Schinus terebinthifolia

Family:ANACARDIACEAE
Species:Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi
Common Name:BRAZILIAN PEPPER
Plant Notes:This species was purposely introduced into Florida possibly around 1898 (Williams et al. 2005). As an invasive species, biological control agents are being sought (Wheeler et al. 2017). This plant contains cardanol, a molecule similar to urushiols that can be irritating to some persons exposed to it (Morton 1978; Stahl et al. 1983). The specific epithet has been determined to appropriately be "terebinthifolia" in accord with a feminine genus, although "terebinthifolius" has been used frequently (Zona 2015).
Status:Not Native, EPPC(I), FAC (DEP), FAC (NWPL), AD (WAP)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order SAPINDALES
FamilyANACARDIACEAE
Genus Schinus
Species Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi - BRAZILIAN PEPPER

Citation

Citation SCHINUS TEREBINTHIFOLIA Raddi, Quar. Piant. Nuov. Bras. 20. 1820.
Basionym: **
Type: BRAZIL:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Duval USF  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Glades USF  
Hardee FLAS  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Levy USF  
Manatee USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FLAS  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FSU  
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lithraea chichita Lithraea chichita (Spegazzini) Spegazzini, in Spegazzini & Girola, Anales Soc. Rural Argent. 1910: 395. 1910.BASIONYM: Schinus chichita Spegazzini 1883. 
Sarcotheca bahiensis Sarcotheca bahiensis Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31(1): 474. 1858. TYPE: BRAZIL: Bahia:
Schinus aroeira Schinus aroeira Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. 428. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Schinus chichita Schinus chichita Spegazzini, Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 16: 96. 1883.  
Schinus mucronulata Schinus mucronulata Martius, Syst. Mat. Med. Bras. 52. 1843. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Schinus rhoifolia Schinus rhoifolia Martius, Flora 20(2, Beibl.): 101. 1837.  
Schinus terebinthifolia var. acutifolia Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi, var. acutifolia Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(2): 384. 1876. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Schinus terebinthifolia var. glazioviana Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi, var. glazioviana Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(2): 385. 1876. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Schinus terebinthifolia var. pohlianus Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi, var. pohliana Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(2): 384. 1876. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Schinus terebinthifolia var. raddiana Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi, var. raddiana Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(2): 384. 1876. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Schinus terebinthifolia var. rhoifolia Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi, var. rhoifolia (Martius) Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(2): 384. 1876.BASIONYM: Schinus rhoifolia Martius 1837. 
Schinus terebinthifolia var. selloana Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi, var. selloana Engler, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(2): 385. 1876. TYPE: BRAZIL: Minas Gerais:

