Viola sororia

Family:VIOLACEAE
Species:Viola sororia Willd.
Common Name:COMMON BLUE VIOLET
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FAC (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MALPIGHIALES
FamilyVIOLACEAE
Genus Viola
Species Viola sororia Willd. - COMMON BLUE VIOLET

Citation

Citation VIOLA SORORIA Willdenow, Hort. Berol. 1: pl. 72. 1806.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (holotype: B-W).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bradford USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte NY  
Citrus USF  
Clay FSU  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU-Lit Lit-FSU: L. C. Anderson, Sida 11: 383. 1986.
Gadsden USF  
Hardee USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FSU  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson USF  
Lake USF  
Lee GH  
Leon USF  
Levy USF  
Liberty USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Orange USF  
Osceola FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole FLAS  
St. Johns USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee USF  
Taylor USF  
Union FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton USF  
Washington USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Viola affinis var. langloisii Viola affinis LeConte, var. langloisii (Greene) Griscom, Rhodora 38: 49. 1936.BASIONYM: Viola langloisii Greene 1896. 
Viola alachuana Viola alachuana Murrill, Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 12: 61. 1950. TYPE: FLORIDA: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, 30 Apr 1940, Murrill s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: FLAS). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992.
Viola cucullata var. sororia Viola cucullata Aiton, var. sororia (Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 137. 1838.BASIONYM: Viola sororia Willdenow 1806. 
Viola floridana Viola floridana Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 35: 524. 1910. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Jacksonville, 13-22 Mar 1907, Brainerd s.n. (holotype: NY; isotypes: GH, PH).
Viola hirsutula Viola hirsutula Brainerd, Rhodora 9: 98. 1907.  
Viola langloisii Viola langloisii Greene, Pittonia 3: 87. 1896. TYPE: LOUISIANA:
Viola missouriensis Viola missouriensis Greene, Pittonia 4: 141. 1900. TYPE: MISSOURI: Jackson Co.: Courtney, 30 Apr 1899, Bush 70 (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Viola palmata subsp. sororia Viola palmata Linnaeus, subsp. sororia (Willdenow) W. Stone, Pl. S. New Jersey 567. 1912 ("1911").BASIONYM: Viola sororia Willdenow 1806. 
Viola palmata var. sororia Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. sororia (Willdenow) Pollard, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 635. 1901.BASIONYM: Viola sororia Willdenow 1806. 
Viola papilionacea Viola papilionacea Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 173. 1814. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Philadelphia Co.: Near Philadelphia,
Viola sororia var. missouriensis Viola sororia Willdenow, var. missouriensis (Greene) L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 42. 1992.BASIONYM: Viola missouriensis Greene 1900. 
Viola affinis forma albiflora Viola affinis LeConte, forma albiflora L. K. Henry, Castanea 18: 45. 1953. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA: Butler Co.: Along Muddy Creek at Isle, 18 May 1950,
Viola asarifolia Viola asarifolia Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 732. 1814. TYPE: "Virginia to Carolina",
Viola candidula Viola candidula Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 85, pl. 2-3. 1913. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Berrien Co.: Benton Harbor, May 1913, Nieuwland 11111 (holotype: ND).
Viola champlainensis Viola champlainensis House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: NEW YORK:
Viola columbiana Viola columbiana House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA:
Viola communis Viola communis Pollard, Bot. Gaz. 26: 336. 1898.  
Viola consobrina Viola consobrina House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 503. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:
Viola consona Viola consona House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: NEW YORK:
Viola cordifolia Viola cordifolia (Nuttall) Schweinitz, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 5: 62. 1822.BASIONYM: Viola villosa Walter, var. cordifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Viola crenulata Viola crenulata Greene, Pittonia 4: 295. 1901. TYPE: NEW YORK: Onandaga Co.: Near Syracuse,
Viola cuspidata Viola cuspidata Greene, Pittonia 3: 314. 1898. TYPE: WISCONSIN: Rock Co.:
Viola dicksonii Viola dicksonii Greene, Pittonia 4: 65. 1899. TYPE: CANADA:
Viola domestica Viola domestica E. P. Bicknell, in Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. 3: 519. 1898. TYPE: NEW YORK: Manhattan Island, near High Bridge, 11 Jun 1893, Maring s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992.
Viola domestica var. communis Viola domestica E. P. Bicknell, var. communis (Pollard) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 2: 30. 1923.BASIONYM: Viola communis Pollard 1898. 
