Toxicodendron radicans

Family:ANACARDIACEAE
Species:Toxicodendron radicans (L.)Kuntze
Common Name:EASTERN POISON IVY
Status:Native, FAC (NWPL), AD (WAP)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order SAPINDALES
FamilyANACARDIACEAE
Genus Toxicodendron
Species Toxicodendron radicans (L.)Kuntze - EASTERN POISON IVY

Citation

Citation TOXICODENDRON RADICANS (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 153. 1891.
Basionym: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 378.14). Lectotypified by Fernald, Rhodora 43: 597. 1941.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Baker USF  
Bay FSU  
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Glades NY-Lit Lit-NY: Gillis, Rhodora 73: 193-194. 1971.
Gulf FLAS  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FLAS  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette FLAS  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Madison MO-Lit Lit-MO: Gillis, Rhodora 73: 193-194. 1971.
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin NY-Lit Lit-NY: Gillis, Rhodora 73: 193-194. 1971.
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach F-Lit Lit-F: Gillis, Rhodora 73: 193-194. 1971.
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FLAS  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Taylor FLAS  
Union FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FLAS  
Walton USF  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Rhus blodgettii Rhus blodgettii Kearney, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 486. 1894. TYPE: FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Pine Key, near Key West, s.d., Blodgett s.n. (holotype: NY).
Rhus floridana Rhus floridana Mearns, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 15: 149. 1902. TYPE: FLORIDA: Lee Co.: Alva, Jul-Aug 1900, Hitchcock 39 (holotype: US; isotypes: GH, MIN, NY).
Rhus littoralis Rhus littoralis Mearns, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 15: 148. 1902. TYPE: RHODE ISLAND: Newport Co.: Newport, 10 Sep 1901, Mearns 233 (holotype: US; isotypes: NY, US).
Rhus radicans Rhus radicans Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 266. 1753. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 378.14). Lectotypified by Fernald, Rhodora 43: 597. 1941.
Rhus radicans var. littoralis Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. littoralis (Mearns) Deam, Fl. Indiana 651. 1924.BASIONYM: Rhus littoralis Mearns 1902. 
Rhus radicans var. opaca Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. opaca Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 367. 1789, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhus scandens Rhus scandens Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 170. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhus toxicodendron forma radicans Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, forma radicans (Linnaeus) McNair, Publ. Field Mus.Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 4: 68. 1925.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhus toxicodendron subsp. radicans Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, subsp. radicans (Linnaeus) R. T. Clausen, Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. Mem. 291: 8. 1949.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhus toxicodendron var. radicans Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. radicans (Linnaeus) Eaton, Man. Bot., ed. 2. 400. 1818.BASIONYM: Rhus radicans Linnaeus 1753. 
Toxicodendron blodgettii Toxicodendron blodgettii (Kearney) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 126. 1905.BASIONYM: Rhus blodgettii Kearney 1894. 
Toxicodendron goniocarpum Toxicodendron goniocarpum Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 125. 1905. TYPE: FLORIDA: Columbia Co.: Lake City, 25 Jun 1901, McCulloch 45 (holotype: US; isotypes: FLAS, US).
Toxicodendron radicans var. littoralis Toxicodendron radicans (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. littoralis (Mearns) Barkley, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24: 434. 1937.BASIONYM: Rhus littoralis Mearns 1902. 
Philostemon radicans Philostemon radicans Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 107. 1817. TYPE: LOUISIANA:
Rhus humilis Rhus humilis Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 170. 1796.BASIONYM: Toxicodendron glabrum Miller 1768. 
Rhus radicans forma intercursa Rhus radicans Linnaeus, forma intercursa Fernald, Rhodora 43: 593. 1941. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Henrico Co.: Curles Neck Farm, 21 Jun 1936, Fernald et al. 5832 (holotype: GH; isotype: NY).
Rhus radicans forma malacotrichocarpa Rhus radicans Linnaeus, forma malacotrichocarpa (A. H. Moore) Fernald, Rhodora 43: 592. 1941.BASIONYM: Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, forma falacotrichocarpa A. Moore 1909. 
Rhus radicans var. lucida Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. lucida Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 367. 1789.BASIONYM: Toxicodendron glabrum Miller 1768. 
Rhus radicans var. microcarpon Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. microcarpon (Michaux) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 69. 1825.BASIONYM: Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. microcarpon Michaux 1803. 
Rhus radicans var. vulgaris Rhus radicans Linnaeus, var. vulgaris (Miller) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 69. 1825.BASIONYM: Toxicodendron vulgare Miller 1768. 
Rhus toxicodendron forma malacotrichocarpa Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, forma malacotrichocarpa A. H. Moore, Rhodora 11: 163. 1909. TYPE: MAINE: Lincoln Co.: Pemaquid Beach, Bristol, 9 Sep 1898, Chamberlain & Dinsmore 832 (holotype: GH).
Rhus toxicodendron subsp. microcarpon Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, subsp. microcarpon (Michaux) Engler, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 395. 1883.BASIONYM: Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. microcarpon Michaux 1803. 
Rhus toxicodendron subsp. vulgaris Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, subsp. vulgaris (Miller) Engler, in Alph. de. Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 394. 1883.BASIONYM: Toxicodendron vulgare Miller 1768. 
Rhus toxicodendron var. microcarpon Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. microcarpon Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 183. 1803. TYPE: "Hab. in Carolina inferiore et Georgia", without data, Michaux s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Gillis, Rhodora 73: 190. 1971.
Rhus toxicodendron var. vulgaris Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. vulgaris Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 183. 1803.  
Toxicodendron glabrum Toxicodendron glabrum Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 389, t. 291(375). 1732). Lectotypified by Reveal, Taxon 40: 334. 1991.
Toxicodendron radicans var. microcarpon Toxicodendron radicans (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. microcarpon (Michaux) Farwell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 125. 1930.BASIONYM: Rhus toxicodendron Linnaeus, var. microcarpon Michaux 1803. 
Toxicodendron vulgare Toxicodendron vulgare Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. TYPE: Cult. in England, without data, Hort. Chelsea 74 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Reveal, Taxon 40: 333. 1991.

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 21 Feb 1980 G. Fehling 81
USA Florida Osceola Co. 07 Apr 1980 R. P. Sauleda 3507
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 20 Jun 1981 G. Wilhelm 9134
USA Florida Walton Co. 26 Jun 1981 G. Wilhelm 9265
USA Florida Indian River Co. 06 Oct 2001 S. Myers 309
USA Florida Escambia Co. 30 Jun 1981 G. Wilhelm 9445
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Jul 1977 A. N. Arcuri 461
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 28 Feb 1995 B. K. Holst 4573
USA Florida Seminole Co. 02 Sep 2001 S. Myers 292
USA Florida Marion Co. 04 May 1979 B. F. Hansen 5465
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 16 Nov 1979 B. F. Hansen 6811
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 May 1979 C. G. Wright 201
USA Florida Manatee Co. 16 Mar 1980 J. Watson 507
USA Florida Hardee Co. 24 Apr 1980 R. P. Wunderlin 8595
USA Florida Lee Co. 17 Feb 1954 G. R. Cooley 2499
USA Florida Manatee Co. 23 Apr 1981 A.G. Shuey 2465
USA Florida Broward Co. 02 Jul 1981 B. F. Hansen 8405
USA Florida Volusia Co. 20 May 1981 B. F. Hansen 8291
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 98
USA Florida Polk Co. 14 Mar 1964 R. Wall 12
USA Florida Orange Co. 30 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5244
USA Florida Polk Co. 13 Apr 1979 B. F. Hansen 5332
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 18 Mar 1976 J. E. Poppleton 2155
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Nov 1974 D. P. Cole 39
USA Florida Monroe Co. 20 Mar 1963 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 12 May 1967 R. W. Long 2577
USA Florida Lee Co. 12 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 4955
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5135
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 05 Nov 1979 G. Fleming 3312
USA Florida Monroe Co. 22 Mar 1970 J. Kushlan 12
USA Florida Manatee Co. 04 Apr 1979 A.G. Shuey 2170
USA Florida Polk Co. 05 Jun 1981 D. R. Lindsey 707
USA Florida Marion Co. 18 Jul 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 9903
USA Florida Pasco Co. 31 May 1984 B. F. Hansen 9938
USA Florida Hernando Co. 25 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5804
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 27 Apr 1999 J. Myers 358
USA Florida Hardee Co. 08 Mar 1982 R. P. Wunderlin 9191
USA Florida Collier Co. 02 Jun 1981 B. F. Hansen 8346A
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 09 Apr 1994 S. Cole LR1173
USA Florida Manatee Co. 13 Mar 1995 S. Cole MB0050
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 07 Mar 1995 S. Cole PB0065
USA Florida Manatee Co. 26 Feb 1994 R. W. Owens SF0231
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 May 2003 T. MacClendon 173
USA Florida Citrus Co. 13 Jun 2001 R. A. Hattaway FC0254
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6163
USA Florida Lake Co. 23 Mar 1981 B. F. Hansen 8170
USA Florida Brevard Co. 10 Mar 2004 P. A. Schmalzer 04-38
USA Florida Volusia Co. 16 Mar 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1479
USA Florida Lee Co. 03 Jun 1994 S. Cole KS0014
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 08 Apr 1994 S. Cole CI0021
USA Florida Collier Co. 22 Feb 1994 S. Cole CS0232
USA Florida Manatee Co. 29 Feb 1992 R. W. Owens SF0030
USA Florida Manatee Co. 28 Apr 1977 A.G. Shuey 1916
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 26 Feb 1977 P. Genelle 2620
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 02 Nov 1963 O. K. Lakela 26655
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 09 Apr 1983 G. Fleming 3512
USA Florida Baker Co. 11 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 10037
USA Florida Sumter Co. 02 Apr 1985 B. F. Hansen 10381
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 14 Nov 1987 G. Fleming 3842
USA Florida Franklin Co. 01 May 1973 J. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 23 Mar 1999 S.W. Braem DP0071
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 21 Mar 1965 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 1948 B & S 103
USA Florida Lee Co. 21 Jan 1967 G. R. Cooley 11912
USA Florida Collier Co. 10 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9110
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 May 1983 D. Richardson 1005
USA Florida Manatee Co. 11 Sep 1997 C. Becker WC0293
USA Florida Levy Co. 20 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6681
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Apr 1969 R. W. Long 2887
USA Florida Sumter Co. 07 Apr 1961 G. R. Cooley 8057
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 11 Mar 2000 S.W. Braem DP0135
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 05 Apr 1994 S. Cole OS0181
USA Florida Collier Co. 06 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28204
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 02 Mar 1994 B. F. Hansen 12699
USA Florida Highlands Co. 23 Aug 1988 R. P. Wunderlin 10383
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Apr 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 5972
USA Florida Levy Co. 20 May 1982 B. F. Hansen 9624
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 30 Jun 1975 D. P. Cole 73
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 18 Nov 1969 W. T. Gillis 8620
USA Florida Marion Co. 22 Apr 1975 S. T. Cooper 483
USA Florida Manatee Co. 18 Apr 1979 A.G. Shuey 2191
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 25 Apr 2007 T. MacClendon 608
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Mar 2004 A. Bishop HR0179
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 23 May 2007 A. R. Franck 142
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Feb 2007 E. Jensen DW0103
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 05 Dec 2008 A. R. Franck 1091
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 Mar 2004 C. vanHoek WB0482
USA Florida Pasco Co. 17 Nov 2003 E. M. Ferguson 533
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 01 Mar 2010 A. R. Franck 1796
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 19 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13439
USA Florida Hendry Co. 03 Sep 2011 A. R. Franck 2749
USA Florida Brevard Co. 24 Feb 2007 X. de Seguin des Hons s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 11 Mar 1997 K. Gulledge 255
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 19 Dec 2012 S. Myers 833
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 30 Apr 2013 D. Hilbert 191
USA Florida Clay Co. 27 Feb 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18535
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Oct 2013 R. Chicone 1141
USA Florida Collier Co. 15 Dec 2003 K. Relish FS0405
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Mar 2000 S.W. Braem GI0194
USA Florida Hardee Co. 06 Jun 2014 A. Farid 19
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Feb 2002 A. C. Schmidt 168
USA Florida Lee Co. 04 Mar 2003 A. Bishop CC1041
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Feb 1964 (UM) Ford 1
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