Cenchrus spinifex

Family:POACEAE
Species:Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
Common Name:COASTAL SANDBUR
Plant Notes:Although Cenchrus incertus has sometimes been adopted for this species (Ward 2010), Simon (2010) and Verloove & Sánchez Gullón (2012) assert that C. spinifex is the appropriate name with an identifiable type specimen (http://herbario.rjb.csic.es/).
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Cenchrus
Species Cenchrus spinifex Cav. - COASTAL SANDBUR

Citation

Citation CENCHRUS SPINIFEX Cavanilles, Icon. 5: 38, pl. 691. 1799.
Basionym: **
Type: CHILE/URUGUAY: Née s.n. (holotype?, MA [475505]).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Baker FSU  
Bay FSU  
Bradford USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie USF  
Duval USF  
Escambia FLAS  
Flagler USF  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden US-Lit Lit-US: DeLisle, Iowa State J. Sci. 37: 316. 1963.
Glades FLAS  
Gulf FLAS  
Hamilton FLAS  
Hardee FLAS  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River FLAS  
Jackson FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion FLAS  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa FSU  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FLAS  
Santa Rosa USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FSU  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FLAS  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cenchrus carolinianus Cenchrus carolinianus Walter, Fl. Carol. 79. 1788, nom. rej. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: St. Helena Island, 12 Sep 1982, Boufford et al. 23096 (neotype: BM). Neotypified by Reveal, Taxon 39: 353-354. 1990.
Cenchrus echinatus forma longispinus Cenchrus echinatus Linnaeus, forma longispinus Hackel, in Kneucker, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 169. 1903. TYPE: CONNECTICUT: New Haven Co.: Oxford, 13 Aug 1902, Kneucker 426 (lectotype: ISC; isolectotypes: UC, US). Lectotypified by DeLisle, Iowa St. J. Sci. 37: 298. 1963.
Cenchrus incertus Cenchrus incertus M. A. Curtis, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 1: 135. 1837. TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: New Hanover/Brunswick Co.: Near mouth fo Cape Fear River, near Wilmington, s.d., Curtis s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 65. 1920.
Cenchrus longispinus Cenchrus longispinus (Hackel) Fernald, Rhodora 45: 388. 1943.BASIONYM: Cenchrus echinatus Linnaeus, forma longispinus Hackel 1903. 
Cenchrus microcephalus Cenchrus microcephalus Nash ex Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 356. 1917. TYPE: BAHAMA ISLANDS: Frozen Cay, Berry Islands, 30 Jan 1905, Britton & Millspaugh 2211 (holotype: NY).
Cenchrus pauciflorus Cenchrus pauciflorus Bentham, Bot. Voy. Sulphur 56. 1844. TYPE: MEXICO: Baja California Sur: Bay of Magdalena, s.d., Barclay s.n. (holotype: K; isotype: US fragm).
Cenchrus pauciflorus var. longispinus Cenchrus pauciflorus Bentham, var. longispinus (Hackel) Jansen & Wachter, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 246. 1949.BASIONYM: Cenchrus echinatus Linnaeus, forma longispinus Hackel 1903. 
Cenchrus strictus Cenchrus strictus Chapman, Bot. Gaz. 3: 20. 1878. TYPE: FLORIDA: Franklin Co.: Apalachicola,
Cenchrus albertsonii Cenchrus albertsonii Runyon, Amer. J. Bot. 26: 485. 1939. TYPE: OKLAHOMA: Harper Co.: Without locality, 4 Jul 1937, Runyon 200 (holotype: US).
Cenchrus humilis Cenchrus humilis Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24: 488. 1927. TYPE: PERU: Arequipa: Ca. 2 km E of Mollendo, 17 Nov, Hitchcock 22349 (holotype: US).
Cenchrus muricatus Cenchrus muricatus Philippi, Sert. Mend. Alt. 44. 1870, non Linnaeus 1753. TYPE: CHILE: Without data, Mendoza 233 (holotype: B; isotypes: BM, SGO(2 shts), US(fragm)).
Cenchrus parviceps Cenchrus parviceps Shinners, Field & Lab 24: 73. 1956. TYPE: TEXAS: Live Oak Co.: 7 mi. W of Three Rivers, 5 Nov 1953, Shinners 16990 (holotype: SMU).
