Cyperus hortensis

Family:CYPERACEAE
Species:Cyperus hortensis (Salzm. ex Steud.)Dorr
Common Name:LOW SPIKESEDGE
Plant Notes:According to Dorr (2014), the correct name for Kyllinga pumila within Cyperus is Cyperus hortensis. Dorr (2014) also considered the name Kyllinga viridiflora could have priority if found to be validly published. The name Cyperus densicaespitosus has also been considered the accepted name (Carter et al. 2016) as has C. tenuifolius (Delahoussaye & Thieret 1967).
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyCYPERACEAE
Genus Cyperus
Species Cyperus hortensis (Salzm. ex Steud.)Dorr - LOW SPIKESEDGE

Citation

Citation CYPERUS HORTENSIS (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 100: 62. 2014.
Basionym: Kyllinga hortensis Salzmann ex Steudel 1854.
Type: BRAZIL: Bahia, 1834, Salzmann (holotype?, P [00255299]).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bradford FLAS  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte FSU  
Citrus FSU  
Clay FLAS  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia UWFP  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Hamilton FLAS  
Hardee FLAS  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake FLAS  
Leon FSU  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty FSU  
Madison USF  
Manatee FLAS  
Marion FLAS  
Miami-Dade FLAS  
Polk USF  
Putnam FSU  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FSU  
Wakulla FLAS  
Walton MOR  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cyperus densicaespitosus Cyperus densicaespitosus Mattfeld & Kükenthal, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 101): 597. 1936.BASIONYM: Kyllinga pumila Michaux 1803. 
Hedychloe fragrans Hedychloe fragrans Rafinesque, Ann. Nat. 16. 1820, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Kyllinga pumila Michaux 1803. 
Kyllinga hortensis Kyllinga hortensis Salzmann ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 68. 1854.  
Kyllinga pumila Kyllinga pumila Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 28. 1803. ILLINOIS: Without locality, Aug 1795, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: P).
Kyllinga pumila var. humilis Kyllinga pumila Michaux, var. humilis Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 132. 1837, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Kyllinga pumila Michaux 1803. 
Thryocephalum pumilum Thryocephalum pumilum (Michaux) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 94. 1915.BASIONYM: Kyllinga pumila Michaux 1803. 
Cyperus densicaespitosus var. major Cyperus densicaespitosus Mattfeld & Kükenthal, var. major (Nees von Esenbeck) Kükenthal, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 101): 599. 1936.BASIONYM: Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, var. major Nees von Esenbeck 1842. 
Cyperus densicaespitosus var. rigidulus Cyperus densicaespitosus Mattfeld & Kükenthal, var. rigidulus (Steudel) Kükenthal, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 101): 599. 1936.BASIONYM: Kyllinga rigidula Steudel 1854. 
Kyllinga brevifolia forma laxa Kyllinga brevifolia Rottbøll, forma laxa (Schrader ex Nees von Esenbeck) H. Pfeiffer, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 95. 1929.BASIONYM: Kyllinga laxa Schrader ex Nees von Esenbeck 1842. 
Kyllinga brevifolia var. robusta Kyllinga brevifolia Rottbøll, var. robusta (Boeckeler) H. Pfeiffer, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 96. 1929, nom. illegit..BASIONYM: Kyllinga robusta Boeckeler 1868; Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, var. major Nees von Esenbeck 1842.. 
Kyllinga caespitosa Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 12. 1842. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Kyllinga caespitosa var. major Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, var. major Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 12. 1842. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Kyllinga flexuosa Kyllinga flexuosa Boeckeler, Beitr. Cyper. 2: 1. 1890. TYPE: JAMAICA: Bellevue, 27 Jan 1888, Eggers 3753 (holotype: B).
Kyllinga laxa Kyllinga laxa Schrader ex Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 14. 1842. TYPE: BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Sebastianopolis, s.d., Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Kyllinga naumanniana Kyllinga naumanniana Boeckeler, Flora 62: 516. 1879.  
Kyllinga naumanniana var. tenuis Kyllinga naumanniana Boeckeler, var. tenuis Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 89. 1884.  
Kyllinga pumila var. elatior Kyllinga pumila Michaux, var. elatior Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 132. 1837. TYPE: TRINIDAD: Without data, Sieber 2 (holotype: B).
Kyllinga rigidula Kyllinga rigidula Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 71. 1854.  
Kyllinga robusta Kyllinga robusta Boeckeler, Linnaea 35: 409. 1868.BASIONYM: Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, var. major Nees von Esenbeck 1842. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Polk Co. 14 Nov 1995 E. L. Bridges 24138
USA Florida Highlands Co. 09 May 1982 J. Popenoe 2197
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Jan 2000 J. Myers 630
USA Florida Polk Co. 22 May 1981 D. R. Lindsey 574
USA Florida Madison Co. 15 Jun 1991 R. Mears s.n.
USA Florida Sumter Co. 18 Jul 1984 N. L. Mawhinney s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 24 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10103
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 06 Oct 2009 T. MacClendon 970
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 Aug 1966 O. K. Lakela 30133
USA Florida Sumter Co. 05 Aug 2005 M. T. Strong 3501
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 29 Jun 2015 S. Dickman s.n.
USA Mississippi Lamar Co. 24 Jun 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 6446
USA South Carolina Oconee Co. 02 Nov 1993 S. R. Hill 25307
USA North Carolina Washington Co. 17 Oct 1958 A. E. Radford 42409
USA Illinois Champaign Co. 02 Oct 1880 A. B. Seymour 5 Also has another label: Collected by W. G. Farlow; Aiken SC, Oct 1891. Kyllinga pumila Michx.
USA North Carolina Madison Co. 10 Sep 1966 A. E. Radford 45172
Dominica St. Joseph Par. 06 Jun 1994 S. R. Hill 25857
Peru Madre de Dios Tambopata Prov. 11 May 1980 P. J. Barbour 5241
Costa Rica San José Prov. 31 Aug 1983 I. A. Chacón 1181
Mexico Veracruz 20 Apr 1968 M. Rosas 1217
Honduras Francisco Morazán Dept. 01 May 1984 Z. Caballero 198
Costa Rica San José Prov. 05 Aug 1971 M. McDiarmid s.n.
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