Opuntia humifusa

Family:CACTACEAE
Species:Opuntia humifusa (Raf.)Raf.
Common Name:PRICKLYPEAR
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCACTACEAE
Genus Opuntia
Species Opuntia humifusa (Raf.)Raf. - PRICKLYPEAR

Citation

Citation OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 247. 1830.
Basionym: Cactus humifusus Rafinesque 1820.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Baker USF  
Bay FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie Lit Lit: L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 436-437. 1982.
Duval NY  
Escambia USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist USF  
Glades USF  
Gulf USF  
Hamilton USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Jackson FSU  
Lafayette USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FSU  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin FTG  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Okaloosa USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FLAS  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton FSU  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cactus humifusus Cactus humifusus Rafinesque, Ann. Nat. 1: 15. 1820.  
Cactus opuntia var. nana Cactus opuntia Linnaeus, var. nana de Candolle, Pl. Hist. Succ. pl. 138(opposite). 1804. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: de Candolle, Pl. Hist Succ. pl. 138(opp.). 1804). Lectotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 923. 1982.
Opuntia ammophila Opuntia ammophila Small, J. New York Bot. Gard. 20: 29. 1919. TYPE: FLORIDA: St. Lucie Co.: St. Lucie Sound 6 mi. S of Fort Pierce, 20 Dec 1917, Small 8456 (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Opuntia austrina Opuntia austrina Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 816, 1335. 1903. TYPE: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Miami, 28 Oct-28 Nov 1903, Small & Carter s.n. (neotype: NY; isoneotypes: GH, PH 2 shts). Neotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 924. 1982.
Opuntia compressa var. ammophila Opuntia compressa J. F. Macbride, var. ammophila (Small) L. D. Benson, Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 124. 1969.BASIONYM: Opuntia ammophila Small 1919. 
Opuntia compressa var. austrina Opuntia compressa J. F. Macbride, var. austrina (Small) L. D. Benson, Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 125. 1969.BASIONYM: Opuntia austrina Small 1903. 
Opuntia cumulicola Opuntia cumulicola Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 907, 1506. 1933. TYPE: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Bull Key opposite Lemon City, 6 Nov 1903, Small & Carter 970 (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Opuntia eburnispina Opuntia eburnispina Small ex Britton & Rose, Cact. 4: 260, f. 237. 1923. TYPE: FLORIDA: Collier Co.: Cape Romano, 10 May 1922, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).
Opuntia humifusa var. ammophila Opuntia humifusa (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. ammophila (Small) L. D. Benson, Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 48: 59. 1976.BASIONYM: Opuntia ammophila Small 1919. 
Opuntia humifusa var. austrina Opuntia humifusa (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. austrina (Small) Dress, Baileya 19: 165. 1975.BASIONYM: Opuntia austrina Small 1903. 
Opuntia impedata Opuntia impedata Small ex Britton & Rose, Cact. 4: 257, f. 235. 1923. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Atlantic Beach E of Jacksonville, Apr 1921, Small s.n. (holotype: NY; isotypes: US).
Opuntia lata Opuntia lata Small, J. New York Bot. Gard. 20: 26. 1919. TYPE: FLORIDA: Alachua Co.: 12 mi. W of Gainesville, 13 Dec 1917, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).
Opuntia nana Opuntia nana (de Candolle) Visiani, Fl. Dalmat. 3: 143. 1850.BASIONYM: Cactus opuntia Linnaeus, var. nana de Candolle 1804. 
Opuntia pisciformis Opuntia pisciformis Small ex Britton & Rose, Cact. 4: 258, f. 236. 1923. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Pilot Island, Atlantic Beach, 26 Apr 1921, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).
Opuntia polycarpa Opuntia polycarpa Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 906, 1506. 1933. TYPE: FLORIDA: Collier Co.: Caxambas Island, 11 May 1922, Small s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Opuntia rafinesquei Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 295. 1856, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Cactus humifusus Rafinesque 1820. 
Opuntia turbinata Opuntia turbinata Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 910, 1506. 1933. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: "St. Scorge Island" [Fort George Island], 22 Aug 1922, Small s.n. (holotype: NY?).
Opuntia turgida Opuntia turgida Small ex Britton & Rose, Cact. 4: 265. 1923. TYPE: FLORIDA: Volusia Co.: Ca. 5 mi. S of Daytona, 31 Nov 1919, Small et al. s.n. (holotype: NY).
Opuntia vulgaris forma nana Opuntia vulgaris Miller, forma nana (de Candolle) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult. 50. 1907.BASIONYM: Cactus opuntia Linnaeus, var. nana de Candolle 1804. 
Opuntia vulgaris var. nana Opuntia vulgaris Miller, var. nana (de Candolle) K. Schumann, Gesamtbeschr. Kakt. 715. 1898.BASIONYM: Cactus opuntia Linnaeus, var. nana de Candolle 1804. 
Opuntia vulgaris var. rafinesquei Opuntia vulgaris Miller, var. rafinesquei A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 136. 1856.BASIONYM: Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann 1856, nom. illegit; Cactus humifusus Rafinesque 1820. 
