Distichlis spicata

Family:POACEAE
Species:Distichlis spicata (L.)Greene
Common Name:SALTGRASS
Status:Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Distichlis
Species Distichlis spicata (L.)Greene - SALTGRASS

Citation

Citation DISTICHLIS SPICATA (Linnaeus) Greene, Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 415. 1887.
Basionym: Uniola spicata Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 89.4). Lectotypified by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 121. 1908.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Bay FSU  
Brevard USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus FLAS  
Collier USF  
Dixie FSU  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin FSU  
Hernando USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River FLAS  
Lee USF  
Levy USF  
Miami-Dade FLAS  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
St. Johns USF  
Taylor USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Briza spicata Briza spicata (Linnaeus) Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 465. 1785.BASIONYM: Uniola spicata Linnaeus 1753. 
Brizopyrum americanum Brizopyrum americanum Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 160. 1826, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Uniola spicata Linnaeus 1753. 
Brizopyrum spicatum Brizopyrum spicatum (Linnaeus) Hooker & Arnott, Bot. Beechey Voy. 403. 1841.BASIONYM: Uniola spicata Linnaeus 1753. 
Distichlis maritima Distichlis maritima Rafinesque, J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 104. 1819, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Uniola spicata Linnaeus 1753. 
Distichlis nodosa Distichlis nodosa Rafinesque, J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 104. 1819, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Festuca distichophylla Michaux 1803. 
Distichlis spicata var. distichophylla Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. distichophylla (Michaux) Beetle, Rhodora 47: 148. 1945.BASIONYM: Festuca distichophylla Michaux 1803. 
Festuca distichophylla Festuca distichophylla Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 67. 1803. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).
Poa michauxii Poa michauxii Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 111. 1829.BASIONYM: Festuca distichophylla Michaux 1803. 
Uniola distichophylla Uniola distichophylla (Michaux) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 596. 1817.BASIONYM: Festuca distichophylla Michaux 1803. 
Uniola spicata Uniola spicata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 71. 1753. TYPE: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 89.4). Lectotypified by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 121. 1908.
Agropyrum peruvianum Agropyron peruvianum (Lamarck) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 761. 1817.BASIONYM: Triticum peruvianum Lamarck 1791. 
Brizopyrum boreale Brizopyrum boreale J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 280. 1830. TYPE: CANADA: British Columbia: Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, s.d., Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR; isotype: MO).
Brizopyrum ovatum Brizopyrum ovatum Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 282. 1854. TYPE: PERU [Chile?]: Without data, Cuming s.n. (holotype: P?).
Brizopyrum prostratum Brizopyrum prostratum (Kunth) E. Fournier, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 15: 474. 1876; Mexic. Pl. 2: 120. 1886.BASIONYM: Poa prostrata Kunth 1816. 
Brizopyrum prostratum var. erectum Brizopyrum prostratum (Kunth) Bentham ex E. Fournier, var. erectum E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 120. 1886. TYPE: MEXICO:
Brizopyrum prostratum var. humile Brizopyrum prostratum (Kunth) Bentham ex E. Fournier, var. humile E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 120. 1886. TYPE: MEXICO:
Brizopyrum spicatum var. strictum Brizopyrum spicatum (Linnaeus) Hooker & Arnott, var. strictum (Torrey) A. Gray ex S. Watson, Bot. Fortieth Parallel 385. 1871.BASIONYM: Uniola stricta Torrey 1824. 
Brizopyrum thalassicum Brizopyrum thalassicum (Kunth) Nees von Esenbeck, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 1: 29. 1841.BASIONYM: Poa thalassica Kunth 1816. 
Distichlis araucana Distichlis araucana Philippi, Anales Univ. Chile 94: 162. 1896. TYPE: CHILE:
Distichlis dentata Distichlis dentata Rydberg, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 536. 1909. TYPE: WASHINGTON: Without data, 1893, Sandberg & Leiberg 463 (holotype: NY; isotypes: NY, US).
Distichlis deserticola Distichlis deserticola Philippi, Anales Univ. Chile 36: 209. 1870. TYPE: CHILE: Atacama Desert, s.d., Philippi 407 (holotype: SGO?).