Cenchrus roseus Cenchrus roseus E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 50. 1886. TYPE: MEXICO: Veracruz:

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Sumter Co. 28 Jun 1984 R. P. Wunderlin 9683
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 07 Sep 1959 C. B. Atwater GS-159
USA Florida Sarasota Co. Jul 1974 C. A. Luer s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 29 May 1981 D. R. Lindsey 680
USA Florida Pasco Co. 27 Sep 1986 E. E. Wise s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 22 Jun 1976 R. F. Thorne 48426
USA Florida Hendry Co. 02 Jul 1981 G. Robinson 294
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 08 Sep 1995 S. Landry s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 06 Mar 1976 W. C. Brumbach 8939
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 Apr 1954 G. R. Cooley 2623
USA Florida Franklin Co. 10 Oct 2005 B. F. Hansen 13030
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 14 Aug 2007 A. R. Franck 303
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 22 Aug 2006 E. Jensen EK0016
USA Florida Lee Co. 24 Aug 2008 M. T. Strong 3835
USA Florida Polk Co. 27 Sep 1996 C. vanHoek 730
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Oct 2005 C. vanHoek HR0386
USA Florida Pasco Co. 26 Aug 2003 E. M. Ferguson 319
USA Florida Clay Co. 03 Jun 2005 J. M. Kunzer 1081
USA Florida Manatee Co. 07 May 1998 C. Becker WC0408
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 23 Jul 1958 R. Kral 7441
USA Florida Monroe Co. 20 Dec 1966 O. K. Lakela 30476
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Dec 1987 G. Fleming 3939
USA Florida Collier Co. 16 Aug 1967 O. K. Lakela 31041
USA Florida Collier Co. 16 Aug 1967 O. K. Lakela 31032
USA Florida Lee Co. 08 Apr 1991 S. Young 536
USA Florida Hernando Co. 05 May 1961 G. R. Cooley 8320
USA Florida Monroe Co. 12 Nov 1964 O. K. Lakela 27812A Mixed collection, with Cenchrus echinatus.
USA Florida Citrus Co. 28 Aug 1985 S. A. Thompson 2912
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Jul 1961 C. B. Atwater 597
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 25 Sep 1986 B. F. Hansen 11289
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 28 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9823
USA Florida Seminole Co. 03 May 1960 G. R. Cooley 7539
USA Florida Monroe Co. 25 Jun 1968 O. K. Lakela 31881
USA Florida Monroe Co. 25 Jun 1968 O. K. Lakela 31867
USA Florida Monroe Co. 14 Jul 1961 W. G. Atwater 598
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2378
USA Florida Lee Co. 20 Dec 1953 G. R. Cooley 2420
USA Florida Monroe Co. 12 Jul 1961 W. G. Atwater 592
USA Florida Highlands Co. 07 Oct 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10392
USA Florida Collier Co. 26 Sep 1964 O. K. Lakela 27491
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 06 Dec 1978 A. Fulton 318
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 23 Sep 1979 G. Fleming 3185
USA Florida Lee Co. 19 Jun 2003 A. Bishop LK0017
USA Florida Collier Co. 05 Mar 1967 O. K. Lakela 30678
USA Florida Highlands Co. 12 May 1964 L. J. Brass 33222
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5168
USA Florida Highlands Co. 12 Dec 1962 L. J. Brass 32931
USA Florida Lee Co. 27 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6035
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Jul 1973 A.G. Shuey M0607
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 27 Aug 1979 D. W. Crewz 1623
USA Florida Volusia Co. 22 Oct 2005 J. M. Kunzer 1166
USA Florida Pasco Co. 29 Sep 1977 W. Carey 8
USA Florida Collier Co. 29 May 1965 O. K. Lakela 28681
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Oct 1975 W. C. Brumbach 8832
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 14 Sep 1963 R. F. Thorne 33942
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 07 Mar 1995 S. Cole PB0062
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 29 Sep 1977 R. Rose 2
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 31 Aug 1967 P. M. Cassen 201
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 06 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2027
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2300
USA Florida Brevard Co. 23 Sep 2003 T. MacClendon 217
USA Florida Citrus Co. 19 Nov 1999 R. A. Hattaway FC0034
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 18 Aug 1999 S.W. Braem DP0112
USA Florida Volusia Co. 22 Dec 2006 J. M. Kunzer 2024
USA Florida Pasco Co. 19 Aug 2003 E. M. Ferguson 307
USA Florida Polk Co. 12 Jul 1996 C. vanHoek 604
USA Florida Pasco Co. 07 Sep 2003 C. vanHoek WB0429
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Jul 1973 A.G. Shuey s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 14 Oct 1959 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9491
USA Florida Lake Co. 22 Nov 1980 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Duval Co. 11 Oct 1897 A. H. Curtiss 6019
USA Florida Osceola Co. 14 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8563
USA Florida Orange Co. 25 Aug 1981 B. F. Hansen 8701
USA Florida Monroe Co. 27 Aug 1968 O. K. Lakela s.n.
