Oenothera fruticosa

Family:ONAGRACEAE
Species:Oenothera fruticosa L.
Common Name:SUNDROPS; NARROWLEAF EVENINGPRIMROSE
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MYRTALES
FamilyONAGRACEAE
Genus Oenothera
Species Oenothera fruticosa L. - SUNDROPS; NARROWLEAF EVENINGPRIMROSE

Citation

Citation OENOTHERA FRUTICOSA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 346. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 36 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 367. 1919 (but see Straley, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 399-400. 1977).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Calhoun USF  
Clay USF  
Columbia FLAS  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FLAS  
Holmes FLAS  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson FLAS  
Leon FSU  
Madison FLAS  
Nassau USF  
Suwannee FSU  
Taylor FLAS  
Wakulla USF  
Walton FLAS  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Kneiffia angustifolia Kneiffia angustifolia Spach, Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 4: 367. 1835, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Oenothera linearis Michaux 1803. 
Kneiffia brevistipata Kneiffia brevistipata Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 369. 1919. TYPE: MISSISSIPPI: Pearl River Co.: Poplarville, 7 Jul 1891, Tracy 1681 (holotype: US).
Kneiffia fruticosa Kneiffia fruticosa (Linnaeus) Raimann, in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(7): 214. 1893.BASIONYM: Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Kneiffia linearis Kneiffia linearis (Michaux) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 4: 376. 1835.BASIONYM: Oenothera linearis Michaux 1803. 
Kneiffia longipedicellata Kneiffia longipedicellata Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 178. 1896. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Albemarle Co.: Without locality, 21 May 1889, Rives s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 368. 1919.
Kneiffia semiglandulosa Kneiffia semiglandulosa Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 369. 1919. TYPE: MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Biloxi, 21 Apr 1898, Tracy 5064 (holotype: US; isotypes: F, MICH, MO, MSC, NY, OSU).
Kneiffia suffruticosa Kneiffia suffruticosa Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 4: 374. 1835, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Oenothera florida Oenothera florida Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 278. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Oenothera fruticosa forma angustifolia Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, forma angustifolia H. Léveillé, Monogr. Oenothera 108. 1902.BASIONYM: Kneiffia angustifolia Spach 1835, nom. illegit.; Oenothera linearis Michaux 1803. 
Oenothera fruticosa var. angustifolia Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Spach ex H. Léveillé, Monogr. Oenothera 108. 1902, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Kneiffia angustifolia Spach 1835, nom. illegit.; Oenothera linearis Michaux 1803. 
Oenothera fruticosa var. linearis Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. linearis (Michaux) S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 8: 584. 1873.BASIONYM: Oenothera linearis Michaux 1803. 
Oenothera fruticosa var. vera Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. vera Hooker, Bot. Mag. 64: t. 3545. 1837, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Oenothera linearis Oenothera linearis Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 225. 1803. TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Straley, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 397. 1978.
Oenothera longipedicellata Oenothera longipedicellata (Small) B. L. Robinson, Rhodora 10: 34. 1908.BASIONYM: Kneiffia longipedicellata Small 1896. 
Oenothera riparia Oenothera riparia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 247. 1818. TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: New Hanover Co.: Wilmington, banks of the Cape Fear River, s.d., Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Straley, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 302. 1937.
Oenothera tetragona var. brevistipata Oenothera tetragona Roth, var. brevistipata (Pennell) Munz, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 64: 301. 1937.BASIONYM: Kneiffia brevistipata Pennell 1919. 
Oenothera tetragona var. riparia Oenothera tetragona Roth, var. riparia (Nuttall) Munz, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 64: 302. 1937.BASIONYM: Oenothera riparia Nuttall 1818. 
Kneiffia allenii Kneiffia allenii Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 177. 1896.BASIONYM: Kneiffia linearis (Michaux) Spach, var. allenii Britton 1894, nom. illegit.; Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. humifusa Allen 1870. 
Kneiffia arenicola Kneiffia arenicola Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 842, 1335. 1903. TYPE: GEORGIA: Richmond Co.: Augusta, 27 Jul 1900, Biltmore Herb. 5649d (holotype: NY).
Kneiffia charlesii Kneiffia charlesii Lahman, Proc. Oklahoma Acad. Sci. 11: 35. 1931. TYPE: OKLAHOMA: Delaware Co.: Between Paule Valley and Davis, s.d., Lahman s.n. (holotype: ?).
Kneiffia fruticosa var. humifusa Kneiffia fruticosa (Linnaeus) Raimann, var. humifusa (Allen) Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 368. 1919.BASIONYM: Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. humifusa Allen 1870. 