Distichlis distichophylla Distichlis distichophylla (Labillardiere) Fassett, Rhodora 27: 71. 1925.BASIONYM: Uniola distichophylla Labillardière 1804. 
Distichlis hirsuta Distichlis hirsuta Philippi, Anales Univ. Chile 36: 209. 1870. TYPE: CHILE: Santiago,
Distichlis hirta Distichlis hirta Philippi, Anales Univ. Chile 48: 570. 1873. TYPE: CHILE: Los arenales de Llico y Vichuqen, s.d., Landbeck s.n. (holotype: SGO?).
Distichlis marginata Distichlis marginata Philippi, Verz. Antofagasta Pfl. 86. 1891. TYPE: CHILE: Tarapaca (Antofagasta?): Ad Breas, s.d., Philippi s.n. (holotype: SGO?).
Distichlis marginata var. stricta Distichlis marginata Philippi, var. stricta (Torrey) Thurber, Bot. California 2: 306. 1880.BASIONYM: Uniola stricta Torrey 1824. 
Distichlis maritima var. stricta Distichlis maritima Rafinesque, var. stricta (Torrey) Thurber, Bot. California 2: 306. 1880.BASIONYM: Uniola stricta Torrey 1824. 
Distichlis mendocina Distichlis mendocina Philippi, Anales Univ. Chile 36: 209. 1870. TYPE: CHILE: Mendoza, s.d., Philippi s.n. (holotype: SGO?).
Distichlis prostrata Distichlis prostrata (Kunth) E. Desvaux, in Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 398. 1854 ("1853").BASIONYM: Poa prostrata Kunth 1816. 
Distichlis spicata forma hirta Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, forma hirta (Philippi) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 350. 1891.BASIONYM: Distichlis hirta Philippi 1873. 
Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, subsp. stricta (Torrey) Thorne, Aliso 9: 195. 1978.BASIONYM: Uniola stricta Torrey 1824. 
Distichlis spicata var. andina Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. andina Beetle, Revista Argent. Agron. 22: 93. 1955. TYPE: BOLIVIA: La Paz: Guaqui, 6 Feb 1937, Parodi 10082 (holotype: BAA).
Distichlis spicata var. borealis Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. borealis (J. Presl) Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 643. 1943.BASIONYM: Brizopyrum boreale J. Presl 1830. 
Distichlis spicata var. divaricata Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. divaricata Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 647. 1943. TYPE: CALIFORNIA: Riverside Co.: Salton, 1902, Davy s.n. (holotype: UC).
Distichlis spicata var. laxa Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. laxa Vasey ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 519. 1896. TYPE: UTAH: Salt Lake Co.: Lake Park, 1887, Tracy s.n. (holotype: MSC?).
Distichlis spicata var. marginata Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. marginata (Philippi) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 350. 1898.BASIONYM: Distichlis marginata Philippi 1891. 
Distichlis spicata var. mendocina Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. mendocina (Philippi) Hackel, in Stuckert, Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 6: 513. 1906.BASIONYM: Distichlis mendocina Philippi 1870. 
Distichlis spicata var. mexicana Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. mexicana Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 648. 1943. TYPE: MEXICO: Durango:
Distichlis spicata var. nana Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. nana Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 647. 1943. TYPE: CALIFORNIA: Tulare Co.: Whitaker Forest, 28 Jun 1928, Kennedy s.n. (holotype: AHUC).
Distichlis spicata var. stolonifera Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. stolonifera Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 644. 1943. TYPE: CALIFORNIA: Humboldt Co.: Near Ferndale, 30 Jul 1899, Davy & Blasdale 6202 (holotype: UC).
Distichlis spicata var. stricta Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. stricta (Torrey) Lamson-Scribner, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5(4): 51. 1894.BASIONYM: Uniola stricta Torrey 1824. 
Distichlis spicata var. thalassica Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. thalassica (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 350. 1898.BASIONYM: Poa thalassica Kunth 1816. 
Distichlis stricta Distichlis stricta (Torrey) Rydberg, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 602. 1905.BASIONYM: Uniola stricta Torrey 1824. 
Distichlis stricta var. dentata Distichlis stricta (Torrey) E. Desvaux, var. dentata (Rydberg) C. L. Hitchcock, Vasc. Pl. Pacific NW 1: 553. 1969.BASIONYM: Distichlis dentata Rydberg 1909. 
