Phytolacca americana

Family:PHYTOLACCACEAE
Species:Phytolacca americana L.
Common Name:AMERICAN POKEWEED
Plant Notes:This account contains P. rigida in synonymy. Nienaber & Thieret (in FNA, vol. 4) noted that P. americana and P. rigida "are not always clearly distinct" and specimens intermediate in morphology can be found sympatric with P. americana s.str. Specimens with shorter fruiting pedicles (<7 mm long) and shorter and erect racemes (<13.5 cm long) have been called P. rigida or P. americana var. rigida.
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL), U (WAP)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order CARYOPHYLLALES
FamilyPHYTOLACCACEAE
Genus Phytolacca
Species Phytolacca americana L. - AMERICAN POKEWEED

Citation

Citation PHYTOLACCA AMERICANA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 441. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 607.3). Lectotypified by K. Larsen, in Morat, Fl. Cambodge 24: 118. 1989.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun FLAS  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FSU  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler FTG  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden FLAS  
Gilchrist USF  
Glades USF  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FLAS  
Indian River FLAS  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Levy USF  
Liberty FLAS  
Madison FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin FLAS  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FSU  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa FLAS  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Santa Rosa FLAS  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton USF  
Washington FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Phytolacca americana var. rigida Phytolacca americana Linnaeus, var. rigida (Small) Caulkins & Wyatt, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 117: 366. 1990.BASIONYM: Phytollacca rigida Small 1905. 
Phytolacca decandra Phytolacca decandra Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 631. 1762, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Phytolacca americana Linnaeus 1753. 
Phytolacca rigida Phytolacca rigida Small, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 3: 422. 1905. TYPE: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Miami, 5-21 May 1904, Small & Wilson 1893 (holotype: NY).
Phytolacca icosandra var. fraseri Phytolacca icosandra Linnaeus, var. fraseri Moquin-Tandon, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 34. 1849.  
Phytolacca vulgaris Phytolacca vulgaris Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 484. 1766.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Orange Co. 04 Jul 2001 S. Myers 162
USA Florida Alachua Co. 01 Oct 1983 W. S. Judd 3423
USA Florida Leon Co. 17 Jul 1986 B. F. Hansen 11050
USA Florida Volusia Co. 27 Apr 1961 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10779
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 30 Sep 1979 R. P. Sauleda 2947
USA Florida Orange Co. 25 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8733
USA Florida Osceola Co. 14 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8537
USA Florida Hernando Co. 20 May 1973 P. Genelle 1855
USA Florida Citrus Co. 13 Jun 2001 R. A. Hattaway FC0259
USA Florida Highlands Co. 25 May 2001 D. Stark LJ0111
USA Florida Manatee Co. 15 Jun 1995 S. Cole LM0148
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 27 Jun 2001 C. vanHoek CI0163
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 May 1978 D. R. Lindsey 194
USA Florida Hernando Co. 02 Aug 1971 P. Genelle 947
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Oct 1977 C. S. Lewis 47
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 16 Oct 1978 A. Fulton 192
USA Florida Monroe Co. 25 Jun 1966 R. W. Long 1843
USA Florida Lee Co. 23 Apr 1954 G. R. Cooley 2641
USA Florida Brevard Co. 17 Oct 1964 O. K. Lakela 27698
USA Florida Collier Co. 18 Feb 1968 R. W. Long 2723
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 05 Oct 1963 O. K. Lakela 26528
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 21 Jul 1973 L. Fowler 125
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Mar 1974 O. K. Lakela s.n.
USA Florida Alachua Co. 14 Jul 1981 J. C. Easterday 608
USA Florida Glades Co. 01 Nov 1969 W. L. McCart 11172
USA Florida Collier Co. 03 Nov 1968 O. K. Lakela 31725
USA Florida Pasco Co. 18 Jul 1976 K. Zeiler 51
USA Florida Levy Co. 15 Sep 1971 R. W. Long 3324
USA Florida Hardee Co. 25 Jul 1977 E. Kuczynski s.n.
