Persicaria pensylvanica

Family:POLYGONACEAE
Species:Persicaria pensylvanica L.)M.Gómez
Common Name:PENNSYLVANIA SMARTWEED
Status:Native, OBL (DEP), FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order CARYOPHYLLALES
FamilyPOLYGONACEAE
Genus Persicaria
Species Persicaria pensylvanica L.)M.Gómez - PENNSYLVANIA SMARTWEED

Citation

Citation PERSICARIA PENSYLVANICA (Linnaeus) M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, Anales Inst. Segunda Enseñ. 2: 278. 1896.
Basionym: Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: PENNSYLVANIA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 510.20). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis, Order Out of Chaos 758. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Calhoun FSU  
Columbia FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FSU  
Gulf FSU  
Hamilton USF  
Hernando USF  
Holmes FSU  
Jackson USF  
Leon USF  
Liberty FSU  
Marion USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Okaloosa FSU  
Santa Rosa FLAS  
Seminole FLAS  
St. Johns FLAS  
Walton FLAS  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Persicaria bicornis Persicaria bicornis (Rafinesque) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 201. 1914.BASIONYM: Polygonum bicorne Rafinesque 1817. 
Persicaria longistyla Persicaria longistyla (Small) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 377, 1330. 1903.BASIONYM: Polygonum longistylum Small 1894. 
Persicaria pensylvanica var. dura Persicaria pensylvanica (Linnaeus) M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, var. dura (Stanford) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 50: 461. 1982.BASIONYM: Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. durum Stanford 1925. 
Polygonum bicorne Polygonum bicorne Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 29. 1817.  
Polygonum longistylum Polygonum longistylum Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 169. 1894.  
Polygonum pensylvanicum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 362. 1753. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 510.20). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis, Order Out of Chaos 758. 2007.
Polygonum pensylvanicum var. durum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. durum Stanford, Rhodora 27: 180. 1925. TYPE: FLORIDA: Gadsden Co.: River bottom at Chattahoochee Landing, 12 Sep 1884, Curtiss s.n. (holotype: GH).
Polygonum pensylvanicum var. genuinum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. genuinum Fernald, Rhodora 19: 72. 1917, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Polygonum scabrum Polygonum scabrum Moench, Suppl. Meth. 267. 1802, nom. illegit. et non Moench 1794.BASIONYM: Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Persicaria mississipiensis Persicaria mississipiensis (Stanford) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 456. 1933, as 'mississippiensis'.BASIONYM: Polygonum mississipiense Stanford 1925. 
Persicaria omissa Persicaria omissa (Greene) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 24. 1904.BASIONYM: Polygonum omissum Greene 1903. 
Persicaria pensylvanica forma albinea Persicaria pensylvanica (Linnaeus) M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, forma albinea (Farwell) D. Löve & Bernard, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 53: 391. 1959.BASIONYM: Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, forma albinea Farwell 1923. 
Persicaria pensylvanica forma pallescens Persicaria pensylvanica (Linnaeus) M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, forma pallescens (Stanford) Moldenke, Boissiera 7: 2. 1943.BASIONYM: Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, forma pallescens Stanford 1925. 
Persicaria pensylvanica var. laevigata Persicaria pensylvanica (Linnaeus) M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, var. laevigata (Fernald) Ferguson, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 190. 1924.BASIONYM: Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. laevigatum Fernald 1917. 
Polygonum longistylum var. omissum Polygonum longistylum Small, var. omissum (Greene) Stanford, Rhodora 27: 183. 1925.BASIONYM: Polygonum omissum Greene 1903. 
Polygonum mississipiense Polygonum mississipiense Stanford, Rhodora 27: 183. 1925. TYPE: MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Long Beach, 8 Sep 1900, Tracy & Lloyd 133 (holotype: GH; isotype: MO).
Polygonum mississipiense var. interius Polygonum mississipiense Stanford, var. interius Stanford, Rhodora 27: 184. 1925. TYPE: OKLAHOMA: Kingfisher Co.: Huntsville, 23 Aug 1896, Blankinship s.n. (holotype: GH).
Polygonum omissum Polygonum omissum Greene, Pittonia 5: 200. 1903. TYPE: COLORADO: Weld Co.: Greeley, 20 Sep 1872, Greene s.n. (holotype: NDG).
Polygonum oneillii Polygonum oneillii Brenckle, Phytologia 2: 405. 1948. TYPE: ALASKA: On the Nabesna Road, mile 89, 24 Jun 1947, Dutilly et al. 21556 (holotype: ?).
Polygonum pensylvanicum forma albineum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, forma albineum Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 2: 21. 1923. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Wayne Co.: Slocum's Island in Elizabeth Park, Detroit River, 31 Aug 1921, Farwell et al. 5980 (holotype: BLH?).
Polygonum pensylvanicum forma albinum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, forma albinum Fernald, Rhodora 47: 137. 1945. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Brunswick Co.: Wooded bottomland of Meherrin River at Westward Bridge, 16 Sep 1944, Fernald & Lewis 14702 (holotype: GH).
Polygonum pensylvanicum forma pallescens Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, forma pallescens Stanford, Rhodora 27: 180. 1925. TYPE: VERMONT: Windham Co.: Brattleboro, s.d., Robinson 143 (holotype: GH).
Polygonum pensylvanicum var. eglandulosum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. eglandulosum J. C. Myers, Castanea 7: 74. 1942. TYPE: OHIO: Ottawa Co.: South Bass Island, 14 Aug 1940, Myers s.n. (holotype: WVA).
Polygonum pensylvanicum var. laevigatum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. laevigatum Fernald, Rhodora 19: 73. 1917. TYPE: RHODE ISLAND: Providence Co.: Rumford, 6 Jul 1903, Williams s.n. (holotype: GH).
Polygonum pensylvanicum var. nesophilum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. nesophilum Fernald, Rhodora 19: 73. 1917. TYPE: RHODE ISLAND: Washington Co.: N end of Block Island, 28 Sep 1916, Collins et al. s.n. (holotype: GH).
Polygonum pensylvanicum var. oneillei Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. oneillei (Brenckle) Hultén, Arkiv Bot. ser. 2. 7(1): 47. 1968.BASIONYM: Polygonum oneillii Brenckle 1948. 
Polygonum pensylvanicum var. rosiflorum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. rosiflorum Norton, Castanea 7: 126. 1943. TYPE: MARYLAND: Charles Co.: Popes Creek, 22 Oct 1937, Allard 3881 (holotype: US).
Polygonum pensylvanicum var. viridialbum Polygonum pensylvanicum Linnaeus, var. viridialbum Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 3: 94. 1924. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Wayne Co.: Detroit, 15 Sep 1922, Farwell 6384 (lectotype: MICH; isolectotype: BLH). Lectotypified by McVaugh et al., Cranbrook Inst. Sci. Bull. 34: 61. 1953.

