Toxicodendron radicans

Family:ANACARDIACEAE
Species:Toxicodendron radicans (L.)Kuntze
Common Name:EASTERN POISON IVY
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI), AD (WAP)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyANACARDIACEAE
Genus Toxicodendron
Species Toxicodendron radicans (L.)Kuntze - EASTERN POISON IVY

Citation

Citation TOXICODENDRON RADICANS (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 153. 1891.
Basionym: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 378.14). Lectotypified by Fernald, Rhodora 43: 597. 1941.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Baker USF  
Bay FSU  
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Glades NY-Lit Lit-NY: Gillis, Rhodora 73: 193-194. 1971.
Gulf FLAS  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FLAS  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette FLAS  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Madison MO-Lit Lit-MO: Gillis, Rhodora 73: 193-194. 1971.
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin NY-Lit Lit-NY: Gillis, Rhodora 73: 193-194. 1971.
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach F-Lit Lit-F: Gillis, Rhodora 73: 193-194. 1971.
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FLAS  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Taylor FLAS  
Union FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FLAS  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Rhus blodgettii Rhus blodgettii Kearney, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 486. 1894. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Pine Key, near Key West, s.d., Blodgett s.n. (holotype: NY).
Rhus floridana Rhus floridana Mearns, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 15: 149. 1902. TYPE: FLORIDA: Lee Co.: Alva, Jul-Aug 1900, Hitchcock 39 (holotype: US; isotypes: GH, MIN, NY).
Rhus littoralis Rhus littoralis Mearns, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 15: 148. 1902. TYPE: RHODE ISLAND: Newport Co.: Newport, 10 Sep 1901, Mearns 233 (holotype: US; isotypes: NY, US).
Rhus radicans Rhus radicans Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 266. 1753. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 378.14). Lectotypified by Fernald, Rhodora 43: 597. 1941.
Rhus radicans var. littoralis Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. littoralis (Mearns) Deam, Fl. Indiana 651. 1924.BASIONYM: Rhus littoralis Mearns 1902. 
Rhus radicans var. opaca Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. opaca Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 367. 1789, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhus scandens Rhus scandens Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 170. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhus toxicodendron forma radicans Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, forma radicans (Linnaeus) McNair, Publ. Field Mus.Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 4: 68. 1925.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhus toxicodendron subsp. radicans Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, subsp. radicans (Linnaeus) R. T. Clausen, Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. Mem. 291: 8. 1949.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhus toxicodendron var. radicans Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. radicans (Linnaeus) Eaton, Man. Bot., ed. 2. 400. 1818.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Toxicodendron blodgettii Toxicodendron blodgettii (Kearney) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 126. 1905.BASIONYM: Rhus blodgettii Kearney 1894. 
Toxicodendron goniocarpum Toxicodendron goniocarpum Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 125. 1905. TYPE: FLORIDA: Columbia Co.: Lake City, 25 Jun 1901, McCulloch 45 (holotype: US; isotypes: FLAS, US).
Toxicodendron radicans var. littoralis Toxicodendron radicans (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. littoralis (Mearns) Barkley, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 434. 1937.BASIONYM: Rhus littoralis Mearns 1902. 
Philostemon radicans Philostemon radicans Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 107. 1817. TYPE: LOUISIANA:
Rhus humilis Rhus humilis Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 170. 1796.BASIONYM: Toxicodendron glabrum Miller 1768. 
Rhus radicans forma intercursa Rhus radicans Linnaeus, forma intercursa Fernald, Rhodora 43: 593. 1941. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Henrico Co.: Curles Neck Farm, 21 Jun 1936, Fernald et al. 5832 (holotype: GH; isotype: NY).
Rhus radicans forma malacotrichocarpa Rhus radicans Linnaeus, forma malacotrichocarpa (A. H. Moore) Fernald, Rhodora 43: 592. 1941.BASIONYM: Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, forma falacotrichocarpa A. Moore 1909. 
Rhus radicans var. lucida Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. lucida Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 367. 1789.BASIONYM: Toxicodendron glabrum Miller 1768. 
Rhus radicans var. microcarpon Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. microcarpon (Michaux) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 69. 1825.BASIONYM: Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. microcarpon Michaux 1803. 
Rhus radicans var. vulgaris Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. vulgaris (Miller) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 69. 1825.BASIONYM: Toxicodendron vulgare Miller 1768. 
Rhus toxicodendron forma malacotrichocarpa Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, forma malacotrichocarpa A. H. Moore, Rhodora 11: 163. 1909. TYPE: MAINE: Lincoln Co.: Pemaquid Beach, Bristol, 9 Sep 1898, Chamberlain & Dinsmore 832 (holotype: GH).
Rhus toxicodendron subsp. microcarpon Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, subsp. microcarpon (Michaux) Engler, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 395. 1883.BASIONYM: Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. microcarpon Michaux 1803. 
Rhus toxicodendron subsp. vulgaris Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, subsp. vulgaris (Miller) Engler, in Alph. de. Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 394. 1883.BASIONYM: Toxicodendron vulgare Miller 1768. 
Rhus toxicodendron var. microcarpon Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. microcarpon Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 183. 1803. TYPE: "Hab. in Carolina inferiore et Georgia", without data, Michaux s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Gillis, Rhodora 73: 190. 1971.
Rhus toxicodendron var. vulgaris Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. vulgaris Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 183. 1803.  
Toxicodendron glabrum Toxicodendron glabrum Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 389, t. 291(375). 1732). Lectotypified by Reveal, Taxon 40: 334. 1991.
Toxicodendron radicans var. microcarpon Toxicodendron radicans (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. microcarpon (Michaux) Farwell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 125. 1930.BASIONYM: Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. microcarpon Michaux 1803. 
Toxicodendron vulgare Toxicodendron vulgare Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. TYPE: Cult. in England, without data, Hort. Chelsea 74 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Reveal, Taxon 40: 333. 1991.