Opuntia youngii Opuntia youngii C. Z. Nelson, Trans. Illinois Acad. Sci. 12: 119. 1919. TYPE: FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co.: 9 mi. N of Tampa,
Opuntia allairei Opuntia allairei Griffiths, Ill. Stud. Opuntia 2: 83, t. 2(2), t, 12(upper), 13(9). 1909. TYPE: TEXAS: Chambers Co.: Near the mouth of the Trinity River, cult. at San Antonio, Apr 1908, Allaire 322 (holotype: US).
Opuntia calcicola Opuntia calcicola Wherry, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 12, f. 1. 1926. TYPE: WEST VIRGINIA: Jefferson Co.: NW of Bolivar, 10 Jun 1932, Wherry s.n. (neotype: PH). Neotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 924. 1982.
Opuntia cespitosa Opuntia cespitosa Rafinesque, Bull. Bot. (Geneva) 1: 216. 1830. TYPE: KENTUCKY:
Opuntia compressa var. fuscoatra Opuntia compressa J. F. Macbride, var. fuscoatra (Engelmann) Weniger ex Bravo, Cact. Mexico 254. 1978.BASIONYM: Opuntia fuscoatra Engelmann 1856. 
Opuntia compressa var. microsperma Opuntia compressa J. F. Macbride, var. microsperma (Engelmann) L. D. Benson, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4. 25: 250. 1944.BASIONYM: Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. microsperma Engelmann 1856. 
Opuntia fuscoatra Opuntia fuscoatra Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 297. 1856. TYPE: TEXAS: Harris Co.: W of Houston, May 1842, Lindheimer 33 (lectotype: MO). Lectotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 923. 1982.
Opuntia humifusa var. microsperma Opuntia humifusa (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. microsperma (Engelmann) A. Heller, Cat. N. Amer. Pl., ed. 2. 8. 1900.BASIONYM: Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. microsperma Engelmann 1856. 
Opuntia humifusa var. parva Opuntia humifusa (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. parva A. Heller, Cat. N. Amer. Pl., ed. 2. 8. 1900, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Opuntia mesacantha Rafinesque, var. parva J. M. Coulter 1896, nom. illegit.; Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. minor Engelmann 1857. 
Opuntia intermedia Opuntia intermedia Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 364. 1834.  
Opuntia mesacantha Opuntia mesacantha Rafinesque, Bull. Bot. (Geneva) 1: 216. 1830. TYPE: KENTUCKY:
Opuntia mesacantha var. microsperma Opuntia mesacantha Rafinesque, var. microsperma (Engelmann) J. M. Coulter, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 429. 1896.BASIONYM: Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. microsperma Engelmann 1856. 
Opuntia mesacantha var. parva Opuntia mesacantha Rafinesque, var. parva J. M. Coulter, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 429. 1896, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. minor Engelmann 1857. 
Opuntia nemoralis Opuntia nemoralis Griffiths, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 23: 133. 1913. TYPE: TEXAS: Harrison Co.: Longview, Oct 1911, Griffiths 10480 (holotype: US; isotypes: POM).
Opuntia pollardii Opuntia pollardii Britton & Rose, Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 50: 523. 1908. TYPE: MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Biloxi, 1 Aug 1896, Pollard 1138 (holotype: NY; isotypes: CU, F, GH, MO, US).
Opuntia rafinesquei forma arkansana Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, forma arkansana (Engelmann ex Rümpler) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult. 50. 1907.BASIONYM: Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. arkansana Engelmann ex Rümpler 1885. 
Opuntia rafinesquei var. arkansana Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. arkansana Engelmann ex Rümpler, in C. Foerster, Handb. Cacteenk., ed. 2. 922. 1885. TYPE: ARKANSAS: Sebastian Co.: Fort Smith, Jun 1853, Bigelow s.n. (neotype: MO). Neotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 924. 1982.
Opuntia rafinesquei var. microsperma Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. microsperma Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 295. 1856. TYPE: Cult. in St. Louis, Apr. 1854, Engelmann (?) s.n. (holotype: MO).
Opuntia rafinesquei var. minor Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. minor Engelmann, in Engelmann & J. M. Bigelow, Rep. Expl. Surv. Pacific Ocean, Botany 55, pl. 11(1). 1857. TYPE: MISSOURI: Madison Co.: Mine la Motte, Nov 1845, Engelmann s.n. (lectotype: MO). Lectotypified by J. M. Coulter, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 429. 1896.
Opuntia rafinesquei var. parva Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. parva J. N. Haage & E. Schmidt, Verz. Blumenzwiebeln 1915: 29. 1915, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Opuntia mesacantha Rafinesque, var. parva J. M. Coulter 1896, nom. illegit.; Opuntia rafinesquei Engelmann, var. minor Engelmann 1857. 
Opuntia rubiflora Opuntia rubiflora Griffiths, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 529. 1916, non Davidson 1916.  
Opuntia vulgaris var. media Opuntia vulgaris Miller, var. media Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck, Observ. Bot. Horto Dyck. 3: 9. 1822.  
Opuntia xanthoglochia Opuntia xanthoglochia Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 166, pl. 20(lower). 1910. TYPE: TEXAS: Milam Co.: Near Milano, 11 Jul 1908, Griffiths 9355 (holotype: US; isotype: POM).