Schizachyrium scoparium

Family:POACEAE
Species:Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.)Nash
Common Name:LITTLE BLUESTEM
Plant Notes:It appears this taxon is confined to the panhandle of Florida and is characterized by its cespitose habit and lack of rhizomes. Bruner (1987) did not report S. scoparium var. scoparium for Florida.
Status:Native, FAC (DEP), FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Schizachyrium
Species Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.)Nash - LITTLE BLUESTEM

Citation

Citation SCHIZACHYRIUM SCOPARIUM (Michaux) Nash, in Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 59, 1326. 1903.
Basionym: Andropogon scoparius Michaux 1803.
Type: Carolina

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Escambia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andropogon scoparius Andropogon scoparius Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 57. 1803. TYPE: Carolina
Andropogon scoparius subsp. euscoparius Andropogon scoparius Michaux, subsp. euscoparius Hackel ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 46. 1896, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux 1803. 
Andropogon scoparius subsp. genuinus Andropogon scoparius Michaux, subsp. genuinus Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 384. 1889, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux 1803. 
Andropogon scoparius subvar. typicus Andropogon scoparius Michaux, subvar. typicus Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 384. 1889, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux 1803. 
Andropogon scoparius var. genuinus Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. genuinus Fernald & Griscom, Rhodora 37: 144. 1935, nom. inadmiss. et non Hackel 1889.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux 1803. 
Andropogon scoparius var. genuinus Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. genuinus Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 385. 1889.BASIONYM: Andropogon maritimus Chapman 1883. 
Pollinia scoparia Pollinia scoparia (Michaux) Sprengel, Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 13. 1815.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux 1803. 
Sorghum scoparium Sorghum scoparium (Michaux) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 792. 1891.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux 1803. 
Andropogon flexilis Andropogon flexilis Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 1: 583. 1810. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Bosc s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Andropogon halei Andropogon halei A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 809. 1861. TYPE: LOUISIANA:
Andropogon maderensis Andropogon maderensis Swallen, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 56: 82. 1943. TYPE: MEXICO: Coahuila: Mun. Cuatro Ciénegas: Sierra de la Madera, Cañon del Agua, 7 Sep 1939, Muller 3262 (holotype: US; isotypes: LL, US).
Andropogon praematurus Andropogon praematurus Fernald, Rhodora 42: 413, pl. 626(1-3). 1940. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Greenville Co.: Skipper's, 12 Jun 1939, Fernald & Long 10092 (holotype: GH).
Andropogon praematurus forma hirtivaginatus Andropogon praematurus Fernald, forma hirtivaginatus Fernald, Rhodora 44: 383. 1942. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Sussex Co.:Near Masons Siding, ca. 1 mi. N of Henry, 3 Aug 1941, Fernald & Long 13248 (holotype: GH).
Andropogon purpurascens Andropogon purpurascens Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 913. 1806.  
Andropogon scoparius forma calvescens Andropogon scoparius Michaux, forma calvescens Fernald, Rhodora 45: 390. 1943. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Brunswick Co.: Along Rattlesnake Creek, W of Triplett, 11 Oct 1942, Fernald & Lewis 14474 (holotype: GH).
Andropogon scoparius subvar. caesia Andropogon scoparius Michaux, subvar. caesia Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 384. 1889.  
Andropogon scoparius subvar. flexilis Andropogon scoparius Michaux, subvar. flexilis (Poiret) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 384. 1889.BASIONYM: Andropogon flexilis Poiret 1810. 
Andropogon scoparius subvar. serpentinus Andropogon scoparius Michaux, subvar. serpentinus Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 384. 1889.  
Andropogon scoparius subvar. simplicior Andropogon scoparius Michaux, subvar. simplicior Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 384. 1889.  
Andropogon scoparius var. frequens Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. frequens F. T. Hubbard, Rhodora 19: 103. 1917. TYPE: RHODE ISLAND: Newport Co.: Near Dickens Point, Block Island, 15 Sep 1913, Fernald et al. 8476 (holotype: GH; isotype: US(fragm)).
