Viola palmata

Family:VIOLACEAE
Species:Viola palmata L.
Common Name:EARLY BLUE VIOLET
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACU (NWI)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVIOLACEAE
Genus Viola
Species Viola palmata L. - EARLY BLUE VIOLET

Citation

Citation VIOLA PALMATA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 933. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1052.1). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 12. 1992.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Baker FLAS  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte FLAS  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto USF  
Duval USF  
Escambia USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee FLAS  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty USF  
Madison USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola DWP  
Palm Beach GH  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor FSU  
Union USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton USF  
Washington FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Viola affinis var. chalcosperma Viola affinis LeConte, var. chalcosperma (Brainerd) Griscom, Rhodora 38: 49. 1936.BASIONYM: Viola chalcosperma Brainerd 1910. 
Viola chalcosperma Viola chalcosperma Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 37: 523. 1910. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Near Jacksonville, 21 Mar, 9 Apr 1909, Brainerd 25 (holotype: NY; isotypes: K, PH).
Viola congener Viola congener LeConte, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 2: 140. 1828, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Viola triloba Schweinitz 1822. 
Viola cucullata var. palmata Viola cucullata Aiton, var. palmata (Linnaeus) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 43. 1856.BASIONYM: Viola palmata Linnaeus 1753. 
Viola edulis Viola edulis Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 5: 508. 1836.BASIONYM: Viola heterophylla Muhlenberg ex LeConte 1828, non Poiret 1808, nec Bertoloni 1810; Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. heterophylla Elliott 1817. 
Viola esculenta Viola esculenta Elliott ex Greene, Pittonia 3: 314. 1898, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Viola edulis Spach 1836; Viola heterophylla Muhlenberg ex Leconte 1828, non Poiret 1808, nec Bertoloni 1810; Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. heterophylla Elliott 1817. 
Viola heterophylla Viola heterophylla Muhlenberg ex Leconte, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 2: 139. 1828, non Poiret 1808, nec Bertoloni 1810.BASIONYM: Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. heterophylla Elliott 1817. 
Viola insignis Viola insignis Pollard, Bot. Gaz. 26: 344. 1898, non K. Richter 1886. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.:
Viola palmata subsp. triloba Viola palmata Linnaeus, subsp. triloba (Schweinitz) W. Stone, Pl. S. New Jersey 566. 1912 ("1911").BASIONYM: Viola triloba Schweinitz 1822. 
Viola palmata var. dilatata Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. dilatata Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 300. 1817. TYPE: "Georgia and Carolina",
Viola palmata var. esculenta Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. esculenta Elliott ex D. B. Ward, Phytologia 88: 244. 2006, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Viola esculenta Elliott ex Greene 1898, nom. illegit.; Viola edulis Spach 1836; Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. heterophylla Elliott 1817. 
Viola palmata var. heterophylla Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. heterophylla Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 300. 1817. TYPE: GEORGIA: River swamps, Ogeechee (River), Apr, Elliott(?) s.n. (holotype: CHARL).
Viola palmata var. triloba Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. triloba (Schweinitz) Gingins de la Sarraz, in de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 292. 1824.BASIONYM: Viola triloba Schweinitz 1822. 
Viola palmata var. vulgaris Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. vulgaris Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 300. 1817, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Viola palmata Linnaeus 1753. 
Viola septemloba Viola septemloba LeConte, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 2: 141. 1828.  