Distichlis stricta var. laxa Distichlis stricta (Torrey) E. Desvaux, var. laxa (Vasey ex Beal) Fawcett & West ex Munz, Man. S. Calif. Bot. 52, 597. 1935.BASIONYM: Distichlis spicata (Linnaeus) Greene, var. laxa Vasey ex Beal 1896. 
Distichlis tenuifolia Distichlis tenuifolia Philippi, Anales Univ. Chile 94: 162. 1896. TYPE: CHILE:
Distichlis thalassica Distichlis thalassica (Kunth) E. Desvaux, in Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 397. 1854 ("1853")..BASIONYM: Poa thalassica Kunth 1816. 
Distichlis thalassica var. mendocina Distichlis thalassica (Kunth) E. Desvaux, var. mendocina (Philippi) Kurtz, Bol. Acad. Nat. Ci. 15: 521. 1897.BASIONYM: Distichlis mendocina Philippi 1870. 
Distichlis thalassica var. pectinata Distichlis thalassica (Kunth) E. Desvaux, var. pectinata Grisebach, Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 291. 1879. TYPE: ARGENTINA/CHILE:
Distichlis viridis Distichlis viridis Philippi, Anales Univ. Chile 94: 163. 1896. TYPE: CHILE:
Festuca distichophylla Festuca distichophylla (Labillardiere) Hooker f., Fl. Tasman. 2: 127. 1858, non Michaux 1803.BASIONYM: Uniola distichophylla Labillardière 1804. 
Festuca multiflora Festuca multiflora Walter, Fl. Carol. 81. 1788.  
Festuca triticoides Festuca triticoides Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 191. 1791.  
Megastachya prostrata Megastachya prostrata (Kunth) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 590. 1817.BASIONYM: Poa prostrata Kunth 1816. 
Megastachya thalassica Megastachya thalassica (Kunth) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 590. 1817.BASIONYM: Poa thalassica Kunth 1816. 
Poa borealis Poa borealis (J. Presl) Kunth, Revis. Gramin., Suppl. 28. 1830.BASIONYM: Brizopyrum boreale J. Presl 1830. 
Poa distichophylla Poa distichophylla (Labillardière) R. Brown, Prodr. 182. 1810, non Gaudin 1808.BASIONYM: Uniola distichophylla Labillardière 1804. 
Poa paradoxa Poa paradoxa Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 569. 1817.BASIONYM: Uniola distichophylla Labillardière 1804. 
Poa prostrata Poa prostrata Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 157. 1816. TYPE: VENEZUELA: Monagas: Caripe, s.d., Humboldt & Bonpland 4161 (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Poa thalassica Poa thalassica Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 157. 1816. TYPE: PERU: Lima: "prope ad Litus Oceani", Oct, Humboldt & Bonpland 3719 (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Triticum peruvianum Triticum peruvianum Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 212. 1791. TYPE: PERU:
Uniola distichophylla Uniola distichophylla Labillardière, Nov. Holl. Pl. 1: 21, t. 24. 1804. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Tasmania:
Uniola flexuosa Uniola flexuosa Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 99. 1862. TYPE: TEXAS: On the Brazos at Fort Belknap, s.d., Buckley s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Hitchcock, Man. Grasses U.S. 838. 1935.
Uniola multiflora Uniola multiflora Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 5: 148. 1837. TYPE: ARKANSAS:
Uniola prostrata Uniola prostrata (Kunth) Trinius, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 4(2): 55. 1836.BASIONYM: Poa prostrata Kunth 1816. 
Uniola stricta Uniola stricta Torrey, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 1: 155. 1824. TYPE: OKLAHOMA: Shores of the Canadian River, s.d., Marcy Exped. s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: LE(fragm)).
