Lobelia cardinalis

Family:CAMPANULACEAE
Species:Lobelia cardinalis L.
Common Name:CARDINALFLOWER
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, Threatened-State, OBL (DEP), FACW+ (NWI)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCAMPANULACEAE
Genus Lobelia
Species Lobelia cardinalis L. - CARDINALFLOWER

Citation

Citation LOBELIA CARDINALIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 930. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1051.19). Lectotypified by McVaugh, Rhodora 38: 276. 1936.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Bay FSU  
Bradford FLAS  
Calhoun USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Columbia USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin FSU  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Hamilton FLAS  
Hernando USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FLAS  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake FLAS  
Leon FSU  
Levy USF  
Liberty FLAS  
Marion FLAS  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Orange FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa FLAS  
Seminole USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dortmanna cardinalis Dortmanna cardinalis (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 380. 1891.BASIONYM: Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Lobelia cardinalis forma meridionalis Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, forma meridionalis Bowden, Canad. J. Genet. ' Cytol. 2: 241. 1960. TYPE: FLORIDA: Marion Co.: Ocklawaha River Yacht Club Basin, ca. 7 mi. E of Ocala and 1 mi. E of Silver Springs, 3 Sep 1954, Bowden & Gillett 99-54 (holotype: DAO).
Lobelia coccinea Lobelia coccinea Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 343. 1812, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Rapuntium cardinale Rapuntium cardinale (Linnaeus) Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.BASIONYM: Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Rapuntium coccineum Rapuntium coccineum Moench, Suppl. Meth. 277. 1802, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Dortmanna cordigera Dortmanna cordigera (Cavanilles) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 972. 1891.BASIONYM: Lobelia cordigera Cavanilles 1800. 
Dortmanna engelmanniana Dortmanna engelmanniana Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 972. 1891.BASIONYM: Lobelia mucronata Engelmann 1848, non Cavanilles 1800. 
Dortmanna fulgens Dortmanna fulgens (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 972. 1891.BASIONYM: Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow 1809. 
Dortmanna graminea Dortmanna graminea (Lamarck) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 972. 1891.BASIONYM: Lobelia graminea Lamarck 1791. 
Dortmanna phyllostachya Dortmanna phyllostachya (Engelmann) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 973. 1891.BASIONYM: Lobelia phyllostachya Engelmann 1848. 
Dortmanna splendens Dortmanna splendens (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 973. 1891.BASIONYM: Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow 1809. 
Lobelia cardinalis forma alba Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, forma alba H. St. John, Rhodora 21: 218. 1920.BASIONYM: Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. alba Eaton 1836, non MacNab 1835. 
Lobelia cardinalis forma cordigera Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, forma cordigera (Cavanilles) Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 60: 2060. 1982.BASIONYM: Lobelia cordigera Cavanilles 1800. 
Lobelia cardinalis forma hispidula Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, forma hispidula (E. Wimmer) Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 60: 2057. 1982.BASIONYM: Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. hispidula E. Wimmer 1948. 
Lobelia cardinalis forma rosea Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, forma rosea H. St. John, Rhodora 21: 217. 1920 ("1919"). TYPE: NEW HAMPSHIRE: Cheshire Co.: East Jaffrey, 31 Aug 1901, Rand & Robinson 1007 (holotype: GH).
Lobelia cardinalis forma splendens Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, forma splendens (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow) Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 20: 2060. 1982.BASIONYM: Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow 1809. 
Lobelia cardinalis subsp. graminea Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, subsp. graminea (Lamarck) McVaugh, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 347. 1940.BASIONYM: Lobelia graminea Lamarck 1791. 
Lobelia cardinalis var. alba Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. alba Eaton, Man. Bot., ed. 7. 375. 1836, non MacNab 1835.  
Lobelia cardinalis var. alba Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. alba MacNab, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 19: 61. 1835. TYPE: Cult. in Britain, MacNab s.n. (lectotype: DBN). Lectotypified by Dore, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 44: 346. 1987.
Lobelia cardinalis var. angustifolia Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Vatke, Linnaea 38: 722. 1874. TYPE: Cult. in Berlin, 1841,
Lobelia cardinalis var. candida Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. candida A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 195. 1870. TYPE: MASSACHUSETTS: Essex Co.: Salem, s.d., Pickering s.n. (neotype: PH). Neotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 325. 1997.
Lobelia cardinalis var. glandulosa Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. glandulosa Coleman, Cat. Fl. Pl. S. Penins. Michigan 2: 24. 1874. TYPE: MICHIGAN:
Lobelia cardinalis var. graminea Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. graminea (Lamarck) McVaugh, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 348. 1940.BASIONYM: Lobelia graminea Lamarck 1791. 
Lobelia cardinalis var. hispidula Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. hispidula E. Wimmer, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 56: 338. 1948. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Norfolk Co.: Portsmouth, Aug 1840, Rugel s.n. (lectotype: B; isolectotypes: G, W 2 shts). Lectotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 325. 1997.
