Sanguinaria canadensis

Family:PAPAVERACEAE
Species:Sanguinaria canadensis L.
Common Name:BLOODROOT
Plant Notes:The wreckless promotion and use of this plant (e.g. black salve) has resulted in numerous complications, such as widespread tissue necrosis and lesions (Childress et al. 2011; Vlachojannis et al. 2012; Croaker et al. 2017).
Status:Native, UPL (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order RANUNCULALES
FamilyPAPAVERACEAE
Genus Sanguinaria
Species Sanguinaria canadensis L. - BLOODROOT

Citation

Citation SANGUINARIA CANADENSIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 505. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: CANADA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 661.1). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 84. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Gadsden USF  
Hamilton FLAS  
Jackson USF  
Leon FSU  
Liberty FLAS  
Walton FLAS  
Washington FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Belharnosia canadensis Belharnosia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 350. 1914.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sanguinaria acaulis Sanguinaria acaulis Moench, Methodus 227. 1794, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sanguinaria canadensis var. stenopetala Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, var. stenopetala Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 366. 1814.  
Sanguinaria vernalis Sanguinaria vernalis Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 376. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Belharnosia mesochora Belharnosia mesochora (Greene) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 350. 1914.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria mesochora Greene 1905. 
Sanguinaria australis Sanguinaria australis Greene, Pittonia 5: 307. 1905. TYPE: ALABAMA/SOUTH CAROLINA:
Sanguinaria canadensis forma colbyorum Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, forma colbyorum Benke, Rhodora 35: 45. 1933. TYPE: ILLINOIS: McHenry Co.: Crystal Lake, 1 May 1932, Colby s.n. (holotype: F).
Sanguinaria canadensis forma incarnata Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, forma incarnata Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 26: 12. 1941. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Wayne Co.: Melvindale, 2 May, 23 May 1931, Farwell 9377 (lectotype: BLH). Lectotypfied by McVaugh et al., Cranbrook Inst. Sci. Bull. 34: 66. 1953.
Sanguinaria canadensis forma multiplex Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, forma multiplex (E. H. Wilson) Weatherby, Bull. Connecticut State Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. 48: 50. 1931.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, var. multiplex E. H. Wilson 1923. 
Sanguinaria canadensis var. australis Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, var. australis (Greene) Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 204. 1909.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria australis Greene 1905. 
Sanguinaria canadensis var. dilleniana Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, var. dilleniana (Greene) Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 204. 1909.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria dilleniana Greene 1905. 
Sanguinaria canadensis var. mesochora Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, var. mesochora (Greene) Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 206. 1909.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria mesochora Greene 1905. 
Sanguinaria canadensis var. multiplex Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, var. multiplex E. H. Wilson, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 3: 283. 1923.  
Sanguinaria canadensis var. rotundifolia Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, var. rotundifolia (Greene) Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 206. 1909.BASIONYM: Sanguinaria rotundifolia Greene 1905. 
Sanguinaria dilleniana Sanguinaria dilleniana Greene, Pittonia 5: 307. 1905.  
Sanguinaria grandiflora Sanguinaria grandiflora M. Roscoe, Fl. Ill. Seasons t. 8. 1829.  
Sanguinaria mesochora Sanguinaria mesochora Greene, Pittonia 5: 308. 1905. TYPE: MINNESOTA: Winona Co.: Winona, s.d., Holzinger s.n. (holotype: NDG?).
Sanguinaria rotundifolia Sanguinaria rotundifolia Greene, Pittonia 5: 307. 1905. TYPE: GEORGIA: Sumter Co.: Americus, 1901, Harper 1146 (holotype: NDG?).
Sanguinaria virginiana Sanguinaria virginiana Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 479. 1791.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Gadsden Co. s.d. M. Kuck 46
USA Florida Jackson Co. 24 Feb 1991 S. L. Orzell 16019
USA Florida Jackson Co. 15 Mar 1983 F. H. Utech 83-009A
USA South Carolina Anderson Co. 12 Mar 1956 G. R. Cooley 4372
USA Tennessee Cocke Co. 23 Mar 1977 P. Genelle 2673
USA Tennessee Knox Co. 31 Mar 1966 K. E. Rogers 529
USA Louisiana Union Par. 15 Mar 1970 R. D. Thomas 17568
USA Tennessee Sevier Co. 25 Apr 1968 K. Whitam 81
USA North Carolina Stokes Co. 09 Apr 1960 R. Kral 9801
USA North Carolina Orange Co. 04 Apr 1957 unknown s.n.
USA Mississippi Lincoln Co. 21 Mar 1957 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7831
USA South Carolina Greenville Co. 21 Mar 1975 N. E. Mullens 75058
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 25 Feb 1955 R. K. Godfrey 52894
Canada Quebec Prov. 04 Jun 1968 J. Pinder-Moss 001-140-668
USA Missouri Taney Co. 28 Apr 1973 J. K. Parrott 566 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Oklahoma McCurtain Co. 16 Apr 1966 E. Ensey 479
USA West Virginia Marion Co. 05 May 1956 G. B. Rossbach 898
USA Michigan Branch Co. 18 Jun 1950 R. McVaugh s.n.
USA Kentucky Mercer Co. 18 Mar 1961 G. T. McMurry 13
USA Pennsylvania Lehigh Co. 22 Apr 1899 P. Dowell 674
USA Connecticut New Haven Co. 29 Apr 1906 G. H. Bartlett s.n.
USA Massachusetts Worcester Co. 06 May 1951 unknown 70
USA Massachusetts Worcester Co. 30 May 1906 M. L. Fernald s.n.
USA Massachusetts Middlesex Co. 03 May 1896 E. F. Williams s.n. Mixed collection; No. 1 collected 3 May 1896, No. 2 collected 19 Apr 1898.
USA Massachusetts Worcester Co. 05 May 1951 unknown 30
USA Massachusetts Worcester Co. 04 May 1951 J. Heise 31
USA Massachusetts Worcester Co. 27 Apr 1952 P. Fay 27054
USA Massachusetts Middlesex Co. 1883 C. W. Jenks s.n.
USA District of Columbia 20 Apr 1922 P. Abbe 2075-04
USA District of Columbia Hampshire Co. 01 May 1880 S. M. Holman, Jr. s.n.
USA Missouri Taney Co. 28 Apr 1973 J. K. Parrott 566 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Indiana Jay Co. 15 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2126
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