Persea borbonia

Family:LAURACEAE
Species:Persea borbonia (L.)Spreng.
Common Name:RED BAY
Status:Native, FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order LAURALES
FamilyLAURACEAE
Genus Persea
Species Persea borbonia (L.)Spreng. - RED BAY

Citation

Citation PERSEA BORBONIA (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 268. 1825.
Basionym: Laurus borbonia Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina 1: pl. 63. 1731). Lectotypified by L. E. Kopp, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 44. 1966. EPITYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: St. Helena Island, 12 Sep 1982, Spongberg et al. 17194 (epitype: BM; isoepitypes: CAS, NY). Epitypified by Reveal et al., Taxon 63: 919. 2014.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bay FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun FSU  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia UWFP  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Glades USF  
Gulf FSU  
Hamilton FLAS  
Hardee USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade FLAS  
Monroe Keys FTG  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa FSU  
Orange USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco FLAS  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Borbonia borbonia Borbonia borbonia (Linnaeus) House, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 8: 63. 1922, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Laurus borbonia Linnaeus 1753. 
Borbonia caroliniensis Borbonia caroliniensis (Michaux) J. Presl, in Berchtold & J. Presl, Prir. Rostlin 2(Laurac.): 57. 1825.BASIONYM: Laurus caroliniensis Michaux 1803. 
Borbonia humilis Borbonia humilis (Nash) House, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 8: 63. 1922.BASIONYM: Persea humilis Nash 1895. 
Borbonia littoralis Borbonia littoralis (Small) House, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 8: 63. 1922.BASIONYM: Persea littoralis Small 1903. 
Laurus borbonia Laurus borbonia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 370. 1753. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina 1: pl. 63. 1731). Lectotypified by L. E. Kopp, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 44. 1966. EPITYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: St. Helena Island, 12 Sep 1982, Spongberg et al. 17194 (epitype: BM; isoepitypes: CAS, NY). Epitypified by Reveal et al., Taxon 63: 919. 2014.
Laurus caroliniensis Laurus caroliniensis Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 245. 1803.  
Laurus caroliniensis var. glabra Laurus caroliniensis Michaux, var. glabra Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 276. 1814.  
Persea caroliniensis Persea caroliniensis (Michaux) Nees von Esenbeck, Syst. Laur. 150. 1836.BASIONYM: Laurus caroliniensis Michaux 1803. 
Persea caroliniensis forma glabriuscula Persea caroliniensis (Michaux) Nees von Esenbeck, forma glabriuscula Mez, Jahrb. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 5: 176. 1889.BASIONYM: Persea caroliniensis (Michaux) Nees von Esenbeck, var. glabriuscula Meisner 1864, nom. illegit.; Laurus caroliniensis Michaux, var. glabra Pursh 1814. 
Persea caroliniensis var. glabriuscula Persea caroliniensis (Michaux) Nees von Esenbeck, var. glabriuscula Meisner, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(1): 51. 1864, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Laurus caroliniensis Michaux, var. glabra Pursh 1814. 
Persea littoralis Persea littoralis Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 820, 1335. 1903. TYPE: FLORIDA: Volusia Co.: Daytona, 13 Nov 1901, Small & Nash 357 (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Tamala borbonia Tamala borbonia (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 136. 1838.BASIONYM: Laurus borbonia Linnaeus 1753. 
Tamala caroliniensis Tamala caroliniensis (Michaux) Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 136. 1838.BASIONYM: Laurus caroliniensis Michaux 1803. 
Tamala littoralis Tamala littoralis (Small) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S., ed. 2. 822, 1375. 1913.BASIONYM: Persea littoralis Small 1903. 
Laurus elongata Laurus elongata Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 344. 1796.  
Persea palustris var. laevifolia Persea palustris (Rafinesque) Sargent, var. laevifolia Fernald, Rhodora 44: 399. 1942. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Nansemond Co.: Great Dismal Swamp, SE of Whitmarsh School, 19 Jul 1939, Fernald & Long 10652 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Lake Co. 17 Jul 1984 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Flagler Co. 17 Oct 1959 D. B. Ward 1628
USA Florida Brevard Co. 24 Apr 1971 A.G. Shuey 22
USA Florida Citrus Co. 06 May 1963 O. K. Lakela 25936
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 29 Jul 1977 A. N. Arcuri 470
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Oct 1978 W. Biggs s.n.
USA Florida Martin Co. 27–29 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4853
USA Florida Sumter Co. 09 Nov 2005 B. F. Hansen 13080
USA Florida Hernando Co. 22 Nov 1971 P. Genelle 1088
USA Florida Volusia Co. 10 Dec 2002 P. D. Sorensen 02-27
USA Florida Clay Co. 18 May 1979 B. F. Hansen 5537
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Mar 2000 J. Myers 643
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 Sep 2002 C. Becker OS0386
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10163
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10184
USA Florida Indian River Co. 22 Jun 1972 S. Todd 3614
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 19 May 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10972
USA Florida Brevard Co. 12 Oct 1972 J. E. Poppleton s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 08 Jun 1979 D. Richardson 797