USA Florida Flagler Co. 27 Sep 1983 B. F. Hansen 9746
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 17 Sep 1983 G. Fleming 3654
USA Florida Levy Co. 28 Aug 1982 J. D. Skean, Jr. 809
USA Florida Okeechobee Co. 28 Feb 1952 G. R. Cooley 1065
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 29 Sep 1977 C. G. Willett 81
USA Florida Pasco Co. 10 Oct 1983 T. F. Rochow s.n.
USA Florida Columbia Co. 29 Jun 1992 B. J. Herring 815
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 29 Sep 1977 C. S. Lewis 7
USA Florida Brevard Co. 28 Sep 1970 L. Baltzell 2324
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Jul 1973 A.G. Shuey M0606 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 Aug 1999 J. Myers 439
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 24 Aug 1967 P. M. Cassen 155
USA Florida Martin and Palm Beach Co's 27 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4844
USA Florida Sumter Co. 22-23 May 2000 M. T. Strong 2329
USA Florida Nassau Co. 15 Aug 2001 C. Slaughter 12723
USA Florida Hernando Co. 14 Oct 1959 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9491 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 Oct 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10582
USA Florida Collier Co. 22 Jul 1998 R. A. Hattaway CS0362
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 14 Apr 1972 M. Durako 78
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 26 Apr 1979 W. F. Grey s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 28 Oct 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10584
USA Florida Lee Co. 22 Jun 1995 S. Cole KS0062
USA Florida Lee Co. 13 Jan 1979 B. F. Hansen 5038
USA Florida Lee Co. 16 Mar 1979 B. F. Hansen 5148
USA Florida Broward Co. 09 Jun 1989 M. A. Vincent 4172
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 31 Jul 1974 S. Todd 295
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Jul 1974 S. Todd 296
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 04 Oct 1967 W. L. McCart 11032
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 06 Apr 1979 S. DuBois 79-4-9
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Sep 1959 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9365
USA Florida Collier Co. 14 Sep 1963 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 20 Aug 1958 R. Kral 7902
USA Florida Polk Co. 21 Jun 1979 B. F. Hansen 5785
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 30 Mar 1979 E. Stere 216
USA Florida Lee Co. 01 Nov 1976 W. C. Brumbach 9089
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 07 Mar 1991 S. Erickson PC0027
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 31 Aug 1994 S. Cole HI0041
USA Florida Manatee Co. 07 Jun 1998 J. Beckner 2748
USA Florida Pasco Co. 29 Sep 2003 E. M. Ferguson 409
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 04 Aug 1994 S. Cole OS0251
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 23 Jul 1958 R. Kral 7439
USA Florida Lee Co. 20 Apr 1964 O. K. Lakela 26994
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Jun 1984 G. Robinson 625
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 30 Sep 1962 O. K. Lakela 25432
USA Florida Martin and Palm Beach Co's 27 Jul 1956 G. R. Cooley 4777
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 13 Sep 1967 W. L. McCart 9342
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 24 Aug 1960 J. D. Ray, Jr. 10128
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 14 Sep 1976 P. Genelle 2306
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Sep 1977 D. W. Crewz 1109
USA Florida Walton Co. 25 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8147
USA Florida Santa Rosa Co. 28 Nov 1980 G. Wilhelm 8266
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 29 May 1980 B. F. Hansen 7103
USA Florida Hernando Co. 03 Sep 1959 J. D. Ray, Jr. 9456
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 22 Aug 1967 P. M. Cassen 131
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 06 Oct 1979 G. Fleming 3261
USA Florida Brevard Co. 20 Jul 1973 A.G. Shuey M0608
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 17 Nov 1993 B. F. Hansen 12562
USA Florida Lee Co. 21 Feb 1954 G. R. Cooley 2510
USA Florida Collier Co. 29 May 1965 O. K. Lakela 28685
USA Florida Polk Co. 26-30 Dec 1931 O. E. Jennings s.n.