USA Florida Manatee Co. 11 Sep 1997 C. Becker WC0313
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2374
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 17 Jul 1976 C. H. Dodson 4579
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 5020
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 20 May 1983 G. Fleming 3585
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 19 Mar 1997 B. K. Holst 6039
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 09 Apr 1994 S. Cole LR0051
USA Florida Brevard Co. 07 Jun 1964 O. K. Lakela 27193
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 10 Sep 1963 O. K. Lakela 26338
USA Florida Marion Co. 06 Sep 1949 D. W. Mather M-426
USA Florida Seminole Co. 03 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7513
USA Florida Brevard Co. 25 Feb 2002 J. E. Tear 2047
USA Florida Polk Co. 11 Jul 1972 T. Perkins s.n.
USA Florida Clay Co. 11 Jun 1983 R. P. Sauleda 8297
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 28 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9829
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 16 Sep 1998 S.W. Braem DP0021
USA Florida Putnam Co. 04 Nov 2001 S. Myers 337
USA Florida Marion Co. 24 Jul 1985 B. F. Hansen 10460
USA Florida Sumter Co. 28 Jun 1984 R. P. Wunderlin 9696
USA Florida Lee Co. 14 Aug 1985 E. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10126
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 25 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10811
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 12 May 1967 R. W. Long 2568
USA Florida Volusia Co. 09 Oct 1966 R. W. Long 2255
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 May 1965 R. Metzger 216
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 09 Aug 1965 G. E. Woolfenden s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. Dec 1977 A. N. Arcuri 688
USA Florida Hendry Co. 23 Mar 1980 B. F. Hansen 6940
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 28 Apr 1980 G. Fleming 3368
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Oct 1977 L. S. Weinland 92
USA Florida Monroe Co. 13 Oct 1962 G. R. Cooley 9280
USA Florida Brevard Co. 18 Aug 1985 S. A. Thompson 2715
USA Florida Pasco Co. 27 Aug 1985 S. A. Thompson 2879
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 07 Jun 1977 J. Brown 504
USA Florida Lee Co. 19 Nov 1966 G. R. Cooley 11976
USA Florida Franklin Co. 10 Oct 2005 B. F. Hansen 13055
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 23 Sep 1998 J. Myers 151
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Dec 1977 B. Massetti 133
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Oct 1977 C. G. Willett 8
USA Florida Lee Co. 27 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6051
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6258
USA Florida Pasco Co. 22 Jun 1981 G. Robinson 233
USA Florida Columbia Co. 08 Oct 1981 D. S. Correll 54179
USA Florida Manatee Co. 29 Mar 1975 P. Genelle 1930
USA Florida Highlands Co. 08 Oct 1978 B. F. Hansen 4824
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Sep 1978 D. W. Crewz 1474
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Jul 1976 S. Mortellaro 88
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 29 May 1980 B. F. Hansen 7229
USA Florida Pasco Co. 03 Nov 1986 E. E. Wise s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9991
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 Jun 1994 B. F. Hansen 12742
USA Florida Broward Co. 30 Apr 1959 W. C. Sturtevant 94
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1993 B. F. Hansen 12076
USA Florida Martin and Palm Beach Co's 27-29 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4795
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 23 May 1991 S. Erikson PB0047
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Mar 1974 S. Todd 157
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Apr 1974 S. Todd 210
USA Florida Brevard Co. 02 May 1973 A.G. Shuey s.n.
USA Florida Walton Co. 01 Aug 1950 E. L. Tyson 1722
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 30 Apr 1994 S. Cole HR0003
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 13 Jul 1994 K. Graham HR0060
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 29 May 1980 B. F. Hansen 7179
USA Florida Polk Co. 05 Jun 1976 J. Brown s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Oct 1977 R. Rose 6
USA Florida Hardee Co. 24 Jul 1977 E. Kuczynski s.n.
