Spiranthes praecox

Family:ORCHIDACEAE
Species:Spiranthes praecox (Walter)S.Watson
Common Name:GREENVEIN LADIESTRESSES
Plant Notes:Recent work shows S. sylvatica is within the S. praecox lineage (Dueck et al. 2014; Pace 2015; Pace & Cameron 2016), suggesting it is an ecotype or could perhaps be treated as a subspecies (Pace 2015).
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order ASPARAGALES
FamilyORCHIDACEAE
Genus Spiranthes
Species Spiranthes praecox (Walter)S.Watson - GREENVEIN LADIESTRESSES

Citation

Citation SPIRANTHES PRAECOX (Walter) S. Watson, in A. Gray, Manual, ed. 6. 503. 1890.
Basionym: Limodorum praecox Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 65-D (neotype: BM). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 429. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bay USF  
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay FLAS  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto AMES  
Dixie FSU  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FLAS  
Gulf USF  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Jackson FSU  
Lake FLAS  
Lee NY  
Leon FLAS  
Levy USF  
Liberty FLAS  
Madison FLAS  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin FAU FAU specimens now housed at FTG
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola FLAS  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam NY  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FLAS  
St. Lucie FAU FAU specimens now housed at FTG
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FSU  
Taylor USF  
Union FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Gyrostachys beckii Gyrostachys beckii W. Stone, Pl. S. New Jersey 375. 1912 ("1911"), nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Spiranthes beckii Lindley 1840, nom. illegit.; Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 
Gyrostachys praecox Gyrostachys praecox (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 663. 1891.BASIONYM: Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 
Ibidium beckii Ibidium beckii House, Muhlenbergia 1: 128. 1906, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Spiranthes beckii Lindley 1840, nom. illegit.; Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 
Ibidium praecox Ibidium praecox (Walter) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 129. 1906.BASIONYM: Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 
Limodorum praecox Limodorum praecox Walter, Fl. Carol. 221. 1788. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 65-D (neotype: BM). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 429. 2007.
Spiranthes beckii Spiranthes beckii Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 472. 1840, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 
Spiranthes graminea var. praecox Spiranthes graminea Lindley, var. praecox (Walter) Britton et al., Prelim. Cat. 52. 1888, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 
Spiranthes graminea var. walteri Spiranthes graminea Lindley, var. walteri A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5. 505. 1867.BASIONYM: Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 
Spiranthes praecox forma albolabia Spiranthes praecox (Walter) S. Watson, forma albolabia P. M. Brown & C. L. McCartney, in P. M. Brown et al., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 1: 13. 1995. TYPE: FLORIDA: Collier Co.: Without locality, 27 Mar 1987, McCartney s.n. (holotype: AMES(photo)).
Spiranthes sylvatica Spiranthes sylvatica P. M. Brown, N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 7: 194. 2001. TYPE: FLORIDA: Levy Co.: Along CR-336 less than 1/4 mi. E of the junction with US-19, vicinity of Lebanon Station, 15 Apr 2001, Brown 20-415 (holotype: FLAS).
Triorchis beckii Triorchis beckii House, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 6: 206. 1920, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Spiranthes beckii Lindley 1840, nom. illegit.; Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 
Triorchis praecox Triorchis praecox (Walter) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 123. 1913.BASIONYM: Limodorum praecox Walter 1788. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Volusia Co. 26 Apr 1976 J. E. Poppleton 1959
USA Florida Pasco Co. 17 Apr 1978 D. W. Crewz 1294
USA Florida Pasco Co. 16 May 2003 C. vanHoek WB352
USA Florida Highlands Co. 15 Apr 2004 A. Bishop HH0290
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 18 May 1983 G. Wilhelm 11506
USA Florida Seminole Co. Apr 1978 W. Thomson s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 20 May 1982 B. F. Hansen 9623
USA Florida Volusia Co. 27 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10853
USA Florida Citrus Co. 30 Apr 1972 P. Genelle 1234
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 06 May 1978 P. Genelle 3163
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Apr 1963 W. Wall s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 28 Apr 1979 D. Richardson 751
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Apr 1978 A. N. Arcuri 745
USA Florida Manatee Co. 14 Apr 1979 C. H. Dodson 8040
USA Florida Brevard Co. 4 May 1973 A.G. Shuey s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 27 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6576
USA Florida Bay Co. 25 May 2005 C. vanHoek 2167
USA Florida Gulf Co. 20 May 1980 A. N. Arcuri 1015
USA Florida Taylor Co. 10 May 1958 R. Kral 6486
USA Florida Levy Co. 20 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6674
USA Florida Seminole Co. 02 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7443
