 A. Bishop PC0057
USA Florida Seminole Co. 18 Mar 2011 D. H. Williams 2605
USA Florida Alachua Co. 04 Oct 2003 T. S. Sprenkle 115
USA Florida Brevard Co. 09 Apr 2007 X. de Seguin des Hons s.n.
USA Florida Orange Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14465
USA Florida Manatee Co. 05 May 2009 W. D. Longbottom 12639
USA Florida Seminole Co. 04 May 2009 W. D. Longbottom 12605
USA Florida Orange Co. 30 Nov 2011 D. H. Williams 2781
USA Florida Glades Co. 09 Sep 2012 A. R. Franck 3132
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 16 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16856
USA Florida Clay Co. 16 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16839
USA Florida Bradford Co. 17 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16960
USA Florida Polk Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14502
USA Florida Seminole Co. 07 May 2013 D. H. Williams 3572b
USA Florida Broward Co. 15 Jan 1978 A. M. Wooten s.n. From Eckerd College Herbarium.
USA Florida Hardee Co. 06 Jun 2014 A. Farid 15
USA Florida Putnam Co. 18 Mar 2015 W. D. Longbottom 22190
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Oct 1990 D. M. Hart s.n. CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. Jul 1970 D. Burch 3827 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 17 Jul 1970 D. Burch 3828 CULTIVATED.
Zimbabwe [formerly Southern Rhodesia] 01 Dec 1972 H. M. Biegel 3684 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Walton Co. 18 May 2016 W. D. Longbottom 24932
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 17 May 2016 W. D. Longbottom 24855
USA Florida Nassau Co. 16 May 2016 W. D. Longbottom 24804
USA Florida Polk Co. 11 Apr 2016 J. R. Campbell 193
Dominica St. Paul Par. 29 May 1994 S. R. Hill 25675
Saba 24 Dec 1964 Fr. M. Arnoldo 3247
USA Hawaii 22 Jun 1958 P. Rubtzoff 3711
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Feb 1964 N. Woessner 13
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