Vernonia gigantea

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Vernonia gigantea (Walter)Trel. ex Branner & Coville
Common Name:GIANT IRONWEED
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FAC (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order ASTERALES
FamilyASTERACEAE
Genus Vernonia
Species Vernonia gigantea (Walter)Trel. ex Branner & Coville - GIANT IRONWEED

Citation

Citation VERNONIA GIGANTEA (Walter) Trelease ex Branner & Coville, Rep. (Annual) Geol. Surv. Arkansas 1888(4): 189. 1891.
Basionym: Chrysocoma gigantea Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Jasper Co.: Savannah River swamp along Hwy 27-34 W of Hardeeville, 1967, Bozeman & Radford 11593 (neotype: FLAS; isoneotypes: COLO, IND, NY, OKLA, TENN, WVA). Neotypified by Urbatsch, Brittonia 24: 236. 1972; D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 412. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Brevard USF  
Calhoun USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie USF  
Duval USF  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FLAS  
Gilchrist USF  
Hardee USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Nassau FSU  
Okaloosa USF  
Orange FLAS  
Osceola USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa UWFP  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole FSU  
St. Johns FSU  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cacalia gigantea Cacalia gigantea (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 324. 1891.BASIONYM: Chrysocoma gigantea Walter 1788. 
Chrysocoma gigantea Chrysocoma gigantea Walter, Fl. Carol. 196. 1788. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Jasper Co.: Savannah River swamp along Hwy 27-34 W of Hardeeville, 1967, Bozeman & Radford 11593 (neotype: FLAS; isoneotypes: COLO, IND, NY, OKLA, TENN, WVA). Neotypified by Urbatsch, Brittonia 24: 236. 1972; D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 412. 2007.
Vernonia altissima Vernonia altissima Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 134. 1818.  
Vernonia altissima forma parviflora Vernonia altissima Nuttall, forma parviflora A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 90. 1884, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Vernonia altissima Nuttall 1818. 
Vernonia fasciculata var. altissima Vernonia fasciculata Michaux, var. altissima (Nuttall) Torrey & A. Gray ex Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 188. 1860.BASIONYM: Vernonia altissima Nuttall 1818. 
Vernonia gigantea subsp. ovalifolia Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trelease ex Branner & Coville, subsp. ovalifolia (Torrey & A. Gray) Urbatsch, Brittonia 24: 237. 1972.BASIONYM: Vernonia ovalifolia Torrey & A. Gray 1841. 
Vernonia gigantea var. ovalifolia Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trelease ex Branner & Coville, var. ovalifolia (Torrey & A. Gray) D. B. Ward, Phytologia 94: 468. 2012.BASIONYM: Vernonia ovalifolia Torrey & G. Gray 1841. 
Vernonia oligantha Vernonia oligantha Greene, Pittonia 5: 56. 1902. TYPE: FLORIDA: Manatee Co.: Palmetto, 30 Nov 1901, Tracy s.n. (holotype: ?).
Vernonia ovalifolia Vernonia ovalifolia Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 59. 1841. TYPE: FLORIDA: Without data, Chapman s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Urbatsch, Brittonia 24; 237. 1972.
Vernonia albiflora Vernonia albiflora Rafinesque, Herb. Raf. 29. 1833. TYPE: TENNESSEE:
Vernonia altissima forma alba Vernonia altissima Nuttall, forma alba Moldenke, Boissiera 7: 5. 1943. TYPE: OHIO: Coshocton Co.: Fresno, s.d., Fisher s.n. (holotype: ?).
Vernonia altissima var. brevipappa Vernonia altissima Nuttall, var. brevipappa Gleason, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 248. 1919. TYPE: ILLINOIS: Wabash Co.: Mt. Carmel, 13 Aug 1891, Schneck s.n. (holotype: ILL).
Vernonia altissima var. laxa Vernonia altissima Nuttall, var. laxa Gleason, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 248. 1919. TYPE: GEORGIA: Baker Co.: Newton, 19 Aug 1903, Harper 1936 (holotype: NY; isotypes: F, GH).
Vernonia altissima var. lilacina Vernonia altissima Nuttall, var. lilacina Clute, Amer. Bot. (Binghamton) 36: 225. 1930. TYPE: INDIANA: Marion Co.: Indianapolis, s.d., Clute s.n. (holotype: BUT).
Vernonia altissima var. pubescens Vernonia altissima Nuttall, var. pubescens (E. Morris) Daniels, Univ. Missouri Stud., Sci. Ser. 1: 402. 1907.BASIONYM: Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trelease ex Branner & Coville, var. pubescens E. Morris 1900. 
Vernonia altissima var. taeniotricha Vernonia altissima Nuttall, var. taeniotricha S. F. Blake, Rhodora 19: 167. 1917. TYPE: INDIANA: Whitley Co.: Ca. 6 km E of Columbia City, 23 Aug 1914, Deam 14539 (holotype: GH).
Vernonia gigantea var. pubescens Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trelease ex Branner & Coville, var. pubescens E. Morris, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 13: 179. 1900. TYPE: WEST VIRGINIA: Wyoming Co.: Baileysville, 20 Aug 1900, Morris 1274 (holotype: US).
Vernonia maxima Vernonia maxima Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 280. 1900.  
Vernonia maxima subsp. pubescens Vernonia maxima Small, subsp. pubescens (E. Morris) E. Morris, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 14: 25. 1901.BASIONYM: Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trelease ex Branner & Coville, var. pubescens E. Morris 1900. 