USA Florida Seminole Co. 03 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7618
USA Florida Seminole Co. 02 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7464
USA Florida Seminole Co. 03 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7619
USA Florida Escambia Co. 17 May 1983 G. Wilhelm 11456
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 16 May 1983 G. Wilhelm 11404
USA Florida Levy Co. 27 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6569
USA Florida Sumter Co. 26 Jun 1984 N. L. Mawhinney s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 24 Apr 1984 M. E. Schmid A-367
USA Florida Citrus Co. 11 May 1983 M. E. Schmid A-223
USA Florida Walton Co. 15 May 1983 G. Wilhelm 11344
USA Florida Bradford Co. 14 Apr 1965 E. M. Hodgson 234
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 29 Apr 1961 G. R. Cooley 8164
USA Florida Sumter Co. 07 Apr 1961 G. R. Cooley 8077
USA Florida Orange Co. 12 Apr 1975 R. P. Wunderlin 5465
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Apr 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3519
USA Florida Hernando Co. 10 Apr 1980 R. Lassiter 413
USA Florida Broward Co. 17 Apr 1937 W. M. Buswell s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Apr 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3518
USA Florida Manatee Co. 27 Apr 1992 S. L. Orzell 19369
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 14 Apr 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3524
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. [None given; R.P. Sauleda # 3518 was 11 Apr 1980] R. P. Sauleda 3514
USA Florida Polk Co. 24 Apr 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9706
USA Florida Collier Co. 22 Mar 1971 P. Genelle 531
USA Florida Hardee Co. 30 Apr 1958 G. R. Cooley 6085
USA Florida Manatee Co. 07 May 1998 C. Becker WC0415
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 25 Mar 1994 S. Cole OS0162
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 Apr 1979 S. DuBois 79-4-17
USA Florida Manatee Co. 02 May 1978 A.G. Shuey 2077
USA Florida Manatee Co. 05 Mar 1998 C. Becker WC0386
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 18 Apr 1995 R. P. Wunderlin 10677
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 14 Apr 1995 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Pasco Co. 30 Apr 1958 G. R. Cooley 6081
USA Florida Polk Co. 08 May 1981 D. R. Lindsey 481
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 23 Apr 1963 O. K. Lakela 25847
USA Florida Highlands Co. 17 Apr 1980 B. F. Hansen 7048
USA Florida Polk Co. 24 Apr 1980 T. F. Rochow s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1993 B. F. Hansen 12191
USA Florida Highlands Co. 17 Apr 1980 B. F. Hansen 7071
USA Florida Hernando Co. 28 Apr 1958 G. R. Cooley 6042
USA Florida Polk Co. 27 Mar 1937 W. M. Buswell s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 15 May 1937 W. M. Buswell s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 02 May 1941 W. M. Buswell s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 24 Apr 1981 D. R. Lindsey 352
USA Florida Seminole Co. 02 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7461
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 Apr 1960 G. R. Cooley 7273
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 05 Apr 1970 P. Genelle 155
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Apr 1961 O. K. Lakela 24005
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 26 Apr 1963 O. K. Lakela 25896
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 Apr 1962 J. A. Lassiter s.n.
USA Florida Pasco Co. 08 Apr 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3336
USA Florida Orange Co. 12 Apr 1975 R. P. Wunderlin 5525
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 Apr 1960 G. R. Cooley 7273
USA Florida Levy Co. 28 Apr 2001 P. M. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 29 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6618
USA Florida Citrus Co. 20 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6466
USA Florida Pasco Co. 30 Apr 2004 E. M. Ferguson 745
USA Florida Volusia Co. 07 Apr 2007 J. M. Kunzer 2099
USA Florida Flagler Co. 28 Apr 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2420
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 29 Apr 2010 A. R. Franck 1953
USA Florida Marion Co. 13 May 2010 C. Slaughter 17740
USA Florida Brevard Co. 04 Apr 2011 P. A. Schmalzer 11-8
USA Mississippi 22 May 1946 J. D. Ray, Jr. s.n.
USA Louisiana Calcasieu Par. 29 Apr 1955 G. R. Cooley 4102
USA Alabama Geneva Co. 07 Jun 1969 R. Kral 35084
USA South Carolina Colleton Co. 08 May 1956 H. E. Ahles 12215
USA Georgia Brantley Co. 25 Apr 1981 J. Beckner 2480
USA Louisiana Vernon Par. 28 Apr 1955 G. R. Cooley 3984
USA Louisiana Vernon Par. 27 Apr 1955 G. R. Cooley 3896
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. May 1892 J. Skehan 28 Mixed collection with S. gracilis -J.C. Stevenson 1972.
USA Mississippi Tate Co. 03 Jun 1957 G. R. Cooley s.n.
USA Mississippi Tate Co. 05 Jun 1957 G. R. Cooley 5049
USA South Carolina Chesterfield Co. 04 Oct 1998 W. D. Longbottom 4688
USA Florida Orange Co. 24 Apr 2013 J. Cheak 201
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Apr 2013 C. vanHoek HR0698
USA Florida Orange Co. 04 May 1999 R. Mejeur 722
USA Florida Brevard Co. 27 Apr 2015 P. A. Schmalzer 15-15
USA North Carolina Brunswick Co. 26 May 2014 W. D. Longbottom 20902
USA Florida Polk Co. 8 Apr 1961 J. Colburn s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 06 Apr 1961 L. E. Keck 61-18
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 02 Apr 1988 R. P. Sauleda 9197
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