Ruellia caroliniensis

Family:ACANTHACEAE
Species:Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.)Steud.
Common Name:CAROLINA WILD PETUNIA
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (DEP), FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyACANTHACEAE
Genus Ruellia
Species Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.)Steud. - CAROLINA WILD PETUNIA

Citation

Citation RUELLIA CAROLINIENSIS (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 481. 1841.
Basionym: Pattersonia caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin 1792.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Santee Canal, 1886, Ravenel s.n. (neotype: GH; isoneotype: DUKE). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1095. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bay FSU  
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia USF  
Dixie USF  
Duval FLAS  
Flagler USF  
Franklin FSU  
Gadsden USF  
Gilchrist USF  
Hardee USF  
Hendry FLAS  
Hernando USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FLAS  
Indian River FLAS  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson USF  
Lafayette FSU  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon FLAS  
Levy USF  
Liberty FSU  
Madison USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade FLAS  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa FSU  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee USF  
Taylor USF  
Union FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton FLAS  
Washington FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dipteracanthus ciliosus var. hybridus Dipteracanthus ciliosus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, var. hybridus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 123. 1847.BASIONYM: Ruellia hybrida Pursh 1814. 
Dipteracanthus ciliosus var. parviflorus Dipteracanthus ciliosus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, var. parviflorus Nees von Esenbeck, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 123. 1847. TYPE: KENTUCKY:
Dipteracanthus mitchellianus Dipteracanthus mitchellianus Nees, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 123. 1847. TYPE: FLORIDA:
Pattersonia caroliniensis Pattersonia caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 925. 1792. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Santee Canal, 1886, Ravenel s.n. (neotype: GH; isoneotype: DUKE). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1095. 2007.
Ruellia caroliniensis forma detonsa Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, forma detonsa Fernald, Rhodora 47: 74. 1945. TYPE: FLORIDA: Highlands Co.: Sebring, 4 Mar 1924, Hunnewell 9044 (holotype: GH).
Ruellia caroliniensis var. parviflora Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. parviflora (Nees von Esenbeck) S. F. Blake, Rhodora 17: 134. 1915.BASIONYM: Dipteracanthus ciliosus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, var. parviflorus Nees von Esenbeck 1847. 
Ruellia caroliniensis var. salicina Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. salicina Fernald, Rhodora 47: 81, t. 873. 1945. TYPE: LOUISIANA: Nachitoches Par.: Nachitoches, 10 Jun 1915, Palmer 7945 (holotype; NY; isotypes: MO, US).
Ruellia caroliniensis var. semicalva Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. semicalva Fernald, Rhodora 47: 73, t. 864. 1945. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Southampton Co.: Violet Hell near Devils Elbow, 23 Jun 1936, Fernald et al. 5922 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Ruellia caroliniensis var. typica Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. typica Fernald, Rhodora 47: 71. 1945, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel 1841; Pattersonia caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Ruellia ciliosa var. ambigua Ruellia ciliosa Pursh, var. ambigua A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 326. 1878, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Dipteracanthus ciliosus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, var. parviflorus Nees von Esenbeck 1847. 
Ruellia ciliosa var. hybrida Ruellia ciliosa Pursh, var. hybrida (Pursh) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 326. 1878.BASIONYM: Ruellia hybrida Pursh 1814. 
Ruellia ciliosa var. parviflora Ruellia ciliosa Pursh, var. parviflora (Nees von Esenbeck) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 300. 1894.BASIONYM: Dipteracanthus ciliosus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, var. parviflorus Nees von Esenbeck 1847. 
Ruellia hybrida Ruellia hybrida Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 420. 1814. TYPE: GEORGIA: Chatham Co.: Svaannah, s.d., Enslen s.n. (holotype: W?).
Ruellia parviflora Ruellia parviflora (Nees von Esenbeck) Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 854. 1901, non Sessé y Lacasta & Moçiño 1894.BASIONYM: Dipteracanthus ciliosus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, var. parviflorus Nees von Esenbeck 1847. 
Dipteracanthus ciliosus var. dentatus Dipteracanthus ciliosus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, var. dentatus Nees von Esenbeck, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 123. 1847.  
Dipteracanthus strepens var. dillenii Dipteracanthus strepens (Linnaeus) Nees von Esenbeck, var. dillenii Nees von Esenbeck, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 122. 1847.  
Ruellia caroliniensis forma brevibarbis Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, forma brevibarbis Fernald, Rhodora 47: 78, t. 867(4-6). 1945. TYPE: GEORGIA: DeKalb Co.: Stone Mountain, 1-8 Jul 1886, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).
Ruellia caroliniensis forma eciliata Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, forma eciliata Fernald, Rhodora 47: 79, t. 870(2-4). 1945. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Southampton Co.: Blackwater River SE of Unity, 4 Jul 1942, Fernald & Long 14412 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Ruellia caroliniensis forma hypopsila Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, forma hypopsila Fernald, Rhodora 47: ui, t. 867(1-3). 1945. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Surry Co.: Blackwater River ca. 1 mi. SW of Dendron, 14 Jun 1941, Fernald & Long 13148 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Ruellia caroliniensis forma laevior Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, forma laevior Fernald, Rhodora 47: 79, t. 868. 1945. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Greensville Co.: Along Meherrin River SE of Gaskins, 3 Aug 1941, Fernald & Long 13462 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Ruellia caroliniensis var. cheloniformis Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. cheloniformis Fernald, Rhodora 47: 80, t. 871-872. 1945. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Northampton Co.: Savage Neck, 19 Jul 1936, Tatnall 3013 (holotype: GH).
Ruellia caroliniensis var. dentata Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. dentata (Nees von Esenbeck) Fernald, Rhodora 47: 82. 1945.BASIONYM: Dipteracanthus ciliosus (Pursh) Nees von Esenbeck, var. dentatus Nees von Esenbeck 1847. 
Ruellia caroliniensis var. membranacea Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. membranacea Fernald, Rhodora 47: 75, t. 865-866. 1945. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Sussex Co.: Near Nottoway River, Green Church Bridge SE of Owens Store, s.d., Fernald & Long 12472 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Ruellia caroliniensis var. nanella Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. nanella Fernald, Rhodora 47: 79, t. 869-870(1). 1945. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Nansemond Co.: Above Nansemond River E of Cahoon Pond, NW of Suffolk, 23 Jul 1941, Fernald & Long 13461 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Ruellia caroliniensis var. serrulata Ruellia caroliniensis (J. F. Gmelin) Steudel, var. serrulata Tharp & T. M. Barkley, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 42: 84, f. 27. 1949. TYPE: TEXAS: Jefferson Co.: Beaumont, 10 Sep 1937, Tharp s.n. (holotype: TEX).