Viola dowelliana Viola dowelliana House, New York State Mus. Bull. 266: 25. 1925, pro hybr. TYPE: NEW YORK:
Viola filecetorum Viola filecetorum Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 215. 1906.  
Viola fletcheri Viola fletcheri Greene, Pittonia 4: 296. 1901. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario:
Viola illinoensis Viola illinoensis Greene, Pittonia 4: 293. 1901. TYPE: ILLINOIS: Piatt Co.: Along the Sangamon River near Monticello,
Viola latiuscula Viola latiuscula Greene, Pittonia 5: 93. 1902. TYPE: VERMONT: Rutland Co.: West Rutland, Twin Mountain, 24 May 1902, Eggleston 2648 (holotype: NY; isotypes: CM, GH, NY, PH)
Viola lucidifolia Viola lucidifolia Newbro, Stud. Nat. Hist. Iowa Univ. 17: 56, pl. 4(3), pl. 8(24-25). 1936. TYPE: IOWA:
Viola macounii Viola macounii Greene, Pittonia 3: 335. 1898. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa,
Viola montivaga Viola montivaga House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 503. 1924, pro hybr. TYPE: VERMONT:
Viola nesiotica Viola nesiotica Greene, Pittonia 5: 102. 1902. TYPE: CANADA: Prince Edward Island:
Viola nodosa Viola nodosa Greene, Pittonia 4: 296. 1901. TYPE: NEW YORK: Onandaga Co.: Syracuse, 12 May 1901, House s.n. (holotype: ?)
Viola novae-angliae Viola novae-angliae House, Rhodora 6: 226, pl. 59. 1904. TYPE: MAINE: Aroostook Co.: Valley of the St. Johns River, sandy shore of Fort Kent, 15 Jun 1898, Fernald 2245 (holotype: US; isotype: NY).
Viola obliqua var. crenulata Viola obliqua Aiton, var. crenulata (Greene) Farwell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 68. 1930.BASIONYM: Viola crenulata Greene 1901. 
Viola palmata var. asarifolia Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. asarifolia (Pursh) House, Torreya 2: 68. 1902.BASIONYM: Viola asarifolia Pursh 1814. 
Viola papilionacea var. domestica Viola papilionacea Pursh, var. domestica (E. P. Bicknell) Pollard, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 636. 1901.BASIONYM: Viola domestica E. P. Bicknell 1898. 
Viola pratincola Viola pratincola Greene, Pittonia 4: 64. 1899. TYPE: MINNESOTA: Cottonwood Co.: Near Windom, 1 Jul 1898, Greene s.n. (holotype: NDG).
Viola priceana Viola priceana Pollard, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 16: 127. 1903. TYPE: KENTUCKY:
Viola rosacea Viola rosacea Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 37: 525. 1910. TYPE: MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Biloxi, 19 Mar 1910, Brainerd s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: PH). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992.
Viola septentrionalis Viola septentrionalis Greene, Pittonia 3: 334. 1898. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa, Billings Bush, 30 May 1898, Macoun 18761 (holotype: NDG).
Viola septentrionalis forma alba Viola septentrionalis Greene, forma alba Victorin & J. Rousseau, Contr. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montreal 36: 20. 1940. TYPE: CANADA: Quebec: Terrebonne Co.: Rosemere, 23 Jun 1925, Marie- Victorin 21911 (holotype: MT).
Viola septentrionalis var. grisea Viola septentrionalis Greene, var. grisea Fernald, Rhodora 37: 301, t. 375. 1935. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Schoolcraft Co.: Near Driggs, 2 Jul 1934, Fernald & Pease 3430 (holotype: GH).
Viola sororia forma pallida Viola sororia Willdenow, forma pallida F. Seymour, Phytologia Mem. 5: 395, 602. 1982. TYPE: MASSACHUSETTS: Norfolk Co.: Wellesley, 14 May 1904, Purdie s.n. (holotype: GH).
Viola sororia forma priceana Viola sororia Willdenow, forma priceana (Pollard) Cooperrider, Michigan Bot. 23: 167. 1984.BASIONYM: Viola priceana Pollard 1903. 
Viola sororia var. grisea Viola sororia Willdenow, var. grisea (Fernald) L. E. McKinney, in R. J. Little & L. E. McKinney, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4: 226. 2010.BASIONYM: Viola septentrionalis Greene, var. grisea Fernald 1935. 