USA Florida Levy Co. 15 Sep 1971 R. W. Long 3326
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 17 Apr 1973 P. Genelle 1661
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 15 Aug 2005 C. Olson OS0415
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 165
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 88
USA Florida Polk Co. 08 Sep 1936 J. B. McFarlin 10507
USA Florida Highlands Co. 30 Aug 1934 J. B. McFarlin 9113
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 07 Sep 1964 O. K. Lakela 27378
USA Florida Lake Co. 22 Nov 1980 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 04 May 1959 C. E. Wood 9204
USA Florida Martin Co. Jun 1990 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 26 Apr 1973 A.G. Shuey M0509
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 12 May 1967 R. W. Long 2582
USA Florida Marion Co. 26 Apr 1961 R. R. Smith 50
USA Florida Indian River Co. 22 Jun 1972 S. Todd 3583
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 19 May 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10991
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 28 Aug 2008 A. R. Franck 839
USA Florida Volusia Co. 08 Feb 1974 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Indian River Co. 11 Nov 1972 W. Webb s.n.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 20 Oct 1999 R. A. Hattaway FC0004
USA Florida Brevard Co. 05 Jan 1990 E. Cohen 4
USA Florida Collier Co. 28 Dec 1988 B. F. Hansen 11816
USA Florida Collier Co. 29 Dec 1988 B. F. Hansen 11846
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 Sep 2006 C. S. Helt 2
USA Florida Collier Co. 15 Mar 1966 O. K. Lakela 29503
USA Florida Collier Co. 20 Aug 1965 O. K. Lakela 29082
USA Florida Collier Co. 28 Dec 1988 B. F. Hansen 11799
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Sep 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6393
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 146
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 09 May 1973 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 08 Feb 1974 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 27 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10794
USA Florida Lee Co. 10 Apr 1991 S. R. Herwitz 814
USA Florida Manatee Co. 16 May 1992 R. Owen SF0091
USA Florida Manatee Co. 19 Mar 1995 S. Cole MB0051
USA Florida Okaloosa Co. 22 Jun 1981 G. Wilhelm 9157
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 21 May 1981 G. Wilhelm 9054
USA Florida Walton Co. 26 Jun 1981 G. Wilhelm 9269
USA Florida Citrus Co. 07 Nov 1982 N. L. Mawhinney 39
USA Florida Volusia Co. 23 Nov 1968 O. K. Lakela 31756
USA Florida Levy Co. 26 Jul 1956 R. Kral 2970
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 03 Nov 1999 R. A. Hattaway OS0025
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 02 Oct 2000 R. A. Hattaway OS0039
USA Florida Marion Co. 19 May 2007 K. M. Meyer 101
USA Florida Volusia Co. 20 May 1981 B. F. Hansen 8251
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10930
USA Florida Flagler Co. 01 May 2006 C. Slaughter 14840
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 Sep 1963 O. K. Lakela 26340
USA Florida Flagler Co. 08 Oct 1981 D. S. Correll 52924
USA Florida Columbia Co. 28 Aug 1993 B. J. Herring 1179
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 28 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9832
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Nov 1987 B. F. Hansen 11680
USA Florida Volusia Co. 09 Oct 1966 R. W. Long 2288
USA Florida Volusia Co. 03 Nov 1962 O. K. Lakela 25524
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 19 Jan 1963 O. K. Lakela 25621
USA Florida Brevard Co. 22 May 1965 O. K. Lakela 28666
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 02 Nov 1963 O. K. Lakela 26635
USA Florida Citrus Co. 23 Apr 1960 G. R. Cooley 7303
USA Florida Hernando Co. 26 Apr 1971 P. Genelle 715
USA Florida Broward Co. 19 Apr 1966 O. K. Lakela 29582
USA Florida Citrus Co. 22 Apr 1959 G. R. Cooley 6480
USA Florida Volusia Co. 27 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10793
USA Florida Alachua Co. 14 May 1981 J. C. Easterday 462
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Oct 1964 O. K. Lakela 27657
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 18 Aug 2001 S. W. Woodmansee 620
USA Florida Collier Co. 11 May 1968 O. K. Lakela 31397
USA Florida Hernando Co. 14 Jul 2009 C. vanHoek WW0045
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 11 Sep 2011 A. R. Franck 2832
USA Florida Levy Co. 07 Aug 1997 K. Gulledge 413
USA Florida Nassau Co. 13 Jul 2012 S. Myers 614
USA Florida Glades Co. 10 Nov 2012 A. R. Franck 3199
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 25 May 2013 S. Myers 994
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Feb 2002 A. C. Schmidt 173
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 26 Jun 2001 A. C. Schmidt 4
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 1992 R. Arias 65 CULTIVATED.
USA South Carolina Hampton Co. 03 Sep 1980 R. P. Sauleda 4081
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 03 Aug 1952 J. D. Ray, Jr. 3060
USA Alabama Baldwin Co. 30 Sep 1967 J. A. Ewan s.n.
USA South Carolina Beaufort Co. 09 Sep 1968 S. W. Leonard 1952
USA South Carolina Charleston Co. 11 Jan 1951 G. R. Cooley s.n.
USA Mississippi Harrison Co. 24 Jul 1952 J. D. Ray, Jr. 2682
USA South Carolina Charleston Co. 17 Feb 1952 G. R. Cooley 1003
USA Florida Polk Co. 04 Apr 1981 M. L. Gilbert s.n.
USA Florida Highlands Co. 26 Jul 1963 C. F. Caudle 4099
USA Florida Polk Co. 06 Oct 1962 C. F. Caudle 276
USA Florida Polk Co. 11 Jul 1963 C. F. Caudle 3678
USA Florida Marion Co. 03 Jun 1964 C. F. Caudle 5194
USA Florida Lake Co. 10 Aug 1962 C. F. Caudle 1763
USA Florida Highlands Co. 26 Jul 1963 C. F. Caudle 4099A
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