Uniola thalassica Uniola thalassica (Kunth) Trinius, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 1: 359. 1830.BASIONYM: Poa thalassica Kunth 1816. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Collier Co. 03 Nov 1968 O. K. Lakela 31720
USA Florida Hernando Co. 27 Sep 1971 P. Genelle 1028
USA Florida Hernando Co. 22 Sep 1981 D. S. Correll 52677
USA Florida Levy Co. 1842–1849 F. I. X. Rugel 450
USA Florida Lee Co. 30 Dec 1953 G. R. Cooley 2479
USA Florida Wakulla Co. 1842–1849 F. I. X. Rugel 83
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 16 Oct 1977 R. Evans 3
USA Florida Collier Co. 24 Oct 1980 R. P. Wunderlin 8829
USA Florida Levy Co. 16 Sep 1959 G. R. Cooley 6983
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 28 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8296
USA Florida Taylor Co. 12 Sep 1977 D. W. Crewz 1153
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 10 May 1973 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 29 Jun 1986 D. W. Crewz 3002 a
USA Florida Pasco Co. Oct 1972 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 25 Oct 1961 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Brevard Co. 27 Aug 1974 J. E. Poppleton s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 Nov 2007 E. Gandy AK0081
USA Florida Volusia Co. 02 Jun 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2450
USA Florida Pasco Co. 26 Aug 2002 C. vanHoek WB168
USA Florida Collier Co. 08 Sep 1967 O. K. Lakela 31106
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 03 Oct 1976 P. Genelle 2484
USA Florida Brevard Co. 11 Sep 1972 A.G. Shuey M0001
USA Florida Collier Co. 23 Sep 1999 R. A. Hattaway CS0426
USA Florida St. Johns Co. Sep 1848 F. I. X. Rugel 308
USA Florida Levy Co. 31 Aug 1979 D. W. Crewz 1641
USA Florida Lee Co. 07 Jun 2006 E. Jensen EB0001
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Sep 1961 O. K. Lakela 24619
USA Florida Lee Co. 05 May 1954 G. R. Cooley 2696
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 10 May 1973 J.M. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 30 Oct 2010 A. R. Franck 2407
USA Florida Brevard Co. 09 Nov 2010 P. A. Schmalzer 10-28
USA Florida Collier Co. 06 Oct 1965 O. K. Lakela 29215
USA Florida Brevard Co. 11 Sep 2014 P. A. Schmalzer 14-33
USA Louisiana Jefferson Par. 09 Sep 1978 M. Alleman s.n.
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 18 Sep 1959 G. R. Swank 357
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 11 Aug 1959 G. R. Swank 69
USA Alabama Mobile Co. 26 Aug 1965 R. Deramus 684
USA Mississippi Hancock Co. 24 Jul 1969 S. B. Jones 17485
USA South Carolina Beaufort Co. 17 Sep 1967 J. R. Bozeman 11515
USA North Carolina Carteret Co. 09 Sep 1964 D. H. Nicolson 1765
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 09 Aug 1956 W. H. Duncan 20432
USA North Carolina Carteret Co. 21 Aug 1979 J. S. Angerman s.n.
USA Georgia Glynn Co. 20 Oct 2001 K. Francl 395
USA Louisiana Cameron Par. 02 Sep 1983 B. E. Dutton 122
USA Louisiana Washington Par. 18 Aug 1983 D. D. Taylor 4997
USA Louisiana Cameron Par. 02 Sep 1983 B. E. Dutton 121
USA North Carolina Carteret Co. 15 Aug 1980 J. S. Angerman s.n.
USA Louisiana Cameron Par. 02 Sep 1983 B. E. Dutton 122
USA Louisiana Cameron Par. 02 Sep 1983 B. E. Dutton 121
USA Mississippi Jackson Co. 22 Aug 1951 D. Demaree 31223
USA Louisiana Jefferson Par. 13 Aug 1991 J. MacGregor 1071
USA North Carolina Currituck Co. 15 Oct 1958 H. E. Ahles 51322
USA North Carolina New Hanover Co. 28 Aug 1905 A. S. Hitchcock 850
USA Louisiana Bienville Par. 09 Nov 1956 J. A. Moore 6998
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 09 Aug 1956 W. H. Duncan 20432
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Aug 2009 S. Dickman 137
USA Florida Collier Co. 03 Sep 1987 J. N. Burch 307
USA Florida Collier Co. 03 Sep 1987 J. N. Burch 118
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 02 Nov 2017 J. R. Campbell 961
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