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Franklin Co. 15 Oct 1985 L. C. Anderson 8936
USA Florida Marion Co. 18 Jul 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 9900
USA Florida Alachua Co. 14 Aug 1981 J. C. Easterday 660
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 19 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13463
USA Florida Escambia Co. 13 Sep 1980 B. F. Hansen 8073
USA Florida Hernando Co. May 1985 C. vanHoek s.n.
USA Florida Leon Co. 06 Aug 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55831
USA Florida Alachua Co. 09 Sep 1960 D. B. Ward 2129
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 18 Feb 1971 G. N. Avery 897
USA Florida Jackson Co. 28 Oct 1958 R. K. Godfrey 57874
USA Illinois Champaign Co. 11 Sep 2004 S. R. Hill 36186 CULTIVATED. In seed bank from Thalia specimen from SE Missouri.
USA Mississippi Washington Co. 15 Jul 1955 J. D. Ray, Jr. 4951
USA North Carolina Lee Co. 27 Sep 1958 S. Stewart
USA Mississippi Tishomingo Co. 08 Aug 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7463
USA Mississippi Washington Co. 15 Jul 1955 J. D. Ray, Jr. 4951
USA Georgia Fulton Co. 28 Jun 1964 P. O. Schallert 4022
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 26 Sep 1967 R. D. Thomas 4675
USA South Carolina Lexington Co. 02 Oct 1976 C. A. Aulbach-Smith 786
USA North Carolina McDowell Co. 12 Sep 1980 R. P. Sauleda 4433
USA Tennessee Knox Co. 16 Sep 1980 R. P. Sauleda 4541
USA Georgia Walton Co. 02 Sep 1992 J. E. Seward 1558
USA South Carolina Greenville Co. 29 Oct 1993 S. R. Hill 25274
USA South Carolina Pickens Co. 31 May 1992 S. R. Hill 23156
USA South Carolina Saluda Co. 30 Oct 1993 S. R. Hill 25304
USA Alabama Escambia Co. 08 Jul 1981 G. Wilhelm 9686
USA Georgia Meriwether Co. 23 Aug 1971 S. B. Jones 21211
USA South Carolina Florence Co. 19 Oct 1994 L. Kirven
USA Louisiana Evangeline Par. 04 Oct 1986 R. D. Thomas & C. M. Allen 98522
USA Louisiana St. Helena Par. 08 Aug 1979 K. A. Vincent 9499
USA Tennessee Morgan Co. 16 Sep 1970 Frank D. Bowers 46483
USA Virginia Fairfax Co. 01 Sep 1976 T. R. Bradley 11323
USA Mississippi Tishomingo Co. 12 Oct 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7556a
USA Arkansas Hot Springs Co. 10 Oct 1953 D. Demaree 34471
USA Georgia Muscogee Co. 27 Aug 1949 R. B. Ledin s.n.
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