Phoradendron leucarpum

Family:VISCACEAE
Species:Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.)Reveal & M.C.Johnst.
Common Name:OAK MISTLETOE
Plant Notes:This mistletoe can live off a wide variety of host trees (e.g. see Overlease & Overlease 2011). In Florida, they are frequently found on species of the red oak group (Quercus sect. Lobatae) and have also been documented on the white oak group (Q. sect. Quercus) and several other genera, such as Acer, Carya, Celtis, Forestiera, Fraxinus, Liquidambar, Nyssa, and Ulmus. This species produces phoratoxin, a toxic protein (Samuelsson & Ekblad 1967). Reviews of human exposures to the plant have generally reported only mild toxicity (Hall et al. 1986; Spiller et al. 1996; Krenzelok et al. 1997; Evens & Stellpflug 2012).
Status:Native
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order SANTALALES
FamilyVISCACEAE
Genus Phoradendron
Species Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.)Reveal & M.C.Johnst. - OAK MISTLETOE

Citation

Citation PHORADENDRON LEUCARPUM (Rafinesque) Reveal & M. C. Johnston, Taxon 38: 107. 1989.
Basionym: Viscum leucarpum Rafinesque 1817.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Reveal & M. C. Johnston, Taxon 38: 107. 1989.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay FLAS  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist USF  
Gulf FTG  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FLAS  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FLAS  
Lake USF  
Lee NY  
Leon FSU  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa USF  
Okeechobee FLAS  
Orange USF  
Osceola DWP  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa FLAS  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee USF  
Taylor USF  
Union FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FLAS  
Walton USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Phoradendron eatonii Phoradendron eatonii Trelease, in Small, Shrubs Florida 121, 133. 1913. TYPE: FLORIDA: Collier Co.: Deep ("Delp") Lake, 1905, Eaton 1310 (holotype: MO; isotype: NY).
Phoradendron flavescens var. macrotomum Phoradendron flavescens (Pursh) Nuttall, var. macrotomum (Trelease) Fosberg, Lloydia 4: 279. 1941.BASIONYM: Phoradendron macrotomum Trelease 1913. 
Phoradendron macrotomum Phoradendron macrotomum Trelease, in Small, Shrubs Florida 121, 133. 1913. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Jacksonville, 1894, Curtiss 4569 (holotype: MO; isotype: F, GH, K, NY, US).
Phoradendron serotinum Phoradendron serotinum (Rafinesque) M. C. Johnston, Southw. Naturalist 2: 45. 1957.BASIONYM: Viscum serotinum Rafinesque 1820. 
Phoradendron serotinum var. macrotomum Phoradendron serotinum (Rafinesque) M. C. Johnston, var. macrotomum (Trelease) M. C. Johnston, Southw. Naturalist 2: 47. 1957.BASIONYM: Phoradendron mocrotomum Trelease 1913. 
Viscum leucarpum Viscum leucarpum Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 79. 1817. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lecto- typified by Reveal & M. C. Johnston, Taxon 38: 107. 1989.
Viscum oblongifolium Viscum oblongifolium Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 23. 1838 ("1836"). TYPE: FLORIDA:
Viscum ochroleucum Viscum ochroleucum Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 23. 1838 ("1836"). TYPE: "From New Jersey to Florida"
Viscum serotinum Viscum serotinum Rafinesque, Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 5: 348. 1820. TYPE: ARKANSAS: Without locality, s.d., Rafinesque s.n. (lectotype: G). Lectotypified by Trelease, Monogr. Phoradendron (?). 1916; Wiens, Brittonia 16: 35. 1964.
Phoradendron flavescens var. glabriusculum Phoradendron flavescens (Pursh) Nuttall, var. glabriusculum Engelmann, in A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 212. 1850.  
Phoradendron flavescens var. orbiculatum Phoradendron flavescens (Pursh) Nuttall, var. orbiculatum (Engelmann) Engelmann, in A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 212. 1850.BASIONYM: Phoradendron orbiculatum Engelmann 1849. 
Phoradendron orbiculatum Phoradendron orbiculatum Engelmann, in A. Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, ser. 2. 4: 59. 1849. TYPE: ARKANSAS: Pulaski Co.: Little Rock, 1837, Engelmann 707 (holotype: MO).
Viscum rugosum Viscum rugosum Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 24. 1838 ("1836").  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Orange Co. 23 Jan 2001 S. Myers 59
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 29 Sep 2007 A. R. Franck 381
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Mar 2007 C. vanHoek HR0494
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Jan 2004 T. MacClendon 238
USA Florida Citrus Co. 13 Jan 2000 R. A. Hattaway FC0077
USA Florida Manatee Co. 09 Dec 1998 C. Becker WC0495
USA Florida Polk Co. Apr 1923 O. E. Jennings s.n.
USA Florida Alachua Co. 01 Mar 1964 D. B. Ward 3860