Lobelia cardinalis var. integerrima Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. integerrima A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 195. 1870. TYPE: NEW YORK: St. Lawrence Co.: Raquette River, Potsdam, s.d., Baldwin s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 325. 1997.
Lobelia cardinalis var. multiflora Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. multiflora (Paxton) McVaugh, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 349. 1940.BASIONYM: Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. multiflora Paxton 1848. 
Lobelia cardinalis var. phyllostachya Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. phyllostachya (Engelmann) McVaugh, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 349. 1940.BASIONYM: Lobelia phyllostachya Engelmann 1848. 
Lobelia cardinalis var. propinqua Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus,v ar. propinqua (Paxton) Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 60: 2060. 1982.BASIONYM: Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. propinqua Paxton 1836. 
Lobelia cardinalis var. pseudosplendens Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. pseudosplendens McVaugh, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 348. 1940. TYPE: MEXICO: Chihuahua: :Mun. Madera: 12 mi. NE of Bella Vista, 9 Oct 1939, Muller 3707 (holotype: NA; isotypes: F, LL, MICH, MO, NY).
Lobelia cardinalis var. texensis Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. texensis (Rafinesque) Rothrock, Rep. U.S. Geogr. Surv., Wheeler 182. 1879.BASIONYM: Lobelia texensis Rafinesque 1833. 
Lobelia cordigera Lobelia cordigera Cavanilles, Icon. 6: 14, t. 5213. 1800. TYPE: MEXICO (mis-cited as Chile): Without data, Née s.n. (lectotype: MA). Lectotypified by Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 60: 2060. 1982.
Lobelia cordigera var. fatalis Lobelia cordigera Cavanilles, var. fatalis E. Wimmer, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 56: 340. 1948. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data, Halsted s.n. (holotype: NY).
Lobelia cordigera var. multiflora Lobelia cordigera Cavanilles, var. multiflora (Paxton) E. Wimmer, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 107): 418. 1953.BASIONYM: Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. multiflora Paxton 1848. 
Lobelia cordigera var. pyramidalis Lobelia cordigera Cavanilles, var. pyramidalis (Paxton) E. Wimmer, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 107): 418. 1953.BASIONYM: Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. pyramidalis Paxton 1848. 
Lobelia fulgens Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 2: 85, t. 85. 1809. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data (lectotype: Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 2: t. 85. 1809). Lectotypified by Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 60: 2062. 1982.
Lobelia fulgens forma atrosanguinea Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, forma atrosanguinea (Hooker) Voss, Vilm. Blumgaertn., ed. 3. 1: 575. 1894.BASIONYM: Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. atrosanguinea Hooker 1843. 
Lobelia fulgens var. glabriuscula Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. glabriuscula Klotzsch, in Walpers, Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 707. 1843.BASIONYM: Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow 1809. 
Lobelia fulgens var. marryattae Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. marryatttae (Paxton) Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 15: 7. 1849.BASIONYM: Lobelia marryattae Paxton 1848. 
Lobelia fulgens var. multiflora Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. multiflora Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 14: 263. 1848. TYPE: Cult. in England: Kent: Redleaf, garden of Mr. Wells, cult. by Mr. Bell of Taunton, Sep 1848 (neotype: Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 15: fig. 1. 1849). Neotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 324. 1997.
Lobelia fulgens var. propinqua Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. propinqua Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 2: 52, pl. 1836. TYPE: Cult. in Britain, without data (lectotype: Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 2: 52, pl. 1836). Lectotypified by Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 60: 2060. 1982.
Lobelia fulgens var. pyramidalis Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. pyramidalis Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 14: 263. 1848. TYPE: Cult. in England: Kent: Redleaf, garden of Mr. Wells, cult. by Mr. Bell of Taunton, Sep 1848 (neotype: Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 15: fig. 2. 1849). Neotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 324. 1997.
Lobelia graminea Lobelia graminea Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 583. 1791. TYPE: PANAMA (mis-cited as "Perou"): Without data, Jussieu s.n. (holotype: P).
Lobelia graminea forma kerneri Lobelia graminea Lamarck, forma kerneri (Nagy) E. Wimmer, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 107): 415. 1953.BASIONYM: Lobelia kerneri Nagy 1889. 
Lobelia graminea var. intermedia Lobelia graminea Lamarck, var. intermedia E. Wimmer, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 56: 339. 1948. TYPE: NEW MEXICO: Lincoln Co.: White Mountains, 25 Jul 1897, Wooton 202 (lectotype: B). Lectotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 325. 1997.
Lobelia graminea var. phyllostachya Lobelia graminea Lamarck, var. phyllostachya (Engelmann) E. Wimmer, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 107): 414. 1953.BASIONYM: Lobelia phyllostachya Engelmann 1848. 