Vernonia maxima var. pubescens Vernonia maxima Small, var. pubescens (E. Morris) Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 919. 1901.BASIONYM: Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trelease ex Branner & Coville, var. pubescens E. Morris 1900. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 6019
USA Florida Dixie Co. 3 Aug 1956 R. Kral 3055
USA Florida Lake Co. 15 Nov 1992 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 23 Oct 1992 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Jul 1977 A. N. Arcuri 429
USA Florida O. E. Jennings s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 2 Sep 1981 D. S. Correll 52338
USA Florida Duval Co. 3 Sep 1993 R. Stalter 4
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 18 Oct 1932 F. S. Blanton 7080
USA Florida Volusia Co. 20 May 1981 B. F. Hansen 8270
USA Florida Hernando Co. 26 Aug 2001 M. T. Strong 2771
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 Jun 2002 C. vanHoek WB0048
USA Florida Hardee Co. 27 Jun 1995 S. Cole PC0034
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 Sep 1963 O. K. Lakela 26347
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 1 Jun 1995 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Aug 1991 B. F. Hansen 11894
USA Florida Pasco Co. 25 Sep 1992 C. vanHoek 307
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 22 Oct 2008 T. MacClendon 863
USA Florida Pasco Co. 27 Aug 1963 V. Ducey 276
USA Florida Walton Co. 28 Aug 1994 S. L. Orzell 23007
USA Florida Levy Co. 22 Sep 1959 G. R. Cooley 7181
USA Florida Brevard Co. 2 Aug 1973 A.G. Shuey M0620
USA Florida Levy Co. 22 Sep 1959 G. R. Cooley 7138
USA Florida Polk Co. 26–30 Dec 1931 O. E. Jennings s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Jul 2004 A. Bishop HR0195
USA Florida Alachua Co. 28 Jul 1964 O. K. Lakela 27354
USA Florida Hardee Co. 14 Oct 1976 R. J. Callahan s.n.
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 14 Oct 1976 R. J. Callahan s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 16 Sep 1959 G. R. Cooley 6952
USA Florida Brevard Co. 9 Oct 1966 R. W. Long 2360
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 Sep 1963 O. K. Lakela 26347
USA Florida Manatee Co. 11 Jun 1975 A.G. Shuey s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 10 Aug 1958 R. Kral 7798
USA Florida Jackson Co. 1 Sep 1987 B. F. Hansen 11496
USA Florida Lake Co. 10 Jul 1968 S. B. Jones 15752
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5985
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5985
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 23 Apr 1997 M. E. Nolan 85
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 24 Sep 1961 O. K. Lakela 24665
USA Florida Manatee Co. 8 May 1957 C. Becker WC0155
USA Florida Sumter Co. 13 Aug 1958 R. Kral 7851
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 25 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10808
USA Florida Marion Co. 18 Jul 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 9921
USA Florida Volusia Co. 11 Oct 1963 O. K. Lakela 26611
USA Florida Lake Co. 27 Jul 1978 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Indian River Co. 26 Nov 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6497
USA Florida Columbia Co. 14 Jun 1991 B. J. Herring 314
USA Florida Flagler Co. 8 Oct 1981 D. S. Correll 52925
USA Florida Citrus Co. 13 Jul 1984 M. E. Schmid A-436
USA Florida Sumter Co. 28 Jun 1984 R. P. Wunderlin 9721
USA Florida Sumter Co. 28 Jun 1984 R. P. Wunderlin 9735
USA Florida Manatee Co. 20 Jul 1992 D. Willis MB0039
USA Florida Citrus Co. 7 Jul 1983 N. L. Mawhinney 249
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 29 May 1991 J. Weber OS0047
USA Florida Hernando Co. 22 Sep 1981 D. S. Correll 52692
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 29 May 1991 J. Weber OS0047
USA Florida Osceola Co. 25 Jun 1977 R. P. Wunderlin 5819
USA Florida Flagler Co. 6 Jul 1972 R. W. Long s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 15 Sep 1971 R. W. Long 3315
USA Florida Hernando Co. 9 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9872
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 28 Aug 1976 A.G. Shuey 1758
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 25 Aug 1994 S. L. Orzell 22935
USA Florida Brevard Co. 13 Oct 1973 R. W. Long 4001
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 06 Sep 2008 A. R. Franck 870
USA Florida Manatee Co. 07 Jun 1998 J. Beckner 2799
USA Florida Pasco Co. 17 Sep 2004 E. M. Ferguson 860
USA Florida Volusia Co. 25 Nov 2004 J. M. Kunzer 798
USA Florida Dixie Co. 18 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13391
USA Florida Levy Co. 24 Jul 1993 S. L. Orzell 22141 Sheet 1 of 3.
USA Florida Levy Co. 24 Jul 1993 S. L. Orzell 22141 Sheet 2 of 3.
USA Florida Levy Co. 24 Jul 1993 S. L. Orzell 22141 Sheet 3 of 3.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 28 Aug 2008 D. Griffin OS0439
USA Florida Martin Co. Jul 1988 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Martin Co. Jun 1988 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Martin Co. 25 May 2006 S. W. Woodmansee 1863
USA Florida Alachua Co. 09 Aug 2013 D. H. Williams 3809
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 05 Aug 2005 C. vanHoek HR0368
USA Florida Lee Co. 26 Jun 2005 A. Bishop CC0085
USA Florida Lafayette Co. 27 Sep 2014 A. R. Franck 3504
USA Florida Hardee Co. 13 Jun 2014 A. Farid 36
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