Viola sororia var. novae-angliae Viola sororia Willdenow, var. novae-angliae (House) L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 44. 1992.BASIONYM: Viola novae-angliae House 1904. 
Viola subjuncta Viola subjuncta Greene, Pittonia 5: 31. 1902. TYPE: WASHINGTON:
Viola subviscosa Viola subviscosa Greene, Pittonia 4: 293. 1901. TYPE: CANADA:
Viola thompsoniae Viola thompsoniae Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 34. 1897. TYPE: GEORGIA: Lee Co.: Smithville, s.d., Thompson s.n. (holotype: NY).
Viola vagula Viola vagula Greene, Pittonia 4: 67. 1899. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa district,
Viola venustula Viola venustula Greene, Pittonia 3: 335. 1898. TYPE: CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa,
Viola villosa var. cordifolia Viola villosa Walter, var. cordifolia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 147. 1818. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Jefferson Co. 11 Mar 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56240
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5541
USA Florida Hernando Co. 10 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5575
USA Florida Suwannee Co. 25 Mar 1958 R. K. Godfrey 56289
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 16 Mar 1963 D. B. Ward 3345
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 14 Mar 1981 G. Wilhelm 8495
USA Florida Polk Co. 19 Feb 2009 J. M. Kunzer 2714
USA Florida Escambia Co. 15 Mar 1981 G. Wilhelm 8519
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 15 Mar 1981 G. Wilhelm 8566a
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Apr 1965 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 03 May 1961 G. R. Cooley 8288
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5541
USA Florida Hernando Co. 02 Feb 1962 O. K. Lakela 25654
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 May 1963 G. R. Cooley 5554
USA Florida Hernando Co. 10 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5575
USA Florida Pasco Co. 02 Mar 1970 P. Genelle 101
USA Florida Polk Co. 15 Mar 1969 G. R. Cooley 12612
USA Florida Citrus Co. 26 Jan 1964 O. K. Lakela 26803
USA Florida Hernando Co. 25 Jul 1961 O. K. Lakela 24466
USA Florida Liberty Co. 17 Mar 1963 D. B. Ward 3400
USA Florida Citrus Co. s.d. D. B. Ward 2993
USA Florida Hernando Co. 14 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5595
USA Florida Hernando Co. 11 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5595a
USA Florida Polk Co. 26 Mar 1961 O. K. Lakela 23961
USA Florida Bradford Co. 10 Mar 1992 J. L. Reveal 7144
USA Florida Sumter Co. 05 Apr 1961 G. R. Cooley 8009
USA Florida Sumter Co. 05 Apr 1961 G. R. Cooley 8022
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5541
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 25 Mar 1993 S. L. Orzell 21333
USA Florida Walton Co. 08 Apr 1993 S. L. Orzell 21406
USA Florida Highlands Co. 19 Feb 2003 A. Bishop HH0198
USA Florida Lake Co. 27 Feb 1982 R. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Flagler Co. 25 Feb 2005 J. M. Kunzer 946
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 03 Mar 2007 T. MacClendon 550
USA Florida Pasco Co. 06 Feb 2004 E. M. Ferguson 621
USA Florida Lake Co. 02 Mar 1962 D. B. Ward 2902
USA Florida Columbia Co. 31 Mar 1962 D. B. Ward 2997
USA Florida Jackson Co. 12 Jun 1959 N. H. Russell 59-51
USA Florida Brevard Co. 27 Feb 2002 S. M. Kennedy 556
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 03 Feb 1943 A. E. Perkins s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 06 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5554
USA Florida Hernando Co. 08 Mar 1977 R. P. Wunderlin 5754
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 01 Mar 1977 A.G. Shuey 1871
USA Florida Hernando Co. 22 Feb 1971 P. Genelle 472
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 11 Feb 1977 P. Genelle 2598
USA Florida Volusia Co. 25 Feb 2005 J. M. Kunzer 957
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 14 Jun 1959 N. H. Russell 59-55
USA Florida Hernando Co. 08 Jan 1973 P. Genelle 1710
USA Florida Alachua Co. 28 Mar 1972 M. B. Meagher 434
USA Florida Jackson Co. 07 Apr 1961 R. S. Mitchell 908
USA Florida Polk Co. 23 Dec 1925 O. E. Jennings s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 05 Feb 1967 O. K. Lakela 30627
04 Mar 2000 C. Slaughter 11424
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 16 Feb 2002 S. W. Woodmansee 673
USA Florida Volusia Co. 31 Jan 2004 J. M. Kunzer 469
USA Florida Manatee Co. 10 Mar 1997 K. Alvarez WC0131
USA Florida Hernando Co. 29 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5837
USA Florida Hernando Co. 26 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5805
USA Florida Citrus Co. 25 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5785
USA Florida Marion Co. 31 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5846
USA Florida Jackson Co. 19 Apr 1961 R. S. Mitchell 976
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 15 Mar 1981 G. Wilhelm 5866b
USA Florida Jefferson Co. 13 Feb 1982 D. S. Correll 53256
USA Florida Columbia Co. 16 Feb 1982 D. S. Correll 53325
USA Florida Levy Co. 13 Feb 1982 D. S. Correll 53241
USA Florida Washington Co. 07 Mar 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55392
USA Florida Liberty Co. 01 Mar 1961 R. K. Godfrey 60555
USA Florida Citrus Co. 18 Mar 1980 B. F. Hansen 6920
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 Feb 1979 S. DuBois 79-2-73
USA Florida Manatee Co. 25 Feb 1979 C. H. Dodson 4966
USA Florida Pasco Co. 28 Jan 1977 T. F. Rochow s.n.