Kneiffia fruticosa var. unguiculata Kneiffia fruticosa (Linnaeus) Raimann, var. unguiculata (Fernald) Moldenke, Phytologia 31: 373. 1975.BASIONYM: Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. unguiculata Fernald 1939. 
Kneiffia linearis var. allenii Kneiffia linearis (Michaux) Spach, var. allenii Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 235. 1894, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. humifusa Allen 1870. 
Kneiffia subglobosa Kneiffia subglobosa Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 177. 1896. TYPE: GEROGIA: DeKalb Co.: Stone Mountain, 6-12 Sep 1894, Small s.n. (lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: MO, US). Lectotypified by Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 367. 1919.
Kneiffia tetragona var. longistipata Kneiffia tetragona (Roth) Pennell, var. longistipata Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 371. 1919. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Pickens Co.: Near Clemson, 12 May 1907, House 3340 (holotype: NY).
Kneiffia velutina Kneiffia velutina Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 46: 370. 1919. TYPE: NEW YORK: Suffolk Co.: Garden City, 23 Jun 1902, Mulford s.n. (holotype: NY).
Oenothera fruticosa forma diversifolia Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, forma diversifolia H. Léveillé, Monogr. Oenothera 108. 1902. TYPE: ALABAMA: Lee Co.: Without locality, 8 May 1897, Earle & Baker s.n. (holotype: MO; isotypes: F, NY).
Oenothera fruticosa var. eamesii Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. eamesii (B. L. Robinson) S. F. Blake, Rhodora 20: 51. 1918.BASIONYM: Oenothera linearis Michaux, var. eamesii B. L. Robinson 1908. 
Oenothera fruticosa var. goodmanii Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. goodmanii Munz, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl., ser. 2. 5: 89. 1965. TYPE: OKLAHOMA: Latimer Co.: Robber's Cave State Park, 6 May 1961, Goodman 7101 (holotype: RSA; isotype: GH).
Oenothera fruticosa var. humifusa Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. humifusa Allen, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 1: 3. 1870. TYPE: NEW YORK: Suffolk Co.: Montauk Point, Jul 1869, Allen s.n. (lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: GH, MICH). Lectotypified by Straley, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 397. 1977.
Oenothera fruticosa var. linearifolia Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. linearifolia Hooker, Bot. Mag. 64: pl. 3545. 1837.  
Oenothera fruticosa var. microcarpa Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. microcarpa Fernald, Rhodora 41: 550, t. 576(1-2). 1939. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Prince George Co.: Ca. 3 mi. SE of Petersburg on headwaters of the Blackwater River, 25 Jun 1936, Fernald et al. 5860 (holotype: GH; iostype: NY).
Oenothera fruticosa var. subglobosa Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. subglobosa (Small) Munz, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 64: 295. 1937.BASIONYM: Kneiffia subglobosa Small 1896. 
Oenothera fruticosa var. unguiculata Oenothera fruticosa Linnaeus, var. unguiculata Fernald, Rhodora 41: 551, t. 577(1-3). 1939. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Greenville Co.: S of Skippers, 21 May 1939, Fernald & Long 9991 (holotype: GH; isotypes; DUKE, MO, NY, PH, POM, US).
Oenothera linearis var. eamesii Oenothera linearis Michaux, var. eamesii B. L. Robinson, Rhodora 10: 34. 1908. TYPE: CONNECTICUT: Fairfield Co.: Stratford, Fresh Pond, 30 Aug 1896, Eames s.n. (holotype: GH).
Oenothera subglobosa Oenothera subglobosa (Small) Weatherby & Griscom, Rhodora 36: 48. 1934.BASIONYM: Kneiffia subglobosa Small 1896. 
Oenothera subglobosa var. arenicola Oenothera subglobosa (Small) Weatherby & Griscom, var. arenicola (Small) Weatherby & Griscom, Rhodora 36: 48. 1934.BASIONYM: Kneiffia arenicola Small 1903. 
Oenothera tetragona var. longistipata Oenothera tetragona Roth, var. longistipata (Pennell) Munz, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 74: 298. 1937.BASIONYM: Kneiffia tetragona (Roth) Pennell, var. longistipata Pennell 1919. 
Oenothera tetragona var. sharpii Oenothera tetragona Roth, var. sharpii Munz, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl., ser. 2. 5: 91. 1965. TYPE: TENNESSEE: Coffee Co.: 4 mi. SE of Manchester, 4 Jul 1947, Sharp et al. 4830 (holotype: RSA).
Oenothera tetragona var. velutina Oenothera tetragona Roth, var. velutina (Pennell) Munz, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 64: 299. 1937.BASIONYM: Kneiffia velutina Pennell 1919. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Clay Co. 28 Mar 1982 D. S. Correll 53431
USA Florida 08 May 1949 C. T. Reed S-950
USA Florida Escambia Co. 17 May 1983 G. Wilhelm 11452
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 21 Apr 1991 R. Mears s.n.
USA Florida Clay Co. 27 Mar 1982 R. P. Sauleda 7091
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 05 Jul 1979 B. F. Hansen 5838
USA Florida Nassau Co. 10 Apr 2015 C. Slaughter 18372
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 11 Jun 1964 C. F. Caudle 5804
USA Florida Jackson Co. 08 May 1931 M. Mulvania s.n.
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