USA Florida Pasco Co. 11 Oct 1977 W. Carey 37
USA Florida Brevard Co. 02 May 1973 A.G. Shuey M0013
USA Florida Leon Co. 08 Jul 1966 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 12 Jul 1958 R. K. Godfrey 57153
USA Florida Levy Co. 16 Sep 1959 G. R. Cooley 6989
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Mar 1983 D. Richardson 911
USA Florida Brevard Co. 26 Apr 2006 C. Slaughter 14814
USA Florida Pasco Co. 26 Sep 2002 C. vanHoek WB0153
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 23 Aug 2007 A. R. Franck 312
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 13 Oct 2004 A. Bishop OS0397
USA Florida Manatee Co. 23 May 2006 E. Jensen SF0362
USA Florida Sumter Co. 25 Jun 2004 A. Bishop DB0042
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Sep 2003 S.W. Braem HI0114
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 28 Jan 1999 B. K. Holst 7185
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 24 Aug 2009 A. R. Franck 1417
USA Florida Lee Co. 19 Jun 2003 A. Bishop LK0028
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 27 Nov 2009 A. R. Franck 1594
USA Florida Volusia Co. 06 Oct 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1939
USA Florida Glades Co. 30 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2177
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 19 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13448
USA Florida Hernando Co. 18 Aug 2009 C. vanHoek WW0015
USA Florida Hardee Co. 29 Jun 2004 A. Bishop PC0076
USA Florida Glades Co. 28 Aug 2011 A. R. Franck 2670
USA Florida Brevard Co. 05 May 2007 X. de Seguin des Hons 07-080
USA Florida Brevard Co. 26 Jun 2010 S. Blissett-Clark s.n.
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 29 Sep 2011 W. D. Longbottom 16420
USA Florida Osceola Co. 3 May 2012 D. H. Williams 3143
USA Florida Seminole Co. 20 Aug 2012 D. H. Williams 3248
USA Florida Polk Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14504
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Aug 2013 R. Chicone 1087
USA Florida Lee Co. 24 Jul 1999 S.W. Braem GI0173
USA Florida Manatee Co. 24 Jun 2010 S.W. Braem TC0023
USA Florida Hardee Co. 28 May 2014 A. Farid 10
USA Florida Polk Co. 15 Oct 1998 R. Mejeur 712
USA Florida Hardee Co. 23 May 2014 P. J. Simoes 12
USA Florida Orange Co. 23 Nov 2014 S. Myers 1550
USA Missouri St. Louis Co. 09 Sep 1974 J. Slama 77 CULTIVATED.
USA Kentucky Madison Co. 07 Aug 1981 D. D. Taylor 1101 CULTIVATED.
USA Louisiana Lincoln Par. 18 Sep 1970 V. J. Burkunas 572 "Pokeweed."
USA Tennessee Cocke Co. 24 Jul 1977 P. Genelle 2916
USA Tennessee Knox Co. 22 Jun 1965 G. H. Morton s.n.
USA Mississippi Perry Co. 21 Jul 1967 S. B. Jones 14643
USA Louisiana Morehouse Par. 28 Oct 1966 R. D. Thomas 1380
USA Louisiana Lafayette Par. 20 Jul 1964 J. W. Thieret 17978
USA South Carolina Pickens Co. 21 Aug 1989 S. R. Hill 21024
USA Georgia Glynn Co. 20 Oct 2001 K. Francl 386 Pokeweed.
USA Alabama Pike Co. 19 Jun 2012 A. R. Diamond 23107
USA South Carolina Jasper Co. 27 Oct 1987 S. R. Hill 19043
USA South Carolina Newberry Co. 22 Jul 1980 C. Aulbach-Smith 1018
USA Mississippi Copiah Co. 22 Jul 1956 R. B. Channell s.n.
USA North Carolina Lee Co. 03 Sep 1954 L. S. Beard 114
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 19 Jun 1956 W. H. Duncan 20161
USA Louisiana Washington Co. 13 Jun 1978 C. M. Allen 8305
USA Louisiana Union Par. 02 Jun 1979 C. E. Allen 8783
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