USA Florida Sumter Co. 14 Feb 1992 C. vanHoek 231
USA Florida Lake Co. 23 Mar 1981 B. F. Hansen 8150
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 02 Mar 1976 B. Mack 49
USA Florida Levy Co. 25 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6509
USA Florida Hernando Co. 26 Mar 1958 G. R. Cooley 5890
USA Florida Hernando Co. 02 Oct 1986 D. M. Krofta s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 17 Mar 1995 R. P. Wunderlin 10649
USA Florida Alachua Co. 11 Mar 2000 C. Slaughter 11401
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 25 Feb 2008 A. R. Franck 497
USA Florida Broward Co. 13 Feb 2008 P. L. Howell 1050
USA Florida Pasco Co. 04 Mar 2004 C. vanHoek WB0486
USA Florida Orange Co. 10 Apr 1993 W. K. Taylor s.n.
USA Florida Flagler Co. 01 Mar 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18623
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Mar 2003 A. Bishop HR0140
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 22 Jan 2003 A. Bishop HR0149
USA Florida Alachua Co. 26 Mar 1965 I. L. Wiggins 19558
USA Florida Alachua Co. 22 Feb 1948 E. S. Ford 2087
USA Florida Taylor Co. 03 Mar 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18734
USA Florida Orange Co. 24 Dec 2012 J. Cheak 166
USA Florida Hernando Co. 07 Mar 1982 R. P. Wunderlin 9173
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 02 Mar 1976 B. Mack 49
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Oct 1961 O. K. Lakela 24727
USA Florida Citrus Co. 13 Jan 1972 P. Genelle 1108
USA Florida Lake Co. 09 Jan 1991 R. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 03 Feb 1943 A. E. Perkins s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 Feb 1961 O. K. Lakela 23750
USA Florida Hardee Co. 28 Feb 1976 A.G. Shuey 1607
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Feb 1976 A.G. Shuey 1599
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Feb 1961 S. Rohwer 17
USA Florida Leon Co. 20 Mar 1985 L. C. Anderson 7848
USA Florida Lake Co. 13 Feb 1979 R. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 22 Feb 1983 M. E. Schmid A-125
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Feb 1979 R. P. Wunderlin 6742
USA Florida Gadsden Co. 14 Feb 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55339
USA Florida Leon Co. 18 Mar 1963 D. B. Ward 3424
USA Florida Collier Co. 18 Feb 1961 W. G. Atwater M-270
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 30 Jan 1986 R. P. Wunderlin 10194
USA Florida Orange Co. 16 Feb 1964 O. K. Lakela 26833
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Feb 1979 R. P. Wunderlin 6696
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 Feb 2014 R. Chicone 1209
USA Florida Brevard Co. 21 Feb 2014 R. Chicone 1276
USA Florida Hardee Co. 24 Jan 2015 P. J. Simoes 94
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Feb 2002 A. C. Schmidt 153
USA Florida Taylor Co. 21 Mar 2015 W. D. Longbottom 22311
USA South Carolina Pickens Co. 14 Mar 1992 S. R. Hill 22823 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 15 Apr 1961 M. Sloan s.n.
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