Viola sororia

Family:VIOLACEAE
Species:Viola sororia Willd.
Common Name:COMMON BLUE VIOLET
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FAC (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVIOLACEAE
Genus Viola
Species Viola sororia Willd. - COMMON BLUE VIOLET

Citation

Citation VIOLA SORORIA Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 1: pl. 72. 1806.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (holotype: B-W).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bradford USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte NY  
Citrus USF  
Clay FSU  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU-Lit Lit-FSU: L. C. Anderson, Sida 11: 383. 1986.
Gadsden USF  
Hardee USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson USF  
Lake USF  
Lee GH  
Leon USF  
Levy USF  
Liberty USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Orange USF  
Osceola FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole FLAS  
St. Johns USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee USF  
Taylor USF  
Union FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton USF  
Washington USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Viola affinis var. langloisii Viola affinis LeConte, var. langloisii (Greene) Griscom, Rhodora 38: 49. 1936.BASIONYM: Viola langloisii Greene 1896. 
Viola alachuana Viola alachuana Murrill, Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 12: 61. 1950. TYPE: FLORIDA: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, 30 Apr 1940, Murrill s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: FLAS). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992.
Viola cucullata var. sororia Viola cucullata Aiton, var. sororia (Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 137. 1838.BASIONYM: Viola sororia Willdenow 1806. 
Viola floridana Viola floridana Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 35: 524. 1910. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Jacksonville, 13-22 Mar 1907, Brainerd s.n. (holotype: NY; isotypes: GH, PH).
Viola hirsutula Viola hirsutula Brainerd, Rhodora 9: 98. 1907.  
Viola langloisii Viola langloisii Greene, Pittonia 3: 87. 1896. TYPE: LOUISIANA:
Viola missouriensis Viola missouriensis Greene, Pittonia 4: 141. 1900. TYPE: MISSOURI: Jackson Co.: Courtney, 30 Apr 1899, Bush 70 (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Viola palmata subsp. sororia Viola palmata Linnaeus, subsp. sororia (Willdenow) W. Stone, Pl. S. New Jersey 567. 1912 ("1911").BASIONYM: Viola sororia Willdenow 1806. 
Viola palmata var. sororia Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. sororia (Willdenow) Pollard, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 635. 1901.BASIONYM: Viola sororia Willdenow 1806. 
Viola papilionacea Viola papilionacea Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 173. 1814. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Philadelphia Co.: Near Philadelphia,
Viola sororia var. missouriensis Viola sororia Willdenow, var. missouriensis (Greene) L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 42. 1992.BASIONYM: Viola missouriensis Greene 1900. 
Viola affinis forma albiflora Viola affinis LeConte, forma albiflora L. K. Henry, Castanea 18: 45. 1953. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Butler Co.: Along Muddy Creek at Isle, 18 May 1950,
Viola asarifolia Viola asarifolia Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 732. 1814. TYPE: "Virginia to Carolina",
Viola candidula Viola candidula Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 85, pl. 2-3. 1913. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Berrien Co.: Benton Harbor, May 1913, Nieuwland 11111 (holotype: ND).
Viola champlainensis Viola champlainensis House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: NEW YORK:
Viola columbiana Viola columbiana House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA:
Viola communis Viola communis Pollard, Bot. Gaz. 26: 336. 1898.  
Viola consobrina Viola consobrina House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 503. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Viola consona Viola consona House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: NEW YORK:
Viola cordifolia Viola cordifolia (Nuttall) Schweinitz, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 5: 62. 1822.BASIONYM: Viola villosa Walter, var. cordifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Viola crenulata Viola crenulata Greene, Pittonia 4: 295. 1901. TYPE: NEW YORK: Onandaga Co.: Near Syracuse,
Viola cuspidata Viola cuspidata Greene, Pittonia 3: 314. 1898. TYPE: WISCONSIN: Rock Co.:
Viola dicksonii Viola dicksonii Greene, Pittonia 4: 65. 1899. TYPE: CANADA:
Viola domestica Viola domestica E. P. Bicknell, in Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. 3: 519. 1898. TYPE: NEW YORK: Manhattan Island, near High Bridge, 11 Jun 1893, Maring s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992.