USA Florida Broward Co. 20 Mar 1965 O. K. Lakela 28295
USA Florida Monroe Co. 30 Dec 1929 O. E. Jennings s.n.
USA Florida Monroe Co. 11 Feb 1967 R. W. Long 2448
USA Florida Lee Co. 10 Oct 1977 W. C. Brumbach 9289
USA Florida Lake Co. 29 Sep 1983 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Volusia Co. 15 Jan 2006 J. M. Kunzer 1313
USA Florida Dixie Co. 18 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13340
USA Florida Manatee Co. 28 Sep 1997 J. Beckner 2732
USA Florida Martin Co. Jun 1990 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Hernando Co. 13 Jul 2009 C. vanHoek WW0042
USA Florida Hendry Co. 03 Sep 2011 A. R. Franck 2777
USA Florida Brevard Co. 27 Jul 2007 S. Blissett-Clark s.n.
USA Florida Polk Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14501
USA Florida Brevard Co. 15 Jul 2011 P. A. Schmalzer 11-77
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 29 Sep 2011 W. D. Longbottom 16376
USA Florida Volusia Co. 28 Sep 2011 W. D. Longbottom 16346
USA Florida Orange Co. 23 Jul 2012 D. H. Williams 3216
USA Florida Seminole Co. 22 Aug 2012 D. H. Williams 3252
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 06 Jul 2012 D. Hilbert 78
USA Florida Seminole Co. 25 Jun 2013 D. H. Williams 3673
USA Florida Lake Co. 01 Sep 2013 S. Myers 1122
USA Florida Bradford Co. 18 Oct 2014 S. Myers 1476
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 13 Aug 2014 S. Myers 1394
USA Florida Hardee Co. 08 Oct 2014 S. Myers 1456
USA South Carolina Beaufort Co. 22 Aug 1980 C. A. Aulbach-Smith 1146
USA South Carolina Calhoun Co. 27 Sep 1957 H. E. Ahles 35378
USA North Carolina Carteret Co. 05 Jul 1966 A. E. Radford 44850
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 15 Oct 1956 W. H. Duncan 20651
USA North Carolina Brunswick Co. 23 Aug 1949 H. H. Iltis 4118
USA Mississippi Bolivar Co. 16 Jul 1955 J. D. Ray, Jr. 4957
USA Louisiana Bienville Par. 23 Oct 1973 J. T. Cash 18
USA South Carolina Orangeburg Co. 18 Aug 1905 A. S. Hitchcock 618
USA Alabama Baldwin Co. 03 Jul 1981 G. Wilhelm 9576
USA Louisiana Orleans Par. 15 Aug 1986 J. MacGregor 482
USA Alabama Baldwin Co. 03 Jul 1981 G. Wilhelm 9569
USA Louisiana Allen Par. 05 Aug 1983 D. D. Taylor 4448
USA Mississippi Oktibbeha Co. 20 Oct 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7672
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 26 Jun 1956 W. H. Duncan 20199
USA North Carolina Beaufort Co. 06 Jul 1958 A. E. Radford 36146
USA Mississippi De Soto Co. 04 Jun 1957 G. R. Cooley
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 25 Aug 1959 G. R. Swank 178
USA Mississippi Jones Co. 19 Jul 1955 J. D. Ray, Jr. 5016
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 25 Aug 1959 G. R. Swank 103
USA South Carolina 27 Sep 1959 G. R. Swank 434
USA Louisiana Rapides Par. 14 Sep 1958 J. A. Ewan 19401
USA Louisiana Caddo Par. Sep 1978 S. P. Lynch 2695
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 01 Oct 2015 A. Farid 116
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 06 Mar 1970 M. McMahon 4
Bahamas Cat Island 11 Jul 1983 R. P. Sauleda 8332
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