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 22 Mar 1968 O. K. Lakela 31340
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 19 Mar 1982 G. Wilhelm 10033
USA Florida Walton Co. 16 Mar 1983 G. Wilhelm 11099
USA Florida Lake Co. 28 Jan 1978 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 14 Oct 1976 L. J. Musselman 5023
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 10 Feb 1928 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 07 Dec 1925 J. K. Small 12730
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 22 Dec 1976 P. Genelle 2561
USA Florida Lake Co. 13 Mar 1981 R. P. Wunderlin 8875
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 10 May 1981 R. P. Wunderlin 9018
USA Florida Highlands Co. 24 May 1981 J. Popenoe 2054
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 23 Jan 1928 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 15 Jun 1995 S. Cole LM0158
USA Florida Manatee Co. 05 Dec 2007 E. Gandy LM0192
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 18 Mar 2009 A. R. Franck 1163
USA Florida Pasco Co. 13 Oct 2003 E. M. Ferguson 465
USA Florida Polk Co. 17 Jan 1997 C. vanHoek 847
USA Florida Suwannee Co. 02 Mar 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18699
USA Florida Taylor Co. 03 Mar 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18715
USA Florida Taylor Co. 03 Mar 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18729
USA Florida Seminole Co. 30 Jan 2011 S. Myers 517
USA Florida Lake Co. 24 Dec 2010 M. T. Strong 4054
USA Florida Liberty Co. 07 May 2007 K. M. Meyer 45
USA Florida Pasco Co. 05 Feb 2004 C. vanHoek WB0478
USA Florida Volusia Co. 01 Oct 2004 J. M. Kunzer 682
USA Florida Brevard Co. 22 Aug 1973 A.G. Shuey M0595
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 Apr 1965 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Pasco Co. 09 Feb 1970 P. Genelle 63
USA Florida Hendry Co. 25 Oct 1980 R. P. Wunderlin 8855
USA Florida Escambia Co. 30 Jun 1981 G. Wilhelm 9438
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 20 Mar 1981 G. Wilhelm 8697
USA Florida Highlands Co. 18 Dec 1981 D. S. Correll 53210
USA Florida Highlands Co. 17 Dec 1981 D. S. Correll 53198
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 27 Mar 2013 J. G. Phillips s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 Sep 1979 B. F. Hansen 6392
USA Florida Hardee Co. 10 Nov 1978 B. F. Hansen 4912
USA Florida Columbia Co. 08 Feb 1992 B. J. Herring 561
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Nov 1987 B. F. Hansen 11695
USA Florida Pasco Co. 26 Jan 1985 E. E. Wise 5
USA Florida Hernando Co. 08 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 4945
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Dec 1977 A. N. Arcuri 685
USA Florida Highlands Co. 30 Oct 1978 V. Kloet s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 24 Oct 1978 A. Fulton 213
USA Florida Polk Co. 23 Mar 1964 R. Wall 220
USA Florida Brevard Co. 22 Aug 1973 A.G. Shuey M0593
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Sep 1965 D. B. Ward 5270
USA Florida Polk Co. 22 Jun 1988 K. R. DeLaney 1844
USA Florida Franklin Co. 24 Jan 1986 L. C. Anderson 9093
USA Florida Marion Co. 04 Dec 1964 J. Beckner 651
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 27 Feb 1972 D. B. Ward 8230
USA Florida Alachua Co. 26 Jan 1973 D. B. Ward s.n.
USA Florida Flagler Co. 25 Feb 2005 J. M. Kunzer 949
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 03 Dec 2006 T. MacClendon 544
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 31 Jan 1928 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 09 Jan 2000 J. Myers 615
USA Florida Marion Co. 01 Jan 2000 M. T. Strong 2299
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 09 Mar 1964 D. B. Ward 3864
USA Florida Highlands Co. 18 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9428
USA Florida Lake Co. 16 Feb 1964 O. K. Lakela s.n.
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 22 Jan 1955 R. K. Godfrey 52815
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 17 Oct 1956 W. H. Duncan 20669
USA Louisiana Jackson Par. 16 Feb 1971 J. Flotte 97
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 15 Jan 1955 D. Demaree 35364
USA North Carolina 25 Dec 1922 H. C. Willand 171602
USA North Carolina Dare Co. 26 Mar 1975 H. J. Ecklund 121
USA Georgia S. T. Olney
USA Alabama Butler Co. 06 Feb 2010 A. R. Diamond 21136
USA Louisiana East Carroll Par. 26 Mar 1965 J. W. Thieret 19066
USA Mississippi Tishomingo Co. 30 Mar 1956 G. R. Cooley 4638
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 02 Nov 1967 R. D. Thomas 6239
USA Arkansas Stone Co. 26 Dec 1969 S. G. Davis
USA Florida Alachua Co. 07 May 2016 S. Myers 1832
USA Florida Sumter Co. 08 Jun 1963 C. F. Caudle 2276
USA Florida Highlands Co. 30 May 1963 C. F. Caudle 1754
USA North Carolina Harnett Co. 06 Jul 1965 M. G. Ford 393
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