Andropogon scoparius var. glaucescens Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. glaucescens House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 68. 1924. TYPE: NEW YORK: Albany Co.: W of Albany, 1918, House 3 (holotype: ?).
Andropogon scoparius var. septentrionalis Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. septentrionalis Fernald & Griscom, Rhodora 37: 145, pl. 339(1-2). 1935. TYPE: CANADA: Quebec: aie Sherley, Riv. Ottawa, 15 Sep 1925, Rolland 19199 (holotype: GH).
Andropogon scoparius var. villosissimus Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. villosissimus Kearney ex Lamson-Scribner & C. R. Ball, Bull. Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 24: 41. 1901. TYPE: MISSISSIPPI: Wayne Co.: Waynesboro, s.d., Kearney 136 (holotype: US).
Andropogon spadiceus Andropogon spadiceus Swallen, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 56: 82. 1943. TYPE: COAHUILA: Cañon de Madera, W side of Sierra de los Guajes, ca. 4 km E of Rancho Buena Vista, 7 Sep 1941, Stewart 1504 (holotype: US).
Schizachyrium acuminatum Schizachyrium acuminatum Nash, in Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 59, 1326. 1903. TYPE: MISSISSIPPI: Oktibbeha Co.: Starkville, 16 Nov 1890, Tracy s.n. (holotype: NY).
Schizachyrium praematurum Schizachyrium praematurum (Fernald) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 67: 451. 1989.BASIONYM: Andropogon praematurus Fernald 1940. 
Schizachyrium praematurum forma hirtivaginatum Schizachyrium praematurum (Fernald) C. F. Reed, forma hirtivaginatum (Fernald) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 67: 451. 1989.BASIONYM: Andropogon praematurus Fernald, forma hirtivaginatus Fernald 1942. 
Schizachyrium scoparium forma calvescens Schizachyrium scoparium (Michaux) Nash, forma calvescens (Fernald) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 67: 451. 1989.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux, forma calvescens Fernald 1943. 
Schizachyrium scoparium forma villosissimum Schizachyrium scoparium (Michaux) Nash, forma villosissimum (Kearney ex Lamson-Scribner & C. R. Ball) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 67: 451. 1989.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. villosissimus Kearney ex Lamson-Scribner & C. R. Ball 1901. 
Schizachyrium scoparium subvar. flexile Schizachyrium scoparium (Michaux) Nash, subvar. flexile (Poiret) Roberty, Boissiera 9: 229. 1960.BASIONYM: Andropogon flexilis Poiret 1810. 
Schizachyrium scoparium var. frequens Schizachyrium scoparium (Michaux) Nash, var. frequens (F. T. Hubbard) Gould, Brittonia 19: 103. 1917.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. frequens F. T. Hubbard 1917. 
Schizachyrium spadiceum Schizachyrium spadiceum (Swallen) Wipff, Phytologia 80: 35. 1996.BASIONYM: Andropogon spadiceus Swallen 1943. 
Schizachyrium villosissimum Schizachyrium villosissimum (Kearney ex Lamson-Scribner & C. R. Ball) Nash, in Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 59, 1326. 1903.BASIONYM: Andropogon scoparius Michaux, var. villosissimus Kearney ex Lamson-Scribner & C. R. Ball 1901. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Osceola Co. 14 Oct 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10494
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 1842 - 1849 F. I. X. Rugel s.n.
USA Florida Wakulla Co. Oct 1845 F. I. X. Rugel s.n.
USA Florida 1842 - 1849 F. I. X. Rugel s.n.
USA Florida Pasco Co. 29 Sep 1991 C. vanHoek 228
USA Florida Escambia Co. 20 Nov 1983 G. Wilhelm 11936
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 07 Sep 1983 D. D. Taylor 5573
USA Georgia Blue Ridge Pro. 04 Sep 1946 W. H. Duncan 7058
USA South Carolina Orangeburg Co. 26 Sep 1957 H. E. Ahles 35128
USA Georgia 04 Oct 1964 W. H. Duncan 22388
USA North Carolina Allegany Co. 11 Sep 1980 R. P. Sauleda 4404
USA Mississippi Lee Co. 31 Aug 1955 J. D. Ray, Jr. 5864
USA Louisiana Vernon Par. 03 Sep 1973 V. I. Sullivan 1644
USA Mississippi Lee Co. 31 Aug 1955 J. D. Ray, Jr. 5864
USA Louisiana Washington Par. 16 Sep 1983 D. D. Taylor 5661 and 496
USA Georgia Sumter Co. 08 Oct 1902 R. M. Harper 1724
USA North Carolina Richmond Co. 17 Oct 1968 S. W. Leonard 2130
USA Louisiana Lincoln Par. 21 Sep 1970 M. Colvin 145
USA North Carolina Brunswick Co. 15 Jul 1996 S. L. Orzell 25110
USA North Carolina Cumberland Co. 05 Jul 1996 S. L. Orzell 24720
USA Mississippi Simpson Co. 13 Sep 1981 R. P. Sauleda 6667
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 01 Oct 1953 D. Demaree 34435
USA South Carolina Oconee Co. 24 Sep 1989 S. R. Hill 21086
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 11 Oct 1968 R. D. Thomas 12730
USA Alabama Cleburne Co. 28 Sep 1982 M. G. Bussey 470
USA Alabama Escambia Co. 27 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8190
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