Lobelia graminea var. pseudosplendens Lobelia graminea Lamarck, var. pseudosplendens (McVaugh) E. Wimmer, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 107): 414. 1953.BASIONYM: Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus, var. pseudosplendens McVaugh 1940. 
Lobelia ignea Lobelia ignea Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 6: 247. 1839, non Vellozo 1831. TYPE: MEXICO: Cult. in England, without data, Herb. Hooker s.n. (neotype: K; isoneotype: K). Neotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 324. 1997.
Lobelia kerneri Lobelia kerneri Nagy, Gartenflora 38: 302. 1889. TYPE: COSTA RICA: Cult. in Vienna,
Lobelia longifolia Lobelia longifolia (C. Presl) Alph. de Candolle, in de Candolle, Prodr. 7: 382. 1839.BASIONYM: Rapuntium longifolium C. Presl 1836. 
Lobelia marryattae Lobelia marryattae Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 14: 263. 1848. TYPE: Cult. in England: Kent: Redleaf, garden of Mr. Wells, Sep 1848 (neotype: Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 15: 7, fig. 3. 1849). Neotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 324. 1997.
Lobelia mucronata Lobelia mucronata Engelmann, in Wislizenus, Mem. Tour. N. Mexico 108. 1848, non Cavanilles 1800. TYPE: MEXICO: Chihuahua: Cosiguiriachi, out of Chihuahua, 9 Sep 1846, Wislizenus 177 (holotype: MO; isotype: MO).
Lobelia phyllostachya Lobelia phyllostachya Engelmann, in Wislizenus, Mem. Tour N. Mexico 108. 1848. TYPE: MEXICO: Nuevo Leon: Between Monterrey and Cerralvo, 28 May 1847, Wislizenus 337 (lectotype: MO). Lectoytpified by McVaugh, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 349. 1940.
Lobelia porphyrantha Lobelia porphyrantha Decaisne ex Groenland, Rev. Hort., ser. 4. 9: 118. 1860. TYPE: MEXICO: Cult. in France, without data (lectotype: Groenland, Rev. Hort., ser. 4. 9: f. 27-28. 1860). Lectotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 325. 1997.
Lobelia princeps Lobelia princeps Otto & A. Dietrich, Allg. Gartenzeitung 7: 298. 1839. TYPE: MEXICO: Cult. in Berlin,
Lobelia propinqua Lobelia propinqua (Paxton) Baxter, in Loudon, Hort. Brit., ed. 3. 646. 1839.BASIONYM: Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. propinqua Paxton 1836. 
Lobelia punicea Lobelia punicea Otto & A. Dietrich, Allg. Gartenzeitung 7: 299. 1839. TYPE: MEXICO: Cult. in Berlin,
Lobelia punicea var. kerneri Lobelia punicea Otto & A. Dietrich, var. kerneri (Nagy) E. Wimmer, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 56: 339. 1948.BASIONYM: Lobelia kerneri Nagy 1889. 
Lobelia splendens Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 2: 86, t. 86. 1809. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data (lectotype: Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 2: t. 86. 1809). Lectoypified by Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 60: 2062. 1982.
Lobelia splendens var. atrosanguinea Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. atrosanguinea Hooker, Bot. Mag. 69: t. 4002. 1843. TYPE: Cult. in England, without data (lectotype: Hooker, Bot. Mag. 69: t. 4002. 1843). Lectotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 324. 1997.
Lobelia splendens var. fulgens Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. fulgens (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow) S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 110. 1883.BASIONYM: Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow 1809. 
Lobelia splendens var. ignea Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow, var. ignea Hooker, Bot. Mag. 83: t. 4960. 1857.BASIONYM: Lobelia ignea Paxton 1839, non Vellozo 1831. 
Lobelia texensis Lobelia texensis Rafinesque, Atl. J. 176. 1833. TYPE: TEXAS: Without data, Rafinesque s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by S. W. Thompson & Lammers, Syst. Bot. 22: 323. 1997.
Rapuntium cordigerum Rapuntium cordigerum (Cavanilles) C. Presl, Monogr. Lobel. 26. 1836.BASIONYM: Lobelia cordigera Cavanilles 1800. 
Rapuntium fulgens Rapuntium fulgens (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow) C. Presl, Prodr. Monogr. Lobel. 26. 1836.BASIONYM: Lobelia fulgens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow 1809. 
Rapuntium gramineum Rapuntium gramineum (Lamarck) C. Presl, Prodr. Monogr. Lobel. 26. 1836.BASIONYM: Lobelia graminea Lamarck 1791. 
Rapuntium longifolium Rapuntium longifolium C. Presl, Monogr. Lobel. 26. 1836. TYPE: W:ithout locality (mis-cited as PHILIPPINES): Without data (holotype: PR).
Rapuntium splendens Rapuntium splendens (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow) C. Presl, Prodr. Monogr. Lobel. 26. 1836.BASIONYM: Lobelia splendens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Willdenow 1809.