Aristolochia serpentaria

Family:ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
Species:Aristolochia serpentaria L.
Common Name:VIRGINIA SNAKEROOT
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order PIPERALES
FamilyARISTOLOCHIACEAE
Genus Aristolochia
Species Aristolochia serpentaria L. - VIRGINIA SNAKEROOT

Citation

Citation ARISTOLOCHIA SERPENTARIA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 961. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1071.7). Lectotypified by Pfeifer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 128. 1966.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bay FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Calhoun USF  
Citrus FLAS  
Clay USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia FLAS  
Gadsden FLAS  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Hernando USF  
Highlands FLAS  
Hillsborough USF  
Jackson FLAS  
Jefferson FSU  
Lafayette FLAS  
Lake USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty FLAS  
Marion FLAS  
Monroe Keys Lit Lit: Pfeifer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 128-132. 1966.
Okaloosa FSU  
Orange Lit Lit: Pfeifer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 128-132. 1966.
Pasco USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Suwannee USF  
Taylor FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aristolochia convolvulacea Aristolochia convolvulacea Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 335. 1897. TYPE: GEORGIA: Muscogee Co.: Columbus, s.d., Boykin s.n. (holotype: NY).
Aristolochia hastata Aristolochia hastata Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 200. 1818, non Kunth 1817.  
Aristolochia nashii Aristolochia nashii Kearney, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 485. 1894. TYPE: FLORIDA: Lake Co.: Lake Ella, 1894, Nash 1139 (holotype: US; isotypes: GH, NY, UC).
Aristolochia serpentaria var. hastata Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus, var. hastata (Rafinesque) Duchartre, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(1): 434. 1864.BASIONYM: Endodeca hastata Rafinesque 1838; Aristolochia hastata Nuttall 1818, non Kunth 1817. 
Aristolochia serpentaria var. nashii Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus, var. nashii (Kearney) Ahles, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 75: 130. 1959.BASIONYM: Aristolochia nashii Kearney 1894. 
Endodeca hastata Endodeca hastata Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 99. 1838 ("1836").BASIONYM: Aristolochia hastata Nuttall 1818, non Kunth 1817. 
Endodeca polyrrhizos Endodeca polyrrhizos Klotzsch, Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859: 601. 1860, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Endodeca hastata Rafinesque 1838; Aristolochia hastata Nuttall 1818, non Kunth 1817. 
Endodeca serpentaria Endodeca serpentaria (Linnaeus) Klotzsch, Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859: 600. 1860.BASIONYM: Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus 1753. 
Endodeca serpentaria var. hastata Endodeca serpentaria (Linnaeus) Klotzsch, var. hastata (Rafinesque) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 50: 461. 1982.BASIONYM: Endodeca hastata Rafinesque 1838; Aristolochia hastata Nuttall 1818, non Kunth 1817. 
Pistolochia serpentaria Pistolochia serpentaria (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 98. 1838 ("1836").BASIONYM: Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus 1753. 
Psophiza undulata Psophiza undulata Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 99. 1838 ("1836"). TYPE: FLORIDA:
Aristolochia arborescens Aristolochia arborescens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 960. 1753. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: Plukenet, Phytographia t. 78(1). 1691). Lectotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 978. 2009.
Aristolochia officinalis Aristolochia officinalis T. Nees von Esenbeck, in Weyhe et al., Pl. Medicin. 1: t. 144. 1828.  
Aristolochia serpentaria var, laxa Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus, var. laxa Duchartre, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(1): 434. 1864. TYPE: Without data (holotype: LE; isotype: MO?).
Aristolochia serpentaria var. bartonii Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus, var. bartonii (Klotzsch) Duchartre, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(1): 433. 1864.BASIONYM: Endodeca bartonii Klotzsch 1860. 
Endodeca bartonii Endodeca bartonii Klotzsch, Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859: 600. 1860.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Alachua Co. 06 Apr 1992 S. L. Orzell 19305
USA Florida Clay Co. 16 Oct 1992 S. L. Orzell 21171
USA Florida Collier Co. 30 Apr 1992 B. J. Herring 704
USA Florida Highlands Co. 21 Apr 1948 R. Garrett s.n.
USA Florida Suwannee Co. 04 Jul 1984 R. D. Whetstone 19331
USA Florida Nassau Co. 01 May 2000 C. Slaughter 11591
USA Florida Polk Co. 10 Apr 1982 R. P. Wunderlin 9269
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 29 Apr 1968 O. K. Lakela 31480
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 27 Sep 1966 O. K. Lakela 30259
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Oct 1966 O. K. Lakela 30275
USA Florida Pasco Co. 08 Aug 2000 K. Murrell s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. May 1985 C. vanHoek s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 21 May 1982 R. P. Wunderlin 9425
USA Florida Walton Co. 29 May 1982 G. Wilhelm 10076
USA Florida Lake Co. 29 Jul 1992 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 12 Mar 2007 J. M. Kunzer 2072
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 30 Aug 2010 T. MacClendon 1053
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 26 Jun 1974 D. Burch 6803 CULTIVATED.
USA Mississippi Lowndes Co. 09 Jul 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 6676
USA North Carolina Burke Co. 10 Jun 1957 R. C. Bell 8690
USA Mississippi Tishomingo Co. 13 Jun 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 6319
USA Mississippi Alcorn Co. 07 Jun 1957 G. R. Cooley 5203
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 03 Aug 1952 J. D. Ray, Jr. 3023
USA Mississippi Tate Co. 05 Jun 1957 G. R. Cooley 5068
USA North Carolina Mecklenburg Co. 27 May 1968 T. Daggy 4864
USA North Carolina Vance Co. 21 Jul 1956 H. E. Ahles 17273
USA Mississippi Newton Co. 27 Jul 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7255
USA Mississippi Tishomingo Co. 15 Jun 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 6391
USA Alabama Baldwin Co. 20 May 1981 G. Wilhelm 8911
USA Kentucky Edmonson Co. 15 Jun 1940 B. B. McInteer 666
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