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Mar 1974 J. Carlton s.n.
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 27 Oct 1977 A. Fulton 61
USA Florida Lee Co. 12 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 4982
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 29 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6297
USA Florida Lee Co. 12 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 5001
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 07 Nov 1998 J. Myers 222
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 03 Dec 1978 A. Fulton 310
USA Florida Pasco Co. s.d. S. Bowman s.n.
USA Florida Indian River Co. 26 Nov 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6431
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6088
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6250
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 16 Jun 1982 A. N. Arcuri 1234
USA Florida Collier Co. 24 Oct 1980 R. P. Wunderlin 8835
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 03 Feb 1979 D. W. Crewz 1489
USA Florida Indian River Co. 05 Dec 1980 B. F. Hansen 8102
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 26 Oct 1969 W. L. McCart 11161
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 5035
USA Florida Citrus Co. 22 Apr 2003 B. J. Herring 1695
USA Florida Volusia Co. 06 Feb 2005 J. M. Kunzer 923
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Dec 2002 A. Bishop AK0045
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Feb 1998 E. Hersch FS0040
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 20 Jan 1976 R. Gordon 18
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 17 Nov 1993 B. F. Hansen 12515
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Oct 1977 A. P. Robbins 11a
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 11 Nov 1961 O. K. Lakela 24835
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 31 Dec 1962 D. Burch 43
USA Florida Monroe Co. 12 Nov 1964 O. K. Lakela 27827
USA Florida Brevard Co. 31 Dec 1964 O. K. Lakela 28034
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Sep 1979 B. F. Hansen 6280
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 16 Nov 1979 B. F. Hansen 6797
USA Florida Broward Co. 09 Jun 1989 M. A. Vincent 4186
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 02 Jun 1983 G. Fleming 3603
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 13 Nov 1960 D. B. Ward 2332
USA Florida Monroe Co. 26 Nov 1982 J. D. Skean, Jr. 1033
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 07 Mar 1995 S. Cole PB0064
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 04 Oct 1978 D. Hatten s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Feb 1979 E. Withers 2211
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Oct 1977 C. S. Lewis 72
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 20 Aug 1985 S. A. Thompson 2742
USA Florida Highlands Co. 14 Nov 1981 K. R. DeLaney s.n.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 24 Jan 1995 S. Cole OS0306
USA Florida Collier Co. 10 Sep 1992 J. Weber CS0201
USA Florida Monroe Co. 26 Mar 1990 S. A. Mori 21214
USA Florida Hernando Co. 22 Nov 1971 P. Genelle 1080
USA Florida Lee Co. 27 Dec 1976 C. Keller 757
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5124
USA Florida Lee Co. 27 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6059
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2367
USA Florida Broward Co. 18 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10493
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 26 Sep 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 10133
USA Florida Broward Co. 07 Dec 1969 W. L. McCart 11246
USA Florida Monroe Co. 20 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10679
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 30 Apr 1998 P. Fortsch 87
USA Florida Orange Co. 08 Feb 2000 C. MacGregor s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 26 Feb 1977 P. Genelle 2645
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 24 Dec 1999 V. E. McNeilus 00-18
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 21 Mar 1965 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 26 Jan 1974 S. Todd 111
USA Florida Brevard Co. 24 Jan 2002 J. E. Tear 2011
USA Florida Collier Co. 09 Jan 1966 O. K. Lakela 29399
USA Florida Lee Co. 25 Nov 1966 G. R. Cooley 11969
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 25 Dec 1965 H. D. Hammond 3947b
USA Florida Monroe Co. 02 Apr 1996 G. Gann 424
USA Florida Lee Co. 09 Oct 1998 S.W. Braem GI054
USA Florida Osceola Co. 27 Jul 2001 S. Myers 209
USA Florida Citrus Co. 17 Jan 2001 J. Scanlon 157
USA Florida Manatee Co. 09 Oct 1997 C. Becker WC0350
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 16 Nov 1979 B. F. Hansen 6855
USA Florida Broward Co. 02 Jul 1981 B. F. Hansen 8412
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 03 Oct 1979 G. Fleming 3222
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 14 Nov 1987 G. Fleming 3821
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 25 Sep 1986 B. F. Hansen 11301
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Oct 1974 D. Cole 25
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Feb 1975 D. P. Cole 99
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Sep 1961 O. K. Lakela 24614
USA Florida Monroe Co. 09 Jan 1973 D. LeDoux 393
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 30 Jun 1975 D. Cole 74
USA Florida Brevard Co. 04 Dec 1972 A.G. Shuey M0078
USA Florida Manatee Co. 08 Jun 1975 P. Genelle 2073
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 26 Dec 1967 W. L. McCart 9447
USA Florida Collier Co. 07 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28224
USA Florida Broward Co. 21 Feb 1970 W. L. McCart 11306
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 20 Sep 1977 B. Massetti 30
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 30 Oct 1977 J. Kuczynski 50
USA Florida Glades Co. 01 Nov 1969 W. L. McCart 11182
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 26 Oct 1969 W. L. McCart 11160
USA Florida Glades Co. 27 Sep 1969 W. L. McCart 10986
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 07 Nov 1979 J. Bateson 62
USA Florida Broward Co. 19 Apr 1966 O. K. Lakela 29628 Specimen also numbered as R.W. Long 1541.
USA Florida Duval Co. 15 Feb 2007 C. Byrd s.n.
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 30 May 2007 A. R. Franck 175
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 28 Aug 2008 A. R. Franck 849
USA Florida Collier Co. 27 Aug 2002 A. Bishop DW0069
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 26 Sep 2003 S.W. Braem HI0109
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 04 Dec 1998 B. K. Holst 7150
USA Florida Pasco Co. 11 Dec 2005 C. vanHoek WB0526
USA Florida Polk Co. 30 Nov 1996 C. vanHoek 823
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 09 Apr 2009 M. T. Strong 3870
USA Florida Volusia Co. 18 May 2002 J. M. Kunzer 1772
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 29 Apr 2010 A. R. Franck 1913
USA Florida Hendry Co. 09 Oct 2010 A. R. Franck 2363
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 27 Oct 2010 N. Cole MWSR0008
USA Florida Martin Co. Dec 1987 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Levy Co. 06 Dec 2008 M. Hedgecock s.n.
USA Florida Osceola Co. 18 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14569
USA Florida Orange Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14469
USA Florida Orange Co. 15 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14421
USA Florida Seminole Co. 17 Oct 2011 D. H. Williams 2660
USA Florida Orange Co. 30 Nov 2011 D. H. Williams 2783
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 27 Sep 2011 W. D. Longbottom 16262
USA Florida Levy Co. 20 Sep 2003 T. S. Sprenkle 95
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 Dec 2011 M. T. Strong 4082
USA Florida Lake Co. 17 Nov 2012 S. Myers 759
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 19 Dec 2012 S. Myers 847
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 09 Jan 2012 D. Hilbert 6
USA Florida Seminole Co. 27 Feb 2013 W. D. Longbottom 18557
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 21 Apr 1998 C. B. Cochrane s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 12 Nov 2014 A. R. Franck 3673
USA Florida Lee Co. 29 Nov 2007 B. Jamison LK0127
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 31 Dec 2014 D. H. Williams 4015
USA Florida Indian River Co. 04 Oct 2014 S. Myers 1446
USA Florida Monroe Co. 23 Apr 1966 B. J. Lester 83
USA Florida Flagler Co. 20 Mar 2015 S. Myers 1684
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Nov 2015 A. Farid 158
USA Florida Osceola Co. 19 Mar 2015 W. D. Longbottom 22268
USA California Ventura Co. 06 Nov 1968 H. M. Pollard s.n. CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. Jul 1971 D. Burch 4842 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Lee Co. 17 Feb 1954 G. R. Cooley 2505 CULTIVATED.
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