Viola triloba Viola triloba Schweinitz, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 5: 57. 1822. TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: Forsyth Co.: Salem, s.d., Schweinitz s.n. (holotype: PH).
Viola triloba forma dilatata Viola triloba Schweinitz, forma dilatata (Elliott) E. J. Palmer & Steyermark, Brittonia 10: 115. 1958.BASIONYM: Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. dilatata Elliott 1817. 
Viola triloba var. dilatata Viola triloba Schweinitz, var. dilatata (Elliott) Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 37: 587. 1910.BASIONYM: Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. dilatata Elliott 1817. 
Viola vicinalis Viola vicinalis Greene, Pittonia 4: 4. 1899.BASIONYM: Viola insignis Pollard 1898, non K. Richter 1886. 
Viola angellae Viola angellae Pollard, Torreya 2: 24. 1902. TYPE: NEW JERSEY: Essex Co.: Orange, May 1900, Angell s.n. (holotype: US).
Viola atlantica Viola atlantica Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 92. 1897, non Pomel 1874. TYPE: NEW YORK: Staten Island along Salt Meadows, 8 Jun 1888, Britton s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 22. 1992.
Viola baxteri Viola baxteri House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 500. 1924. TYPE: NEW YORK: Ontario Co.: Fishers, 2 Jun 1916, House s.n. (holotype: US; isotype: NY).
Viola brittoniana Viola brittoniana Pollard, Bot. Gaz. 23: 332. 1898.BASIONYM: Viola atlantica Britton 1898, non Pomel 1874. 
Viola digitata Viola digitata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 171. 1814. TYPE: VIRGINIA:
Viola eamesii Viola eamesii House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 507. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: CONNECTICUT:
Viola emarginata var. subsinuata Viola emarginata (Nuttall) LeConte, var. subsinuata Greene, Pittonia 3: 313. 1898. TYPE: TENNESSEE: Cocke Co.: Within 3 mi. Of Wolf Creek Station, 11 Sep 1897, Kearney 615 (holotype: NDG).
Viola falcata Viola falcata Greene, Pittonia 4: 3. 1899. TYPE: ILLINOIS: Union Co.: Near Cobden,
Viola lovelliana Viola lovelliana Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 37: 526. 1910. TYPE: LOUISIANA: Acadia Par.: Crowley, 25 Mar 1910, Brainerd 77 (lectotype: NY; isotype: PH). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 13. 1992.
Viola palmata var. angellae Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. angellae (Pollard) W. Stone, Proc. Acad. Nat. Hist. Philadelphia 55: 678. 1903.BASIONYM: Viola angellae Pollard 1902. 
Viola palmata var. variabilis Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. variabilis (Greene) W. Stone, Proc. Acad. Nat. Hist. Philadelphia 55: 677. 1903.BASIONYM: Viola variabilis Greene 1902. 
Viola pectinata Viola pectinata E. P. Bicknell, Torreya 4: 129. 1904. TYPE: NEW YORK: Nassau Co.: Woodmere, 21 May 1904, Bicknell s.n. (holotype: NY).
Viola pedatifida subsp. brittoniana Viola pedatifida G. Don, subsp. brittoniana (Pollard) L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 22. 1992.BASIONYM: Viola brittoniana Pollard 1898; Viola atlantica Britton 1898, non Pomel 1874. 
Viola pedatifida var. brittoniana Viola pedatifida G. Don, var. brittoniana (Pollard) R. J. Little & L. E. McKinney, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4: 225. 2010.BASIONYM: Viola brittoniana Pollard 1898; Viola atlantica Britton 1898, non Pomel 1874. 
Viola stoneana Viola stoneana House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 253, pl. 16. 1905. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Chester Co.: Near Kennett Square, 7 May 1903, Stone 5113 (holotype: US).
Viola subsinuata Viola subsinuata (Greene) Greene, Pittonia 4: 4. 1899.BASIONYM: Viola emarginata (Nuttall) Leconte, var. subsinuata Greene 1898. 
Viola variabilis Viola variabilis Greene, Pittonia 5: 90. 1902. TYPE: MARYLAND: Ca. half way up Maryland Heights, near Harpers Ferry, 14 May 1898, Greene s.n. (holotype: NDG?).
Viola viarum Viola viarum Pollard, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 635. 1901. TYPE: MISSOURI: St. Louis Co.: St. Louis, Valley Park, 15 Jul 1899, Norton s.n. (holotype: NY?; isotype: PH).
Viola viarum forma pilifera Viola viarum Pollard, forma pilifera E. J. Palemer & Steyermark, Brittonia 10: 116. 1958. TYPE: MISSOURI: Gentry Co.: N and E side of Grand River, 1.5-2 mi. S of McFall, T61N, R30W, Sec. 13, 28 Apr 1955, Steyermark 78500 (holotype: F).