Magnolia acuminata

Family:MAGNOLIACEAE
Species:Magnolia acuminata (L.)L.
Common Name:CUCUMBERTREE
Status:Native, Endangered-State
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MAGNOLIALES
FamilyMAGNOLIACEAE
Genus Magnolia
Species Magnolia acuminata (L.)L. - CUCUMBERTREE

Citation

Citation MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 1082. 1759.
Basionym: Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. acuminata Linnaeus 1753.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina 2: t. 15[excl. open flower]. 1747). Lectotypified by Dandy, Sloane Herb. 112. 1958.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Holmes Lit Lit: Clewell, Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida Panhandle 427. 1985.
Walton FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Kobus acuminata Kobus acuminata (Linnaeus) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 297. 1914.BASIONYM: Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus 1759; Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. acuminata Linnaeus 1753. 
Magnolia acuminata subsp. cordata Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, subsp. cordata (Michaux) E. Murray, Kalmia 12: 26. 1982.BASIONYM: Magnolia cordata Michaux 1803. 
Magnolia acuminata var. cordata Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, var. cordata (Michaux) Seringe, Fl. Jard. 3: 229. 1849, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Tulipastrum americanum Spach, var. subcordatum Spach 1839; Magnolia cordata Michaux 1803. 
Magnolia acuminata var. subcordata Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, var. subcordata (Spach) Dandy, in S. C. Tucker, Amer. J. Bot. 51: 1056. 1964.BASIONYM: Tulipastrum americanum Spach, var. subcordatum Spach 1839; Magnolia cordata Michaux 1803. 
Magnolia cordata Magnolia cordata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 328. 1803. TYPE: "Carolinae superioris et Georgiae",
Magnolia virginiana var. acuminata Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. acuminata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 536. 1753. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina 2: t. 15[excl. open flower]. 1747). Lectotypified by Dandy, Sloane Herb. 112. 1958.
Tulipastrum acuminatum Tulipastrum acuminatum (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 451, 1331. 1903.BASIONYM: Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus 1759; Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. acuminata Linnaeus 1753. 
Tulipastrum americanum Tulipastrum americanum Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 483. 1839, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus 1759; Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. acuminata Linnaeus 1753. 
Tulipastrum americanum var. subcordatum Tulipastrum americanum Spach, var. subcordatum Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 483. 1839.BASIONYM: Magnolia cordata Michaux 1803. 
Tulipastrum americanum var. vulgare Tulipastrum americanum Spach, var. vulgare Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 483. 1839, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Tulipastrum americanum Spach 1839, nom. illegit.; Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus 1759; Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. acuminata Linnaeus 1753. 
Tulipastrum cordatum Tulipastrum cordatum (Michaux) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 451, 1331. 1903.BASIONYM: Magnolia cordata Michaux 1803. 
Magnolia acuminata forma aurea Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, forma aurea (Ashe) Hardin, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 70: 306. 1954.BASIONYM: Tulipastrum acuminatum (Linnaeus) Small, var. aureum Ashe 1917. 
Magnolia acuminata subsp. ozarkensis Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, subsp. ozarkensis (Ashe) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 9. 1983.BASIONYM: Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, var. ozarkensis Ashe 1926. 
Magnolia acuminata var. alabamensis Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, var. alabamensis Ashe, Torreya 31: 37. 1931. TYPE: ALABAMA:
Magnolia acuminata var. aurea Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus. var. aurea (Ashe) Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 34: 137. 1918.BASIONYM: Tulipastrum acuminatum (Linnaeus) Small, var. aureum Ashe 1917. 
Magnolia acuminata var. ludoviciana Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, var. ludoviciana Sargent, Bot. Gaz. 67: 232. 1919. TYPE: LOUISIANA: West Feliciana Par.: Dessert Plantation near Catalpa, 12 Apr 1916, Cocks & Sargent s.n. (lectotype: A). Lectotypified by Hardin, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 70: 305. 1954.
Magnolia acuminata var. ozarkensis Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, var. ozarkensis Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 41: 269. 1926. TYPE: ARKANSAS: Johnson Co.: Piney Creek near Fort Douglas, 7 May 1924, Ashe 7 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Hardin, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 70: 307. 1954.
Tulipastrum acuminatum var. aureum Tulipastrum acuminatum (Linnaeus) Small, var. aureum Ashe, Bull. Charleston Mus. 13: 28. 1917.  
Tulipastrum acuminatum var. flavum Tulipastrum acuminatum (Linnaeus) Small, var. flavum Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 534. 1933.  
Tulipastrum acuminatum var. ludovicianum Tulipastrum acuminatum (Linnaeus) Small, var. ludovicianum (Sargent) Ashe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 464. 1928.BASIONYM: Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, var. ludoviciana Sargent 1919. 
Tulipastrum acuminatum var. ozarkensis Tulipastrum acuminatum (Linnaeus) Small, var. ozarkense (Ashe) Ashe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 464. 1928.BASIONYM: Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, var. ozarkensis Ashe 1926. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Missouri St. Louis Co. 06 Sep 1974 J. Slama 74 CULTIVATED.
USA Missouri St. Louis Co. 06 Sep 1974 J. Slama 74 CULTVIATED.
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 26 Aug 1983 D. D. Taylor 5188
USA Alabama Bibb Co. 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone 13414
USA Mississippi Franklin Co. 16 Aug 1955 J. D. Ray, Jr. 5638
USA Mississippi George Co. 25 Apr 1954 D. Demaree 34981
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 13 Aug 1968 R. D. Thomas 12050
USA North Carolina Allegany Co. 30 May 1958 A. E. Radford 34207
USA Georgia Jones Co. 16 May 1953 W. H. Duncan 16012
USA Arkansas Cross Co. 02 Aug 1927 D. Demaree 3909
USA North Carolina Transylvania Co. 30 Jun 1965 M. G. Ford 337
USA South Carolina McCormick Co. 12 Jul 1963 C. Danley s.n.
USA Arkansas Polk Co. 08 May 1955 G. R. Cooley 4281 "Cucumber tree."
USA Mississippi Lawrence Co. 29 Jun 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 6644
USA Mississippi Lauderdale Co. 11 Jun 1957 J. D. Ray, Jr. 5280
USA Mississippi Forrest Co. 14 Apr 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 6041
USA Mississippi Wayne Co. 17 Jul 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 6997
USA Mississippi Tallahatchie Co. 14 Jul 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 6933a
USA Arkansas Polk Co. 08 May 1955 G. R. Cooley 4281 "Cucumber Tree."
USA Arkansas Polk Co. 08 May 1955 G. R. Cooley 4281 "Cucumber Tree."
USA Mississippi Lauderdale Co. 18 Mar 1955 G. R. Cooley 3161
USA Mississippi Tallahatchie Co. 13 Apr 1953 W. H. Duncan 15417
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