Viola domestica var. communis Viola domestica E. P. Bicknell, var. communis (Pollard) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 2: 30. 1923.BASIONYM: Viola communis Pollard 1898. 
Viola dowelliana Viola dowelliana House, New York State Mus. Bull. 266: 25. 1925, pro hybr. TYPE: NEW YORK:
Viola filecetorum Viola filecetorum Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 215. 1906.  
Viola fletcheri Viola fletcheri Greene, Pittonia 4: 296. 1901. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario:
Viola illinoensis Viola illinoensis Greene, Pittonia 4: 293. 1901. TYPE: ILLINOIS: Piatt Co.: Along the Sangamon River near Monticello,
Viola latiuscula Viola latiuscula Greene, Pittonia 5: 93. 1902. TYPE: VERMONT: Rutland Co.: West Rutland, Twin Mountain, 24 May 1902, Eggleston 2648 (holotype: NY; isotypes: CM, GH, NY, PH)
Viola lucidifolia Viola lucidifolia Newbro, Stud. Nat. Hist. Iowa Univ. 17: 56, pl. 4(3), pl. 8(24-25). 1936. TYPE: IOWA:
Viola macounii Viola macounii Greene, Pittonia 3: 335. 1898. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa,
Viola montivaga Viola montivaga House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 503. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: VERMONT:
Viola nesiotica Viola nesiotica Greene, Pittonia 5: 102. 1902. TYPE: CANADA: Prince Edward Island:
Viola nodosa Viola nodosa Greene, Pittonia 4: 296. 1901. TYPE: NEW YORK: Onandaga Co.: Syracuse, 12 May 1901, House s.n. (holotype: ?)
Viola novae-angliae Viola novae-angliae House, Rhodora 6: 226, pl. 59. 1904. TYPE: MAINE: Aroostook Co.: Valley of the St. Johns River, sandy shore of Fort Kent, 15 Jun 1898, Fernald 2245 (holotype: US; isotype: NY).
Viola obliqua var. crenulata Viola obliqua Aiton, var. crenulata (Greene) Farwell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 68. 1930.BASIONYM: Viola crenulata Greene 1901. 
Viola palmata var. asarifolia Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. asarifolia (Pursh) House, Torreya 2: 68. 1902.BASIONYM: Viola asarifolia Pursh 1814. 
Viola papilionacea var. domestica Viola papilionacea Pursh, var. domestica (E. P. Bicknell) Pollard, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 636. 1901.BASIONYM: Viola domestica E. P. Bicknell 1898. 
Viola pratincola Viola pratincola Greene, Pittonia 4: 64. 1899. TYPE: MINNESOTA: Cottonwood Co.: Near Windom, 1 Jul 1898, Greene s.n. (holotype: NDG).
Viola priceana Viola priceana Pollard, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 16: 127. 1903. TYPE: KENTUCKY:
Viola rosacea Viola rosacea Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 37: 525. 1910. TYPE: MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Biloxi, 19 Mar 1910, Brainerd s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: PH). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992.
Viola septentrionalis Viola septentrionalis Greene, Pittonia 3: 334. 1898. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa, Billings Bush, 30 May 1898, Macoun 18761 (holotype: NDG).
Viola septentrionalis forma alba Viola septentrionalis Greene, forma alba Victorin & J. Rousseau, Contr. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montreal 36: 20. 1940. TYPE: CANADA: Quebec: Terrebonne Co.: Rosemere, 23 Jun 1925, Marie- Victorin 21911 (holotype: MT).
Viola septentrionalis var. grisea Viola septentrionalis Greene, var. grisea Fernald, Rhodora 37: 301, t. 375. 1935. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Schoolcraft Co.: Near Driggs, 2 Jul 1934, Fernald & Pease 3430 (holotype: GH).
Viola sororia forma pallida Viola sororia Willdenow, forma pallida F. Seymour, Phytologia Mem. 5: 395, 602. 1982. TYPE: MASSACHUSETTS: Norfolk Co.: Wellesley, 14 May 1904, Purdie s.n. (holotype: GH).
Viola sororia forma priceana Viola sororia Willdenow, forma priceana (Pollard) Cooperrider, Michigan Bot. 23: 167. 1984.BASIONYM: Viola priceana Pollard 1903. 
Viola sororia var. grisea Viola sororia Willdenow, var. grisea (Fernald) L. E. McKinney, in R. J. Little & L. E. McKinney, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4: 226. 2010.BASIONYM: Viola septentrionalis Greene, var. grisea Fernald 1935. 
Viola sororia var. novae-angliae Viola sororia Willdenow, var. novae-angliae (House) L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 44. 1992.BASIONYM: Viola novae-angliae House 1904. 
Viola subjuncta Viola subjuncta Greene, Pittonia 5: 31. 1902. TYPE: WASHINGTON:
Viola subviscosa Viola subviscosa Greene, Pittonia 4: 293. 1901. TYPE: CANADA:
Viola thompsoniae Viola thompsoniae Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 34. 1897. TYPE: GEORGIA: Lee Co.: Smithville, s.d., Thompson s.n. (holotype: NY).
Viola vagula Viola vagula Greene, Pittonia 4: 67. 1899. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa district,
Viola venustula Viola venustula Greene, Pittonia 3: 335. 1898. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa,
Viola villosa var. cordifolia Viola villosa Walter, var. cordifolia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 147. 1818. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: