Melanthera nivea

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Melanthera nivea (L.)Small
Common Name:SNOW SQUARESTEM
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE
Genus Melanthera
Species Melanthera nivea (L.)Small - SNOW SQUARESTEM

Citation

Citation MELANTHERA NIVEA (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251, 1340. 1903.
Basionym: Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 47(55). 1732). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 184. 1973.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bay FSU  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun FLAS  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay FLAS  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie USF  
Duval FLAS  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin FLAS  
Gadsden FLAS  
Gilchrist USF  
Glades GH-Lit Lit-GH: J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 169-210. 1973.
Hardee USF  
Hendry FSU  
Hernando USF  
Highlands GH-Lit Lit-GH: J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 169-210. 1973.
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River FLAS  
Jackson FLAS  
Jefferson FLAS  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion FLAS  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Nassau FLAS  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola NY-Lit Lit-NY: J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 169-210. 1973.
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee USF  
Taylor FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton FLAS  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amellus asper Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 305. 1891.BASIONYM: Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Amellus asper var. glabriusculus Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. glabriusculus Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891. TYPE: PANAMA: Panama: Canal Zone, Colon, s.d., Kuntze s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 194. 1973.
Amellus asper var. normalis Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 305. 1891, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze 1891; Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Amellus lanceolatus Amellus lanceolatus (Bentham ex Oersted) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891.BASIONYM: Melanthera lanceolata Bentham ex Oersted 1852. 
Amellus niveus Amellus niveus (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 305. 1891.BASIONYM: Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Bidens nivea Bidens nivea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 833. 1753. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 47(55). 1732). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 184. 1973.
Calea aspera Calea aspera Jacquin, Collectanea 2: 290. 1788. TYPE: Without data, Jacquin s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 192. 1973.
Melananthera deltoidea Melananthera deltoidea Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 107. 1803, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Melananthera hastata Melananthera hastata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 107. 1803, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melananthera hastata var. lobata Melananthera hastata Michaux, var. lobata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 519. 1814, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Melananthera hastata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melananthera linnaei Melananthera linnaei Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 4: 199. 1820, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Melanthera amellus var. subhastata Melanthera amellus (Linnaeus) D'Arcy, var. subhastata (O. E. Schulz) D'Arcy, Phytologia 30: 6. 1975.BASIONYM: Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard, var. subhastata O. E. Schulz 1929. 
Melanthera angustifolia Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard, in Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 11: 54. 1850. TYPE: CUBA: Isle of Pines: Without data, Sagra s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 198. 1973.
Melanthera angustifolia var. subhastata Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard, var. subhastata O. E. Schulz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 109. 1929. TYPE: CUBA: Isle of Pines: Nueva Gerona, at "Loma Vista", 25 Nov 1926, Ekman 12359 (holotype: ?; isotype: NY).
Melanthera aspera Melanthera aspera (Jacquin) Steudel ex Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 174. 1909.BASIONYM: Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Melanthera aspera var. glabriuscula Melanthera aspera (Jacquin) Steudel ex Small, var. glabriuscula (Kuntze) J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 194. 1973.BASIONYM: Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. glabriusculus Kuntze 1891. 
Melanthera aspera var. subhastata Melanthera aspera (Jacquin) Steudel ex Small, var. subhastata (O. E. Schulz) D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 62: 1119. 1976.BASIONYM: Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard, var. subhastata O. E. Schulz 1929. 
Melanthera brevifolia Melanthera brevifolia O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 123. 1911. TYPE: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Elliott Key, s.d., Curtiss 1415 (lectotype: US; isolectotypes: F, MISSA, NY, PH).
Melanthera deltoidea Melanthera deltoidea Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251. 1903, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Melananthera deltoidea Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Melanthera hastata Melanthera hastata de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 545. 1836, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Melananthera hastata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanthera hastata subsp. lobata Melanthera hastata de Candolle, subsp. lobata Borhidi, Bot. Közlem. 58: 177. 1971, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Melanthera hastata de Candolle 1836, nom. illegit.; Melananthera hastata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanthera hastata var. parvifolia Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. parvifolia (Small) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 126. 1911.BASIONYM: Melanthera parvifolia Small 1903. 
Melanthera lanceolata Melanthera lanceolata Bentham ex Oersted, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjoebenhavn 1852: 88. 1852.  
Melanthera ligulata Melanthera ligulata Small, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 3: 439. 1905. TYPE: FLORIDA: Broward Co.: Below Fort Lauderdale, May 1904, Small & Wilson 1775 (holotype: NY).
Melanthera lobata Melanthera lobata Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251, 1340. 1903. TYPE: FLORIDA: Lake Co.: Vicinity of Eustis, 1-15 Jul 1894, Nash 1411 (holotype: NY; isotypes: GH, MICH, MO, UC, US).
Melanthera parvifolia Melanthera parvifolia Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251, 1340. 1903. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Big Pine Key, s.d., Blodgett s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: GH).
Melanthera radiata Melanthera radiata Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 173. 1909. TYPE: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Near Camp Longview, 13-16 May 1904, Small & Wilson 1575 (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Melanthera trilobata Melanthera trilobata Cassini, in Civier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 485. 1823, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanthera urticifolia Melanthera urticifolia Cassini, in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 485. 1823, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Wulffia angustifolia Wulffia angustifolia (A. Richard) M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 274. 1890.BASIONYM: Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard 1850. 
Wulffia deltoidea Wulffia deltoidea M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, Dicc. Bot. Nombres Vulg. 26. 1889.BASIONYM: Melananthera deltoidea Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Wulffia hastata Wulffia hastata M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 274. 1890, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Melananthera hastata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Amellus asper forma bicolor Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, forma bicolor Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891. TYPE: PUERTO RICO: Guayama,
Amellus asper var. canescens Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. canescens Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891. TYPE: PUERTO RICO/VIRGIN ISLANDS:
Amellus oxylepis Amellus oxylepis (de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891.BASIONYM: Melanthera oxylepis de Candolle 1836. 
Athanasia hastata Athanasia hastata Walter, Fl. Carol. 201. 1788. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA:
Elephantopus cuneifolius Elephantopus cuneifolius P. Fournier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 30: 186. 1883.  
Melananthera hastata var. pandurata Melananthera hastata Michaux, var. pandurata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 519. 1814. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (holotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 46(54). 1732).
Melanthera amethystina Melanthera amethystina O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 127. 1911. TYPE: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Without data, Tuerckheim 3199b (holotype: NY). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 192. 1973.
Melanthera aspera var. canescens Melanthera aspera (Jacquin) Steudel ex Small, var. canescens (Kuntze) Thellung, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuchatel 5: 426. 1913.BASIONYM: Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. canescens Kuntze 1891. 
Melanthera buchii Melanthera buchii Urban, Symb. Antill. 3: 411. 1903. TYPE: HAITI: Near Bilbaro, May, Buch 364 (holotype: ?).
Melanthera calcicola Melanthera calcicola Britton, in Britton & P. Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 6: 309. 1925. TYPE: PUERTO RICO: E of Vega Alta, 25 Mar 1922, Britton et al. 6784 (holotype: NY).
Melanthera canescens Melanthera canescens (Kuntze) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 116. 1911.BASIONYM: Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. canescens Kuntze 1891. 
Melanthera canescens forma bicolor Melanthera canescens (Kuntze) O. E. Schulz, forma bicolor (Kuntze) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 117. 1911.BASIONYM: Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, forma bicolor Kuntze 1891. 
Melanthera carpenteri Melanthera carpenteri Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251, 1340. 1903. TYPE: LOUISIANA: West Feliciana Par.: Feliciana, s.d., Carpenter s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: NO).
Melanthera confusa Melanthera confusa Britton, in Britton & P. Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 6: 309. 1925.BASIONYM: Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. cubensis O. E. Schulz 1911. 
Melanthera crenata Melanthera crenata O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 123. 1911. TYPE: BAHAMAS: New Providence: Without locality, 9 Jan 1890, Northrop & Northrop 58 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 194. 1973.
Melanthera hastata subsp. cubensis Melanthera hastata de Candolle, subsp. cubensis (O. E. Schulz) Borhidi, Bot. Közlem. 58: 177. 1971.BASIONYM: Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. cubensis O. E. Schulz 1911. 
Melanthera hastata var. cubensis Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. cubensis O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 125. 1911. TYPE: CUBA: Near Havana, s.d., Wright 3608 (lectotype: NY; isolectotype: US). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 192. 1973.
Melanthera hastata var. scaberrima Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. scaberrima Bentham ex Oersted, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjoebenhavn 1852: 88. 1852. TYPE: COSTA RICA: San Jose: San Jose, s.d., Oersted 126 (holotype: C?; isotype: US).
Melanthera hastifolia Melanthera hastifolia S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24: 29, f. 3. 1922. TYPE: GUATEMALA: Izabal, Near Cristina, 22 May 1919, Blake 7601A (holotype: US; isotype: US).
Melanthera linearis Melanthera linearis S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24: 30, f. 4. 1922. TYPE: GUATEMALA: Izabal: Cristina, 22 May 1919, Blake 7601 (holotype: US).
Melanthera microphylla Melanthera microphylla Steetz, in Seemann, Bot. Voy. Herald 156. 1857. TYPE: PANAMA: Without data, Seemann 254 (holotype: ?; isotype: US).
Melanthera molliuscula Melanthera molliuscula O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 121. 1911. TYPE: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Without data, Tuerckheim 3199 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 192. 1973.
Melanthera montana Melanthera montana O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 121. 1911. TYPE: PUERTO RICO: Near Bayamon, Mar, Sintenis 1145 (holotype: ?).
Melanthera oxycarpha Melanthera oxycarpha S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 628. 1924. TYPE: MEXICO: Veracruz: Zacuapan, s.d., Purpus 2437 (holotype: US; isotypes: F, MO, UC).
Melanthera oxylepis Melanthera oxylepis de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 545. 1836. TYPE: ECUADOR: Guayas: Guayaquil, s.d., Haenke s.n. (holotype: G-DC?; isotype: US fragm).
Melanthera panduriformis Melanthera apnduriformis Cassini, in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 485. 1823.BASIONYM: Melananthera hastata Michaux, var. pandurata Pursh 1814. 
Melanthera parviceps Melanthera parvideps S. F. Blake, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 22: 384. 1932. TYPE: BELIZE: El Cayo: Little Mountain Pine Ridge, 1 Mar 1931, Bartlett 11892 (holotype: US; isotypes: F, UC).
Melanthera purpurascens Melanthera purpurascens S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 629. 1924. TYPE: MEXICO: Chiapas: Near Ocuilapa, 21 Aug 1895, Nelson 2995 (holotype: US).